Diseases

Introduction
Ayurvedic medicine places equal emphasis on body, mind, and sprit, and strives to restore the innate harmony of the individual. "Constitution" is the keystone of Ayurvedic medicine, and refers to the overall health profile of the individual, including strengths and susceptibilities. The subtle and often intricate identification of a person's constitution is the first critical step in the process. Once established, it becomes the foundation for all clinical decisions. To determine an individual's constitution, Ayurvedic doctors first identify the patient's metabolic body type. A specific treatment plan is then designed to guide the individual back into harmony with his or her environment, which may include dietary changes, exercise, yoga, meditation, massage, herbal tonics, herbal sweat baths, medicated enemas, and medicated inhalations. Here are some of the diseases and conditions treated in our Spas.

               
 
Abdominsl Tumor-Gulmaroga  
Acne-Yauvan Peedika
Acute Hepatitis-Kumbha Kamala
 
Agespots  
Alcoholism
Anemia-Panduroga
 
Angina Pectoris-Hrichool  
Anorexia Nervosa-Arochak
Ascites-Jalodaram
 
Asthma-Tamaka Swasa Roga  
Athlete Foot
Backache
 
Bad Breath  
Baldness
Blackheads
 
Body Odor  
Boils
Breast Feeding
 
Bronchitis  
Cateract-Linganaasha
Cellulite
 
Chicken Pox-Laghu Masurika  
Chicken Gunya-Sandhijwara
Cholera-Visuchika
 
Colitis  
Common Cold
Netra Abhishyandam
 
Constipation-Anaha  
Cough-Kaasa Roga
Dandruff-Arunshika
 
Dark Circle under the eyes  
Dengue Fever-Dandaka Jwara
Depression-Vishaada
 
Diabetes-Madhumeha  
Diaper Rash
Diaorrhea-Atisaar
 
Dry Skin  
Dyspepsia-Ajirna
Dysuria-Mootrakrichra
 
Ear Infection  
Eczema-Vicharchika
Edema-Swathat
 
Elephentiasis-Sleepada Jwara  
Emaciation-Sosha Roga
Epilepsy-Apasmara
 
Excessive Thirst  
Eye Care
Facial Palsy-Ardhita
 
Fibromyalgia  
Flatulence-Adhyamaan
Food Poisoning
 
Gastritis  
Gonorrhea-Piyumeha
Gout-Vata Rakta Roga
 
Hair Care  
Hangover
Headlice
 
Headache  
Heart Attack
Hemorrhage-Raktapita
 
Hemorrhoid-Arsharoga  
Hiccups
Hyperacidity-Amalpitta
 
Hypertension-Gatavata  
Hysteria-Yosha Apasmara
Indigestion
 
Influenza-Shleshmak Jwara  
Insomnia
Intestinal Worms-Krimi Roga
 
Itching  
Jaundice-Kamala
Leanness-Kaarshya
 
Leg Pain  
Leucorrhea-Shwethapradara
Liver Care
 
Malaria-Sheeta Jwara  
Measles-Romantika
Menopause
 
Menstruation  
Migraine-Anantha vata
Miscarriage
 
Moles  
Mumps-Karna Mulika Jwara
Nasal Congestion
 
Obesity-Sthaulya  
Paralysis-Pakshavadha
Pepetic Ulcer
 
Pleurisy-Parshavashoola  
Pregnancy
Prickly Heat
 
Prostrate Trouble  
Psoriasis
Renal Calculi
 
Rheumatism  
Rheumatoid Arthritis-Aamavata
Ring worm
 
Scar Treatment  
Sciatica-Ghridhrasi
Sinusitis
 
Small Pox-Masurika  
Sore Throat
Sprain
 
Sterility  
Stress
Stretchmark
 
Syphilis-Phiranga Roga  
Teeth Whitening
Toothache
 
Tuberculosis-Rajyakshma  
Typhoid-Antrika Jwara
Vertigo-Bhrama
 
Chardhi  
Wrinkles
Yeast Infection

Introduction

Any tumor is associated with an abnormal growth of cells in the body, causing severe problems with the utilization of the bodily resources. Tumors go on expanding without proper explanation for their growth; and they can lead to death in most cases. Definition of Fantum tumors (Gulma Roga) Gulma roga is a condition in which any mass of cells is formed within the abdomen. The mass is usually a hard mass and may be benign or malignant. Hence all tumors formed in the abdomen, known as fantum tumors, need not be cancerous. In actuality, though the name 'tumor' is used while describing gulma roga, the condition may be just an aggregation of cells resembling a tumor. All tumors and tumor-like growths in the body are caused due to a conflict between the vata and the kapha doshas in the human body. Vata dosha is responsible for the cell division, i.e. the multiplication of cells in the body, while kapha dosha is responsible for the growth of cells. Hence when a person has vitiations of both the vata and the kapha dosha, there is a high degree of risk that a tumor may occur in the body. The condition of gulma in Ayurveda is held in close connection with two other conditions – granthi and arbuda. Granthi is the condition in which a lump or tumor occurs on the body which can be seen from the outside. After a while, this lump might rupture, causing an ulcer, which has been termed as vrana in Ayurveda . Arbuda is the name given to the direct malignant form of cancer. Out of all the three conditions – gulma, granthi and arbuda – gulma is the least serious.

Causes and Types of Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

In Ayurveda , gulmaroga is thought to be caused due to eight different reasons. Hence it can be said that there are eight types of gulma. The following are the eight types of gulma and their respective causes:-
(1) Vataja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of the vata dosha.
(2) Pittaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of the pitta dosha.
(3) Kaphaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of the kapha dosha.
(4) Vataja-Pittaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of both the vata and the pitta doshas.
(5) Pittaja-Kaphaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of both the pitta and the kapha doshas.
(6) Vataja-Kaphaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of both the vata and the kapha doshas.
(7) Tridosha Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of all the three doshas.
(8) Raktaja Gulma – This is caused due to imbalance of the artava dhaatu in women.

All the gulmas mentioned above are serious conditions requiring medications.

Symptoms of Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

Depending on the different types of gulma roga that are present, there are different kinds of symptoms. The following table enlists the symptoms of the eight different kinds of gulma. Type of Gulma Location of the Tumor Symptoms Vataja Gulma Tumors are generally located in the large intestine or in the lower abdomen, i.e. in the pelvic region. Pain is observed in the neck and the head. The pain is of a throbbing or cutting type. Enlargement of the spleen, i.e. pleehodara, takes place. Fevers are common, with chills. Digestive problems such as churning sensations in the intestine occur along with chronic constipation, i.e. anaha. There is unexplained loss of weight. Hyper-pigmentation occurs, i.e. there is darkening of the skin. Nails and eyes can also darken. The person can feel movements of the tumor, as well as changes in its shape and size within the abdomen. Pittaja Gulma Tumors are generally located in the small intestine or in the solar plexus. Pain is felt at the location of the tumor. The pain is a searing or burning type of pain.

There are characteristic fevers. There are many problems with digestion as pitta is responsible for the digestive fire. Dyspepsia, i.e. amalapitta and diarrhea can occur. Skin undergoes paling of appearance and turns yellow. The nail and eyes also become yellow and can look jaundiced.

Kaphaja Gulma Tumors are generally located in the chest or in the stomach. The most remarkable symptom of this type of gulma is that the person loses his/her appetite. Instead there is nausea and vomiting. Fevers are very common, accompanied by chills. The tumor appears to be a hard and inflexible knot-like mass.

Vataja-Pittaja Gulma These tumors show combined symptoms of the vata and the pitta doshas. Pittaja-Kaphaja Gulma These tumors show combined symptoms of the pitta and the kapha doshas. Vataja-Kaphaja Gulma These tumors show combined symptoms of the vata and the kapha doshas. Tridosha Gulma These tumors show combined symptoms of all the three doshas. Raktaja Gulma These are tumor-like cysts andfibroids that occur in the ovaries and the uteruses in women. In raktaja gulma, which is found only in women, there is the formation of a tumor-like mass instead of an embryo.

People who are at Risk of Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

As already mentioned above, the combination of vata and kaphadoshas in people are very lethal for the formation of any type of tumors. Hence, people with the dual dosha or vata-kapha are very vulnerable to gulma roga if they do not take the adequate precautions.

Diet for People with Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

Since tumors can be caused due to imbalances in all the three doshas, it is necessary to take a proper diet so as not to vitiate any of the doshas further. The common dietary guidelines are beneficial:-

Spicy and oily foods must be avoided. Castor oil is one among the few oils that can be safelytaken, and it is even helpful to the condition of gulma roga. Foods that are too hot or too cold must be avoided, as both can vitiate the vata dosha. Foods must not have an excess of any of the tastes. The well-balanced food is that which contains a fair proportion of all the tastes along with the nutrient constituents. Red meats must be totally avoided. Instead white meats like chicken and fish can be had. All kinds of food that can cause constipation must be avoided. This can play havoc with the balance of the pitta dosha in the body. It is not advisable to have any dish that is too dry. All dishes must have a fair amount of liquids in it, i.e. they must contain some ghee, avy or such component. Among fruits, pomegranates, mangoes and dry grapes are beneficial. Lentils must be avoided as they can cause gas and hence bring pressure on to the abdomen. Too many carbohydrates are not good for peoplewith fantum tumors. Hence one must avoid too much of a rice diet and carbohydrate-containing vegetables such as potatoes.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Fantum tumors (Gulma roga)

Gulma roga has several herbs and medications that are prescribed for the treatment. Since there are several types of gulma, there are also correspondingly different types of herbs with different actions. The following is a list of some of the most popular herbs that are prescribed for gulma, along with their specific actions on the human body.

Adraka or Sunthi Zingiber officinalis GingerGinger is given to people with gulma roga. It is taken with four times the amount of sesame oil and twice the amount of jaggery in a mixture with milk. This concoction is known to reduce the symptoms of vataja gulma. This recipe is a very ancient medication, suggested by Chakradatta himself. Ashoka (chetti) Saraca indica Ashoka Ashoka is a very potent remedy for the treatment of raktaja gulma in women.

Bacha (Vayampu) Acorus calamus Calamus Calamus is prescribed for people with fantum tumors caused due to the vitiations of all the three doshas, i.e. for the tridosha gulma. Bijapura Citrus medica Citron The bijapura is very useful for the treatment of gulma, as itshigh vitamin C content helps in the allaying of the dosha imbalances that cause the gulma roga.

Heenga (Kayam) Ferula foetida Asafetida Along with bacha, heenga is also used for the treatment of tridosha gulma. Manjishtha Rubia cordifolia Indian Madder Manjishtha is used for the proper control of raktaja gulma. With the use of manjishtha, therecould be initially an increase in the bleeding, but with continued use, the bleeding will stop completely. Shvetajiraka or Jeera Cuminum cyminum Cumin The seeds of jeera are prescribed in the prevention of fantum tumors. The seeds are powdered and their dry powder is used for oral consumption. Yavani Hyoscyamus niger Henbane Henbane is a nervine agent. At the same time it helps in relieving the pain and acts as a sedative. Therefore it is prescribed for people with fantum tumors.

The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of fantum tumors:-

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation

Asava/Arishta -Pippaladi Asava, Khari Arishta, Rohitaka Arishta, Pancha Asava, Bhasma/Kashaya -Tamara Bhasma, Tila Kwatha, Naga,Bhasma, Choorna -Chitrakadi Choorna, Narayan Choorna, Hinguvastaka Choorna, Bhaskara Lavana Choorna, Hingu Vachadi Choorna, Ghrita- Eladi Ghrita, Indukanta Ghrita, Dhanvantara Ghrita, Lahsunadi Ghrita, Bhallataka, Ghrita, Lehya- Sukumara Lehya, Dhanti Haritaki Lehya, Rasa Lokanathana Rasa, Sootha Shekhara Rasa, Kantha Vallabha Rasa, Vati Gulmaharayoga, Sanjeevani Vati, Chitrakadi, Vati

Ayurveda also prescribes some metals for the treatment of fantum tumors. The following are some of the commonly prescribed ones:- Calcium in the form of bhasma of the conch shell Sodium carbonate in the form of a Gulmanaashaka called Swarjikshara Sodium bicarbonate in the form of Gulmanaashaka called Tanaka It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Acne Causes, Symptoms, Acne Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment - (Yauvan Pidika)
Introduction

Yauvan Pidika or acne vulgaris is one of the most popular health problems faced by adolescent teenagers. Most teenagers are quite conscious about their looks. Since acne appears on the face itself, it becomes a big concern. Teenagers all over the world spend huge amounts of money in order to solve the problem of their acne. But what they only manage to do is to reduce the surface problem, while the acne persists under the skin. Therefore, the acne problem recurs throughout theyouth of the person. Here Ayurveda has an important role. Ayurveda treats acne at the root of the problem and not at the surface.

Definition of Acne (Yauvan Pidika)

Acne vulgaris is an inflammatory disorder of the skin. The problem originates from the root of the hair follicles where they are associated with sebaceous glands. Such structures are called as pilosebaceous glands. When the blood circulating in these glands is impure, then it causes eruptions on the surface of the skin. These eruptions are commonly called as pimples or zits. It has been proved that yauvan pidika is caused due to an excessive production of the male hormone, testosterone. Since this hormone is present in both males and well as females, acne is a universal problem. There is no particular trend to predict whether acne shows itself more in boys or in girls. Generally, every person entering into puberty will have a case of acne in some form or the other. This issue mostly resolves itself as age advances, but again some people continue having acne right into their middle age.

Causes of Acne (Yauvan Pidika)

Yauvan pidika is an internal constitutional disorder of the body. It is not an infectious or a contagious disease. Therefore, this problem is not caused due to microorganisms. The cause lies with the general constitution of the person. According to Ayurveda, the main cause of yauvan pidika is an increased vata and kapha dosha in the person. An increase in the rakta and medha dhatu also can cause yauvan pidika. Ayurveda believes that yauvan pidika is a disease that is caused due to improper diet and other internal factors. Alist of the factors that can cause yauvan pidika is given below:-

(i) An improper diet is the chief cause of yauvanpidika. A person who has anah (simple constipation) and ajirna (indigestion) regularly has more chances of yauvan pidika. Similarlypeople who like spicy (teekha) food, sugary oroily food can have yauvan pidika.
(ii) Faulty eating methods can cause yauvanpidika. Some of the notable faulty eating methodsare:-
a) Adhyashana – Consuming food at short intervals,due to which new food enters the body when theprevious food is not digested.
b) Virudhashana – Consuming incompatible foodstogether such as fish and milk, curds and milk,etc.
c) Vishamashana – Consuming food with disregard tothe bodily cravings, such as eating when nothungry or fasting when hungry.
(iii)Having more sexual desires in adolescencecan lead to yauvan pidika. This is becauseincreased sexual desires lead to overproduction oftestosterone.
(iv) Deficiency of vitamin A (retinol) can cause yauvan pidika.
(v) Women who have menstrual problems, such asirregular or delayed periods, can have yauvanpidika. Generally all women do have mild acneproblems during their menstrual cycles, whichbecomes more if the periods are delayed.

Symptoms of Acne (Yauvan Pidika)

The symptoms of acne are common in all people. Thefollowing points show how the outbreak begins:-
(i) In the beginning stages, there are smallpimples or zits that appear on the face. These pimples are observed more in the pores on theface, because they are the external openings ofthe sebaceous glands. Apart from that, the pimplescan also appear on the shoulders, arms, back and chest.
(ii) On the face, the pimples are more observed on the cheeks, forehead, nose and the chin. Pimples can be painless, or they can be itchy with pain.
(iii) The pimples may appear as small pinheads, which grow with time. Pus may develop in them and the pimples become hard. If pus develops, then the pimples get a yellow color on the surface.
(iv) In a couple of days, the pimples erupt and dry off. This leaves behind a pockmark, which causes disfiguration of the face.
(v) During an outburst of acne, the face becomes oily. The person may be depressed due to the eruptions on the face. There is also increased sweating on the face, making the whole face look more undesirable.

Diet for Acne (Yauvan Pidika)

The following diet is beneficial for people whohave problems with acne:-

(i) Eat food that is suitably warm. Avoid cold foods.
(ii) Do not eat foods that are not compatible with each
(iii) Keep a suitable time gap between meals. Acomplete meal can take anywhere between three to four hours for digestion. It is not good to eatanything else within this timeframe.
(iv) Oily foods must be avoided. More abstinence from oily foods is needed in the summer season, or if you are living in a hot climate.
(v) Do not gorge on spicy and sugary food. Keep your diet a perfect balance of foods with different tastes.
(vi) Consume proper amounts of green leafy vegetables. This will provide the cellulose for roughage, which takes care of proper movement of bowels.
(vii) Include a fair amount of fresh fruits in your diet. This will build up proper water content in your body, which will make the blood purer.

Precautions to be Taken with Acne (Yauvan Pidika)

Yauvan pidika can be treated very simply by justtaking a few dietary and mental precautions. If a person has a case of yauvan pidika, then thefollowing precautions must be taken:-
(i) Observe the dietary regulations given above.
(ii) A daily bath is essential. Special attention should be paid to the face. Wash the face with water and mild soap at least twice a day, and once after returning home from outside. After each washing, rub the body with a towel to remove the dead cells from the surface of the body.
(iii) Expose the skin to fresh air and sunlightoften. This will help in opening the pores on the skin and lead to better circulation.
(iv) Indulge in constructive activities like exercise and studies in the youth. This will prevent thoughts of sex entering into the mind.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Acne (Yauvan Pidika)

Ayurveda has several treatment methods for yauvan pidika with the promise of long-lasting results. Ayurveda attacks the root cause of the disease. This is achieved by the intake of a proper nutritive and balanced diet. There are many more home remedies that Ayurveda prescribes for yauvan pidika. Given below are some of them.

(i) Applying jamun (Syzgium cumini) seeds rubbed with water on the pimples will reduce the growth of the pimples.
(ii) Squash a properly ripened and soft papaya in water. Massage the whole face with this paste. The paste will begin drying up after about fifteen to twenty minutes. At this juncture, wash the face with clean water and wipe it with a rough towel. Then apply either sesame or coconut oil on the face. Continuation of this procedure for a week will help a lot in removing the pimples and their residual marks from the face. Apart from that, the face will look moister and get a youthful sheen.
(iii) Rubbing the face with the peel of an orange also shows good results.
(iv) One more method of combating pimples is to wash the face with buttermilk at least twice a day.
(v) Make a paste of 10 grams of besan (flour of chickpea) and 10 grams of haldi (turmeric) in dahi (curds). Apply this paste on the face using massaging techniques. Let the paste dry on theface, and then wash it with plain water. Thismethod provides relief within seven days of continuous application.
(vi) A paste of lodhra (Symplocos crataegoides), dhania (coriander) and vach (Acorus calamus) also promises results within seven days.
(vii) Extract the milk of the sharp thorns of thesemal tree (cotton tree, Bombax ceiba). Apply this milk on the pimples directly and wash after it isdried off. Continue this process for just threedays to get results.
(viii) Take powders of roasted mustard seeds, orange peels and chiraunji (Buchanania latifolia) in equal proportions. Grind them into a very fine constitution. This mixture is applied to the face.
(ix) Make a paste of jayphal (nutmeg) and redchandan (red sandalwood). Apply this on the face to reduce pimples.
(x) Prepare a mixture of neembu (lemon), blackkasondi (coffee pods or java beans) and extract of the tulsi (basil) and dry it in the sun. It will become more viscous when it is dried. Apply it on the face in this concentrated form. This is a suremethod of reducing pimples.
(xi) A very simple remedy is to put the roots ofthe neem (Azadirachtha indica) in water and apply this concoction on the pimples. This method also gives fast relief from pimples.
(xii) Make a paste of masoor dal (red lentils) with milk, camphor and ghee. Apply this mixture on the face. This will not only reduce the pimples, but also take care of the pockmarks that can remain when the pimples are dried off.
(xiii) Make a paste of lemon juice, milk and kalaunji (seeds of fennel flower) in very fine powder form. Apply this paste on the face at nightwhen retiring to bed. In the morning, wash the face with lukewarm water. This method is a quick way to eradicate pimples and can be used if you have to go to a party or a function.
(xiv) Another method that can be employed if you have to socialize is to apply a paste of fine powder of dried orange peel in rose water. This will not only remove the pimples quickly but also improve the texture of the skin.
(xv) Mix a cup of milk with a cup of lemon juice. This mixture requires a time of ageing. Hence prepare it in the early morning and apply it when going to bed at night. Wash the face the next morning and wipe it with a rough towel. Continue this application for a couple of days until you see signs of relief.
(xvi) Add a spoonful of salt in a bowl of hot water. Apply this with a rough towel on the face as though you are sponging the face. Remember to keep your eyes closed during this application. After each application, wring off the excess water from the towel. This is a mildly painful process as the salt will create a tingling sensation with the open areas of the pimples. However, you will obtain sure results in ten days.

The above techniques can be done at home itself. But if some of these methods do not bring the required results, or if there are unexpected results, then medical attention is required. Unexpected results will mean the problem is not simple acne, but some other more serious underlying problem.
The following herbs are prescribed by Ayurveda for people with problems of acne Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Topical Action
Aloe vera Aloe vera linn Aloe vera Aloe vera takes care of marks left behind by pimples that have dried away. It restores the former sheen of the skin.
Arjuna Terminalia arjuna Arjun Arjuna has excellent effects on facial skin problems such as acne and freckles.
Badaam Amygdalus communis Almond Badaam, especially its oil, is a good laxative. It also replenishes the skin of lost nutrients. Bergamot Citrus bergamia Bergamot Bergamot has been used since centuries to cure sores, skin rashes and acne. Chandana Santalum album Sandalwood Chandana has cooling properties. Its mild fragrance brings freshness to the affected part. It purifies the blood and prevents further outbreaks of acne.
Gulab Rosa centifolia Rose The extract of the rose, known as gulab jal is extensively used in Ayurvedic medicine for cooling the body. It helps in reducing the inflammation of the pimples.
Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric Haldi has many known benefits since several millennia. It is very useful for all skin ailments, including psoriasis. But haldi must be avoided by people who have gallstones, jaundice and liver disorders.
Jamun or Jambul Syzgium cumini Indian blackberry or Black plum Jamun has a typical purple acid, which neutralizes the alkaline content of the pus in the pimples. Kapoor Cinnamonum camphorum Camphor Kapoor is a cooling agent and provides numbness to the painful areas of pimples.
Lodhra Symplocos crataegoides – Lodhra reduces side-effects of acne such as skin rashes. It also helps in good movement of bowels.
Papaya Carica papaya Papaya Papaya has excellent properties for reducing pimples by direct application on them. Moreover the papain contained in papaya helps in digestion and purifies the blood.
Pudina Mentha arvesis Mint The leaves of pudina have good cooling properties, and are used as anti-inflammatory agent. Rai or Sarson Brassica hirta Mustard (white) Sarson is a known herbal laxative. It relieves the digestive system and thus helps cure acne.
Santra Citrus aurentium Orange The peel of the santra fruit contains essential oils that can kill the bacterial cells forming the pus. It has anti-inflammatory properties. Vacha Acorus calamus Calamus The oil of vacha isvolatile and so it relieves the pain of pimples. It also has antibacterial properties to prevent further contagion.
Acute Hepatitis Causes, Symptoms, Acute Hepatitis Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment - (Kumbha Kamala)
Introduction

Kumbha Kamala is the Ayurvedic term used to refer to both the types of acute hepatitis – acute hepatitis A and acute hepatitis B. Though both these diseases have a very low mortality rate, – that of 0.33% – they must be remedied as soon as possible, because they are both highly infectious diseases.

Definition of Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala)

Hepatitis is a general term given to any form of inflammation of the liver. Jaundice is a key symptom of all forms of hepatitis. The liver is the largest organ of the body. There are several functions that it performs day in and day out. The following are the functions of the liver:-
The chief function of the liver is theproduction of the bile juice that is sent to the intestines to assist in the digestion of food.The liver is useful in the production of proteins from amino acids in the body. The liver eliminates several waste products from the body. The liver maintains a balance between the useful and harmful cholesterol levels. The liver is the organ where most of the glucose of the body is stored. The liver is a reservoir of energy for various bodily functions. With so many functions, the liver is apt to break down sometime. This happens when there is a viral infection or a change in the lifestyle of the erson compounded with vices such as alcoholism.

In such situations the liver gets inflamed. Such inflammations are called as hepatitis. There are two main types of hepatitis – acute hepatitis and chronic hepatitis. In acute hepatitis, the disease resolves itself without any specific treatment within a timeframe of up to six months. If the conditions of hepatitis last beyond this period, then the hepatitis becomes chronic. Chronic hepatitis is known to last in people for as long as twenty years. When we speak of kumbha kamala, we refer only to acute hepatitis. Hence, this article will cover only acute hepatitis.

Types of Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala)

There are two main types of acute hepatitis acute hepatitis A and acute hepatitis B. The following table illustrates the key aspects of these two conditions:-
Type of Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala) Key Aspects Acute Hepatitis A or Infectious Jaundice This isa very mild form of hepatitis which does notbecome chronic at all. The disease resolves itself without treatment and does not cause any lasting effects on the liver. Acute hepatitis A is caused due to the consumption of contaminated food. Acute Hepatitis B This is the more dangerous ofthe two types of acute hepatitis. It is caused due to a viral infection and can quickly spread to become an epidemic. There are rare instances of death from acute hepatitis B. The disease can cause complications like cirrhosis of the liver, which may also become fatal.

Causes and Transmission of Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala)

Both the forms of acute hepatitis are caused due to viral infections. The virus that is responsible for the two conditions are Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) and Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). However the modes of transmission of these viruses are quite different.

(i) Acute Hepatitis A – Hepatitis A virus is transmitted through the contamination in the food. It is caused through the orofecal route, i.e. the system through which food moves into the body. Some of the contaminations in food that can cause acute hepatitis A are:- Eating foods that are not properly cookedEating foods that are unpeeled and not washed properly Drinking contaminated water Consumption of unsafe seafood in raw condition In some cases, acute hepatitis A has been known to spread through personal contact from an infected person to a healthy person.
(ii) Acute Hepatitis B – Hepatitis B virus can be transmitted in many more ways than HAV. The following are some of the modes in which HBV can be transmitted from one person to another:-Personal contact with an infected person Contact through blood, such as using syringes, razors, etc. that have been used by an infected personUnsafe blood transfusion Through sexual contact with an infected personFrom mother to an unborn child, i.e. in utero transmission Hepatitis B is much more dangerous and much more transmittable than hepatitis A. There have been epidemics of hepatitis B in history. It is estimated that about one-third of the total world population today are infected by the HBV, but only about 3 to 6% actually show the conditions of the disease. Also, hepatitis B can become chronic and in rare instances, fatal.

According to Ayurvedic beliefs, kumbha kamala is both a pitta as well as a kapha dosha disorder. Pitta dosha represents the fire element and kapha dosha represents the equilibrium between the earth and water elements. Vitiations in the pitta and the kapha doshas can result in kumbha kamala.

People who are at Risk of Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala)

Being a virally transmitted disease, hepatitis can affect almost anybody in the world. Despite that, there are some people who stand a higher risk of getting infected than others. The following are some high risk groups:-
People who live with a person infected with anyform of hepatitis are at a great risk of gettingthe disease themselves. People who have unsafe sexual contacts with several partners can contract hepatitis B if even one of the partners has the infection.Hepatitis cases are common among people living in overcrowded areas where there are no proper hygiene facilities. Hepatitis is also prevalent in tropical countries and among people who do not bother much about their personal hygiene. Healthcare workers are exposed to hepatitis risks if they do not take adequate precautions. Hepatitis is known to be a genetically transmitted disease. If a family member (especially parents) had hepatitis, then there is a good chance of contracting the disease.

Symptoms of Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala)

The symptoms of kumbha kamala are different depending on which type it is. The following is a list of symptoms of both the types of kumbha kamala:-
Symptoms of Acute Hepatitis A Jaundice, which begins with the yellowing of the eyes Darkening of urine Nausea and vomiting Extreme feelings of fatigueFever accompanied by chills Loss of appetite Problems with digestion Stomach aches Symptoms of Acute Hepatitis B General feeling of being ill and at unease Loss of appetite Nausea and vomiting Aches and cramps in the body FeverDarkening of urine Jaundice
In both the forms of hepatitis, jaundice is the most common symptom. Jaundice coupled with fevers, loss of appetite, dark urination and body aches are the common symptoms associated with hepatitis.

Prevention of Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala)

Drastic measures need to be taken in order to prevent hepatitis from becoming an epidemic. The following are some guidelines towards this end: Prevention of Acute Hepatitis A – Be very particular about cooking your food properly. Bring the water used in cooking to a proper boil before turning the gas off. Drink water that has been carefully filtered and brought to boiling point. Fruits brought from the market should be properly washed before being consumed. Ideally, they must be peeled before being eaten. The leftover food must be properly discarded. If a person has contracted hepatitis A, then care must be taken to keep all his or her eating and drinking utensils well-separated from the other utensils in the house. The feces and urine of hepatitis A patients must be disposed with extreme care. The toilets must be fumigated after every visit.
Prevention of Acute Hepatitis B –All physical contact with the patients ofhepatitis B must be strictly avoided. Be very careful during blood transfusion. Among other things, get the blood checked for hepatitis B also. Only disposable syringes and disposable razors must be used. One must be very cautious about the medical history of a sexual partner. The safest way is to remain monogamous, i.e. faithful to one sexual partner. Vaccinations are available for both hepatitis A and hepatitis B infections. Nowadays, there are vaccines available for infants that greatly reduce the risk of infections in future life. Also, people with a hepatitis patient in their house must immediately get themselves vaccinated at their healthcare center.

Diet for Preventing Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala)

The basic guidelines for following healthy dietary patterns apply to hepatitis too. The following are some of them:- Salts must be curtailed in the diet.Keep the diet rich in carbohydrates. Cut down on spicy and oily food.Avoid sugars to a large extent.Say a complete no to alcohol. Say yes to all kinds of green leafy vegetables. Have a good portion of fruits, but do not go overboard. Apples and plantains are good.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Acute Hepatitis (Kumbha Kamala)

Hepatitis is a disease that cures itself after some time; hence, there is no need for any specific treatment. It is essential to only take precautions to avoid it from becoming chronic. In Ayurveda, there are several herbs that are used to reduce the symptoms of hepatitis, especially jaundice. These are the same herbs that are used to bring down the problems of simple jaundice. The following is a list of some of these herbs with their effects on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Ambarbarsis Berberis vulgaris Jaundice Berry Jaundice Berry is used as a bitter tonic for the treatment of jaundice that is prevalent in hepatitis. Chachinga Trichosanthes anguina Snake Gourd An infusion of the leaves of the snake gourd is beneficial in the treatment of jaundice that occurs in hepatitis. For better results, coriander seeds can be mixed in the infusion.
Ghee Kanvar Aloe barbadensis Indian Aloe Indian aloe is a wonderful liver stimulant. It is used in the treatment of jaundice. The pulp of just a single leaf can be mixed with black salt and ginger and had for ten days to achieve results. Kanphool Taraxacum officinale Dandelion Herbal tea made with dandelion is a very effective treatment for hepatitis. Dandelion mixed with watercress is taken as a remedy for all kinds of liver ailments.
Kutki or Kuru Picrorhiza kurroa Picrorhiza Picrorhiza is one of the basic remedies for the treatment of hepatitis. Kasni Chichorium intybus Chicory All parts ofthe chicory, i.e. flowers, seeds and leaves are effective in the treatment of liver problems. Chicory promotes the secretion of bile and thus it is useful in the recovery from hepatitis.
Lahsoona Allium sativum Garlic Cloves of garlic have good anti-inflammatory properties for the entire body. They must be included in the daily diet of the person. Mehndi Lawsonia alba Henna The bark of the henna is effective in reducing the complications of all liver disorders. Punarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Hog Weed Hog weed is a very efficient diuretic. It is effective in the treatment of cirrhosis of liver and other liver-related disorders.
Age Spot, Age Spot Treatment, Causes, Symptoms Dincharya Ritucharya Saddvritta
Introduction

Age spots are usually brown spots seen on face, shoulder, and other areas of the body. Age spots are generally seen in older women and are quiet bothersome for them, as they develop low self-esteem, sometimes age spots are also observed in younger people. Age spots are not harmful and are curable. Age spots are also called liver spots but it has no linking with the improper functioning of the liver.

Causes for Age spots

Prolonged disease, long sicknesses also lead to age spots.
Anemia Causes, Symptoms, Anemia Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Anemia or pandu roga is one of the most important and common dietary deficiency diseases prevalent in the world today. It is the condition where blood of the person gets impoverished. The main reason for the deterioration of the quality of blood is due to the deficiency of iron and vitamins in the diet of the person. Many people have anemia without even knowing it. Anemia is usually diagnosed when the symptoms become acute. Hence it is necessary to consume a well-balanced diet that provides all the nutrients, especially iron, if anemia is to be kept at bay. Anemia is actually quite a simple disorder to treat if a few precautions are taken.

Definition of Anemia (Pandu Roga)

Anemia is the condition caused by the lack of dietary iron in the body, which reduces the count of the erythrocytes, i.e. red blood corpuscles, in the blood. An anemic person has poor quality of blood, which leads to circulatory problems in various organs in due course of time. Hemoglobin is an important constituent of the human blood. It is hemoglobin which mixes with the inhaled oxygen and forms the complex oxy-hemoglobin, which gives the blood its characteristic red color. Hemoglobin is made up of two parts – heme, an iron complex, and globin, a protein. Thus, iron is needed to make up the heme of hemoglobin. This iron is supplemented by the diet that we consume. People who take less iron sources in the diet will have a poor hemoglobin quality. This is also the reason why the count of red blood corpuscles in the blood goes down.

Causes and Types of Anemia (Pandu Roga)

The major cause of anemia is the deficiency of iron in the diet which causes various problems with the quality of the blood, the most important being the reduction in the number of red blood corpuscles. Though this is the main cause of anemia being caused, there are some other factors that give rise to specific types of anemia in the person. The following table illustrates the different types of anemia human beings and their causative factors:-

Type of Anemia Causative Agent

1. Iron Deficiency Anemia This is caused due to a gross deficiency of iron in the body. Iron is essential for the building of hemoglobin and the red blood corpuscles of the blood. A low countof iron can be due to one or more of the following:-
Less intake of iron in the diet Ulcers Colon conditions such as colon polyps or colon cancer Heavy periods

2. Megaloblastic Anemia Megaloblastic anemia is aused due to the deficiency of water-soluble vitamins in the blood of the person, especially vitamins B12 and folic acid. This is a dietary deficiency.The amount of B12 in the blood can be lowered due to Crohn's disease, an autoimmune disease which is responsible for reducing the count to red blood corpuscles in the blood.

3. Anemia due to Underlying Diseases Some diseases can lower the count of the red blood corpuscles in the blood. Diseases such as kidney disorders and hormonal imbalances can lose their erythrocytes. Kidney patients lose large amounts of red blood corpuscles during dialysis.

4. Aplastic Anemia This is a metabolic disorder in the body when the blood is unable to make an adequate amount of red blood corpuscles. This can occur due to a large number of factors such as:-
Drugs used for rheumatoid arthritis
Diseases where the immune system attacks the body, like lupus
Radiation and chemotherapy treatments for cancer
Bone marrow diseases
Some toxic chemicals

5. Genetic Anemia Genetic anemia is a deficiency of red blood corpuscles in the blood caused due to inherited factors.
From the Ayurvedic point of view, anemia is a pitta dosha disorder. Pitta dosha is responsible for the proper digestion and assimilation of the consumed foods in the body. Vitiation in the pitta dosha, especially the paachaka pitta can reduce the digestive capacity of the food. This can cause deficiency of the necessary nutrients, thus creating anemic conditions in the body.

Symptoms of Anemia (Pandu Roga)

Anemia is an internal bodily condition that may often show no external symptoms at all. However, when the deficiency of the red blood corpuscles is acute then the following symptoms may be observed:-
The complexion of the person gets a pale appearance. This is due to depletion of the blood in the body. The person finds it difficult to breathe; there may be palpitation and rapid heart beats. Gasping and wheezing is common, especially after doing some strenuous work. Fatigue is very common. In severe cases, the act of simple standing or walking can cause shortness of breath.
The person feels cold often. The hands and feet are felt as cold. Nails are poorly developed. They will become brittle and get frayed at the ends. The general constitution of the body weakens.
Headaches are frequent.
Though the above are the common symptoms of anemia, it must be borne in mind that any of the above symptoms are not a sure-shot diagnosis for anemia. Hence when any of the following symptoms occur, do not assume that it is anemia and pump your body with iron supplements. Too much iron is toxic to the body. The best bet is to seek medical advice about any of the above symptoms and then make the treatment program.

Complications due to Anemia (Pandu Roga)

Prolonged anemia can result in death. However, in most cases, anemia is easily detected by the doctors and medication is provided to control its progress in the body. The sequence of complications that occurs in the human body due to the onset of anemia is as follows:-
Initially, the person suffering from anemia will feel weak. Gradually, his or her propensity to perform physical labor will decrease and fatigue will come very easily. The effects of anemia are felt in the fingernails over long periods of time. Nails become brittle and lose the moisture underneath.
Due to this they may crack painfully. About 20% of all patients of anemia become intolerant to cold conditions. This can be seen by persistent numbness of some regions of the body in the cold climate.
The impoverished blood is unable to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body due to continuous anemic conditions. This condition is called as hypoxemia. Hypoxemia may cause permanent damage to the tissues in the body.
In people who have narrow arteries or a history of coronary heart disease, anemia can reduce the blood supply further. In children, anemia can cause sudden behavioral and intellectual changes.
The complications of anemia are seen quite differently in different people. It is very necessary to consult with the doctor whenever any of the above complication arises, in order to ascertain whether it is an offshoot of anemia.

Transmission of Anemia (Pandu Roga)

Anemia is a non-communicable disease. It cannot be spread from one affected person to another. Hence, anemic patients can be given all the care and support that they require from their family, friends and healthcare professionals.

Prevention of Anemia (Pandu Roga)

Anemia can be prevented if it caused due to vitamin deficiency or iron deficiency. This can be done by including the deficient nutrients in the diet. However, anemia caused due to inherent conditions and genetic factors cannot be prevented. Such anemic conditions must be treated with proper medical supervision.

Diet for Preventing Anemia (Pandu Roga)

Anemia is largely classified as a dietary deficiency disease. It can be prevented quite easily by enriching the diet. The blood quality can be improved by including sources of iron, vitamin B12, folic acid and vitamin C in the diet. A list of the foodstuffs that contain these nutrients is given below:-

1. Dietary sources of iron:
Green leafy vegetables
Beans
Lentils
Dry fruits
Nuts and seeds
Beet root
All types of red meat, especially beef

2. Dietary sources of vitamin B12:
Eggs
Fish
Organ meats
Milk products such as cheese

3. Dietary sources of folic acid:
Green leafy vegetables
Food grains

4. Dietary sources of vitamin C:
Fresh citrus fruits
Green leafy vegetables
Indian gooseberry, which is the richest natural source of vitamin C
Capsicum
Tomatoes
There are some foods which interfere in the assimilation of iron in the body. Some of these foods are egg yolk, soy, coffee, tea and milk. Hence it is necessary to reduce or eliminate these items from the diet when you are combating anemic conditions.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Anemia (Pandu Roga)

Pandu roga is a very popular treatment condition for doctors of Ayurveda. There are many age-old remedies for the treatment of this condition. An exhaustive list of the herbs that have potency in curing pandu roga is given below:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Afsanthim Artemisia absinthum Wormwood Wormwood is a rare herb prescribed for the treatment of anemia, due to its iron-rich content.
Ajmoda Apium graveolens Celery Celery is an extremely rich source of dietary iron. When taken in a solution with carrot juice, celery can be an efficacious cure for all blood ailments, including anemia.
Gokulakanta Hygrophila spinosa Gokulakanta Gokulakanta is a herb that helps in purifying blood-related disorders. Kasni Chichorium intybus Chicory Chicory is used as a prime ingredient in most blood tonic preparations. It can be taken in the diet with celery and parsley.
Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek Fenugreek is an integral part of the Indian cuisine, especially North Indian cuisine. It works as an effective blood tonic. Fenugreek is also helpful in curing anemia duringmenstruation in girls. Fenugreek seeds are also very good when the anemia is cured, because they help to maintain the content of iron in the Petha Benincasa hipsida Ash Gourd Ash gourd is a natural source of iron as well as vitamin C andvitamins of the B complex. Taken regularly inthe diet, ash gourd helps in improving the quality of the human blood, thus keeping anemia at
Pyaaz Allium cepa Onion Onions are rich sources of iron; moreover the iron in the onions can be easily assimilated into the bloodstream. Hence onions are taken by countless Ayurveda believers in their daily diet to purify the diet and to cure them of blood-related disorders.
Sowa Anethum sowa Dill Dill is taken to regulate the flow during the menstrual cycle. In girls and women whose menstrual cycles are irregular, leading to anemia, dill can be taken as a very effective cure. About 60 grams of sowa taken with a teaspoonful amount of parsley juice helps in anemia during periods.
Angina Pectoris Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment - Hrichool (Angina Pectoris)
Introduction

Angina pectoris is a very lethal condition that develops in people as they progress in age. It usually makes its appearance as a person reaches the age of 50 years and most often, it claims the life of the person it affects. It is today one of the leading causes of deaths of people all over the world.
Angina pectoris or angina, as it is simply referred to, is a chronic pain in the chest which obstructs the flow of blood to the heart. The obstruction in the flow of blood is usually due to atherosclerosis which builds up cholesterol in the arteries providing blood to the heart, leading in severe chest pains. The name of the disease is derived from the Greek word ankhon which means 'strangling' and the Latin word pectus which means 'chest'. Hence, angina pectoris literally means 'a strangling feeling in the chest'. Its Sanskrit term is also derived from two words – hriday meaning 'heart' and shool meaning 'thorn'. So hrichool means 'a thorn in the heart'. Both these names are indicative of the type of pain that is a characteristic of angina pectoris.

Types of Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

Stable Angina - Stable angina is the most common type of angina. It is usually caused due to some sort of physical exertion. People with stable angina pectoris feel a constant rhythm in the beating of their hearts and can predict when an attack of chest pain will occur. Stable angina can be relieved by resting a little and taking the prescribed medicine for angina. Stable angina is not a fatal condition, but it can soon complicate into an unstable angina or lead to a myocardial infarction, i.e. heart attack.
Unstable Angina - Unstable angina comes on without warning. It does not require physical exertion as its trigger; it can come on even when the person is at rest. There is a sudden sharp pain in the chest without any provocation, and it almost always leads to a heart attack. Unstable angina cannot be predicted in advance. Unstable angina cannot be relieved by rest or by takingany medicine. Very urgent medical attention is needed, with possible hospitalization and surgery.
Variant or Prinzmetal's Angina - Variant angina attacks occur always at night – between midnight and early dawn. It is a rare condition. Though the pain is quite severe, it does not always lead to death. Variant angina can be relieved by medicines that are previously prescribed by the doctor.

Causes of Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

The major cause of angina pectoris is ischemia, i.e. congestion of the chest cavity. The coronary arteries bring the blood to the heart. If there is any congestion in the coronary arteries, then the blood supply to the heart is obstructed and the result is angina pectoris.The following are the major reasons why the heart arteries can be blocked:-
Atherosclerosis - Atherosclerosis is the accumulation of cholesterol in the major arteries bringing blood to the heart. Due to this accumulation, the lumens of the arteries become narrow and the blood supply to the heart is obstructed.
Stress and tension - People living in a constant state of stress and tension require more blood supply to their brain as their brain is working more than normal. As a result, the heart has to pump more blood into the cranial region. After some time, the heart gets exerted and could lead to an angina pain. In Ayurveda, the air element of the body is called as the vata dosha. Hrichool is caused when there is an imbalance in the vata dosha of the body.

The major causes which trigger hrichool according to Ayurvedic principles can be:-
Ativyaam – means overexertion of the body
Ativyavaya – means overindulgence in sex
Abhighaat – means mental trauma
Bhojana – means diet
Patan – means a sudden fall or physical shock

People who are at Risk of Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

There is a large category of people who are at high risk of angina pectoris in the world today. Since angina is largely considered to be a lifestyle disease, there are particular groups of people who are more susceptible to develop angina than others. The following is a list of the people with higher risks of angina:-
People with diabetes and high blood pressure
People who have a family history of angina pectoris
People who are addicted to cigarette smoking
People who are in a constant state of stress and tension
People who live a sedentary lifestyle with less exercise
People whose diet is rich in cholesterol sources, such as fatty foods
People who are overweight

Symptoms of Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

The prominent symptoms of angina pectoris are almost the same in all people suffering from the condition. The following are the key aspects of anginal pains:- The initial symptoms are chest congestions, which can be described as pressing, choking, squeezing and burning kind of sensations. There may be a constriction in the throat. The anginal pains originate in the epigastrium, i.e. in the upper central region of the chest cavity. This is the region behind the breastbone. From the epigastrium, the pain can radiate to the back, neck, jaw and shoulders. Angina pains last for more than one to five minutes, depending on the severity of the condition.

There is generally breathlessness and violent gasping accompanied by the pain. Nausea and vomiting is common. One important factor to note is that most angina pains are brought about by some kind of trigger (except in unstable angina). The major triggers for anginal pains are as follows:-
Physical exertion
Emotional stress
Heavy food
Going to bed immediately after a heavy food
Extreme emotions such as anger, fear or happiness
Cold weather
Variant angina can also be triggered by nightmares.

Complications due to Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

The most important and serious complication of an anginal pain is myocardial infarction, i.e. heart attack. Heart attacks usually accompany pains of unstable angina, and they could be lethal. Most stable angina pains develop into unstable angina if ignored. Hence it is absolutely vital to get medical attention when there is the beginning of any kind of chest pain.

Transmission of Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

Angina pectoris is a non-communicable disease. It is a metabolic disorder which runs in families. Hence, there is no question of transmission of the condition from one person to the other.

Prevention of Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

Whether or not a person will have angina pectoris depends vastly on the kind of diet and lifestyle the person has. Prevention of angina pectoris is very effective if one keeps away from the triggering factors of the condition, which are as follows:- A diet rich in fats, i.e. a cholesterol-rich diet
Having a full meal and going to bed immediately
A sedentary lifestyle without exercise
Heavy physical work, especially in the old age
Extreme changes of climate, especially in the old age
Emotional stresses and tensions
Smoking
High blood pressure and diabetes
Obesity

Diet for Preventing Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

Obviously, a healthy diet goes a long way in preventing angina pectoris. The following basic guidelines need to be followed with meticulous care:- Avoid fatty foods to the maximum possible extent. This includes fried food, milk productssuch as butter and cheese, full cream milk, oils, etc. Fermented milk products are good for people with angina. This includes curds. Use only vegetable oils for cooking. This includes sunflower, olive, groundnut and rapeseed oils. Avoid salt in the diet. Do not consume foods that are too much salty. In meats, red meats such as mutton, beef and pork must be avoided. White meats such as poultry and fish are beneficial. Fishes with high body oil content must be preferred. This includes sardines, tunas, mackerels, salmons, herrings, etc. Canned fish must be strictly avoided. There should be at least two to three fish consumptions per week. Carbohydrates should form the major part of the food. This includes cereals, wheat, rice, bread, potatoes and pasta. It is found that a little bit of alcohol is actually beneficial for angina, but excess is harmful. The safe limit of alcohol is as follows:-
For men: 21 units per week, and not more than 4 units on any one day
For women: 14 units per week, and not more than 3 units on any one day.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Angina Pectoris (Hrichool)

Ayurveda is a treasure-house of remedies for angina pectoris. There is a long list of herbs that have been used since ancient times for the treatment of the condition. The following is a list of these herbs with their actions on the human body:-
Alfalfa Medicago satina Alfalfa Juice of the alfalfa grass is used for people with arterial and heart problems. The benefits of this juice are improved by taking it in a mixture with carrot juice.
Amla Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry Amla tones up all the organs of the body, and that includes the heart. Thus it betters the pumping action of the heart. Chachinga Trichosanthes anguina Snake Gourd The leaves of the snake gourd have been traditionally used as medicine for treating pain in the heart due to physical exertion.
Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric Curcumin is a chemical compound present in turmeric. This compound is known to lower the amount of serum cholesterol and even the blood sugar level.
Kahu Terminalia arjuna Arjuna Arjuna is perhaps the most beneficial herb used by Ayurvedic practitioners in the treatment of angina-related problems. The bark of the arjuna tree is known to have stimulant action on the heart.
Lahsoona Allium sativa Garlic Garlic is beneficial for people with angina pectoris as it is a known blood thinner. For this reason, garlic must be included in the diet. Peepal Ficus religiosa Peepal The leaves of the peepal tree are effective in treatment of heart ailments. They are known to strengthen the heart and thus keep angina pectoris at bay.
Pyaaza Allium cepa Onion Trials have shown that regular usage of onion for five months is beneficial in decreasing serum cholesterol. It is also beneficial in decreasing thrombosis.
Rojmari Achillea millefolium Blood Wort The herb of blood wort is beneficial in the treatment of circulatory problems due to its stimulant action. It can bring down high blood pressure, which is a leading cause of angina pectoris.
Tilpushpi Digitalis purpurea Digitalis Treatment of angina pectoris is one of the most elemental purposes digitalis is put to. Digitalis stimulates the muscle activity of the heart and makes it pump better. Thus it forces more blood into the heart and improves nourishment.
Guggul is an age-old remedy used by Ayurvedic exponents for treating angina pectoris and its complications. Guggul is in fact a mixture of several substances that have been extracted from the Commiphora mukul plant. This medicine is effective in treating atherosclerosis, which is a leading cause of angina. This is because of guggulsterone, which is a compound found in the guggul plant.
Anorexia Nervosa Causes, Symptoms, Anorexia Nervosa Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Arochak or anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder. A person suffering from arochak will develop a strong dislike for food, which may cause the person to become underweight and poorly developed in body and physique. In severe cases, arochak can also lead to the death of the individual due to starvation or metabolic problems caused due to lack of food in the body.

Definition of Anorexia Nervosa (Arochak)

The word arochak is derived from the Sanskrit ‘aruchi’, which means ‘lack of taste’. Lack of taste is what results in the condition of arochak. Arochak is defined as a bodily condition that is caused by reduced eating methods. Anorexic people are frightened of putting on weight, and are obsessed with extreme slimness. This causes a dislike of food in the person. Anorexic people are generally underweight and have erratic metabolic functions. Today, arochak has become a very widespread disease, especially in the western world. This has been aggravated by the media that projects thin women as beautiful. Hence girls try to imitate those models and fast until they too get a slim figure. This notion has caused thousands of cases of arochak. Arochak can be fatal if not cured early on. Since a person with arochak will lose interest in food, it will directly affect the health of the person. The person will have secondary problems like giddiness, dizziness, headaches, cramps, nausea, vomiting, digestive problems and may finally die out of malnutrition. About 10% of all the people diagnosed with arochak eventually die of it. In this manner, arochak is not just related with the body of the person. The cause of the disorder is seated within the thoughts of the person, and its effects are felt in the functions of the body. Hence arochak is a physiological as well as a psychological problem.

Types of Anorexia Nervosa (Arochak)

Self-induced – In self-induced anorexia, the person has a natural dislike for food. The person will eat less and less day by day and lose weight. The amount of food will be so little that it would almost border on starvation. Such a person might also exercise more in order to burn off whatever food has been consumed. The calories taken in the body are grossly insufficient to carry out the functions of the body.
Binge-eating or Purging – This is the more common type of anorexia seen in the modern world. Binge-eaters do have a craving for food, and they eat a full meal. But after that they induce self-vomiting or use enemas to regurgitate the food they have eaten. This makes them maintain their low weight. Binge-eaters are commonly found in social circles where lunching and dining is part of the social norm.

Causes of Anorexia Nervosa (Arochak)

Arochak is a kapha disorder. The major cause of arochak is when the tongue is unable to understand the rasa or taste of food. This happens due to a vitiation of the BodhakKapha which is situated in the tongue. There are several factors that can cause arochak. The following is a list of them.
Genetic and Parental Factors – About 50% of arochak cases have their roots in hereditary factors. In most cases, arochak and depression are both transferred genetically. The method of upbringing of children also contributes to arochak. Children who grow up seeing their parents’ frugal eating habits begin to cut short on their own feeding.
Likes and Dislikes – Most people develop likes and dislikes when they are young, which remain with them throughout their lives. Some children have dislikes for particular types of food, whereas some of them may dislike food in general. Some children do not like the process of sitting down in a place and eating. All such developmental attributes cause arochak in later life.
Social Factors – The advertising media vastly propagates the thin and waif-like figure as the ideal body. Most of the models shown in advertisements are deploringly thin, and this brings into the minds of the youth a false idea of beauty. Youth try to emulate these figures by themselves eating less. This is the leading cause of arochak today, especially in the progressive societies where it is considered very important to be body-conscious.
Metabolic Functions – People who suffer from hypothyroidism, Addison’s disease or Simmond’s disease have more chances of suffering from arochak as their digestive systems and taste buds fail to respond to stimuli. An imbalance in the chemicals of the brain can also be the root cause of arochak.
Wrong Dieting Techniques – Today, there are as many weight-loss centers as there are weight-gain centers. The trends too have changed. It is now no longer the obese people who are enrolling for weight-loss; people with slim bodies are also joining for these programs. In order to make a quick buck, several of these weight-loss centers are making their clients almost starve. This is creating an impression that a slim figure is the ideal figure, and increasing the incidences of arochak.

How to Diagnose Anorexia Nervosa (Arochak)

Arochak is not a disease; it is a disorder. As such, there are no prominent symptoms in order to diagnose the condition. But arochak in a person can be easily found out by some signs and signals. These are given below:-
The person will not be eating even while in company. He or she will keep busy by playing with the food, talking with others or just generally pushing the food around the plate.
(i) A major portion of the food will be left uneaten in the plate and finally thrown into the waste basket.
(ii) A person with arochak will serve others but not for himself or herself. He or she will wait until all have eaten. The person will be reluctant to attend parties or social functions in which food is part of the event.
(iii) After attending any function, the person will spend a lot of time in the bathroom trying to vomit the food out.
(iv) The person will regularly pass comments or remarks on the slim figures of other people and complain about his or her own physique.
(v) The person will try to skip meals and give excuses for not eating.
(vi) The person will not indulge in strenuous activity as he or she will not have the required bodily strength.
(vii) The person will be generally lackluster and apathetic to the surroundings.
(viii) The person will spend a lot of time looking at himself or herself in the mirror. He or she will keep pinching the flesh especially around the tummy to see if there is any excessive weight.
(ix) The person will be mostly seen in baggy or loose clothing to cover up for the low body weight.

Effects of Anorexia Nervosa (Arochak)

Arochak is a very complex eating disorder with several effects on the body. The following are some of the prominent effects that are observed:-
The person will lose interest in food. This will cause malnutrition. Malnutrition can bring on a host of diseases in the person such as:- Kwashiorkor, Marasmus, Night Blindness, Xeroderma, Beriberi, Pellagra, Scurvy, Anemia, Rickets, Goiter
Malnutrition will reduce the resistance of the body. This can make the body susceptible to other diseases.
Due to poor feeding, the bones will be underdeveloped and osteoporosis has a high probability of setting in. In all cases of arochak, 38 to 50% contract osteoporosis.
Blood circulation to the brain decreases. As a result, there is low coordination of the organs of the body.
It is generally observed in people with arochak that they have low self-esteem and an inferiority complex. They always find physiques of other people better than theirs and keep comparing body shapes. This is an obsessive compulsive disorder.
Arochak will retard the sexual functions in both men and women. In men there is a decreased sexual drive which may culminate into impotence. In women anorexia may cause missing of menstrual periods.

Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa (Arochak)

Since arochak is not a disease, its treatment follows a different pattern. Most treatment methods of arochak are designed at improving the ating habits of the individual. Ayurveda has been using several herbs since centuries to treat arochak. All these herbs are appetizers, which increase the need for a good diet in the person and help in the treatment. A list of such herbs is given below:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action of the Herb Aloe Vera Aloe vera linn Aloe Vera Aloe Vera improves the digestion and thus makes the person feel hungrier. It also treats menstrual problems which can occur in women due to arochak. Amla Phyllanthus emblica Indian gooseberry Amla is a stomachic, which improves the appetite of the person. Amla is the richest natural source of vitamin C. Thus it can prevent an outset of scurvy due to deficiency of this vitamin. Ashwagandha Withania somnifera Indian ginseng Ashwagandha helps in digestion and increases the appetite. Its secondary function in arochak patients is to boost the sexual drive. Aruna Sphaeranthus hirtus – Aruna is a stomachic that helps to tone the stomach and increase the appetite. Gudmar Gymnema sylvestre – Gudmar increases the appetite and takes care of bowel problems. Jai Jasminum Jasmine The oil of the jasmine flower is effective in reducing stress, depression and worries. This indirectly helps in creating a liking for food. Jamun Eugenia jambolana Indian blackberry Jamun is a stomachic, i.e. it improves the appetite. Juniper Juniperus communis Juniper berries Juniper is a stomachic that improves the appetite. Jyotishmati Celastrus paniculata Staff tree The oil of the jyotishmati is a known stomachic which improves digestion. Khus Andropogan muricatus – Khus is a wonderful cooling agent and a stomachic. It also aids in proper and quick digestion of food that has been eaten. Pudina Mentha arvesis Mint Pudina is excellent for digestion and treating gastrointestinal problems. Vacha Acorus calamus Calamus Vacha acts in both improving the digestion and in increasing the appetite.

There are some simple ayurvedic home remedies for the treatment of arochak. Some of them are given below:-
(i) A chutney preparation of adrak (ginger) in equal amounts of ghee, sweetened with some jaggery is a very good treatment method. This chutney is meant to be eaten twice in a day, once at dawn and once at dusk. This mixture increases the appetite and builds up a craving for food.
(ii) Take some extract of lemon and mix some sugar with it. Flavor it with cloves and black pepper. Drink this like a sherbet once a day. This sherbet also increases appetite. The clove and pepper add flavor and improve the taste buds of the person.

Backache, Backache Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

The kind of lifestyle we are leading, backache is an obvious problem. Unhealthy eating habit, graveyard job-timings, sitting in front of a computer system and too much stress and pressure in life has made life not only difficult but unhealthy as well. Backache is a situation when a person feels acute and severe pain in the middle and lower portion of his back. With passage of time, the pain become severe and affects the entire back, especially around hips and waist. Spondylosis or cervical is also a backache in which the spine gets erect and lose its flexibility and thus cause difficulty in bending the body parts. In ayurveda it is known as prisht shool. It is classified under vata disease.

Causes for Backache

The common causes for backache are:
(1) Sitting long hours in a same posture
(2) Joint pain
(3) Muscular pain
(4) Eating junk food
(5) Lack of balance diet
(6) No exercise
(7) No walk
(8) Constipation
(9) Arthritis
(10) Improper functioning of kidney
(11) Obesity, influenza
(12) Irregular menstrual cycle in women
(13) Wearing high heel shoes
(14) Sleeping in a wrong posture,
(15) Too much mental stress
(16) Excess physical labor
Person may also suffer severe backache while carrying heavy loads, especially when carrying in a wrong way.

Symptoms for Backache

Pain in a back is one of the worst experiences. Not only backache is physically painful, it badly affects ones life, mood, working capacity, and efficiency. The common symptoms for backache are: patient will feel serious pain in the lower and middle portion of the back, pain around hips and waist. The worst form of backache is spondylosis or cervical. In this the bones in the spinal column combine together and thus reducing the flexibility of spine. This disease can occur to anyone, especially adults; pregnant ladies are also the worst victim of backache as they carry a baby in their womb. The sudden increase in weight, badly affect the lower spine.

Treatment for Backache

Backache is one of the most common diseases we are suffering today. A person suffering from a severe backache will never feel happy working, eating, or doing any other day-to-day work. Today, people are going for herbal or home remedies for curing any kind of disease. Given below are some of the common home remedies used for the treatment of backache.

(1) Garlic and oil:
Take 8-9 pieces of garlic and add in a sarso tail (mustard), til tail (sesame oil) or nariyal tail (coconut oil). Heat the oil for some time at low flame. Cool the mixture and apply it over the affected area by massaging and keep for 3-4 hours. The patient may also take bath in warm water after the massage. This is one of the oldest and most effective home remedy. Patients may also eat 2-3 garlic pieces every morning.

(2) Raw vegetables and fruits:
Consuming Vitamin C rich food daily helps in curing backache. Patient should eat citrus fruits like orange. Patient should also eat lots of green leafy vegetable, cabbage, cucumber, tomato, carrot, radish, spinach, etc. Take a balanced diet; eat less and four times a day. As overweight people are more susceptible to backaches, they should take milk and fruits in the morning, vegetables cooked in little oil and chapatis (wheat) in the afternoon and green salads at night. In the meantime they can take fruit juice. Following this type of proper diet chart helps in proper backache treatment.

(3) Lemon juice:
Add common salt to the freshly prepared lemon juice (juice extracted from a lemon can be used for two times) and drink. The freshly prepared lemon juice has a magical effect in curing backache.

(4) Potato plaster:
Patient suffering from lower back pain is treated using potato. In this raw potato is spread over a thin cotton cloth and covered again with another piece of cloth. Then this is kept over the effected area. Many patients have tried this treatment and experienced better result.

(5) Bishop weeds (ajowain):
Keeping a small bundle of ajowain seeds over the affected back area gives immense relief from the severe backache. Take small amount bishop weed and put it in a small cloth. Put this bundle on already heated container, and let the bundle get heated. Apply it over the patient’s back.
Apart from the above mentioned home remedies, patient should strictly avoid junk foods, soft drinks, fried foods, sweets, caffeine, etc. Should avoid smoking, consuming alcohol, chewing tobacco, and other narcotics.
Incorporating some healthy habits in your daily life is another way to stay free from any kind of health-related problems. For example, avoid sitting on a chair with no support, walk a little after sitting continuously for 3-4 hours, sit straight on chair, and sleep in correct posture, do not bend directly to pick something from the ground, always bend on your knees. Do regular exercise and morning walk, brisk walk. Doing mild exercise and yogas are best treatment for backache and several other health-related problems. Some of the common yogas for relief from backache are shavasana, bhujangasana, and halasana. However, before performing these yoga mudraas one should consult yoga instructors.
Patient suffering from backache should realize that this disease is not mostly due to internal problems in our body, but is due to our unhealthy lifestyle. So, one should start living a healthy life by adopting a healthy art of living.
Bad Breath Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

This is quite unfortunate that people suffering from bad breath hardly understand that this disease should never be ignored. However, most of them think that it is a natural thing after certain age and one can do nothing about it. Bad breath or halitosis can affect people of all age group; in fact it has nothing to do with age. Bad breath can be due to many different reasons from trapped food in the mouth to disease in gums to unhealthy food habit to stress and tension. This article will explain everything about halitosis and will explain the effective home remedies to avoid it.

Causes for Bad Breath

Bad breath is one of worst medical problem people are suffering all over the world. The causes for this embarrassing and at the same time discouraging disease are poor gums, non-chewed food trapped between tooth, eating greasy and garlic, onion-rich food, diabetes, and sometimes constipation. Poor gums or dental problems like cavity in a tooth results in pus in the gums and thus a poor bad smell comes from the mouth. Doctors also say that if a person has poor digestive or respiratory system, he suffers from bad breath. Diseases like sinusitis, chronic disease; intestinal disease such as constipation has a major role in producing bad breath. Respiratory disease cause thick layers on tongue, which produce foul smell.

Symptoms for Bad Breath

The only symptom for this most uncomfortable disease is bad odorous smell coming from the mouth. We can also find one more symptom like bad taste in mouth.

Treatment for Bad Breath

It is unfortunate that people suffering from bad breath ignore and care very less to get rid of it. There are several effective home remedies for the treatment of bad breath

(1) Fruits----Guava:
Guava is one of the most liked fruits. It is not only good in taste, but also is very healthy and nutritious. Guava and its leaves are one of the best medicines for bad breath. Guava contains some of the useful chemical like oxalic acid, malic acid, and minerals like calcium, manganese. All these chemicals are helpful for gums and teeth, avoids bad breath, make teeth strong, and prevent them from bleeding.

(2) Apple:
Similarly, apple is also a very important fruit. Chewing it after meal, will keep the mouth fresh, and takes out all the trapped foods lying between teeth.

(3) Tea made from fenugreek (methi) seeds:
his is one of the oldest and effective home remedy used to get rid of bad breath. Take a 1/2 liter of water and put to boil add a teaspoon of fenugreek seed to it and boil at medium or low flame for 10-20 minutes. Strain away all the seeds and take this tea 3-4 times a day.

(4) Avocado:
vocado or Makhanphal is a very useful fruit. It clears the harmful materials stored in the intestine due to improper digestion and other diseases, and thus prevents the formation of bad breath in the mouth. Doctors have approved that eating two to three pieces of makhanphal is far better and much more effective than any other mouth freshener.

(5) Fresh vegetable and fruit juice:
Eating unhealthy food, eating less food, drinking less water or fluids are some of the reasons for bad breath. With a busy schedule we tend to eat less, however, one should always take lots of water or other fluids like freshly prepared vegetable and fruit juice. These fluids keep the mouth wet and gums soft. Thus, there is less formation of bad breath and accumulation of bad-smelled sticky materials on tongue.

(6) Mint leaves and cloves:
Person suffering from bad breath may chew mint leaves, cloves, etc. This keeps the mouth wet and fresh. Other than this, patient may also chew sunflower seeds. In fact it is a wonderful remedy for avoiding bad breath.

(7) Coffee and tea:
A cup of tea or coffee is one of the easiest ways to keep away bad breath.
Rinsing mouth with mixture containing parsley leaves: Take 1-2 glass of water and add finely chopped parsley leaves to it. Boil it for 15-20 minutes. Add 3-4 cloves to it and boil it for some time with constant stirring. Strain it and bring it to lukewarm temperature and rinse your mouth (gargle) two to three times a day. This has come out as an effective remedy for the treatment of bad breath.
Rinsing mouth with mixture containing lemon extract: Take 1-2 glass of water and add one tablespoon of freshly prepared lemon juice to it. Rinse your mouth with it for 2-3 times a day. This will keep you fresh and avoid bad breath.
Nutritional and healthy diet: Stress and wrong food habit is one of the major causes for bad breath. Person suffering from bad breath should always eat proper food and at proper time. Make a diet chart include all the essential, nutritional food items like green vegetables, fruits, carrots, celery, grams, less oily food, cereals. Avoid junk food, apart from severely affecting various parts of the body like heart, lungs, it also produce bad breath in the mouth. Oily or junk food dry the mouth and produce sticky material on the tongue which results in bad breath. Eat less but frequently and also take as much fluid you can, this not only will keep the digestion process perfect, but also will prevent the mouth from drying. All this will ultimately result in preventing bad breath. Another important thing to remember is not to take any fluid like water, juice when you are eating your meal. It may sound strange, but it is true that drinking water or any other fluid during taking meal weaken the digestion process inside the body, and which result in several problems including bad breath. So drink after 15-20 minutes of taking your meal.
Apart from all the above mentioned treatments, some basic things should never be missed. Brush your teeth properly and at least twice a day, and after taking any greasy or garlic-rich food, never forget to clean your tongue. It is also said that using margosa twigs as a brush for cleaning teeth is an effective method of preventing bad breath. Margosa, or neem has lots of medicinal property. Keep yourself happy, don’t panic for anything, go for walk, do yogas and exercises, live stress-free. You should never forget that happiness can only come to those who are fit from body and mind.
Baldness Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Baldness is a condition, a disease in which a person experiences excessive hair loss from his scalp. Everyone wants to look beautiful and a good and healthy hair makes someone very handsome and beautiful. Baldness not only disturbs the person mentally, but it leads to poor health as well, as the bald person could think nothing except how to regain his black, shinny, long, hair. There are several effective and easily available home remedies for the treatment of baldness. However, there is no permanent cure. This article will explain in lengths about the symptoms, cause and home remedies for the treatment of baldness.

Causes for Baldness

Baldness not only is a disturbing disease, but it also embarrasses the person. It is very true that a bald person tries all his best to do whatever is suggested by friend, family, dear and dear ones for getting back his lost hair. The main causes of baldness are: prolong illness, jaundice, bacterial attack on the scalp, excess intake of vitamins, hormonal and genetics disorder, lack of estrogen level because of poor functioning of thyroid glands. Age is another major reason for baldness or extensive hair loss. Other reasons, especially in women, are irregular periods, post-pregnancy effect, etc.

Treatment for Baldness

Baldness is caused due to the lack of estrogen in human body. There are various treatments available to regain the level of estrogen in the human body. A bald person looses his confidence and feels embarrassed in facing family, friends, etc. However, they should not forget that life never stops here, baldness is a normal disease and they should not feel bad about it.

(1) Curd:
Curd with camphor plays an important role in improving the growth of hair over the bald scalp. Take curd and camphor, both in equal quantity (3-5 tablespoon). Mix it well and keep it aside for some time. Apply this paste over the effected scalp, and let it dry for three-four hours. Clean the scalp with warm water.

(2) Honey:
Honey also plays a vital role in the treatment of baldness. Mix honey and egg yolk and cover the entire effected scalp with it. Allow it to stand for 1-2 hours and wash the scalp. Similarly, onion juice and honey can be mixed together and applied to the effected area. This too will show positive result.
Other way of using honey for hair growth is mix 2 tablespoon of honey with 1 tablespoon of cinnamon powder and 2-3 tablespoons of olive oil. Mix this paste and apply it over the effected area. Allow it to stand for 20 minutes and then wash it off.

(3) Lemon:
Lemon too is another easiest home remedy for the treatment of baldness. Take a lemon and cut it into two pieces, and rub it over the effected area. Do this regularly for 2-3 months. This will give positive result. Similarly, lemon seeds can also be dried and powdered along with black pepper. Mix this powder in sufficient amount of water and apply over the bald scalp. Wash it off after some time.

(4) Massage:
Massaging scalp helps in blood circulation. Sometimes after a long day work, or due to prolong illness, baldness, etc., the blood circulation does not flow in its natural flow. Simply massaging with hands in a circular way is also very important in bringing back the blood flow to its normal. There are home made hair oils, paste that helps in the growth of hair over the bald scalp. Most of these oils and herbs can be used 3-4 times a week.
The easiest one is massaging with coconut milk. Apply coconut milk over the entire scalp and allow it to stand for a half to one hour. Wash the scalp with warm water. Another massage oil is almond oil. Just apply it over the scalp area and massage gently for at least 2 times a week. Almond oil can also be mixed with castor oil. Massage oil extracted from dry mango works great over the bald scalp. Take mango pulp and mix in mustard or coconut oil. Allow it to stand for months, until the mango extract is completely mixed in oil. Apply this over the bald scalp, and massage thoroughly and gently. This will show results after 1-2 month.

(5) Amla:
Goose berry or amla plays vital role for the growth of hair on the bald scalp. Person suffering from baldness may apply a mixture prepared by boiling 200 grams of goose berry, shikakai and soapnuts or reetha in 2-3 liter of water. Boil the mixture until it water reduces to half. Allow it to stand and apply it over hair. Let the mixture dry over the scalp for around 3 hours and wash it off with warm water. This shampoo can be used for 2-3 months. It will show tremendous growth of hair. Amla powder can also be mixed with egg and fenugreek seeds, and treated as a shampoo for hair. This too is an effective remedy for shinny hair.

(6) Fenugreek seeds:
Soak 12-15 fenugreek seeds in 1 liter of water overnight. Preserve the extracted oil and apply it gently over the scalp. This oil can be used 1-2 times a day. This will show a great result in hair growth after 1-2 months.

(7) Diet:
A balanced diet is a must for the healthy growth and development of a human body. Person suffering from baldness should take diet rich in protein, green vegetables, cereals, fruits like mango, carrots, milk products like milk, curd, etc. One can also take juice prepared from banana and honey and curd. Another juice is alfalfa or simsim mixed with fresh green coriander leaves. All this will help regaining hair over the bald scalp.

Blackhead Treatment, Causes, symptoms
Introduction

Blackheads are black spots on skin that occurs due to excess deposition of oil (by sebaceous glands which produce sebum), dead skin, dust, bacteria, and other impurities. Blackheads or comdones clogs skin pores and are dark spots that appear on nose, back, chest, etc. Blackheads are believed to be one form of acne which appear on skin surface and easily get reacted with atmospheric oxygen, and as a result its color changes to black. There is an excess deposition of oil (secreted by sebaceous glands) on skin surface and as a result skin pores get clogged. Blackheads appear on skin surface where the skin area is dust prone, and where other impurities and debris are present. Male and female of any age group can be the victim of blackheads.

Causes for Blackheads

Blackheads are caused due to various reasons like oil deposits, unclean skin surface and pollutions. Hormonal changes at the time of pregnancy or menstruation in women, using oil-based creams, humidity and stress are some other causes.

Diet for Blackheads

Fresh air, sunlight, leaving a stress-free life, drinking enough water, not eating junk foods, refined sugar products, meat, excess diary products are good for your health and prevents you from blackheads Herbal tea is a good replacement for strong tea and caffeine and has no side effects. Let your skin breath, no makeup or less makeup enhances your natural beauty and keeps you away from various skin problems. Love yourself and your skin, use maximum natural and home products and do regular yogic exercise, pranayama, and meditation as it improves blood circulation. All your skin problems will be cured by these safe ways.

Treatment for Blackheads

Once awareness, knowledge and positive attitude are important during blackhead treatments:
(1) Mild soaps and cleanser are good for keeping the skin surface clean and oil free. Proper knowledge and information about skin care, and medication under experienced doctors or skin specialist brings effective results.
(2) Always use natural herb-based cosmetics as they are not oil based.
(3) Keep a good balance of rest and work.
(4) Never squeeze the blackheads because it causes skin infection.
(5) For blackheads removal there are medicated blackheads removal strips available in the market, which clears the skin pores effectively, but read all the instructions carefully before trying anyone of them.
(6) Don't use oil-based creams.
(7) Keep your skin healthy let them breathe, use minimum makeup.
(8) Use natural face scrub for removing dead skins.
(9) Skin pores gets clogged by infection and dust. Use warm water for washing skin as it opens the skin pores.
(10) Always keep your skins clean and use natural face wash.
(11) Always drink fruit juices and water as it hydrates your skin and keep skin pores dirt free and prevent you from various skin infections.
(12) Use antibacterial soaps like neem soaps, keep your towel and pillow clean

Home remedies
Given below home remedies are easily available in every kitchen. They are very effective for removing blackheads and have no side effects:
Your aim should be on keeping your skin oil free to prevent it from blackheads. There are various natural cleansers available at home, which you can easily apply on the affected area to get rid from black heads Mix fuller’s earth or multani mitti and gulab jal (rose water) and use this face pack on normal skin. This face pack will make your skin smooth and will remove blackheads. Make a paste using water and radish seeds apply it on blackheads, allow it to dry then wash it off. They are safe and effective skin treatments.
Paste of (baadam) almond powder, (multani mitti) fuller’s earth, and glycerin soap are very effective in blackheads removal.
Blackhead removal treatment using (dahi) curd and (kali marich) black pepper---Make a thick paste using one table spoon black pepper and curd. Apply this paste over the effected area and let it dry for 10 minutes then wash your face with cold water. Green tea face scrub is also good solution for blackheads removal.
Fenugreek leaves (methi leaves) have many advantages and various skin and body problems are treated easily by taking it in raw form, in cooked form or you can use fenugreek leaves and water paste for blackheads removal.
Lime juice and drumstick leaves paste is also very helpful in treating blackheads.
Paste of cinnamon and limejuice or a paste of haldi turmeric) powder and dhaniya (coriander) leaves are also very effective home remedies for removing blackheads.
Paste of yoghurt and oatmeal helps in curing blackheads---Make a paste containing 2-3 tablespoon yoghurt, oatmeal 1-2 tablespoon, jetun tail (olive oil) and lemon juice 1 tablespoon each, and thoroughly mix the paste in a container or grinder. Apply the paste over blackheads and let it dry, then wash your face using cold water.
Take grapes pulp and apply it on blackhead affected area, let it dry for 15-20 minutes, and then wash your face with warm water.
Cucumber is very refreshing when taken in any form. Blend the cucumber in a grinder, apply the cucumber paste on face and let it dry, then wash your face using cold waster. It is an effective treatment for removing blackheads.
Make a paste using vinegar and cornstarch, apply on blackhead affected area and let it dry for sometimes, then using warm water easily wash your face Make chandan (sandalwood) face pack using sandalwood and rose water apply this face pack on blackheads affected area and let it dry, then wash your face with cold water. It will remove blackheads and will keep your skin cool.
Never remove blackheads forcefully by your hands as it causes skin infection and open a room for severe acne growth. There are various blackhead remover strips available in the market, if you want to go for this remedy its fine, however consult a skin specialist before using them.

Body Odor, Body Odor Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Body odor is an unpleasant or bad smell from the body. It is caused due to excessive workout, prolonged disease and stress. Body secretes a salty fluid called sweat or perspiration due to excess exertion, stress, bad hygiene etc. Sweat does not have its own odor, however, when it comes in contact of bacteria, it results in unpleasant odor which everybody dislikes. Though it is not a major problem but it creates an embarrassing situation in public place and even you too do not feel happy aboutit. Normal sweating is a good sign of healthy body but hyperhydrosis or excess sweating or no sweating are signs of health problems like liver, kidney, diarrhea, etc

Causes for Body Odor and Perspiration

Strong medicine, alcohol, cigar and smoking lead to body odor and perspiration. Prolonged illness and diseases like kidney problems, liver problems etc. are some of the causes of body odor and perspiration. Stress, skin problems like ulcer, gastrointestinal problems, and weak metabolism causes body odor and perspiration. Fungal infections, bacterial growth, deficiency of zinc mineral, poor hygiene are some other causes of body odor.

Diet for Body Odor and Perspiration

Do not eat white flour, processed foods, and junk foods as they are not good for health and produce unpleasant body odor and leads to excessive sweating. Avoid onion, garlic, spicy, and oily food in your diet. Meat, refined sugar, alcohol are harmful for health. Eat leafy green and fibrous vegetables, fruits, nuts, and sprouts.

Tips on self caring
Always bath using antibacterial soaps made oflemongrass, chamomiles. They are good for limiting body odor and perspiration. You can use antiperspirant to control sweating; however it irritates skin, under arms, feet, hands, and face, hence use natural home remedy for controlling body odor.
Always wear clean, soft and comfortable fabric cloths. Keep your feet clean and wear clean shocks especially of cotton fabrics as it keeps skin dry and prevent body odor and perspiration.
Always wear clean shoes of good leather quality. Relax your mind and body by doing yoga, by sitting in the fresh air-garden.
Drink maximum water as it prevents dehydration and controls body odor and perspiration.

Treatment for Body Odor and Perspiration

Mixture of few drops of glycerin and mooli (radish) juice act as a good home remedy for controlling body odor. Apply this mixture on feet, underarms, neck etc.
In order to prevent excess sweating you can rub slices of potatoes under your arms. This keeps you cool and controls body odor and perspiration.
Use a mixture of white vinegar and alcohol which is a natural and safe remedy for controlling body odor and perspiration.
Apply cider vinegar extracted from apple on neck, under arms and other body parts to control sweat. In a small quantity of water, mix rosemary oil or tea tree oil and use this mixture on underarms, neck, chest, back, and thighs. This is very useful on limiting body odor and perspiration.
Juices extracted from shalgam (turnip) are effective for controlling body odor and perspiration. You can directly apply this juice on sweat prone area.
Intake wheat grass every morning on vacant stomach, this controls body odor and sweating.
There are various antifungal soaps available in the market, like neem soap that control body odor. Add 2 cups of tomato juices in your bath tub and enjoy a refreshing bath.
Herbal tea like sage tea is good for limiting body odor and perspiration. Pregnant women should not take this tea.
In the summer days to control your body odor, take 2 tablespoon of baking powder, 1 tablespoon of lemon juice and apply this mixture on the body parts, like neck, underarms.
Every night in the summer season you can use peanut butter under your arms, to control body odor and perspiration.
Idea is to prevent sweat ducts or sweat glands to produce unpleasant body odor (when it comes in contact with bacteria) and sweat, and this is possible by the above mentioned home remedies which are very effective and has no side effects. Avoid surgical treatments and botox injection etc which are not safe and costs you high. Live happily and take good care of your skin.

Boil Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Boils are painful red-colored, round-shaped swellings which are full of puss. Boils can attack in any parts of the body, mostly neck, waist, thighs, face, etc. These boils are quite painful and irritating. This article will explain in detail about the various effective ayurvedic, home remedies for the treatment of boils.

Causes for Boils

The main cause of this painful disease is growth of staphylococcus germs. These germs enter into the body through sweat glands. Another reason for boils is increase in level of toxic substance in blood. This can be due to improper bowel movement, unhealthy food style, excess alcohol consumption, or due to some chronic diseases.

Symptoms for Boils

The main symptom of boils is small red balls appear on the skin. Slowly, these red balls become big with a small mouth at the center, where puss accumulates. With the passage of time these balls become stiff, and the surrounded area also become hard and red. Patient may also suffer from fever because of severe pain.

Treatment for Boils

Boils really are painful and irritating. Given below are some of the easiest and effective home remedies for the treatment of boils.

Garlic:
One of the most effective home remedy for the treatment of boils is garlic extract. Garlic, in fact, is the best ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of many severe diseases. Gently apply garlic extract over the boils. This extract will help in killing germs, and will help in releasing out the puss. It is also said that taking 2-3 garlic seeds in diet is also an effective step.

Onion:
Onion is another effective medicine. Apply onion extract over the boils. This plays the same role as garlic. Patient also should take raw onion in their diet. It is also said that both garlic and onion extract together can also be applied over the puss.

Milk and milk cream:
Other home remedies for the treatment of boils include milk. It may sound strange, however, milk cream applied over the boils helps in softening of the boils, which opens their mouth so that puss could easily release out. Similarly, take bread slice and soak it in milk. Cover boils with it, after some time the boils will soften and puss will release out.

Parsley (ajmood ) leaves:
Parsley leaves or ajmood also plays vital role in treating boils. Boil parsley leaves, till it becomes soft. Wrap the boiled leaves in clean perforated cloth and put is over boils. This will help in release of puss by opening boil's mouth.

Betel (paan) and Margosa (neem):
Leaves Betel and margosa leaves are some of the most effective remedies for the treatment of boils. Take 3-4 betel leaves and boil in water till it becomes soft .Gently put 2-3 drops of caster oil over it. Cover boils with these leaves. Similarly, boil 15-20 neem leaves in ½ liter of water. Allow it to boil until the mixture reduces to 1/3 of its constituent. Allow the mixture to cool and gently apply it to the boils. This will open up the mouth and help in fast release of puss. Repeat this for a weak.

Bitter gourd:
Bitter gourd extract also has effective role in the treatment of boils. Apply bitter gourd extract over the boils. This extract will kill the germs, soothes the infected skin, and gradually helps in the releasing puss and blood. Sometimes patient may find difficulty in applying it over the boils, they can take this extract with lemon juice in the empty stomach, early in the morning. This should be taken till the boils are not treated. However, it is recommended to take this juice at least a week after the treatment so that all the germs should be killed completely.

Turmeric and cumin seed:
Turmeric is considered as the oldest home remedy for the treatment various severe diseases. Roast turmeric powder in low flame. Take 4-5 tablespoon of roasted turmeric powder and make a paste using water. Apply it gently over the boils. Turmeric helps in maturing the boils and hence fast release of germs and puss.
Similarly, mix powdered cumin seed in water and make a paste, gently apply it over the boils. This too helps in fast release of puss by killing germs and weakening the boils.

Balance diet:
Balanced diet is very important to keep your body healthy and disease free. Patient suffering from boils should take special care about their diet. Patient suffering from boils should stay on orange juice for 7-8 days. During this period they should only take diluted orange juice 4-5 times a day. Once this orange-juice diet is over, they should be given green leafy vegetables, fresh juicy fruits, cereals, grams, etc. Patient however, should stay away from fried, oily junk foods and sweets and chocolates. They should not take caffeine and hard or soft drinks as well.
Apart from all the above mentioned treatments, here are some other important tips for treating boils. Always keep your bowel movement healthy. Go for regular exercise and morning walk. Keep your body clean, use medicated, herbal soap. Avoid junk food; include green vegetables and fresh fruits in your diet.
Clean boils with warm water, this will help in easyand fast relief of puss.
Soak cotton cloth or tea bags in warm water and keep it over boils. This will sooth the infected area, open the mouth of boils so that puss can easily release out.
Also keep tomato slice over the boils. The citrus juice in tomato plays important role it treating them.

Breast Feeding Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Breast feeding is a must for growing babies. Breast milk is a nutritional diet that should be given to every baby by her mother. Breast feeding helps the infants in developing muscles, it is required for proper mental and physical growth of different body parts like legs, teeth, hands, etc. Breast feeding helps the baby to fight against various infections. Breast milk is light, and digested very comfortably. It creates the emotional attachment between the mother and her baby where the baby feels good, comfortable, and being loved. Breast feeding keeps the child away from skin infections, watery bowel movements, food poisoning or other problems. Breast feeding mothers have some advantages over other moms, their uterus comes to the normal size without any difficulty which is helpful in further pregnancy.

Causes for low breast milk production Some home remedies that will help a good supply of breast milk in the mothers' body:
Breast feeding difficulties, like when and how often to give the breast milk to the infants Do's
(1) Causes for low breast milk production
(2) Unhealthy or improper balanced diet causes low breast milk production.
(3) In taking excess coffee and tea also lead to low breast milk production.
(4) Taking alcohol is a worst thing that mother can unknowingly harm her baby during pregnancy and it also lead to low milk production in the mother’s breast.
(5) Stress and tension also adversely affects milk production.
(6) Improper rests or insufficient rest are some of the main causes of low breast milk in the mother’s body.

Some home remedies that will help a good supply of breast milk in the mothers' body:
The main symptom of Breast Feeding is small red balls appear on the skin. Slowly, these red balls become big with a small mouth at the center, where puss accumulates. With the passage of time these balls become stiff, and the surrounded area also become hard and red. Patient may also suffer from fever because of severe pain.
Breast feeding difficulties, like when and how often to give the breast milk to the infants
Breast Feeding really are painful and irritating. Given below are some of the easiest and effective home remedies for the treatment of Breast Feeding.

Garlic:
One of the most effective home remedy for the treatment of Breast Feeding is garlic extract. Garlic, in fact, is the best ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of many severe diseases. Gently apply garlic extract over the Breast Feeding . This extract will help in killing germs, and will help in releasing out the puss. It is also said that taking 2-3 garlic seeds in diet is also an effective step.

Onion:
Onion is another effective medicine. Apply onion extract over the Breast Feeding . This plays the same role as garlic. Patient also should take raw onion in their diet. It is also said that both garlic and onion extract together can also be applied over the puss.

Milk and milk cream:
Other home remedies for the treatment of Breast Feeding include milk. It may sound strange, however, milk cream applied over the Breast Feeding helps in softening of the Breast Feeding , which opens their mouth so that puss could easily release out. Similarly, take bread slice and soak it in milk. Cover Breast Feeding with it, after some time the Breast Feeding will soften and puss will release out.

Parsley (ajmood ) leaves:
Parsley leaves or ajmood also plays vital role in treating Breast Feeding . Boil parsley leaves, till it becomes soft. Wrap the boiled leaves in clean perforated cloth and put is over Breast Feeding . This will help in release of puss by opening boil’s mouth.

Betel (paan) and Margosa (neem) Leaves
Betel and margosa leaves are some of the most effective remedies for the treatment of Breast Feeding . Take 3-4 betel leaves and boil in water till it becomes soft .Gently put 2-3 drops of caster oil over it. Cover Breast Feeding with these leaves. Similarly, boil 15-20 neem leaves in ½ liter of water. Allow it to boil until the mixture reduces to 1/3 of its constituent. Allow the mixture to cool and gently apply it to the Breast Feeding . This will open up the mouth and help in fast release of puss. Repeat this for a week.

Bitter gourd:
Bitter gourd extract also has effective role in the treatment of Breast Feeding . Apply bitter gourd extract over the Breast Feeding . This extract will kill the germs, soothes the infected skin, and gradually helps in the releasing puss and blood. Sometimes patient may find difficulty in applying it over the Breast Feeding , they can take this extract with lemon juice in the empty stomach, early in the morning. This should be taken till the Breast Feeding are not treated. However, it is recommended to take this juice at least a week after the treatment so that all the germs should be killed completely.

Turmeric and cumin seed:
Turmeric is considered as the oldest home remedy for the treatment various severe diseases. Roast turmeric powder in low flame. Take 4-5 tablespoon of roasted turmeric powder and make a paste using water. Apply it gently over the Breast Feeding . Turmeric helps in maturing the Breast Feeding and hence fast release of germs and puss. Similarly, mix powdered cumin seed in water and make a paste, gently apply it over the Breast Feeding . This too helps in fast release of puss by killing germs and weakening the Breast Feeding .

Do’s :
(i) Carotenes are the proteins which are present in various food stuffs. Eat food rich in carotenes as they are good for nursing mothers.
(ii) Anxiousness, unrest, unnecessary tension, and stress should be avoided as it hampers the breast milk production. These conditions severely affect insufficient milk secretion in the mothers’ breast.
(iii) Proper rest, balanced diet, fruit juice, and water intake is a must to do things during breast feeding for nursing mothers.
(iv) Baby needs your most care in the initial months of his birth so make it a priority and feed your baby with the breast milk as the baby needs it for the proper growth.
(v) Avoid tight lingerie and if you are ill still keep feeding the breast milk as it does not harm your baby.
(vi) Skin infections in the nipples and its possible remedies
The period after the baby’s birth or the period during which milk is secreted, sometimes encounters various problems like, pain in the mother’s breast and various other skin infections.

Remedies
In such cases proper rest and almond oil massage in the breast prevents sore nipples. Take the above preventive measures and advice of your doctor regarding breast feeding because your child really needs your care.

Bronchitis Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Bronchitis is a disease in which a patient’s bronchial tube (connecting from mouth to the lung) gets disturbed and the patient faces breathing problem, inflammation in the chest, and extreme weakness. Bronchitis leads to chest burning, at the starting it affects mostly sense organs and than infection spreads and causes other problems like breathing difficulties, lack of appetite, restlessness, lack of physical energy, and others complications.

Causes for Bronchitis

Excessive smoking causes a breathing problem, chest pain and lead to bronchitis. High doze of medicines, improper diet, unrest, stress also cause bronchitis problem. Genetics and heredity reasons are sometimes responsible for bronchitis disease in the patient. Improper breathing technique, staying and working in less airy environment, or in absence of fresh oxygen also causes bronchitis. Changes in the climatic condition sometimes lead to breathing difficulties.

Home remedies for curing Bronchitis

Honey:
Take half teaspoon honey mix very small amount of black pepper, 1-2 cloves powder, and fresh ginger paste, and give to the bronchitis patient. This is very effective and provides relief, and cures burning sensation in the chest, opens the blocked tube between throat and lungs which further helps in proper breathing.

Onion:
Fresh onion juice helps bronchitis patients. Take half tablespoon onion juice and give it to bronchitis patient, they will definitely find relief. This cures inflammation and pain in the chest.

Spinach:
Mix some amount of fresh spinach in the half–one glass of water and add honey (half tablespoon) to it and give to the bronchitis patient. This is very effective and provides relief.

Sesame seed
Mix half tablespoon each of alsi, gingelly (sesame seed), and honey and give to the bronchitis patient. This is an effective treatment. You can also use fresh water in place of honey.

Ginger:
Make a tea using small amount of ginger, long (cloves), and kali mirch (black pepper) powder and give to the bronchitis patient. This is an effective home remedy for treating bronchitis.

Turmeric
Mix one teaspoon turmeric powder in one-two cup of milk and give to bronchitis patient. This gives relief and opens the congestion in the bronchial tube and breathing difficulties.

Orange:
Give orange juice containing half teaspoon of fresh and crushed almonds to the bronchitis patient at night. This gives relief.

Make a paste using alsi seed powder (half glass) and warm water (small amount) and apply the paste as plaster on the chest. This gives relief, improves blood circulation and cures the chest congestion.

Symptoms for Bronchitis

(i) Heart patients have more chances of developing this disease. Cough formation, high body temperature is also seen in the bronchitis patient.
(ii) Running nose and high amount of mucus formation are observed in the bronchitis patient.
(iii) Kids, old people are more prone to breathing problems or bronchial problem.
(iv) Patient do not feel hungry, he/ she suffer chest ache in severe cases.
(v) There is inflammation in the bronchial tube which hampers normal breathing.

Dos and don'ts for Bronchitis

(i) Bronchitis patient gets relief in breathing problem when they take Epsom salt bath. Warm water mixed with Epsom salt is suitable for patient’s bath.
(ii) Fruits are given to the patient once the body leaves the fever.
(iii) In normal cases or after the fruit diet as under the doctors recommendation bronchitis patient are allowed to give normal healthy diet.
(iv) Bronchitis patient should regularly go for a walk in a clean and healthy green environment like park, and take deep breath and stay stress free.
(v) In severe cases the bronchitis patient should be given orange juices other than fresh water.
(vi) Daily yogic exercises are remarkably beneficial for them---Some of yogic breathing exercises are effective for bronchitis treatment. You should do such exercises in normal condition. Pranayam and other breathing exercises are effective in bronchitis and improve blood circulation and cure the breathing difficulties.

Cataract Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Cataract, called in Sanskrit as linganaasha or timira, is one of the leading causes for blindness today. Almost 42% of all persons who lose their sight later in their lives do so because of the onset of cataract. It is an age-related disease, i.e. it occurs as the age of the person advances. Most cataract cases commence at the age of 60 years. It is so common that about 70% of the people who have crossed the age of 75 years have some form of cataract of the eye. However, the prevention and even the treatment of cataract are very simple, though it may not provide the person with the exact vision as before. Whatever be the case, it is absolutely vital to know about cataract from an early age and take suitable measures to arm oneself against the disease.

Definition of Cataract (Linganaasha)

In simple terms, cataract or linganaasha is the cloudiness of the lens of the eye. The eye lens is an internal elastic part of the eye which is the most vital component for the reception of normal vision. It is perfectly transparent to allow the light rays to pass through it. But as the age of a person advances, the eye lens may lose its transparency and become opaque. This condition is called as cataract.

Causes of Cataract (Linganaasha)

According to Ayurveda, linganaasha is a vata dosha disorder. Vata dosha is related with the air element. Hence, an exacerbation in the vata dosha will lead to drying up. When the vata dosha in the body is vitiated, the eye lens loses its moisture and suppleness. Due to this, the eye lens becomes opaque, leading to a cataract.

The various clinical causes for the development of cataract are as follows:-
(1) Advancing age – The most common cause of all cataracts is advancing age. As the age of the person advances, the eye lens becomes opaque and cloudy. Also, with growing age, there is a change in the proportions of the proteins in the eye lens. This leads to senile cataracts.
(2) Physical damage to the eye – Sometimes foreign bodies entering the eye can cause too much damage to the eye lens capsule. This can cause a type of cataract called as traumatic cataract.
(3) This cataract is seen mostly in people whose occupation may entail hazards to the eyes, such as welders and people working in glass furnaces.
(4) Other diseases – Some diseases like diabetes mellitus can cause cataracts in the long run.
(5) People with emphysema and asthma can also develop cataract. However this cataract is due to the prolonged steroid medication that these people have to use, and not the disease itself.
(6) Congenital cataracts – If the mother had German measles during pregnancy, then there is a chance that the baby born will have cataract at birth.
(7) Medications for the eye – Several medicines for the eye, in the form of eye drops especially, can cause cataracts in the eye in the long run.
(8) Smoking – Smoking really does cloud the eyes, as the common proverb goes. Too much smoking can lead to opacity of the eye lens, causing cataract.

Types of Cataract (Linganaasha)

Based on the causes of the cataract, there are five important types of cataracts seen among humans. The following is a list of these types of cataract:-
Type of Cataract Caused by Vulnerable People Senile Cataract This cataract is caused due to the opacity of the eye lens by natural ageing process. Elderly persons, mostly those over the age of 60 years.
Traumatic Cataract This cataract is caused due to some physical damage to the eye lens capsule, such as that due to the entry of a difficult-to-remove foreign object. People working in hazardous conditions such as welders and those in glass furnaces.
Complicated Cataract This cataract is the complication of some other chronic disease in the person. Patients of diabetes, emphysema, asthma, etc.
Congenital Cataract This cataract is caused in infants if the mother had contracted Germanmeasles during pregnancy. Newborn infants.
Toxic Cataracts This cataract is caused due to long term use of medicines or chemicals that are toxic to the eyes. People using eye drops containing prednisone and cortisone for a long time. Also, smokers as they inhale toxic fumes which affect the eye lens.

Symptoms of Cataract (Linganaasha)

Cataract can be very easily diagnosed by the presence of several symptoms. Some of the very prominent symptoms in all forms of cataracts are as follows:-
The vision becomes hazier day by day, and it becomes difficult to focus on objects. Eyes become very sensitive to light.The eyes require optical glasses, which need frequent number changes. There may be double vision in one of the eyes. Dimmer circles are seen around light sources, giving rise to a halo effect. Reading becomes difficult without intense illumination.
It is very difficult to see anything in poor light conditions.
Colors seem yellowed and faded.
The pupils begin to grow milky white progressively, day by day.

Complications due to Cataract (Linganaasha)

Cataract is actually a very simple disorder to diagnose and treat. Still, a large number of people are neglecting the issue. Ignoring the symptoms of early cataract can lead to a large number of complications in the future. The most dangerous of the complications is that cataract can cause total blindness if left untreated. Statistics show that, within 10 years, most untreated cataracts can convert into total blindness of one or both the eyes.

Transmission of Cataract (Linganaasha)

Cataract is a non communicable disease. It cannot be transmitted from one person to another.

Prevention of Cataract (Linganaasha)

Since the most important cause of cataracts is advancing age, it is not possible to prevent them totally. However, some steps can be taken in order to reduce the chances of contracting cataracts:-
Have a regular eye checkup done. Especially if you have crossed the age of 60 years, you need to be more vigilant.
Excessive exposure to the heat and sunlight must be avoided by people of all ages. This can cause excessive wear and tear of the eye lens. Quit smoking. Smoking is a leading cause of cataracts in the old age. People who have conditions like diabetes should adhere quite diligently to the mode of treatment given by the doctor.
Avoid direct contact with toxic fumes and do notcontinue eye medications for prolonged periods of time. Do not expose your eyes to X-rays, microwaves and infrared radiation. Never stare directly at any source of light. Adjust the lighting in your homes in such a manner that the source of light is not seen directly. Use white and milky sources of light rather than incandescent bulbs, as their filaments become too luminous to the human eye.
Wear proper and genuine protective eye gear on beaches, especially in sunny weather. Pregnant women must take all precautions to prevent the affliction of German measles

Diet during Cataract (Linganaasha)

A proper diet can go a long way in the prevention of cataract. The following are some guidelines:-
(1) Vitamin A foods are very important to maintain normal ocular health and vision. This is due to the presence of beta carotene, the precursor of vitamin A. Carrots are the best sources ofvitamin A for maintaining ocular health.
(2) Vitamin C is vital to the health of the eye as it is present in high concentrations in the eye
(3) lens. Vitamin C is an antioxidant; it prevents the oxidative damage of the lens. Foods such as amla, oranges, limes, etc. that are rich in vitamin C must be included in the diet. Vitamin E is also an antioxidant and must beincluded in the diet. Almost all foods containvitamin E.
(4) Oils must be avoided.
(5) The diet must contain copious amounts of grains and legumes as they provide the necessary amino acids (proteins) for the health of the eye lens.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Cataract (Linganaasha)

There are several herbs used since ancient times for the prevention and the treatment of cataracts. The following is a list of some popular Ayurvedic herbs with their actions on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Amla Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry Amla is the world’s richest source of vitamin C, which helps to maintain the texture and transparency of the eye lens.Amboti ka patti Oxalis corniculata Indian Sorrel A few drops of the juice of the amboti ka patti is put into the eye everyday to reduce thechances of opacity of the eye lens.
Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric The powder of the aldi is traditionally used in all preparations of the Indian cuisine. Haldi has a cooling effect on the body. Taken in fair amounts everyday helps to maintain ocular health and reduce cloudiness of the eye lens.
Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek Fenugreek is a source of vitamin C, the same vitamin of which the eye lens is mostly composed. Hence a regular diet of fenugreek helps in building the unctuousness of the eye lens.
Prajmoda Petroselinum crispum Parsley Juice of the raw parsley mixed with carrot juice is an Ayurvedic remedy for almost all eye disorders. It can remove the opacity of the eye lens and can make the eyes more active.
Velaiti Saunf Pimpinella anisum Aniseed About six grams of aniseed taken daily in the mornings reduces cataract.

In addition to the various herbs mentioned above, there are several more Ayurvedic preparations that have efficacy in reducing cataracts:-
(i) Maha Triphala ghrita – The main ingredients of Maha Triphala ghrita are triphala and cow’s ghee. The roles of these two ingredients are as follows:-
  a) Triphala nourishes the nerves and tissues of the eyeball, including the eye lens. The amla present in the triphala is already discussed above as a rich source of vitamin C.
  b) Cow’s ghee balances the vitiation of the vata dosha and normalizes it.
(ii) Triphala choorna – Triphala by itself is also quite beneficial in cataract. Triphala means ‘three fruits’. In this case, the three fruits are:-
Amla , i.e. Emblica officinalis, commonly called as the Indian gooseberry
Bibhitaki , i.e. Terminalia belerica, commonly called as Belleric Myroblan
Haritaki , i.e. Terminalia chebula, commonly called as Chebulic Myroblan
Triphala must be taken with water after being soaked for 12 hours.

Cellulite Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Cellulite is a lumpy deposition of fats in thighs, buttocks, and stomach area of the body. Cellulite that is the fat deposition causes a dimple on skin mostly at buttocks and thighs. Cellulite is most commonly seen in women. They try different costly creams and lotions to solve the problem but remain dissatisfied with the result because the solution lies with the lifestyle changes not with ineffective expensive cellulte removing creams and lotions.

Causes for cellulite problems are:

1. Excess weight or no workout leads to fat deposition in the body especially in stomachs, thighs, and buttocks which is the major cause for cellulite.
2. Genetics and heredity may also be the cause of cellulite. Thick and rough skins are more prone to cellulite problem.
3. Eating fried and junk foods, taking tea, excess sugar, salt, and no water are some other causes for cellulite problem.
4. Improper functioning of various hormones also causes cellulite.
5. Avoid sitting for a long time. For proper blood circulation balance of rest, work, and body movements are required.
6. Avoid excess contraceptives for controlling pregnancy as this also lead to cellulite problem.
7. Getting aged is a natural process as you get older and older such problem increases so keep your body active all the time.

Symptoms for Cellulite

Most common symptoms of cellulite are:
If you press on skin areas of hips, thighs, and tummy and you see dimples this indicates a cellulite problem.
Area turns hard, cold, and tight. Skin becomes loose, dull and ugly especially in thighs, legs, tummy, and hips.


Treatment for Cellulite

1. Home remedies for curing cellulite Coconut oil massage is very effective in treating cellulite problems.
2. Chakutra (grapefruit) is also used for the treatment of cellulite problem.
3. Leave the expensive cellulite creams and try the natural home remedies for curing the cellulite problems:
4. Ajmoda is used in the treatment of cellulite. Massaging with the oil containing almond oil, saunf ka tel (oil), and rosemary oil is also very effective in cellulite treatment. Mix each oil in equal ratio (1:1:1) and apply on the cellulite area like hips, buttocks, thighs.
5. Taking good and healthy balanced diet is the natural cure for cellulite. Eat healthy fruits, fiber-rich vegetables and green vegetables to keep the cellulite problem to the minimum.
6. Mixture of herbal body lotion and coffee powder is also very effective in cellulite problems. Apply the paste on your thighs, hips and other cellulite affected area and let it dry for some times than wash with fresh water.
7. Drink good amount of water everyday to keep yourself hydrated and fresh. This minimizes the cellulite problem. If you have a cellulite problem consume lots of fresh water.
8. Coffee, tea and other beverages are unhealthy for you. Keep yourself away from tea and coffee; this will not only minimize your cellulite problem but avoiding them is very much required for liver, and heart functioning.
9. Avoid junk foods. Eat fresh and healthy foods. 10. Say no to alcohol and smoking habit as they can make the cellulite problem worse.
11. Most effective and most required thing for keeping the cellulite problem away is regular exercise. Hit gym, do some physical exercises, and stretching exercises everyday for keeping your weight under control. Excess water deposition in the body leads to obesity and cellulite problems in the thighs and buttocks area so to keep that ugly cellulite away workout everyday and keep your laziness away.
12. Try to do some physical exercises which targets mostly on your thighs, stomach, buttocks, and hip areas. You can learn such exercises which provide fat burning to these areas through Internet, yoga classes, magazines, and newspapers.
13. Do yogic exercises, pranayam, and other breathing exercises everyday as yoga provides the best and natural cure for cellulite problem. Keep your body weight under control and cure various other diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure.
14. Avoid excess salt or do not add extra salt in your normal diet as it harms your body and increases the water level in your body.
15. Try to take less fatty foods in you regular meals i.e. eat food low in oil, ghee, butter.
16. No need to go on crash dieting as this is not the solution for weight control on other hand it will adversely affect the skin and cellulite.
17. Do some of the domestic work yourself like kitchen work, regular dusting, and other house hold works as they burns your extra fats in the body.
18. Good, soft, and gentle rub on the skin by natural body scrubber is very effective in reducing cellulite and are good for proper blood flow.
19. Do not go for machines treatments for curing cellulite as they are not safe and cost you high with no good result.
20. Maintain yourself eat healthy food, exercise everyday, and stay stress-free to live a balanced and healthy life. Above given home remedies are useful try to adopt in your daily life and get yourself free from cellulite.

Chicken Pox Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Laghu masurika , popularly known as chickenpox is a very common disease that affects mostly children between the age of one and ten years. The abundance of the disease is so great that about four-fifths of the entire population of the world has suffered from laghu masurika at one time of their life or another. Laghu masurika is also known as varicella in medical terms.

Definition of Chicken Pox (Laghu Masurika) Laghu masurika is a viral disease caused by the varicella zoster virus, which is also known as the human herpes virus 3. This disease appears as rash or blisters on the skin that lasts for about one or two weeks. The rashes are red and itchy. Their sizes also vary from one person to another. Most times, laghu masurika is accompanied by symptoms of common cold like a runny nose, watery eyes, etc.
A person who has once got laghu masurika cannot get it again in his or her lifetime. However, the varicella zoster virus remains permanently inside the body once it enters it. It can cause zoster or shingles in the person in later years.

Causes of Chicken Pox (Laghu Masurika)

Like its related (but more serious) disease, masurika, laghu masurika is also caused due to a vitiation of all the three doshas – vata, pitta and kapha. Vata is the environmental component, pitta is the component of fire and kapha is a component of water and earth. When all these three vitiate, there is an incidence of laghu masurika in the person. Some people are more vulnerable to laghu masurika than others. The following people are included in this category:-
Almost all children can get laghu masurika before they enter into adulthood. Some infants get laghu masurika when they are weaned from breast milk and formula is started.
People with sensitive skins that rash easily can get laghu masurika. Sometimes bubble baths with strong soaps can also cause laghu masurika. People who are in contact with other laghu masurika patients have a much higher chance of getting the disease themselves. Having said that, it is necessary to know that laghu masurika is a disease that can be prevented by timely vaccination.

Symptoms of Chicken Pox (Laghu Masurika)

The symptoms of laghu masurika begin to appear one or two days after the entry of the varicella zoster virus in the body of the person. The sequence of symptoms is as follows:-
(i) The initial symptom is that of a common cold. The person will have a runny or a stuffy nose. There will be a burning sensation in the eyes and they will water and become red.
(ii) Two or three days after the onset of the common cold, a rash appears on the skin. This rash may begin on the face, but will continue to cover the chest, back, arms and legs.
(iii) The initial rash is pinkish, but the color deepens in a day or two. Blisters develop on the rash, which are pimply bumps filled with a fluid.
(iv) In another day or two, the fluid in the blisters becomes cloudy and it begins to flow out. The blisters begin to crust.
(v) The initial blisters disappear in a couple of days, but new spots appear. Hence, the blisters appear in cycles.
(vi) This cyclic formation of blisters may continue for up to two weeks, though in some cases it may stop on the third day itself.
(vii) When the chickenpox is subsiding, the blisters develop into scabs and dry off. The passing away of the blisters might be accompanied with stomachache and mild fever.

Transmission of Chicken Pox (Laghu Masurika)

Laghu masurika is an extremely contagious disease. It passes very quickly among the people who are not vaccinated against the disease. An unvaccinated person has a 75% chance of contracting the varicella zoster virus. When a person contracts the varicella zoster virus, he or she has got the greatest chance of transmitting the virus to others in the first five days. This is roughly the period when the rash shows up. The person remains contagious till the rashes convert into blisters and subside. This can take from anywhere between two days to two weeks. The following are the chief ways in which the laghu masurika virus can spread from an affected person to a healthy person:-
Any form of direct contact with the skin of the infected person can cause the transmission of the virus from one person to another. The varicella zoster virus lives within the saliva, sputum and phlegm of the infected person. Hence when the person coughs, sneezes and even talks and laughs, there is a chance of spreading the virus to others.
Touching the fluid filled in the blisters of an infected person is a sure method of contracting laghu masurika.
People who have been vaccinated against laghu masurika have a very less chance of getting infected with the virus. Also people who have had laghu masurika in their past have very slim chances of getting affected again. It must be noted that pregnant women should take extreme care when there is someone who has been affected by laghu masurika. Even if the woman has been vaccinated and the virus cannot cause laghu masurika in her, there can be several complications in the fetus. The baby can be born underweight, or with poorly developed limbs. The baby can also be mentally retarded due to the laghu masurika virus in the most severe of cases. People with other sicknesses are also more susceptible to laghu masurika than healthy people. This holds true even if the person has been vaccinated. The reason behind this is that a sick person has low body resistance to prevent infection. Therefore a sick person must keep away from patients of laghu masurika to avoid any drastic complications.

Prevention of Chicken Pox (Laghu Masurika)

Vaccination is the surest way to prevent laghu masurika. The vaccine is developed against the varicella zoster virus, and its effects can last up to a lifetime. Today, all countries of the world advise the vaccination against the varicella zoster virus in early infancy to prevent any infections in future. Apart from that, if a person is not vaccinated, then the following must be done to prevent infection during an epidemic of laghu masurika:-
Avoid all types of contact with affected people, even talking with them. Avoid using public bathrooms and urinals. Get a vaccination done immediately at the nearest healthcare center

Ayurvedic Treatment for Chicken Pox (Laghu Masurika)

In the Ayurvedic treatment of laghu masurika, neem requires a special mention. Neem is a big, bitter-leafed tree, native to India and Myanmar. The biological name of the neem is Azadirachtha indica. Since ancient times, neem has found a widespread use in the curing of laghu masurika. Indians believe that laghu masurika is actually a visitation of a goddess, and neem appeases the goddesses. However, there is a strong scientific base to the use of the neem in the treatment of laghu masurika. Indians use the neem in different ways during the entire treatment of laghu masurika. Neem fronds are hung around the bed of the patient.
The person is fanned with neem fronds. A paste of the neem leaves is made and is directly applied to the skin of the person. After the scabs have cleared off (i.e. laghu masurika is cured), the person is given a bath in hot water with neem leaves soaked in it.
Each of these treatments is very significant. The following qualities of neem amply illustrate how effective it is in warding off laghu masurika:- Neem is a fumigant. Neem has antiviral properties and hence combats the varicella zoster virus.
Neem quickens the drying of the fluid in the blisters. Neem reduces the itchy and scratchy sensation that the laghu masurika blisters cause. The bath in neem soaked water after the laghu masurika has been cured promotes the recuperation process and eliminates the scars. Neem is a very harmful herb for children. It is mainly children who contract laghu masurika. Neem also retards the fever that may develop during the final stages of laghu masurika.
Apart from neem, there are several other herbs prescribed in Ayurveda that can take care of laghu masurika. The following is a list of these herbs with their actions on the human body. Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Gaajar Daucus carota Carrots Carrots are concocted into a soup with dhania (coriander). Drinking this soup lessens the irritation of the blisters.
Madha – Honey Honey is sometimes applied externally on the blisters to reduce the burning sensation and the itchiness of the laghu masurika blisters.
Mattar Pisum sativum Pea Water in which green peas have been soaked is effective in reducing the itchy sensation of the laghu masurika blisters.
Kumari Aloe vera Indian Aloe Kumari helps in curing the problems of the vata dosha. It makes the skin look zestful again once the chickenpox has been cured.

Several other herbs can be used in form of teas. These teas reduce the itchy sensation that the blisters of laghu masurika cause. The herbs that make effective teas are:-
1. Babunah (Chamomile)
2. Billilotan (Lemon Balm)
3. Tulsi (Holy Basil)
4. Zergul (Marigold)

The teas become more effective if some honey and coriander is mixed in them during the preparation. Some other commonly used remedies for laghu masurika are:-
Sponging the person with a solution of baking soda in water provides instant relief from the itchy sensation of the blisters.
Brown vinegar is also widely used. When brown vinegar is directly applied to the blisters, it provides relief from the itchiness.
Ayurvedic preparations that are proven effective in reducing the itchy sensation of blisters of laghu masurika are as follows:-
Swarnamakshika Bhasma – Dosage is 120 mg to be taken in the morning and the evening in a solution with the bark Kanchnar tree.
Eladyarishtha – Dosage is 20 ml to be taken with water after meals.
Indukala Vati – This is effective only in the second week. 125 mg of it can be taken in the morning and the evening.

Chikungunya Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Chikungunya has become the biggest scare in the world currently. After the epidemics of dengue and SARS, now chikungunya has grabbed the attention of people of the world. In some parts of the world, chikungunya is also called as Chicken Guinea, though this is a misnomer as chikungunya has nothing to do with chicken. Chicken Guinea is just an Anglicization of the word chikungunya. The word chikungunya is etymologically rooted in the Makonde language of Tanzania, where it means ‘that which bends up’. This name is because of the painful symptoms which cause the patient’s joints to curve in an upwards position. The origins of chikungunya can be traced to 1952 in central Africa from where it has become rampant in Asia currently. The disease manifests itself as an epidemic, and if uncontrolled, it might turn into a pandemic.

The latest epidemic of chikungunya is currently going on in South India. The heavy floods in South India in the monsoon region have been responsible for the widespread outbreak of the disease. Southern states of India such as Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu have been the most drastically hit. A lot of research is going on in India with respect to chikungunya, in both the allopathic and the Ayurvedic fields. Most people have found Ayurveda to be a solution for chikungunya.

The condition known as sandhi jwara in Sanskrit has the similar symptoms to chikungunya. Sandhi jwara literally means ‘pain in joints’ and this is one of the primary aspects of chikungunya. For this reason, chikungunya can be equated with sandhi jwara.

Definition of Chikungunya (Sandhi Jwara)

Chikungunya is a viral disease that is very similar in symptoms and etiology to the more popular disease, dengue fever. The virus responsible for chikungunya is alphavirus, which belongs to the togoviridae family. This virus is transmitted through mosquito bites. Only a specific type of mosquito is a vector, i.e. carrier for chikungunya. This is the aedes aegypti mosquito, which is active only in the daytime. The aedes aegypti mosquito is the same mosquito that is responsible for the transmission of dengue fever among humans. The condition of chikungunya is generally not fatal, and it can be remedied within five to seven days with proper treatment. The basic characteristic of the disease is a fever along with an arthritic-type of pain in the joints (which has given it its Sanskrit name).

Causes of Chikungunya (Sandhi Jwara)

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted through the agency of mosquitoes. The responsible virus is the alphavirus, which is carried by the aedes aegypti breed of mosquito. Hence, after malaria, filaria and dengue, chikungunya has become one more reason to exterminate mosquitoes. The prime method of spread of chikungunya is through stagnated water. The aedes aegypti mosquito lays its eggs only in stagnated water. This explains why there is a widespread outbreak of chikungunya in India currently, which has just recovered from heavy floods in July-August.
Ayurveda treats chikungunya as a vata dosha disorder. Vata is the air element of our body, which is represented by the air that we breathe; the dissolved gases in our blood, etc. A healthy person has a proper balance of the vata dosha with the other two doshas, viz. pitta dosha and kapha dosha. But when the vata dosha is vitiated, then disease conditions may set in. Chikungunya is one of such diseases, which are caused due to an alleviation of the vata dosha.

Symptoms of Chikungunya (Sandhi Jwara)

Chikungunya symptoms begin almost immediately after the viral infection. Some of the symptoms are:-
1. Fever with very high temperature
2. Acute pain all over the body
3. Sharp pain in the joints accompanied by swelling
4. Severe headache
5. Profuse rashes
6. Conjunctivitis
7. Loss of taste in the tongue
8. Mouth ulcers
The fever of chikungunya normally comes back to normal within two to three days, but the other symptoms persist for over a week or more. The fever is quite different from normal fever since it is accompanied by chills and feelings of nausea and vomiting.

Complications due to Chikungunya (Sandhi Jwara)

In almost all the chikungunya deaths reported till date, the chikungunya virus itself has not been responsible for any of the deaths. The chikungunya virus has the potential to destroy the resistance system of the body, due to which any underlying medical condition is exacerbated. It is this complication that causes the death of the patient.
Chikungunya could have complications in people who are elderly. As their bodily resistances are already weak, an onset of chikungunya in them could cause cerebral problems like dementia and paralysis and kidney disorders. Similarly, chikungunya is more fatal in children than in adults. The reason is that children are not able to pinpoint the symptoms exactly and it may be late before the disease is actually diagnosed in them.

Transmission of Chikungunya (Sandhi Jwara)

Chikungunya is a highly infectious disease through the agency of the aedes aegypti mosquito. If this mosquito bites an infected person, then the virus gets transferred into its body. The virus does not infect the mosquito itself; but on the contrary, the mosquito helps the mosquito to become stronger within its body. Now when the mosquito bites a healthy person, the strengthened virus is now transferred into the body of the healthy person. Thus the healthy person gets affected. The mosquito that acts as the carrier of the virus is active only in the daytime. It normally bites people during either dawn or dusk. Hence this is the prime time when the chikungunya virus is transmitted into the bodies of healthy people. The aedes aegypti mosquito is quite area-bound. In fact, the mosquito does not leave its natural habitat, i.e. the stagnant water in which it breeds, by more than a few meters. Thus, chikungunya is transmitted into the nearby habitat first. Chikungunya spreads so quickly that it may turn into an epidemic. Since the year 2004, there have been epidemics of chikungunya in different parts of Southwest Asia. If there is an epidemic of chikungunya going around, it is necessary to take precautions in order to protect oneself.

Prevention of Chikungunya (Sandhi Jwara)

There are several methods for preventing chikungunya. The following guidelines must be strictly followed in case chikungunya is in the air:-
1. All stagnant water must be treated and removed. Stagnant water is where the infecting mosquito aedes aegypti breeds.
2. Use insect repellants such as DEET or promythrin in the vicinity in case there is an outspread of chikungunya.
3. It is necessary to wear long pants and long sleeves in case you are planning to visit some area that is dirty or secluded. Even people who are already suffering from chikungunya must wear full clothes in order to prevent mosquitoes from biting them and further infecting more people.
4. The doors and windows of the houses must be kept closed, especially in the dawn and dusk periods.
5. This is the feeding period of the aedes aegypti mosquito.
The aedes aegypti mosquito, considered as the prime culprit of causing the disease, is actually a localized insect. In its whole lifetime, it does not travel even a quarter of a kilometer. Hence, it is not the mosquito that is the cause of the epidemic. Chikungunya becomes an epidemic through people who travel from an affected area to an unaffected area. For this reason, it is very necessary to regulate travelers, especially those who are emigrating from a place that has several cases of chikungunya.

Diet for Preventing Chikungunya (Sandhi Jwara)

Chikungunya is considered to be primarily a vata dosha disorder. For this reason, the diet that is prescribed for a person with the ailment is a vata pacifying diet. The following tips must be kept in mind:-
1. There must be a good proportion of fluids in the diet in the form of soups, gravies, dals, etc.
2. This will take care of dehydration that occurs in some people with chikungunya.
3. A normal diet can be had, but it must be easily digestible, and preferably vegetarian. Green leafy vegetables are the better choice.
4. Oil must not be used as it could aggravate coughs.
5. Fruits must be had, but avoid cold fruits such as oranges, sweet limes, watermelons, etc.
6. Apples and plantains are the best fruits to have during chikungunya.
7. Tea and coffee must be avoided as long as the fever lasts.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Chikungunya (Sandhi Jwara)

There is no drug prescribed for chikungunya from the World Health Organization until now. Doctors are using aspirin, ibuprofen, combiflam, paracetamol, etc. to reduce the pains and the fever, but there is no universally acceptable treatment in allopathic medicine yet. Some people are benefited by some medication, while others are not. Some chikungunya people get healed on their own after a few days. Hence, medical science is not trusted enough where chikungunya is concerned.
This has led many people with chikungunya to turn to Ayurveda for seeking out treatment. Ayurveda also may not be able to treat the condition of chikungunya completely, but it provides the necessary resistance for the body to combat with the disease.

There are certain Ayurvedic herbs that have a potential to reduce the symptoms of chikungunya. The following is a list of some such herbs with their action on the human body:-
1. Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
2. Angoor All belonging to the family Viticeae Grapes Grapes are taken along with some cow’s milk in order to obtain relief from some of the severe chikungunya symptoms. The grapes must be dry and seedless.
3. Gaajar Daucus carota Carrot Carrots eaten either raw or in the form of salads are beneficial in increasing the resistance of people suffering from chikungunya and in protecting them from major complications.
4. Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Sacred Basil Tulsi leaves are used for chikungunya patients as they are effective in reducing the fever.

The following Ayurvedic preparations have been found to be effective against the symptoms ofchikungunya:-
Sudarshan choorna – Two tablespoons of thischoorna must be taken per day.
Yogiraj guggulu – Two tablets per day are to be taken.
Here it is important to mention that there is currently a debate going on about the effectiveness of Ayurvedic medicines in the treatment of chikungunya, for which no other form of treatment has been found yet. Almost all Ayurveda exponents are of the opinion that chikungunya may not be treated by Ayurveda alone, but the herbs are effective in allaying some of the severe symptoms of the condition.

Cholera Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Visuchika or cholera is a highly contagious disease that is spread through water. As it can spread beyond its region of localization, it is called as a pandemic. The last known major outbreak of visuchika was in South America between 1991 and 1994 when it killed an approximate 10,000 people.

Definition of Visuchika

Visuchika is better known by its English name, cholera. It is a waterborne disease caused due to the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. This bacterium can live in all kinds of water, such as freshwater, sea water and brackish water. The bacterium is a gram negative bacterium that can be killed by the drug tetracycline.
The disease visuchika is characterized by acute diarrhea and intestinal infections. The presence of the symptoms could be either mild or severe. Chronic visuchika has been observed in 5% of all people infected by Vibrio cholerae.
Once the bacterium enters the body of a person, it takes about two to three days for the symptoms to begin showing. The bacterium produces toxins, which cause severe diarrheas and also critical loss of fluids from the body. Dehydration is the most primary problem of a visuchika patient. The maximum number of people who die of visuchika do so because they are dehydrated to an extent below their normal body levels.

Transmission of Visuchika

Visuchika is a waterborne disease, i.e. it can be transmitted through water. All kinds of water, i.e. freshwater, salt water and brackish water can permit Vibriocholerae to live in it, and so visuchika can be passed on via any kind of water. People who eat sea food can also contract this disease if there is a presence of Vibrio cholerae in the sea food that they consume. Similarly, people who are constantly traveling have a higher risk of getting affected by Visuchika. The bacterium Vibrio cholerae can live within the fecal matter of humans. Hence if the feces of the diseased person are not treated in time, the bacteria will survive in it and there is a good chance that it will be passed on to some other person.

Causes of Visuchika

Visuchika is a vata disease. A vitiation in the vata of the person, especially the samana vata which governs digestion causes visuchika. Among kapha people, a vitiation of the bodhaka kapha can be the cause.

Symptoms of Visuchika

The symptoms of visuchika begin showing two to three days after the attack of Vibrio cholerae. The following are the main symptoms of visuchika found in an affected person:-
1. The first symptom is the beginning of diarrhea. The diarrhea is most severe in the beginning. Watery stools are a characteristic of visuchika.
2. Vomiting begins along with the diarrhea. There is a cramping sensation before the person is about to vomit.
3. Severe loss of water from the person’s body leads to dehydration. This shows in general dryness of the skin, which is seen more prominently on the lips of the person. Eyes lose their moistness.
4. Visuchika is a fatal disease. If treatment is not begun within a few hours of the preliminary diarrheas, then the person will most probably die.

Precautions to Take with Visuchika

Since visuchika can become a pandemic, there are a lot of precautions a person must take in regards to this disease. The following are some of the precautions:-
a. Always drink water that has been purified by boiling. Filtered water is not enough as the pores can easily allow the Vibriocholerae to pass through.
b. Avoid all kinds of fish food during times of a cholera pandemic. Though the bacterium can live in any kind of water, it prefers sea water.
c. There should be a very safe and efficient disposal of the patient’s stools and urine.
d. Avoid visiting public toilets in places where there is a cholera pandemic going on.
e. If you are using ice in drinks, then make sure that the ice is made of boiled water. Also avoid popsicles and soft drinks you are not sure about.

Vaccination for Visuchika

Tetracycline is used as the vaccine when a cholera outbreak happens. However, different countries have their own legislations. In some countries, cholera vaccination is needed before entry.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Visuchika

The biggest problem with visuchika is that of loss of water through dehydration. This is compounded by the diarrhea and vomiting. The following Ayurvedic herbs can be of some help to people with visuchika:-
1. Ayurvedic Name of Herb Biological Name of Herb Common English Name of Herb Action
2. Kakdi or Kheera Cucumis sativus Cucumber One glass of cucumber leaves extract mixed with an equal quantity of coconut milk helps in allaying the thirst of the visuchika patient.
3. Kanda Allium cepa Onion Onions are well-known cures for cancer patients. Onions reduce the vomiting and diarrhea almost instantly and also increase the thirst of the person.
4. Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Clove Cloves check the dehydration of the patient by reducing the vomiting and diarrhea.
5. Neembu Citrus x limon Lemon The juice of lemons has the potency to kill Vibrio cholerae. This juice is ideal to be taken when there is a cholera pandemic around.

Cholesterol Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Cholesterol is an essential substance for our body system. However, when this vital excess in our body, it results in high level cholesterol and other related diseases. The unhealthy food habit, lack of movement and exercises, stress, tension all result in increasing the cholesterol level in the body. Person with high level of cholesterol suffers from high blood pressure and other related diseases. According to health organizations 290-300 mg and 265-270 mg of cholesterol is essential for men and women, respectively. A proper balanced diet should not contain more than 25-30 percent of cholesterol. However, people who are already overweight and have high level of cholesterol should not take cholesterol containing diet.

Causes for Cholesterol

High level of cholesterol and heart-related problems has become very common today. The kind of stressful life we are living, unhealthy eating habit etc. has badly affected the level of cholesterol in our body. The main causes of high level of cholesterol are unhealthy food (junk foods, food cooked in butter and other saturated fats, soft drinks), excess intake of red meat, stress, smoking and consuming alcohol and other drugs.

Symptoms for Cholesterol

Patient suffering from high level of cholesterol should never ignore his condition. The main symptoms of cholesterol are: chest pain, strokes, dizziness, problem in breathing, headache, over weight, excess sweating, problem in speaking, expression, loss capacity to do normal day-to-day work, etc.

Treatment for Cholesterol

Cholesterol is present inside every human body. Cholesterol is an essential component and plays important role in proper functioning of the body system. However, when this level increase from the normal level, it is alarming. High level of cholesterol should never be ignored, as it will let to several other heart related diseases. Given below are some of the easy and effective home remedies for the cure of high level of cholesterol in the body.

Onion:
Raw onion and juice extracted from it has a magical effect in reducing high cholesterol level. Other benefits of onion juice is that it helps in blood purification, helps in blood circulation, regulate proper functioning of heart. It is also helpful for those who are suffering from insomnia.

Jetun tail (Olive oil):
Mix little amount of olive oil in green leafy salads. Olive oil has proven to be one of the best oil for heart and proper functioning of the body system. It does wonders in reducing the high level of cholesterol.

Fiber rich food:
Patient with high cholesterol should eat green leafy vegetable, fiber rich food. Fibers play important role in lowering the cholesterol level and also reduces the high blood pressure level.

Bran cereals or corn flakes:
With a fast life we are living today, doctors recommend bran cereals or corn flakes to be taken with milk during breakfast. These corn flakes are good source of energy and plays vital role in the lowering of the excess level of cholesterol.

Sunflower seed:
Sunflower seed contains useful chemicals like linoleic acid. This acid helps in decreasing the level of cholesterol around the blood capillaries and helps in normal blood circulation in the body. It is quite alarming that people still are using saturated fats, butter, etc., for cooking food. These unhealthy oils should strictly be replaced from sunflower oil. Other refine oils are soya-bean oil, sesame oil, etc.

Dhaniya (Coriander) seeds:
Take 2-3 tablespoons of coriander seeds and add it to a glass of water. Boil the mixture and allow it to cool. Strain the mixture, and take this 2-3 times a day. Coriander seeds have lots of benefit reducing the level of unwanted cholesterol. It also helps in proper functioning of kidney.

Water:
Drink at least 8-10 glass of water every day. Water not only helps in reducing the level of cholesterol, but also it clears all the toxic and unwanted material stored within our body.

Exercises:
Exercise, mild walk, jogging are best ways to burn extra calories and high cholesterol. Exercises help in weight control, proper blood circulation, and proper functioning of different body systems. Different yogas for reducing cholesterol are vinyasa , hatha, and kundalini. Mild walking not only burns unwanted cholesterol, but also it helps in increasing the level of those cholesterol that are good for our health.

Apple juice:
Apple is one of the most useful fruit used as a home remedy for the treatment of different diseases from acne to asthma, backache, etc. Take 10-12 tablespoons of apple juice, add equal amount of (5-6 tablespoons) vinegar extracted from apple and grape juice into it. This health drink is very effective in reducing the high cholesterol and purifies blood.

Methi seeds:
ethi seeds are one of the best home remedy for reducing high level of cholesterol. Soak 1-2 teaspoon of methi seeds in water and keep it overnight. Strain the mixture and drink in empty stomach early in the morning. This not only reduces the cholesterol level, but also purifies blood and solves other stomach-related disease.

Lahsun (Garlic):
Garlic too is very effective in reducing high cholesterol. Add garlic to green salads, or make a paste of 2-3 garlic seeds and take with water or milk.

Colitis Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Colitis is a disease in which a person suffers severe pain and inflammation in colon, the portion of large intestine between rectum and cecum. In this ulcer grow around the walls of colon and cause several other chronic diseases. This article will explain in detail the causes, symptoms and effective home remedy for the treatment of colitis.

Causes for Colitis

The main causes of colitis include indigestion, prolong constipation, stressful life style, unhealthy food habit, etc. Other causes of colitis include excess dose of antibiotics and other medicine, food allergy. There are many people who are allergic to certain kind of food, and hence have chance to suffer from colitis. Similarly, people who does not have proper bowel movement or whose digestive system fails to digest roughage, etc. suffer from colitis.

Symptoms for Colitis

The major symptoms of colitis include severe pain in abdomen, excessive urge to clear bowel, frequent urge to bowel discharge, release of blood from stool. All this make the patient extremely weak, blood less. With the passage of time patient releases watery stool which results in lack of fluid in the body. Patient also experiences fever, weakness, sleeping tendency. Lack of blood also causes anemia and patient also loose taste for food. Colitis patient also experiences constipation, diarrhoea, etc.

Treatment for Colitis

Person suffering from colitis experiences severe pain in abdomen, blood in stool. All this really make him weak. Given below are some of the effective and fast relief home remedies for treating colitis.

Fruits:
Banana, apple, etc are some of the most effective fruits for the treatment of colitis. It is advised by doctors that person suffering from colitis should take 2-3 ripe bananas in their diet per day. Banana plays vital role in quick recovery. Similarly, apple too is an effective medicine. Apples are rich in minerals like iron and phosphate. Patient suffering from colitis should be given boiled apple. Papaya is also very good for the treatment of colitis. Patient may eat ripe papaya or can make its juice.

Rice:
Boiled rice is also very good for patient suffering from Colitis. Patient may take rice, mixed with fresh curd and banana. Take a small bowl of rice, a small cup of fresh curd and 1-2 ripe banana. This can be taken 1-3 times a day.

Buttermilk:
Buttermilk or chach is quite effective for patients suffering from colitis. Similarly, coconut water is also very healthy for colitis patient. Patient should take this drink 3-4 times a day.

Balanced Diet:
Balanced diet is a must to keep your body fit and healthy. Patient suffering from colitis should take food rich in green leafy vegetables like cabbage, carrot, etc. There diet should also include fruits like papaya, apple, and banana. However, citrus fruits like orange should be strictly avoided. Patients are kept juice diet, in which they can only take freshly prepared juice 3-4 times a day. This continues for 8-9 days, after that they can be given balanced diet, including whole wheat grain, etc. Junk foods, sweets, chocolates, hard and soft drink should be strictly avoided.
Stress free life is also a great way of keeping away from various diseases. Live a healthy life style, go for walk and do exercises regularly. Do mediation and yoga. All this surely will help in curing colitis and also will make your life disease free.

Common Cold Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Another name of common cold is viral rhinitis. Common cold is a viral infection in the respiratory system that result in chest congestion, runny nose, fever and soar throat. This disease is caused due to attack of viruses like rhinovirus and adenovirus to our body. This is a communicable disease and easily spread from on person to another. Normally these virus do not attack healthy body, even if they attack, person with good health may easily resist and can get well soon. Common cold may attack infants, children, and adults. In ayurveda it is known as pratishyaye.

Causes for Common Cold

High level of Common Cold and heart-related problems has become very common today. The kind of stressful life we are living, unhealthy eating habit etc. has badly affected the level of Common Cold in our body. The main causes of high level of Common Cold are unhealthy food (junk foods, food cooked in butter and other saturated fats, soft drinks), excess intake of red meat, stress, smoking and consuming alcohol and other drugs.

Symptoms for Common Cold

This disease may last for 2-3 days or a week. Person suffering from common cold has sore throat, chest congestion, trouble in breathing, sneezing, mucous storing in nostrils and chest, severe headache, and mild or sometimes severe fever.

Treatment for Common Cold
Common cold is a communicable disease. The main causes of this disease are the attack of various viruses and our body is unable to resist all of these viruses. These viruses easily transfer from one body to another. If someone uses hanky, towels, utensils, etc., of a patient suffering from common cold, he too will catch this disease. In fact by just sitting with such patients and touching them, and later touching their own nose transfer these viruses from one body to another.

Treatment:
No treatment as such has been introduced for the cure of common cold. In fact antibiotics too are not helpful in curing common cold. There are plenty of home remedies helpful in the treatment of common cold.

Home remedies:

Take steam:
Taking steam clears chest congestion by loosening mucous. Once you start inhaling steam, the mucous starts liquefying and clear congestion in chest.

Gargle:
Take 5-6 glasses of water and warm it and add sage and a little amount of alum into it. Gargling with this mixture will loosen the mucous, soothes throat, and open chest congestion.

Chamomile tea :
Patient suffering from common cold feels restless and finds trouble in sleep. Chamomile tea with 2-3 tablespoon of jaggery sooths throat and stomach, and patient has a normal sleep. Sassafras tea is another home remedy that helps in a normal sleep for patient suffering from common cold.

Zinc-rich pills :
Zinc is one of the essential mineral helpful in curing common cold. Zinc-rich pills are easily available in the medical stores. Chewing these pills sooths throat and give relief.

Mixture of lemon juice and whiskey:
Mix one teaspoon of lemon juice in a half teaspoon whiskey and a teaspoon of honey. Add hot water to it and make syrup. This syrup not only soothes throat and loosen mucous membrane, but also cure from fever and body pain.

Home made cough syrup:
Lemon juice is taken out from a boiled lemon (boil it approximately for 7-9 minutes) and 2 tablespoon of glycerin is added and stirred well. After some time 1 tablespoon of honey is added and kept aside for sometime. This syrup is very effective, gives fast relief and soothes sour throat.

Lahsun (Garlic) paste with milk :
Add a spoon of garlic paste to a glass of warm milk. This garlic containing milk will reduce chest congestion, improves breathing and acts as an efficient antioxidant that protect against cold.

Citrus fruits:
Take citrus fruits like orange, as it is rich in Vitamin . Vitamin C are an essential vitamin that helps in curing common cold.

Herb Echinacea:
This useful herb is very common in China. It is effective in curing common cold as it is an effective antioxidant. This herb is well-recommended by various health organizations.

Sarso (Mustard)—flour paste:
Take a tablespoon of mustard seed and add one-fourth flour to it, add little lukewarm water to it and make a paste. Take a thin piece of cotton cloth and spread this paste over it, and then cover it with another piece of cloth. Put it over the patient’s chest, make sure that the size of the cloth is such that it covers entire chest.
However, infants and young children may find difficulty taking these tea or syrup; hence they are given nose drops, prepared by adding a pitch of salt to half a glass of water, after every 2-3 hours. These drop sooths and loosen mucous in the nose. Children should be given maximum fluid and liquid food.
However, prevention is always better than care. Here is a list of things that you should do to keep yourself away from common cold. Take healthy food, rich in Vitamins (A, B1 to B3, B12, and C) and minerals (especially zinc). Drink lots of water and other fluid to avoid mucous membrane from drying. Take proper rest, go for morning walk, do yoga and other exercises. Keep your body clean, take bath regularly. Common cold is a communicable disease; avoid using towel, handkerchief, and utensils of a common cold patient.

Conjunctivitis Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Conjunctivitis, which is also commonly called as the pink-eye, is so common all over the world that most people have suffered from it at one time or the other. Everyone is very familiar with the watery burning sensation in the eyes it causes, when it is difficult to keep the eyes open for a longer period of time. The problem why conjunctivitis is so common is that people often tend to ignore their eyes when they are healthy. One might wash the hands, the feet and the face regularly, but mostly no one bothers to give a proper washing treatment to the eyes. This is the result of getting the baneful pink-eye.
However, a proper knowledge of the symptoms and treatment methods of the disease can help to combat with the problem quite easily. Ayurveda has extensive information on the subject, which this article attempts to explore.

Definition of Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

Conjunctivitis, which is called as Netra Abhishyandam in Sanskrit, is defined as an inflammation of the eye. In particular, it is an inflammation of the outer transparent protecting of the eye called as conjunctiva. Conjunctivitis is the term applied to either the symptom of the condition, or to the condition itself. Under normal situations, conjunctivitis is a problem that solves itself within a couple of days. However, if it gets prolonged beyond that, then it may need medication of doctoral attention.

Types of Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

There are three main types of conjunctivitis that are commonly seen in people. These are given below:-
(i) Viral Conjunctivitis – The adenovirus causes viral conjunctivitis, which has symptoms very much like those of common cold. In fact, viral conjunctivitis can be brought on by a bout of common cold. Long time sufferers of influenza and pneumonia can develop this condition due to infection. Viral conjunctivitis is highly infectious and contagious and the person suffering must take drastic measures so that the disease does not spread.
(ii) Bacterial Conjunctivitis – This type of conjunctivitis is caused due to pyogenic bacteria such as Staphylococcus or Streptococcus. The mode of transmission is generally through the skin of the person, which can be infected by contaminated substances in the air. Bacterial conjunctivitis is seen to a larger extent in children.
(iii) Allergic Conjunctivitis – Several people develop conjunctivitis because they are allergic to some substance or the other. Common allergies could be perfumes, contaminated contact lenses, drugs and eye makeup. Allergic conjunctivitis almost always affects both the eyes. Besides these popular types of conjunctivitis, there are some more types which are not so common.These are:-
(iv) Xerophthalmia – This is a condition that is prevalent in countries which have malnutrition as a serious issue. Xerophthalmia is caused due to vitamin A deficiency and it is seen more in male children. This condition is also known as dry eye.
(v) Chemical Conjunctivitis – Some forms of conjunctivitis are caused due to the excessive handling of certain types of chemicals. Chlorine and hydrogen chloride fumes are the leading causes of chemical conjunctivitis. Castor oil contains a natural toxin, ricin, which causes conjunctivitis.
(vi) Giant Papillary Conjunctivitis – Giant papillary conjunctivitis is a type of conjunctivitis that affects both the eyes at once. It is caused generally due to infection from contact lenses. This type of conjunctivitis is characterized by itchiness, heavy and sticky discharge, etc. The most telltale symptom of this type of conjunctivitis is the presence of red colored bumps on the underside of the eyelid.

Causes of Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

Conjunctivitis is a very common ailment, because there are several causes that can bring about this condition. Most of the causes are already mentioned in the types. The following is a systematic list of the causes of conjunctivitis.
(i) Infections from the adenovirus can cause viral conjunctivitis. This virus is very commonly found in air. Hence, the transmission of this kind of conjunctivitis can be done through air vectors. These microorganisms are found in the surroundings of the person suffering from conjunctivitis.
(ii) People who have common cold are more susceptible of contracting conjunctivitis. Common cold symptoms can precipitate the onset of netra abhishyandam.
(ii) Both bacteria Staphylococcus and Streptococcus can cause the bacterial conjunctivitis mentioned below. Such bacteria are spread faster through physical contact than through air.
(iii) Several allergens can cause conjunctivitis. The common allergenic substances causing conjunctivitis are eye cosmetics, facial powders, mascaras, perfumes, contact lenses, spectacles and some drugs.
(iv) Strong chemicals are known to cause conjunctivitis. The leading culprits are chlorine gas and hydrogen chloride fumes.
(v) Some natural chemicals can bring about conjunctivitis. One known natural factor is ricin, found in the oil of castor seeds.
(vi) Injuries in industries with certain chemicals can cause conjunctivitis.
(vii) Some strong soaps and shampoos are known to cause pinkeye.
(viii) If some foreign object enters the eye, such as a dust or smoke particle, then there is a chance that it could infect the eye with
According to Ayurvedic principles, all infections of viruses, bacteria and allergens occur due to the pitta dosha in the body. Hence, vitiation in the pitta dosha can be held responsible for most onsets of conjunctivitis.

Symptoms of Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

The following are the common symptoms of conjunctivitis:-
1. Redness of the eye, accompanied by itchiness.
2. There is a sensation as if there is a strong soap solution in the eye.
3. Extreme sensitivity to light. It is painful to keep the eye open for a long time. Vision may be blurred or teary.
4. Discharge from the eyes. The discharge is continuous and is observed as a solid crust in
5. the corners of the eyes every morning.
6. However, different types of conjunctivitis have their unique symptoms. The following table clearly elucidates these symptoms:-
7. Type of Conjunctivitis Symptoms
8. Viral Conjunctivitis All symptoms of common cold are observed
9. Persistent sore throat and coughing
10. Watery discharge from the eyes
11. Itchy sensation in one or both the eyes
12. Infections of the respiratory tract
Bacterial Conjunctivitis Sticky discharge from the eyes which may be yellow or green
Eyelids may stick together every morning A gritty or sandy feeling in the eye
Allergic Conjunctivitis Severely itchy
Swelling of the eyelids
There may be no redness in the eye
Lot of sneezing and runniness of the nose
Xerophthalmia No tears are formed. Hence the eyes remain dry and get irritated easily Eyes are sensitive to light

Complications due to Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

Conjunctivitis does not cause any health complications if it is treated on time. Generally, the pinkness of the eye subsides in a couple of days and the person can resume work. In most cases, conjunctivitis can be treated without any medication. It is the few days of irritated eye symptoms that make conjunctivitis unbearable. That is why, persons must not indulge in heavy visual activities like watching movies or working on the computer. This could lead to permanent damaging of the eyes. But apart from health issues, there are other complications with conjunctivitis. People with conjunctivitis must be kept isolated; otherwise they could spread the disease. They should also not attempt to drive at all as their hazy vision could lead to accidents.

Transmission of Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

The problem of conjunctivitis is compounded by the fact that it is so highly infectious as well as contagious. The transmission of conjunctivitis could be due to any of the two major causative types of microorganisms, i.e. virus or bacteria, or due to environmental factors like the air, skin infection, cosmetics, etc. When a person contracts conjunctivitis, it is very important that the person be kept away from others. Conjunctivitis spreads very fast, especially among children. It is very important not to allow children with conjunctivitis in schools, or there could be the onset of an epidemic. Conjunctivitis is sometimes also caused in newborn babies due to infections within the other’s womb or other regions. Such conjunctivitis is quite normal and can be treated quite easily with some eye drops which the maternity doctor prescribes.

Prevention of Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

Some very simple steps ensure to keep free from conjunctivitis are as follows:- Personal hygiene is of ultimate importance. This includes washing the body regularly, especially after returning from outdoors. Clothes must be changed after each outing, and everyday a washed pair of clothes must be worn. Be wary of moving around much in crowded public places. Articles such as towels, combs, pillow covers and soaps must not be shared. Also, clothing items must be washed after each use. Conjunctivitis must be prevented as soon as possible, or it can turn into an epidemic. If a person has conjunctivitis, then the following preventions must be undertaken:-
1. Do not rub your eyes. If only one eye is affected, then rubbing will cause the discharge
2. to go into the other eye and that too will get affected.
3. Do not use your hands to wipe the eyes. This can be spread onto others. In order to ease the pain, you can use a cold compress.
4. Do not wear spectacles or contact lenses while affected. Alternatively, you can change your eye wear once treated.
5. Do not use any cosmetics on the eye or the nearby regions.
6. Do not allow your clothes or beddings to mix with those of other people.

Diet during Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

The dietary regimen that a person with netra abhishyam must follow is as follows:-
a. Hot, spicy and oily foods must be avoided as they can produce more inflammation in the eyes.
b. There should be more cooling foods such as fruits and green leafy vegetables. The juice of the amla (Indian gooseberry) allays the pain that comes on with conjunctivitis.
c. Turmeric is very beneficial in conjunctivitis. It can also be taken as an eye ointment with honey.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Conjunctivitis (Netra Abhishyandam)

Netra Abhishyandam takes its natural course for healing. However, the following Ayurvedic herbs are useful in reducing the painful symptoms. Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Chandi Ervetamia coronaria East Indian Rosebay The juice of the milk of the chandi tree provides a soothing effect on the eye and reduces inflammation. Chirchita Achyranthes aspera Rough Chaff A paste of the roots of the rough chaff applied on the eyes reduces the pain and inflammation of conjunctivitis.
Hara Dhania Coriandrum sativum Coriander If eyes are washed with a freshly prepared extract of coriander in water, it relieves the burning of the eyes and reduces pain and swelling. Kikar Acacia arabica Babul Babul leaves must be squashed into a paste and applied with a bandage onto the affected eye at night. This is a good method to remove painfulness and swelling of the eyes.
Neem Azadirachtha indica Margosa Neem leaves are rubbed into a paste, then mixed with water and applied externally onto the eyes. This is useful in reducing the pain during conjunctivitis. Prajmoda Petrosilenum crispum Parsley The juice of raw parsley is beneficial for conjunctivitis when externally applied on the eye. This juice can be mixed with carrot juice for better results.
Rasaut Berberris aristata Indian Barberry A paste of the rasaut is mixed with butter and alum and applied on the eyelids. This helps in reducing the painful symptoms of conjunctivitis. Tarwar Cassia auriculata Tenner’s Cassia Finely powdered seeds of Tenner’s Cassia can be used as a dusting powder over the eyes in people with conjunctivitis.
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Sacred Basil The juice of the tulsi plant is very effective in reducing the inflammation of conjunctivitis. A gargle with water mixed with tulsi leaves is also effective in reducing sore throats brought on by conjunctivitis.
Zergul Calendula officinalis Marigold Marigold can be used as eyewash in the form of a cold infusion of the in water. Also marigold flowers are used to make a effective hand-wash in people with conjunctivitis to reduce further infections.
Apart from the above herbs, the following Ayurvedic preparations have good benefits during conjunctivitis:-
a. Triphala lotion, to be used as eyewash
b. Triphala choorna , to be taken orally
c. Chandrodaya vati , to desensitize a person to allergies

Constipation Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Anaha is a very common digestive problem. It is faced by many people all around the world on a regular basis. Everyone must have suffered from anaha at some points in their lives.

Definition of Constipation (Anaha)

Anaha or simple constipation is a condition in which the person is unable to eliminate feces in the normal manner. The feces in a constipated person could be hard, with an extremely offensive odor and even sticky. There could be pain during the elimination of the feces. If anaha continues, it can lead to more severe problems such as alsak (acute intestinal obstruction) or complicated constipation which is also known as obstipation.

Causes of Constipation (Anaha)

Anaha can be caused by both a vitiation of the vata and the pittadoshas. Characteristics of vata and pitta caused anaha are given below:-
(i) Vata Constitution Anaha – Vata is wind. In anaha caused due to vata, there is too much wind in the body. The sub-dosha that controls the movement of the pelvis and thus the expulsion of the fecal matter from the body is apana vata. When anaha begins due to apana vatadosha, the bowels become dried up due to the presence of wind. This causes a difficulty in elimation of the bowels as there is no suitable lubrication. This is characterized by hard and compacted fecal matter.
(ii) Pitta Constitution Anaha – Pitta is heat or fire. Due to the presence of too much heat in the colon, dryness is caused aggravating the condition of apana vata. In order to counter the excessive heat, the body may produce mucus or watery products leading to stickiness. Sometimes the mucus could be discharged in a large amount clogging the colon. The characteristic of pitta related anaha is mucusated or sticky fecal matter.
Changes in the vata and pittadoshas of the body can be caused by either one or more of the following factors:-
a. Diet low in fiber
b. Diet low in fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables
c. Too much hot, spicy and oily food
d. Alcoholism
e. Smoking
f. Medication such as diuretics and antibiotics
f. Food poisoning, especially lead poisoning
g. Less physical exercise
h. Sedentary lifestyle
i. Tensions and worries

Symptoms of Constipation (Anaha)

The presence of anaha can be easily determined by the examination of fecal matter. The following are the early symptoms and warning signs of anaha:-
(i) In the first stage, there will be a difficulty in passing stool. The stool will be sticky or hard and will be difficult to eliminate.
(ii) As the anaha advances, the exertion on the anus could lead to fissures and hemorrhoids. This could cause bleeding along with the stools.
(iii) The abdomen could feel bloated and crampy. There could be a dull pain in the lower portion of the abdomen
(iv) There are bowel sounds in the abdomen as well as when the stools are being passed out.

Precautions to Take with Constipation (Anaha)

Anaha can be easily avoided if a person takes some precautions. The following steps will ensure that a person maintains a healthy constitution of the vata and pitta doshas so that anaha would be kept at bay:-
(i) There should be a good amount of cellulose containing foods like green leafy vegetables in the diet. This helps in providing roughage for the movement of bowels.
(ii) A heavy meal should be followed by digestive fruits such as plantains, oranges, bananas, apples, etc. This helps in quick digestion.
(iii) A glass of warm water must be had when the stomach begins to feel heavy, especially in the morning before visiting the toilet.
(iv) Dry fruits must be avoided by people with increased vata and pitta constitutions. Dry fruits increase the heat of the body and cause anaha. One way to have dry fruits is to soak them in water so as to cool them down.
(v) Avoid oily and spicy foods in the summer seasons. The outside heat will increase the pitta within the body causing anaha complications.
(vi) If you have doubts of getting constipated due to a heavy dinner, have a glassful of milk with two teaspoons of castor oil in it. This will help in eliminating proper stools in the morning.
(vii) Exercise is a must for people with regular anaha problems. Light exercise tightens the muscles of the abdomen and facilitates them to perform their tasks of digestion better.
(viii) Keeping yourself busy with your work and hobbies will relieve your mind of worries and tensions. This also aids in better digestion.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Constipation (Anaha)

Ayurveda has a treasurehouse of herbs for the proper treatment of anaha. These herbs can act both when the food is being taken in and when the feces have to be passed out. Different herbs with their actions on the human body are described in the table below:-
Ayurvedic Name of Herb Biological Name of Herb Common English Name of Herb Action Ashwagandha Withania somnifera Indian Ginseng Ashwagandha helps in mild digestive problems. Itis a laxative.
Babool Acacia nilotica Indian Gum Arabic Tree Babool helps to cure diarrhea and dystentry problems.
Bael Aegle marmelos Bael Tree Bael is a digestive, anthelminthis and anti-inflammatory agent. It provides relief from amebic dysentery and diarrhea.
Jeera Cuminum cyminum Cumin Jeera is one of the most widely-acting herbs against anaha. It corrects indigestion, diarrhea and flatulence. It is a good medicine againt abdominal and intestinal colic. It treats the inflammatory condition of bowls and thus reduces the pain while passing out constipated stools.
Katuvira Capsicum annuum Red Pepper Katuvira is an excellent remedy for increased digestive fire caused by pitta and kapha dosha. It can produce a burning sensation which removes indigestion. Kumari Aloe vera Indian Aloe Kumari has mild laxative properties.
Kushmanda Benincasa hispada White Pumpkin Kushmanda helps to remove constipation and improve bowel movements.
Mahanimbu Citrus grandis Pomelo Mahanimbu is a mild laxative and digestive. It remedies problems of colic and worms. It helps the passing out of wind.
Satahva Anethum sowa Indian Dill Satahva is a good digestive and takes care of abdominal and intestinal colic problems.
Shatapushpa Foeniculum vulgare Fennel Seeds of fennel are excellent medicine for all problems of vata and pittadosha. They produce a cooling sensation within the abdomen which takes care of flatulence, dysentry, piles, abdominal colic, abdominal winds, offensive wind, piles, etc. Shikakai Acacia concinna Acacia Shikakai is a mild laxative that helps in anaha.
Sunthi Zingiber officinale Ginger Ginger is used for all kinds of digestive problems like low appetite, indigestion, nausea, vomiting and constipation.
Vacha Acorus calamus Sweet flag Vacha is a traditionally used remedy for the treatment of habitual constipation and atonic dyspepsia.

Cough Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Most people have cough all over the world. Since coughing is such a natural activity, most times we tend to overlook the issue. This is when coughs can become persistent. In fact, coughs are just the tips of icebergs. Meaning that, coughs are symptoms of some internal disorder, which could be very serious. Hence it is very important to understand the indications of coughs properly and seek remedies for the problem before it aggravates.

Definition of Cough (Kaasa Roga)

Cough is the expulsion of obstructive matter in the respiratory tract, especially in the trachea, with a great deal of force and a characteristic coughing sound. The obstructions in the trachea could be any kind of foreign matter, or phlegm due to cold or a food particle that has entered the trachea by mistake. Cough is a very normal animal activity. It is a mechanism of the body to keep the respiratory tract free of obstructive matter. However, in some circumstances, the cough becomes aggravated. Coughing begins to interfere in the normal activities of the person and can also get complicated into other problems. This situation is known as persistent cough.
Generally, coughing is accompanied by phlegm. This happens during common cold when mucus builds up in the lungs. Such coughing is normal with common cold and treats itself when the common cold subsides.
Smokers get a famous kind of cough called as the smokers’ cough or chronic cough. Smokers’ cough has no phlegmatic discharge. It is characterized by a dry hollow feeling in the chest cavity. This type of cough occurs due to irritation of the respiratory tract.

Types of Cough (Kaasa Roga)

There are several types of cough differentiated by their causes and their symptoms. The following is a list of the different types of coughs and their causes:-
Type of Cough Symptoms or Characteristics Causes
Irritable Cough Violent bout of dry coughing accompanied by a sensation of release in the respiratory tract. Inhalation of dust or any other foreign matter in the trachea.
Phlegmatic Cough The normal cough that comes as a symptom of common cold. There is phlegmatic discharge which is clear white or light yellow in color. Viral infection like common cold.
Wheezing Cough Coughing accompanied by wheezing and short gasps of breath. Constriction of the respiratory tract due to asthmatic conditions. Bronchial Cough Coughing is accompanied by a yellowish or greenish mucosal discharge. Infection of the respiratory tract due to bronchitis or bronchial asthma.
Coughing with Fever There is fever accompanying the cough for some days. Could be due to either influenza or pneumonia.
Tubercular Cough Coughing with bloody sputum and fevers at night. Infection of tuberculosis. Cancerous Cough Severe dry cough accompanied by a loss of weight. Lung cancer. Must seek medical assistance without any delay.
Coughing due to Pulmonary Embolism This coughing follows swelling in the legs. It shows other symptoms like chest pain and gasping breath. Migration of a blood clot from the lower limbs to the thoracic area.
Coughing due to Pulmonary Edema This coughing releases pink frothy sputum. There is shortness of breath. Caused due to a condition called as pulmonary edema, in which a fluid gets filled within the lungs.
Chronic Cough or Smokers’ Cough This type of coughing is dry, without any phlegmatic discharge. There is a feeling of release of particles from the respiratory tract. Excessive smoking can cause smokers’ cough. Smokers’ cough could also be an indication of the onset of cancers of the respiratory tract. Smoking must be avoided completely when these coughs begin.

Causes of Cough (Kaasa Roga)

There are several causative factors of cough, which give rise to different types of coughs in humans. Some of the triggering agents of coughs are as follows:-
(i) Inhalation of dust or other particles
(ii) Inhalation of toxic fumes or smokes
(iii) Infections of common cold
(iv) Bronchial asthma, which causes constriction of the respiratory tract
(v) Diseases such as pneumonia, influenza and tuberculosis
(vi) Complicated lung conditions such as pulmonary embolism and pulmonary edema
(vii) Lung cancers and tumors within the trachea
(viii) Excessive smoking, what is generally termed as chain-smoking.

According to Ayurvedic theories, coughs are caused due to vitiation in the kaphadosha. The kapha dosha represents the earth and water elements. It controls the proper coordination of the body with the outer environment. The avalambikakapha dosha is responsible for the secretions of the respiratory tract. Hence any change in the balance of the avalambika kapha dosha can cause coughing in humans.

Symptoms of Cough (Kaasa Roga)

Coughing itself is a symptom of some internal ailment. There can be different kinds of coughing, which could mean different disorders with the respiratory system. For detailed information on the different cough symptoms and what they can be interpreted as, refer to the table describing the types of cough.

Complications due to Cough (Kaasa Roga)

Coughing that persists for a long time could be a reason of a deep-rooted internal malady. It could indicate the presence of some dangerous condition like bronchitis, influenza, pneumonia, asthma and even lung cancers. Therefore it is extremely important to seek medical attention for persistent cough as soon as possible.

Transmission of Cough (Kaasa Roga)

Most coughs are contagious. Speaking in the proper context, the diseases that cause most coughs are contagious. Coughing releases sputum which contains the infecting vector, which could be a bacterium or a virus. When some other person inhales this infected air, there is a very high probability that that person would develop the condition also. Adults who have coughs must stay totally away from children and especially newborn infants. In children, the respiratory tract is still developing and the internal resistance is not yet built up completely. Hence it is absolutely vital to stay away from them to prevent any contagion.

Diet during Cough (Kaasa Roga)

Since coughing is an ailment of the respiratory tract and not the digestive system, diets are not of much use in treating coughs. Though diets cannot treat the coughs directly, the can treat the underlying factor that is causing the cough. In this respect, the following foods can have a beneficial effect on some kinds of coughs:-
(i) Fluid foods have a much better effect in allaying cough than solid foods. Fresh fruit juices are good to have, but they should be had without refrigeration or without adding ice. Cooling the juices would aggravate the common cold condition and hence irritate the respiratory tract further.
(ii) Milk can be safely taken during coughs despite the common belief that it is harmful for the condition. However, milk should be properly pasteurized. Cold milk should be completely avoided. The same goes for all cold milk products such as ice-creams and milkshakes.
(iii) Avoid oily food. Oils have a very annoying way of passing through the esophagus (food pipe) which causes irritation in the chest. Even spicy foods must be avoided. A person with a cough problem will have a bout of coughing when the first morsel of oily or spicy food is put into the mouth.
(iv) Fibers are good. They are easy to digest and are light on the body.
(v) Avoid all nuts such as groundnuts, cashew nuts, almonds, walnuts and pistachios. These have high oil content.
(vi) Coconuts are also harmful due to the presence of high oil content in them.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Cough (Kaasa Roga)

Kaasa Roga can be quite easily and effectively treated with the help of Ayurveda. Ayurveda has got a long list of herbs for both oral consumption and external application for allaying coughs caused due to almost all conditions. Most of these herbs are part of the regular diet and do not have any side-effects. Hence they can be consumed without any supervision or prescription.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Alsi Linum usitatissimum Linseed The seeds of the alsi plant are useful in the treatment of coughs and colds.
Bahera Terminalia belerica Belleric myroblan A mixture of the fruit of the belleric myroblan fruit, salt, long pepper and honey is a household remedy for the treatment of coughs. Elaichi Elattaria cardamomum Cardamom In order to clear sore throats, an infusion of cardamom and cinnamon is prepared and used for gargling. Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric Turmeric has been considered effective for the treatment of chronic cough and throat irritations since ancient times. Half a tablespoon of freshly ground turmeric powder is mixed with milk and drunk to get immediate effects.
Kaiphala Myrica nagi Bay berry Kaiphala has curative powers for the treatment of catarrh of the mucus membranes. It can free the chest of phlegm and hence treat coughs caused due to common cold.
Kali mari Piper nigrum Black Pepper Pepper is a good remedy for treating coughs caused due to irritated throats. Just keeping three pieces of black pepper on the tongue does the trick. Kumari Aloe vera Indian Aloe The juice of the roasted leaf of Indian aloe taken with honey is a good medicine for the treatment of colds and coughs.
Lahsoona Allium sativum Garlic Garlic can dissolve the mucus buildup in the respiratory tract. This helps to remove colds and thus treat the related coughs.
Lal Dudhi Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia Euphorbia is used to treat cough that is complicated by the presence of bronchitis.
Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Clove Simply chewing on a single clove relieves the inflammation of the pharynx and thus relieves cough. Clove oil is a very effective medicine in treating most throat ailments like congested throats, septic throats, pharyngitis, etc.
Mahua Madhuca indica Madhuca The flowers of the madhuca tree are good remedies in the treatment of bronchitis and related coughs.
Mehndi Lawsonium inermis Henna An infusion of the leaves of henna can be used for gargling. This is known to be a cure for sore throats and related coughs.
Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek Fenugreek leaves are used as treatment for respiratory tract problems such as bronchitis, cough, etc.
Mulethi Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice Dry cough (smokers’ cough) can be treated by allowing a decoction of licorice mixed with honey pass slowly through the throat.
Palash Butea monosperma Butea Leaves of the butea plant are effective in the treatment of sore throat related cough. The application of the paste can treat congested and septic throat.
Pan Piper betle Betel leaves Applying the crushed leaves of the betel locally is effective in the treatment of cough due to sore throat. A mixture of the betel berry and honey is used to relieve cough due to irritated throat.
Saunf Fenniculum vulgare Fennel Fennel seeds with figs are a good remedy for the treatment of bronchial cough.
Sunthi Zingiber officinale Ginger A juice of ginger mixed with honey is a good medicine for treating coughs and colds.
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Holy Basil Leaves of the holy basil put in water and boiled is a wonderful remedy for sore throat and cough when drunk.


Dandruff Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Dandruff is undoubtedly one of the most annoying problems faced by people all around the world. The market of shampoos, hair lotions, oils, conditioners and other hair-care products that has developed for the solution of the dandruff problem is indicative of this fact. It also reveals the alarming number of people who are fighting to keep their dandruff at bay. Today, dandruff is more of a social problem than a medical problem. A person with dandruff is quite likely to feel him or herself down on the social rung. When most of the people are fighting against dandruff today, a large number of them are doing so just because they want to look more acceptable in society, and not because of the medical repercussions that dandruff has. Despite that, it must be remembered that dandruff can cause several fungal and bacterial complications in the scalp, even resulting into complete baldness. It is very important to know what are causes, symptoms and treatment methods of dandruff, which is easily the most prevalent medical problem in the world today.

Definition of Dandruff (Arunshika)

Dandruff is nothing but the outer layer of dead skin from the scalp that flakes out. This is a very normal human process. As the skin ages its outer layer of cells dies out and it is replaced by newer layers from the bottom. This process occurs regularly in the scalp, just like anywhere else in the body. However, for some reason, if the cells are too many, then the dead skin cells collect together to form flakes. This is when they become clearly visible through the hair. This is the condition which is commonly known as dandruff. Dandruff is normally associated with the scalp of the head. But this is not true. Besides the scalp, dandruff can also occur on the ears, eyebrows and the forehead. In Sanskrit, dandruff is called as arunshika or darunaka.

Causes and Transmission of Dandruff (Arunshika)

The exact cause of dandruff is not known. It is also not known why dandruff occurs more in some people and less in others. But some factors that can trigger the presence of dandruff have been identified since ancient times. The following are some of the factors that can increase dandruff in a person:-
Due to metabolic reasons, in some people, the division of the cells of the skin takes place very rapidly. Due to this, the cells are grown much too quickly on the scalp. The cells die just as soon and need frequent shedding. This shed skin is in the form of clumps, which is nothing but dandruff.
Dandruff could very well be a fungal disease. The virus Malassezea furfur can be responsible for the presence of dandruff. Malassezea furfur is a fungus that lives on the bodies of all human beings. If Malassezea furfur multiplies too rapidly, then due to changes in the natural metabolic cycle, dandruff can occur.
Dandruff can be caused due to hyperactivity of the sebaceous i.e. sweat
Dietary and contact allergies are sometimes responsible to dandruff. Alkaline soaps are most often the culprits. Dust, cobwebs, sunlight, certain fabrics, shampoos, etc. are also responsible.
Some people have skins that are sensitive to seasonal changes. These people are also very vulnerable to dandruff.
Stress is directly related to dandruff. People who live in a constant state of anxiety are prone to dandruff. People suffering from seborrheic dermatitis, which is a condition of inflamed skin, are also very susceptible to dandruff.
Too much hair conditioning can also affect the scalp. Coloring the hair is a prime culprit.
Also on the list are other hair treatments like using hair curlers, perms, hair bonding and other such.

Symptoms of Dandruff (Arunshika)

The commonest symptom of dandruff is the presence of white or gray oily clumps of dead skin that dot the hair. These are seen more prominently in specific regions of the scalp. However in some people, there may be other symptoms. The following is a list:-
Some people show dry skin, which become more inflamed in the cold dry winter season. Such skin also flakes, but the flakes are smaller and less oily than in normal dandruff conditions. People with seborrheic dermatitis show red tender skin. The inflammation is greasy with white or yellow oily flakes. Seborrheic dermatitis affects regions other than the scalp – the inflammation is seen also on the eyebrows, groin and the armpits.
Babies have a very mild crusty kind of scalp inflammation which is called as the cradle cap. These flakes are tiny and not oily. They clear themselves out by the time the baby is a year old.

Complications of Dandruff (Arunshika)

The basic problem with dandruff is its itchiness. In most people, the itchiness of the dandruff is so severe that they may injure the scalp when scratching. These open areas in the scalp can become entry points for bacterial infections, especially of the streptococcus and the staphylococcus strains.
Some dandruff problems are due to more serious conditions such as eczema, psoriasis and ringworm. This must be checked by a medical supervisor. People who are at Risk of Dandruff (Arunshika) Since the exact cause of dandruff is not known yet, it is also difficult to say why some people are more sensitive to it than others. Based on some observations, the following people are assumed to be at a higher risk than others, though there is no medical theory supporting these risk factors.
People who are allergic to certain substances can develop dandruff quite fast.
People who live in the cold dry climates can get dandruff fast. This is because sunlight retards the growth of Malassezea furfur, one of the causative agents of dandruff.
For this same reason, people who wear hats and other headdresses are more prone to dandruff. People who do not maintain hair hygiene, like regular baths and oiling the hair, suffer more from dandruff than others. At the same time, people who take excessive care of their hair and use too many hair care products are also susceptible to dandruff.
Dandruff is more common in the cities than in the villages. This is due to the stress factor being higher in the urban areas.
Mal-nourished young men and women suffer quite easily from dandruff.

Prevention and Basic Care during Dandruff (Arunshika)

Dandruff is an inherent condition, and there is nothing you can do that could prevent it completely. All that a person can do is to take adequate care in order to bring the condition under control. At the same time, it must be remembered that hair care must not stop once the dandruff is gone. Dandruff is a highly recurring condition, and so the treatment must be carried on all through the life of the person.
The following are some of the things one can do to keep dandruff under check:-
Have a regular bath, washing the hair with a good quality anti-dandruff shampoo. Rub the shampoo into your scalp and let it be there for about two minutes before washing it off. After the bath, use coconut oil on your scalp. The oil naturally moisturizes the scalp and retards the flaking of the scalp.
Since dandruff can be caused due to allergy, identify all the allergens in your environment and take steps to eliminate them.
Hair-styling products must be avoided, especially if the products contain alcohols in them. Hair coloring and hair dyeing is totally forbidden for dandruff-infested persons.
Keep brushing your hair regularly, applying pressure on the scalp. This will improve the blood circulation in the scalp and remove the dead flakes.
Keep yourself free from stress. Perform yogic exercises that are beneficial in relieving stress.

Diet for People with Dandruff (Arunshika)

Diet plays an important role in dandruff. There are both harmful and helpful foods when it comes to combating the dandruff problem. The following are some guidelines:-
Foods that are helpful to dandruff:
1. Whole grains
2. Fresh vegetables
3. Beans
4. Fruits
Foods that are harmful to dandruff:
a. Milk and milk products
b. Sea foods
c. Fatty foods
d. Salt
e. Sugar
f. Citrus fruits
g. All fermented foods containing yeast, such as break and cheese

Ayurvedic Treatment of Dandruff (Arunshika)

There is a lot of research that Ayurvedic proponents have conducted on the effectiveness of various natural herbs when it comes to dandruff-related problems. The following is a list of the more efficient of these herbs. The methods of their usage and their actions on the human body are explained below.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Alfalfa Medicago satina Alfalfa The juice of the alfalfa grass has amazing properties in the treatment of dandruff. If carrot juice is taken in coordination with alfalfa juice, then it is more effective.
Bhaang or Ganja Cannabis sativa Indian Hemp The juice of the Indian Hemp has curative properties with regards to dandruff.
Chandana Santalum album Sandalwood A paste of sandalwood mixed with three parts of lemon juice is prepared in a glass bottle. This mixture is liberally applied on the scalp. This is an age-old Indian remedy for the cure of dandruff. Curry patta Murraya koenigi Curry leaves Curry leaves must be liberally used in the diet by people who have dandruff problems. For better results, the leaves are crushed and had with buttermilk.
Laal Dudhi Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia The milky juice of the euphorbia plant is applied on the head. It acts as a hair tonic and helps to combat dandruff.
Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek Fenugreek seeds are beneficial in the treatment of dandruff. The seeds are soaked in water overnight. In the morning, their paste is made and is applied on the scalp. This is washed half an hour later with shikakai or soap nut.
Petha Benincasa hipsida Ash Gourd The peel and the seeds of the ash gourd plant are boiled in coconut oil. This is applied on the scalp. This oil mixture is effective nourishment for the hair roots.
Rusmary Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary Rosemary is an important ingredient in several shampoos and soaps. The juice of the rosemary rejuvenates the scalp and deters hair loss. It is also a effective cure for dandruff problems.
Salvia Salvia officinalis Sage The sage herb is powdered and blended with hair as a cure for dandruff-related problems.

The following Ayurvedic preparations are highly beneficial in treating Dandruff problems:-
a. Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
b. Asava/Arishta Khadirarishta, Saaribaadyaasavam
c. Bhasma/Kashaya Manjistadi kashaya, Vanga bhasma, Kanta bhasma, Swarna bhasma
d. Choorna Rasayana choorna
e. Ghrita Triphala ghrita, Tiktaka ghrita
f. Lehya-Chavanaprasa
g. Rasa Gandhaka rasayana
h. Vati Makardhwaja, Rakta Shodhana
In addition, the following oils provide relief and treat dandruff when applied on the scalp:-
1. Durdurpatraadi tailam
2. Kuntalakanthi tailam
3. Neelibhringadi tailam
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Dark Circle Under Eyes Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Dark circles under eyes are bothersome to many as it does not look good on your beautiful face. They are caused by various reasons like hereditary, allergies, and many others. Though whatever be the cause of the appearance of dark circles under the eyes, its treatment is possible and you can easily get free from under eyes dark circles.

Causes for Dark Circles under the Eyes

Inadequate sleep and taking stress lead to dark circles under your eyes. Eating fried snacks and junk foods. Genetics and hereditary also contributes to dark circles under eyes. Intake of alcohol and smoking also causes dark circles under eyes. Menstrual problems, improper functioning of kidneys, allergies also leads to dark circles under eyes. Dark circles under eyes appear due to prolong disease and using chemical based face creams. Hormonal problems, excess sun light, infections, aging, chemical-based medicines, and pregnancy are some other causes.
Allergies are one of the major causes of dark circles under eyes. Allergies identification and right treatment helps in getting rid of dark circles.

Dos and don’ts for Dark Circles under the Eyes

Drink plenty of water. Avoid excess intake of salt in your diet as it causesvarious body problems. Take rest and good amount of sleep. Eat good balanced diet, eat green vegetables and fruits. Avoid eating junk foods and other processed foods as they contain artificial colors which lead to dark circles under eyes and many other diseases. Avoid smoking and alcohol intake. Live a stress-free live and practice meditation. Never use bleach, use natural face packs. Vitamin K rich diet is good for your eyes. You can apply Vitamin K rich herbal creams to cure dark circles. Do not rub the under eyes skin area. Keep herbal tea bags on your closed eyes, this not only keeps your eyes cool but also removes under eyes dark circles. Rejuvenate your skin and body by various ayurvedicmassages.
Drink fruit juices as it detoxifies your body. Keep a clean wet cloth over your eyes before sleep as it cools your eyes and keeps you stress free.

Treatments for Dark Circles under the Eyes

Home remedies are cheap and have no side effects. They are effective in treating various skin diseases, dark circles under eyes, many infections, and also enhance your natural beauty.
Badaam (Almond) oil is good for your eyes care. Do a regular under eye massage using almond oil for 15 minutes. This is a very effective natural and safe treatment for removing dark circle under eyes.
Mix 2 tablespoon of tomato juice and 2 tablespoon of lemon juice, and apply this mixture on under eye area.This is a natural cure for dark circle under eyes. Pudina (mint) leaves have various medical properties and is useful in curing various diseases. Apply mint juice on under eye area. It cools your eyes and helps in removing dark circles under eyes.
Paste made up of ananaas (pineapple) juice and haldi (turmeric) is good for removing dark circles.
Take equal amount of potatoes and cucumber and make its juice. Apply this natural homemade juice on under eye area using cotton. Let it dry for 15-20 minutes then using cold water wash your eyes. This is a natural and safe way to remove dark circles undereyes.
Make kheera (cucumber) juice and with the help of cotton ball apply this juice on under eye area. This is a very useful home remedy for treating dark circle under eyes.
Make a thick paste containing turmeric, lentils (masoor dal), tomato juice and lemon juice. Use this on under eye area and let it dry then clean it using fresh water.
Apply gulab jal (rose water) using cotton under your eyes. It cools your eyes and helps in removing dark pigmentation.

Exercise for Dark Circles under the Eyes

Yogic exercises are good for your internal and external beauty. Do various breathing exercises, like pranayam. This is a very helpful eye care and removes your dark circles naturally.
Learn some facial exercises through internet, books or training center. Practice them regularly and see the benefits, all your puffiness around eyes disappears, dark circles under eyes diminishes, and many other natural and safe health cures are achieved through facial exercises.
Practice this facial exercise at any time of the day. Rest your index finger and middle finger of your both hands on the area just above the eye brows. And then lift up your eyebrows keeping the fingers fix. Do this for 10-15 times, it is a very effective exercise. Press gently the elevated portion below the index finger of your hand palm. Do this for 10 minutes, it is very effective eye care and helpful in treating dark circles under eyes.
Live a stress-free life, take proper rest, proper sleep and stay happy. Keep a physical and emotional balance of body and mind. Above mentioned information will definitely help you in getting rid from dark circles under eyes.

Dengue Fever Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

The fear psychosis that dengue fever had created in the world just a couple of years ago has not subsided completely yet. The scare still goes on, and governments are regularly arming themselves against a recurrence of the terrible debilitating condition. The dengue fever has traveled almost everywhere in the southern hemisphere (mostly tropics) in the few recent years. The fever was first discovered in 1780, when there was a simultaneous pandemic in America, Africa and Asia. The next huge epidemic recorded was in Southeast Asia in the 1950s. In the early months of 2002, there was another historic epidemic in Rio de Janeiro, which affected one million people. In recorded history, there have been mentionable outbreaks of dengue fever once ever five or ten years around the world.
Though dengue is a very highly infectious disease, its mortality rate is very low. Deaths usually occur due to ignorance of the methods of treatment. In advanced countries, the mortality rates of dengue are almost zero. However it is necessary to prevent the disease due to the painful symptoms that it causes as long as it lasts. In the Swahili language ki denga pepo, the local name for dengue fever, means ‘a seizure with cramp-like symptoms caused due to an evil spirit’. The Spanish people took over this phrase and turned it into their own language to come up with ‘dengue’. The word stuck and became famous all over the world.

Definition of Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

Dengue fever or dandaka jwara is a viral disease that is transmitted through the agency of a mosquito. The viruses responsible for the dengue fever are the four viruses of the Flavivirus genus of the family Flaviviridae. These viruses are transmitted among the humans by two kinds of mosquitoes – the aedes aegypti mosquito (the same mosquito that is responsible for the transmission of chikungunya), and aedes albopictus. Dengue is characterized by the onset of heavy fever conditions after infection. There are headaches and muscle aches, accompanied by severe pain in the joints. For this reason, the disease is also called as the bone-breaker or the bone-crusher disease. Dengue fever is also accompanied by the presence of very characteristic red rash all over the body, but most prominently on the chest and the limbs. In most cases, the patient has feelings of nausea and vomiting.

Causes of Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

As already mentioned above, dandaka jwara or dengue fever is caused due to infection with a virus of the Flaviviridae family. The agency through which the virus travels is the aedes aegypti or the aedes albopictus mosquito.

Types of Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

There are three different types of dengue fever classified according to their symptoms. The following table gives a comprehensible overview of these types of dengue fever and the symptoms associate with them.

Types of Dengue Fever Symptoms Features 1. Classic Dengue Fever There is a high fever that can go up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit.Headache is common, with a throbbing pain behind the eyes. Rash is present all over the body, but mainly on the chest and limbs. Nausea and vomiting is present. There is acute pain in the joints. This is the simple dengue fever, i.e. only dengue fever with no complications attached. This type of dengue begins showing its symptoms five or six days after the person has been infected by the mosquito. In this type, the rash may get completely healed once, but there may be an onset of a second rash episode.
2. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever High fever of up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit is caused. There is headache and pain behind the eyes. There is acute pain in the joints. Rash is developed on the chest and limbs. There is nausea and vomiting. There is bleeding from the nose, gums and subcutaneous (i.e. under the skin). There is malfunctioning of the blood and the lymph vessels. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a usually fatal type of dengue. This is dengue complicated by vascular problems. Due to these vascular problems, there is bleeding from various parts of the body.
3. Dengue Shock Fever There is high fever, reaching up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit.There is headache with pain behind the eyes. There is acute pain in the joints. Rash is developed. There is feeling of nausea and actual vomiting. Low blood pressure is caused; this is known as shock. There is internal leaking of blood from the blood vessels. This is a very fatal type of dengue fever. It is the type of dengue that mostly affects children and young teenagers.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

The common symptoms of all kinds of dengue fever are a high fever, vomiting (occasionally with blood), acute pain in the joints, headache and the development of a rash that encompasses the whole body, but is seen more prominently on the chest and the hands and legs. For a more detailed list of symptoms with the type of dengue fever, refer to the list given above.

Complications due to Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

Medication for dengue fever must be prompt. If you get any type of fever in the rainy season, you must rush immediately to the doctor and assure yourself that it is not dengue. Dengue left untreated for a day or two can complicate into major forms of dengue which can be fatal.

Transmission of Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

Dengue is extremely infectious; in fact, it is labeled as the most infectious of all insect-borne diseases. The mosquitoes that bear the dengue viruses are active in the daytime, and hence this is the time when the disease is transmitted the most. It should be noted that the mosquitoes that carry dengue, i.e. aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus, are both quite localized and they do not travel even a half kilometer in their whole life. Hence, though the mosquito spreads the disease, it is not the highest transmitter of the disease. The mosquitoes can bite only people in their near vicinity. But when these people travel abroad, they carry the virus with them and transmit dengue to other regions. For this reason, travelers play a very important role in the transmission of dengue.
Dengue transmission is very high in the tropical countries. Countries like Indonesia, Philippines, China, Malaysia, Singapore, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are highly susceptible to the disease. An epidemic outbreak in Indonesia in 2004 was singly responsible for 800 deaths from the disease. Each year, about 100 cases of dengue are reported in the US. A majority of these cases are due to people traveling from tropical countries. Most advanced countries today are taking dire precautions to prevent the virus from entering their countries.

Prevention of Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

The most important method employed by authorities all over the world for the prevention of dengue fever is to control the spread of the mosquitoes. Aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus mosquitoes breed in stagnating water. Hence water should not be allowed to accumulate near the houses. Medicines like Abate are introduced in the water, which aim at killing the larvae of the mosquitoes. Some of these sprayed chemicals form a film on the surface of the water and thus cut the oxygen supply for the mosquito larvae breeding underneath. At a household level too, steps are taken to prevent the accumulation of water. Water in the air-conditioning, flower pots, fountains and aquaria must be removed or changed from time to time. While sleeping at night, mosquito repellant devices must be used. Putting nets on the windows, sleeping under a mosquito net, using mosquito repellants (such as those containing allethrin) or fogging out the mosquitoes must be used. If a person contracts dengue, then drastic measures must be taken to prevent him or her from being bitten by any more mosquitoes. If that happens, the nearest family members will be next in line to contract dengue fever.

Diet for Preventing Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

a. As in all fevers, the diet used for dengue fever must be quite simple and easy to digest. The following guidelines need to be followed:-
b. Rice gruel (kanji) is very good food for dengue patients. If the rice gruel is too bland it can be flavored with a dash of lemon juice.
c. Alternatively some curds can be mixed with rice and had with boiled vegetables. Oil must be avoided.
d. Porridge and baked toasts (not fried) can be had for allaying hungers in the course of the day.
e. Biscuits with tea can be had. The tea must be herbal, with tulsi, ginger, cardamom and other such fever-reducing herbs in it.
f. There should be absolutely no spices in the diet. Even salt must be curtailed.
g. Fruits must be taken in moderation. For people with dengue fever, apples and plantains are the only advisable fruits.


Ayurvedic Treatment for Dengue Fever (Dandaka Jwara)

Dengue fever is a very serious disease and self-medication should not be done. Medical attention is extremely important. But in presence of continued symptoms, there are several Ayurvedic herbs that can provide relief. The following is a list of some herbs which are used for the treatment of common fevers (not dengue fever in particular).
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Amaltas Cassia fistula Cassia The root of the cassia tree is used as a tonic for reducing dengue fever.
Chirayata Swertia chirata Chirayata Chirayata has tremendous medicinal properties in the reduction of fevers. It is used for remedying the convulsions that accompany fevers in dengue.
Datura Datura stramonium Dhatura Dhatura is the Ayurvedic version of the homeopathic belladonna. Its leaves have potency in reducing the seriousness of the dengue fevers. However, the dosage must not exceed 2 decigrams, or it will lead to severe negative symptoms like dryness of the mouth and dilation of the pupils.
Hara dhania Coriandrum sativum Coriander The leaves of the coriander can be taken in the form of a tonic to reduce the fevers in dengue. Hermal Peganum harmala Hermal The seeds of hermal are powdered and taken as either an infusion or as a decoction to treat intermittent and recurrent fevers that are observed in dengue.
Kanghi Arbutilan indicum Indian Mallow An infusion of the Indian Mallow is used as an efficacious treatment for reducing the dengue fevers.
Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek Fenugreek leaves are taken as herbal tea in order to reduce fevers. This drink acts as a soothing and cleansing tea for the human system. Fenugreek herbal tea has similar properties as those of quinine.
Punarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Hogweed Hogweed is used to bring down temperatures. Hogweed produces plenty of perspiration which flushes the toxins and brings the fever down.
Rojmari Achillea millefolium Bloodwort Bloodwort is a traditionally used remedy for all types of fevers in Ayurvedic medicine. Bloodwort when used in the form of a hot infusion brings out sweat, which expels the toxins from the body and reduces the fever.
Shaitan ka jhhad Alstonia scholaris Devil’s Tree Devil’s tree is used in Ayurveda for the treatment of recurrent fevers as is seen in dengue. The herb is analogous in function to cinchona and quinine. A hot infusion of the devil’s tree can bring down high temperatures without making the person break out into a sweat.
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Holy Basil Tender leaves of the holy basil boiled in water is a very effective prophylactic (preventive) treatment for the rainy season fevers, which include malaria and dengue. For better taste, the tender tulsi leaves can be taken as a tea with a pinch of cardamom powder in it. This is also a very popular recipe for Indian herbal tea.
The above herbs are effective in controlling most of the symptoms of dengue fever. But in the lieu of the seriousness of the fever, it is necessary to take even the Ayurvedic herbs under the supervision of a practicing Ayurvedic doctor.

Depression Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Depression is in fact a part of our everyday lives. Almost everybody has felt depressed at some point or another in life – whether it was at the death of someone dear, or the parting of a friend, or the going away of a child to school, or the losing of a job. There are various instances in human life that can trigger feelings of glumness and despair.
But sometimes depression becomes a part and parcel of the personality of an individual. The person may feel depressed due to no rational reason at all. At such times, depression is known as clinical depression, or vishaada in Sanskrit. Statistics have shown that at least 16% of the world population is suffering from some form of clinical depression and need treatment for the same.

Definition of Depression (Vishaada)

Depression or vishaada can be defined as a state of feeling melancholia, intense sadness or despair, which can interfere with the normal functioning of the person. Clinically, it is termed as severe depressive disorder or major depressive disorder.

Types of Depression (Vishaada)

There are different types of depression based on the severity of the symptoms.
(i) Mild Depression – Mild vishaada or depression is the kind of depression that is very commonly observed. This is a short-lived depression, whose effects wear off in a day or two. Scoring less marks in an examination or being cheated by someone are examples of causes that could lead to mild depression. The person who suffers from mild depression will not stop his or her daily activities completely, but will be disinterested in doing them.
(ii) Major Depression – Depression that lasts for a couple of weeks is major depression. This could be triggered by being jilted in love or by the death of someone dear. Major depression interferes in a huge manner with the day-to-day life of the person. Though the major depression may wear off in a couple of weeks, some effects of the depression could last throughout the person's life.
(iii) Dysthymia – Dysthymia is a long term depression illness whose effects can last for as long as two years. There are alternating periods of minor and major depressions. Hence, dysthymia is also called as double depression.
(iv) Seasonal Affective Disorder – Seasonal Affective Disorder or SAD is a special type of depression which affects people with certain climatic changes. The onset of autumn or the rainy season may trigger such kind of depressions. There is no apparent reason except the changing weather. Some people also feel depressed in particular months of the year even if the climate has not changed. As an example, if a beloved one has died in the month of February, the person might feel depressed every February month after that.
(v) Bipolar Disorder – This is what is termed in simple language as mood swings. A person suffering from bipolar disorder will suddenly change from being very happy to being very gloomy. This will lead to unpredictable nature of the person and he or she will find it difficult to make lasting friendships with other people.

Causes of Depression (Vishaada)

Clinical depression is caused due a variety of causes. Some of them are given below:- The number one cause of depression in the world today is strain in relationships. This happens both in married and in unmarried people. Married couples could have problems in their marital life, and unmarried people could have problems such as not being reciprocated in their love lives.
Depressions can be triggered by the death of aloved one. Financial problems also exacerbate depression to a great extent. This type of depression is seen more in the urban cities where the cost of living is rapidly increasing. Academic pursuits lead to large-scale depressions in teenagers. The quest of one-up-man-ship in school and college exams leads to lack of confidence and intensenervousness in youth, which can lead todepression. The same is true in sports where winning is considered very important. Long term illnesses like cancers, paralyses, diabetes can cause depression. Similarly, somepeople suffer from depression at the thought of advancing age. According to Ayurvedic principles, vishaada is caused by a vitiation of either the vata or the kaphadoshas. Vata represents the air element, and praana vata is the sub-humor that is responsible for the proper functioning of the brain and the nervous system. Hence, vitiation in the praana vata results in feelings of depression. Kapha represents the proper balance between the water and the earth elements. Among the kapha doshas, tarpaka kapha is responsible for the proper communication between the brain and the spinal cord via the cerebrospinal fluid that is continuous between them. Vitiation in the tarpaka kapha is a cause for vishaada.

Symptoms of Depression (Vishaada)

People who are depressed show the following symptoms:-
Continuous feeling of sadness or blankness A continual guilty conscience and no confidence in oneself. Apessimistic approach towards life Loss of interest in activities such as outings, hobbies, work and even sex
1. Persistent fatigue
2. Sleep disturbances
3. Loss of energy or enthusiasm
4. Difficulty in focusing concentration and making decisive strategies
5. Headaches
6. Regular stomach upsets
7. External symptoms such as crying and brooding
8. Being wary and fearful
9. Either weight loss due to poor appetite, or weight gain due to overeating

Complications Caused due to Depression (Vishaada )

Vishaada does cause several complications in people. Some of them are enumerated below:-
If a minor depression is kept unchecked, then it may transition to a major depression or dysthymia, which can be a more serious condition.
Depression will affect the routine functioning of the individual. The person will find it difficult to concentrate in work, despite knowing fully well how important that particular work could be. Memory becomes erratic.
Due to being constantly in a depressed state, there could be a strain on other relationships of the person. For example, a man going under constant depression over the death of his parents could strain his relation with his wife.
There can be a serious toll over the involuntary functions of the body. Depression can increase the rate of heartbeat resulting in palpitations and even strokes.
Several people who are depressed may turn to smoking, alcoholism or drug addiction to obtain temporary releases. People who are constantly in depression could develop suicidal tendencies or other socially dangerous vices if they are not counseled and treated at the proper time.

Diet for Depression (Vishaada)

Though not much beneficial, some dietary strictures can be followed to allay the mind of depression. The diet must be light and easy to digest. Hot foods must be avoided. This included oily foods, spicy foods and pulses like Bengal gram. Avoid meats and milk products during bouts of depression. It is better to have a fruit diet. Include lots of vitamin C in your diet. Vitamin C releases stress-relieving hormones. Amla (Indian gooseberry), lemons, oranges, etc. are foods that have a large amount of vitamin C.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Depression (Vishaada)

Every person has a different treatment for depression, as depression is quite a private matter. The surest way of reducing depression is to engross yourself in activities that give you pleasure. This kind of treatment works more at a psychological level than at a physiological level.
Some of the non-medicinal treatments for depression are as follows:-
Read a light book. Even reading comics or children’s fairy tales would do if you have liking for the same. Reading light stories have a stimulating effect on the mind.
Listen to music that you like. Music soothes the nerves and can release stress-boosting hormones within the body.
Go on an outing. You can go alone if you think you are fit enough to do so. Visit a place that you have never visited before. Outings create a great diversion for overworked minds.
Sometimes talking to someone close helps. The person you talk to must be sympathetic to your concerns and give you friendly advice without too much sermonizing.
Apart from this, there are certain herbs that Ayurveda has ascribed with curative properties for depression. A list of such herbs is given below with their specific action.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Brahmi Bacopa monnieri Thyme leaved gratiola Brahmi is used to lessen the negative mental tendencies caused owing to depression. Brahmi has a calming effect on the mind; hence it is also prescribed as a supplement by yoga therapists.
Elaichi Elettaria cardamomum Cardamom Powdered elaichi boiled in water and prepared as a tea is an effective remedy for depression. The tea gets a beautiful aroma which excites the senses and reduces stress levels.
Guggulu Commiphora wightii Indian bdellium Guggulu helps in balancing the kapha dosha. It is supposed to be effective in the treatment of seasonal affective disorder.
Jatamansi Nardostachys jatamansi Musk root Jatamansi is a drug prescribed for epilepsy, hysteria and depression. Kali Mari Piper nigrum Black pepper Trikatu , an Ayurvedic preparation using kali mari is ideal in the correction of disorders of the kapha dosha.
Sunthi Zingiber officinalis Ginger Ginger is a known anti-depressant.

There are several therapies that Ayurveda suggests for the relieving of depression. A list of these therapies is given below:-
Alternative Cure Therapy Action on the Human Body
Abhyanga Abhyanga is the term for oil massage. In this method several aromatic oils are applied to the body and an elaborate massage technique is followed. The aroma of the oils helps to relieve the stress and provide a calming effect on the brain.
Shirodhaara Shirodhaara is the method of pouring warm medicated oils or liquids on the forehead in a thin stream. This helps in boosting the circulation to the brain and relieves the nerve endings situated on the forehead. Shirodhaara is a traditionally used therapy for bringing down the vitiated vata dosha. Yoga Yoga has become extremely popular in the west. Yoga aims at relieving depression at various levels. It allows the person to relax completely and free the mind of all worries and tensions. It teaches people how to meditate and focus on the positive aspects of life.

Diabetes Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Diabetes is one of the most dangerous metabolic diseases of the modern world. Almost everyone is familiar with the disease and its symptoms, and almost everyone knows somebody who is suffering from diabetes related problems – so widespread the disease has become today. Simply explained, diabetes is a disease in which the level of glucose in the blood increases. The diabetic person must take extreme care with the kind of diet consumed, and must avoid all hyperglycemic foods, i.e. foods that have a high sugar content. Apart from this, there are several other precautions to be followed. No cure is known for diabetes yet. But this condition can be lived with if healthy measures are taken. Ayurveda has a treasure-mine of information relating to diabetes, which is called madhumeha in Sanskrit, and means to combat with the depressing disease.

Definition of Diabetes (Madhumeha)

Diabetes is a disease that occurs due to defects in the carbohydrate metabolism in the body. It is one of the major metabolic disorders of the body. The most common of the different types of diabetes is the diabetes mellitus, which is also known as hyperglycemia. It is the diabetes that is characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood and the urine of the person. All types of diabetes are caused due to the nonfunctioning of the pancreas. This type of diabetes is caused due to low insulin levels produced by the pancreas, leading to faulty utilization of the glucose in the body. Definitions of different types of diabetes are given by the World Health Organization. This organization has defined another type of diabetes, called as gestational diabetes. This diabetes occurs only in pregnant women, when the hormonal changes in their body make it difficult to utilize glucose properly.

Causes of Diabetes (Madhumeha)

The pancreas in the body has specialized cells called as the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans. These cells are responsible for the secretion of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that takes care of converting the bodily sugar, i.e. glucose into energy. However in some people, due to hormonal deficiencies or due to malfunctioning of the pancreas, the insulin is not produced in the proper amount. This leads to failure in the utilization of glucose and the retention of glucose in the body of the person. This situation is what is commonly referred to as diabetes. The levels of insulin can also be brought down due to other extrinsic factors. Some of these factors are:-
a. Stress
b. Obesity
c. Smoking
d. Lack of exercise
e. Too much sleep
f. Consumption of too many sweet foods also leads to increase in the levels of glucose in the body.
Hence, this may lead to diabetes. According to the beliefs of Ayurveda, madhumeha is a disease that can be caused due to vitiation of any one of the three doshas – vata, pitta or kapha. Most cases of diabetes in the world are of the kaphadosha vitiation. Agni is also responsible for the culmination of diabetes. Agni represents the bodily fires, and when these fires are diminished, then there is a chance that the carbohydrate utilization may not occur in the correct manner, thus leading to increased levels of glucose in the blood.

Types of Diabetes (Madhumeha)

The World Health Organization has identified three types of diabetes. They are simply called as Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Gestational Diabetes. These types of diabetes and their typical symptoms are given below:- Type of Diabetes Characteristics Vulnerability Symptoms

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 Diabetes
Mellitus is caused due to an inherent deficiency of insulin in the pancreas. An attack of the Coxsackie virus can also lead to the decreased production of insulin. Daily injections of insulin are required for survival. Children and adolescents are the prime victims of this type of diabetes. About 10% of all diabetes are of the type I. Increased levels of sugar in the blood and the urine of the person.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Diabetes
Mellitus is caused due to hyperglycemia triggered by a deficiency of insulin. This type of diabetes is found in adults. This is the most common type of diabetes in the world, and no cure is known yet. Increased levels of sugar in the blood, increased fatigue, pain in the joints, insomnia, frequent urination Gestational Diabetes Gestational Diabetes iscaused due to increased hormone levels during pregnancy and lactation. It is found more inpregnant women. 2 to 3% of all pregnant women have chances of contracting gestational diabetes. Increased sugar levels in the blood and urine during pregnancy, increased chances of a caesarean section delivery

Symptoms of Diabetes (Madhumeha)

The symptoms that are most commonly seen among diabetic patients are as follows:-
1. Excessive urination
2. Excessive hunger and thirst
3. Pain in the back and joints
4. Constant tired feeling
5. Loss of weight
6. Long time for healing of wounds
7. A taste of sweetness in the mouth

Complications due to Diabetes (Madhumeha)

Diabetes leads to perhaps the most number of complications compared to any other ailment. A list of the major complications produced due to diabetes is given below:-
a. Complications of Diabetes Type
b. Heart stroke Macrovascular
c. Gangrene leading to amputation Macrovascular
d. Ulcers Macrovascular
e. Impotence or Erectile Dysfunction Macrovascular
f. Neuropathy, i.e. nerve disorders Microvascular
g. Nephropathy, i.e. kidney disorders Microvascular
h. Retinopathy, i.e. eye disorders Microvascular
i. Glaucoma, Cataract and Corneal Damage
j. Microvascular


Transmission of Diabetes (Madhumeha)

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder and as such it is not a communicable disease. However, diabetes can be genetically transmitted.

Prevention of Diabetes (Madhumeha)

People who have a history of diabetes in their family must take adequate care to prevent the onset of the disease in them. The following precautions are absolutely vital for people with diabetes histories:-
1. The consumption of all sweet and sugary foods must be reduced drastically.
2. Both rice and wheat are problematic in people vulnerable to diabetes. Rice and wheat contain starches which are broken down into sugars within the body.
3. People with diabetes vulnerability must indulge in exercise and lead an active lifestyle. After every heavy meal, there should be some form of exercise to burn down the calories.
4. An early appointment with the doctor must be made and a constant check must be kept on the level of insulin the blood.

Diet during Diabetes

Since diabetes is a mainly kapha dosha disease, the diet of the diabetic person must be aimed at bringing the kapha dosha down. The following kind of diet is preferable:-
a. All kinds of sugary and sweet foods must be totally avoided.
b. Milk should be avoided as it contains the sugar lactose which is converted into glucose within the body.
c. The same is true of fruits. Fruits contain the sugar fructose. Hence fruits must be consumed with moderation.
d. It is good to have bitter herbs and fresh vegetables. Bitter gourd, i.e. karela and fenugreek, i.e. methi, are excellent bitter herbs to be taken in the diet for diabetic patient.
e. Fats such as oils and ghee must be severely curtailed.
f. There is no restriction on fish and soy for a diabetic patient.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Diabetes (Madhumeha)

Ayurveda has a very profound methodology of tackling the diabetic ailment. The technique prescribed by Ayurveda for diabetic treatment is as follows:-
Apatarparna and Samshodhana – Apatarparna means to cause loss of weight by de-nourishment. This method works in people in whom diabetes is caused due to additional weight, i.e. obesity. Samshodhana is cleansing of the body. Both apatarparna and samshodhana go hand in hand in Ayurveda. De-nourishment and cleansing of the body is brought about by a systematic treatment called as panchakarma (fivefold therapy). This panchakarma regimen consists of the following:-
1. Emesis
2. Purgation
3. Enema
4. Bloodletting
5. Errhines

Santarpana and Brumhana – Santarpana refers to the replenishment of the body and brumhana refers to increasing the body bulk. In people who are underweight, these two techniques increase the bodily defense mechanism and hormonal balance. This prevents further damage to the body and improves the repair process.
Apart from these two basic methods, the following herbs have been ascribed with amazing curative prowess for diabetic patients:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Amla Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry Amla powder is mixed with haldi powder and consumed. This is a very good remedy for diabetes. Bael Aegle marmelos Bengal Quince Leaves of the bael fruit have immense potency in the treatmentof diabetes.
Curry patta Murraya koenigi Curry leaves Curry leaves consumed every morning are a known treatment for the diabetes caused due to hereditary factors. Since curry leaves have a potency to bring about weight loss, they can also cure diabetes caused due to obesity. Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric A mixture of haldi and amla powder is a very effective remedy in the treatment of diabetes.
Jamun Syzygium cumini Jambul fruit, Indian Plum Jambul fruit has a specific action on the pancreas. The entire jambul fruit, including the seeds and the juices are exceedingly beneficial for diabetic patients. This is because of the alkaloid jamboline which is present in them. Jamboline controls the conversion of starches into sugars and thus controls the blood sugar levels.
Kanda Allium cepa Onion Onion is a hypoglycemic substance, i.e. it has low sugar content. Hence, it can be used to allay blood sugar complications.
Karela Momordica charantia Bitter Gourd Bitter gourd is one of the oldest recipes for the treatment of diabetes and its complications. Bitter gourd has charantin, which is a type of plant insulin. Hence, bitter gourd increases the level of insulin, which helps in better utilization of the sugars in the blood.
Kumari Aloe vera Indian Aloe A gelatinous juice of the aloe vera plant is the traditional remedy for the treatment of diabetes.
Lahsun Allium sativum Garlic Eating two to four cloves of garlic every day helps in treating the diabetic complications of vascular and neurobiological nature.
Madh – Honey Though honey is sweet, it is not harmful for diabetic patients. Honey contains velulose which is antibacterial and antimicrobial. Honey must be taken in moderation, after asking the physician the exact ratio of sugar and honey that can be maintained.
Madhuca Madhuca indica Mahua A decoction of the bark of the madhuca tree taken regularly helps in combating diabetes and treating its complications.
Methi Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek A decoction of fenugreek seeds suppresses the urinary excretion of sugar. Fenugreek also relieves the symptoms of diabetes. Fenugreek is very effective in curing diabetes due to the presence of the alkaloid trigonelline, which brings down the blood sugar level. Neem Azadirachta indica Margosa The leaves of the bitter neem consumed in the form of a paste are an age-old remedy for the treatment of diabetes.
Palash Butea monosperma Butea Butea is a very useful herb in the treatment of diabetes. Its leaves are used in the treatment of glycosuria, i.e. excessive sugar in the urine.
Tarwar Cassia auriculata Tenner’s Cassia A decoction of the whole shrub or the buds of the Tenner’s Cassia has curative properties for people suffering from diabetes related problems. The plant can be taken mixed with honey for better results.

Diaper Rash Treatment, Causes
Introduction

Diaper rash is really very irritable condition for your babies when the baby is not in the position to express his/ her discomfort vocally and you being the caring parent want to do every possible thing to prevent your baby from diaper rash. Diaper rash is a common problem with babies which needs a really good cleaning and preventive measures to keep the baby’s skin infection free. As most of the germs grow in the moist and unclean condition this is same in case of diaper rash too. If you are one of the lazy moms who do not take enough care or give much attention for changing the baby’s nappies again and again and keep your baby’s buttock dirty and dry, there are more chances your baby will develop diaper rash. When there is the absorption of baby’s urine in the diaper it leads to skin rashes, itching, and irritation in the baby’s buttocks. The diaper rash solution lies with some effective available home remedies and keeping the baby’s skin clean.

Causes for Diaper Rash

Most common reason for diaper rash is keeping the moist diaper on your baby’s body for long time as the moist diaper (because of baby’s urine) comes in contact with the baby’s skin and makes it irritable and develops skin rashes. Bad quality or ill-fitted diapers do not let the air to pass inside and your child feels irritating and moist inside. This also leads to diaper rash. The other causes of diaper rash are when you wish to give some solid food to your baby and when you get doctor’s prescription that your baby is now capable of digesting little of home food. You start giving different solid food to your baby that may not be suitable for your baby and develop diaper rash. Change in the diet is recommended at that time. Babies with diarrhea symptoms are also at fair chances of developing diaper rash. Some useful home remedies for preventing diaper rashMix fresh butter in small amount of gentle and soft herbal kids’ powder and apply on skin. This soothes diaper rash. Gently rub sesame oil on the baby’s skin as this also soothes and moisturizes baby’s skin and prevents diaper rash.

Applying medicinal ointments which are soft and soothing for the baby’s skin are a good option for preventing diaper rash. They are easily available in the medical stores but make it a point to always buy natural and herbal products as the chemical-based products are not safe for your baby’s skin. Mix half teaspoon of clean water in small amount olive oil and gently massage on baby’s skin this prevents diaper rash. You can also massage the skin using fresh milk. Dip baby’s cotton nappies in an effective vinegar and water solution for final rinsing after the normal wash, as vinegar has the property to kill all the fungus and bacterial infections. Cornstarch also works wonder in soothing the skin rashes caused by moist and wet diapers. Roasted flour also works in diaper rash, use this baked flour as a powder on the baby’s skin. Mixing some amount of oatmeal to the warm water before giving your baby a refreshing bath is an effective home remedy for preventing diaper rash and keeping the skin germ free. Calendula which is a natural herb is also very effective in

Dos and don'ts for preventing diaper rashes

Never wash your child’s buttocks with harmful chemical-based detergents and shampoo’s. Use fresh warm water for cleaning and allow the skin to dry completely. Always keep the baby’s diaper clean, moist free, and dry. Let the child wear the loose, elastic-free diapers as he baby’s skin is too soft for bearing skin fitted diapers and cloths. Try to keep it loose and ventilating. Never compromise with the quality of the diaper. Use always the best quality, good absorbing diaper as this can also minimizes the chances of diaper rash. Allow the fresh air to come and dry the child’s skin by not letting them to wear the diapers all the time. Keep the baby’s skin dry and germ free, warm and clean baby bath and using mild baby powder are good options. Mother’s milk is highly beneficial for the baby to get all the necessary minerals and vitamins required in the body. In other words, you can also say mother’s milk makes the white blood corpuscles (one of the component found in the blood to fight against disease) strong to fight against infections. Bacterial infection and skin rashes problem (like diaper rash) will be minimized if the baby is taking the mother’s milk. Always wash the cotton cloth baby nappies using perfume free and bacteria fighting soaps. This small but necessary preventive measure is highly required from your side for preventing diaper rash. Take good care of your baby and prevent him or her from diaper rash.

Diarrhea Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Diarrhea is a disease of the digestive system which occurs due to malfunctioning of either the stomach or the bowels. Its Sanskrit name is atisaar. A person suffering from diarrhea will need to visit the toilet often in order to defecate. Even the stools of diarrhea are different – they will be increased in volume, with more stickiness or wateriness. Diarrhea is a very common ailment all over the world. Every person in the world must have suffered from some or the other form of diarrhea at some time or the other. This extremely frequent digestive ailment can occur at any age, any location and with people of any social condition. Though diarrhea is a very common disease, humankind has not yet been able to conquer it completely. Even today, every minute, seven children all over the world are dying due to diarrhea. Such diarrhea deaths are observed more in the financially backward countries where there are no proper amenities of hygiene and nutrition. However, diarrhea control and treatment is very much possible. Most cases of diarrhea deaths are due to gross ignorance about the condition.

Definition of Diarrhea (Atisaar)

Quite simply put, diarrhea or atisaar is the condition in which the frequency of the bowel movements increases drastically. The stools contain a large amount of water, which is voided at very frequent intervals. People suffering from diarrhea also suffer from dehydration due to the loss of water.

Causes of Diarrhea (Atisaar)

The major causes of diarrhea are related to the diet of the person. The following kinds of diet can cause diarrhea in people:-
1. Unhygienic food, or food prepared in contaminated water
2. Intolerance to some kinds of foods, such as lactose intolerance
3. Over-intake of foods with excess of vitamin C
4. Too much spicy and oily food
5. Undercooked meats and eggs
6. Foods contaminated with microorganisms
7. Food that is either too hot or too cold
8. Food that is prepared in unclean conditions

Apart from these, the following environmental factors can also cause diarrhea:-
a. Pollution Chemicals dangerous to the wellbeing of human health
b. Stressful conditions
c. Unsuitable climatic conditions
d. Vices like smoking, alcoholism and drug addiction
e. Antibiotics
f. Infants form a large share of diarrhea victims.

Infant diarrhea is caused due to the following factors:-
1. Overfeeding of breast milk or powder milk
2. Infection due to feeding bottles
3. Ear and throat infections
4. Changes in environment
From the Ayurvedic point of view, atisaar or diarrhea is caused by vitiation of any of the three doshas, i.e. vata dosha, pitta dosha or kapha dosha. Ulcerative colitis is caused mainly due to vitiation in the pitta dosha, while infective diarrheas, such as the one due to salmonella, are caused by vitiation in the kapha dosha.

Types of Diarrhea (Atisaar) and Their Symptoms

There are different types of diarrhea depending on the severity of their symptoms. These diarrheas are as follows:-
(i) Acute Diarrhea – Acute diarrhea or enteritis is the name given to the kind of diarrhea that lasts over four weeks. This is a curable type of diarrhea, which is caused due to several microorganisms and parasites. The following is a table of the microorganisms that can contaminate food causing diarrhea:-
a. Bacteria Viruses Other Parasites Campylobacter Rotavirus Entameba histolytica Salmonella Herpes simplex virus Giardia lamblia Shigella Cytomegalovirus Cryptosporidium Escherichia coli Norwalk virus Pinworm, hookworm, tapeworm
b. The acute diarrhea is contagious. If healthy people come in contact with the stools of an infected person, then they too can get infected through the pathogen present in the stools.

The symptoms of acute diarrhea are as follows:-
i. Frequent watery stools
ii. Loss of weight
iii. Irritability
iv. Itching in the anal area
v. Rashes

(ii) Chronic Diarrhea – Chronic diarrhea is the diarrhea that persists for a long time. Some chronic diarrheas can persist for the entire life of a person. Chronic diarrhea is manifested in different ways in the human body. The following are some examples of chronic diarrhea types:-
a. Type of Chronic Diarrhea Caused Due To Characteristics
b. Infective Chronic Diarrhea Salmonella bacteria and other parasitic worms and amebas. The diarrhea gets healed in the normal course of time, but the infectious salmonella persists in the stools. Hence, the person can infect others with the diarrhea even though he or she is cured.
c. Malabsorption Intolerance to foods such as gluten of wheat, lactose of milk, fructose offruits and pernicious anemia, pancreatitis, etc.
d. The person is unable to absorb food in the small intestine and also the pancreas.
e. Inflammatory Bowel Disease The cause of this type of diarrhea is not properly known. Itcauses ulcerative colitis which is the condition of passing bloody stools.
f. Irritable Bowel Syndrome The cause of this type of diarrhea is not properly known. Abdominal pain and cramping before passing stools, persistent urge to defecate even after one bowel movement is finished, mucus in the stools, bloating and gas.

Symptoms of Diarrhea (Atisaar)

All diarrheas are characterized by the following symptoms:-
1. Watery and loose stools
2. Large volume of water and mucus in the stools
3. Abdominal pain and cramping during passing stools
4. Frequent defecating urges; even after a visit to the toilet
5. Vomiting and feeling of nausea
6. Dehydration, which may become quite severe
7. For symptoms of particular types of diarrhea, refer to the table given in the Causes section.

Complications due to Diarrhea (Atisaar)

serious complications. Some of the complications that persistent diarrhea can cause are as follows:-
(i) Dehydration – Dehydration is one of the most serious issues with diarrhea. It is the leading cause of the high mortality rates of diarrhea, especially in children. During each bowel movement, copious amounts of water are voided from the digestive system. This leads to loss of essential fluids from the body. If not checked in time, the person will die of dehydration rather than the diarrhea itself. In order to ascertain the presence of dehydration, one must check for the following warning signals:-
* Dryness of the mouth
* Dryness and chapping of the lips
* Dryness of the skin
* Less frequent urination, accompanied by pain during micturation
* Sunken painful eyes, but without tears.

(ii) Hole in the Bowel – Due to excessive diarrhea, there could be damage in the inner lining of the large intestine. This could cause a hole in the bowel. This situation becomes more serious if the bacteria from the bowels infect the abdominal cavity.
(iii) Toxic Mega Colon – After several extreme bouts of diarrhea, the person’s colon becomes totally redundant in passing stools and urine. This condition is called as toxic mega colon and its symptoms are abdominal pain, cramping, swelling in the rectal area, weakness and even fever. In the direst situations, the colon may rupture. This situation has a slim chance of being corrected with surgery; it is usually a fatal condition.

Transmission of Diarrhea (Atisaar)

Atisaar or diarrhea is a very contagious disease if it is caused due to microorganisms. The following are the modes by which it can be transmitted from one person to another:-
* Not washing hands with disinfectant soap after stools
* Improper disposal of the fecal waste matters
* Improper washing of underwear and nappies and infants
* Contaminated water conditions, especially in the monsoon

Prevention of Diarrhea (Atisaar)

Diarrhea is contagious, so extreme care must be taken in order to prevent it. The steps taken to prevent diarrhea are as follows:-
* Eat only hygienic food from reliable sources.
* Avoid visiting hotels and inns whose food preparation techniques are dubitable.
* Be very careful of the cleanliness of the water you drink. For long distance travel, carry filtered or boiled water bottles from home.
* Avoid drinking from public water sources.
* While outside, opt for tea or coffee rather than juices. This is because, for tea and coffee the water has to be boiled, and hence it becomes purified.
* Avoid using public toilets as much as possible.
* If you have to use them in an emergency, select the cleanest toilet possible.
* Keep soaps, towels, etc. for each family member separate.
* Wash your hands with a disinfectant soap or hand wash after each visit to the toilet.


Diet during Diarrhea (Atisaar)

Diarrhea is a dietary disorder which affects mainly the intestines, the pancreas and the liver. Hence, taking a suitable diet will reduce most of the complications of diarrhea. A diarrhea patient must follow the dietary regimen given below:-
* All flesh foods must be avoided; take more fresh vegetables and fruits.
* Avoid difficult to digest foods such as coffee, oily and spicy foods, sugars, etc.
* Stay totally away from alcohol and tobacco.
* Incorporate plenty of water sources in your diet, such as freshly prepared fruit juices.
* Also add glucose, lemon juice with salt and sugar, orange and sweet lime juices, etc. in the diet.
* Increase the intake of water, as diarrhea leads to dehydration.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Diarrhea (Atisaar)

Ayurveda has a very systematic treatment for atisaar. Ayurveda addresses most of the symptoms and complications of diarrhea, and hence helps in the treatment. Below is given a list of several herbs that Ayurveda has ascribed with curative properties for atisaar.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ajwain Trachyspermum ammi Bishop’s Weed Ajwain is a traditionally used remedy for all kinds of digestive problems such as diarrhea, constipation, flatulence, dyspepsia, gastritis, etc. The oil from the ajwain seeds has special potency in treating diarrhea.
Amla Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry The dried amla fruit mixed with lemon juice and sugar candy helps in treatment of bacterially infected diarrheas. Even the amla leaves mixed with honey or buttermilk helps in treating this condition.
Badh Ficus bengalensis Banyan The leaf buds of the banyan tree are useful in the treatment of chronic diarrhea and dystentry.
Bahera Terminalia belerica Belleric Myroblan Belleric myroblan mixed with chebulic myroblan and amla gives the mixture of triphala, which is a very famous Ayurvedic mixture. This is useful for the treatment of diarrhea.
Bel Aegle marmelos Bael fruit, Bengal quince The unripe or half ripened fruit of the bel is perhaps the most effective and commonly used Ayurvedic treatment for chronic diarrhea. It is to be taken with jaggery. Curry Patta Murraya koenigi Curry leaves Curry leaves, when tender, are very suitable remedies for the treatment of diarrhea.
Harad Terminalia chebula retz Chebulic Myroblan Chebulic myroblan is used in the preparation of triphala along with belleric myroblan and amla. Triphala is a frequently prescribed medicine for the treatment of diarrhea.
Jeera Cuminum cyminum Cumin seeds Cumin seeds are very effective in the treatment of diarrhea. Kahu Terminalia arjuna Arjuna The bark of the arjuna has curative properties for diarrhea. Khulakudi Centella asiatica Indian Pennywort The leaves of the khulakudi are used to treat dysentery and diarrhea in children.
Kikar Acacia arabica Babul The leaves, the bark as well as the gum of the babul tree have curative properties for diarrhea when taken in the form of specific preparations. Makoy Solanum nigrum Black Nightshade The raw juice of the black nightshade is used for the treatment of ulcerative colitis.
Mehndi Lawsonia inermis Henna The seeds of the henna tree mixed with ghee and rolled into balls have potency to treat dysentery. Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek A herbal tea made with fenugreek helps in cleaning the alimentary canal of excessive mucus. It can cure peptic ulcers also.
Palash Butea monosperma Butea The gum of the butea tree is effective in treating diarrhea. Since this is a mild agent, it is suitable for the treatment of diarrhea in infants and children. Sowa Anthenum sowa Dill Dill seeds are a powerful carminative. They are mixed with fenugreek seeds to make a viable medicine for diarrhea.



Dry Skin Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Dry skin appears on surrounding areas of mouth, under eyes, and cheeks. There is no softness, fine lines appear around mouth, and dry patches under eyes are visible. Dry skins are mostly affected by sun, hard water, and wind. The skin losses its softness, dries up, and after every wash the skin get unusually rough and hard. It is called as ruksh twacha in ayurvedic terminology. It is a trouble that is caused by vata excess in body.

Causes for Dry Skin

Dry skin can occur to any one, especially common in elderly people and dryness of the skin is because of cold air in the winter season. Harmful detergents, soaps, ointments, drugs, powder, perfumes can aggravate dry skin. Prolong disease like kidney problem, Dry Skin andliver problem also causes dry skin. Excess bathing or water usage is the main cause of dry skin as all protective natural oil gets destroy. Water deficiency also causes dry skin or dehydration of the skin. Frequently cleaning hands, washing face using hot water and chemical-based soaps also causes dry skin.

Diet for Dry Skin

It is vain to apply costly cosmetics to cure dry skin because they are not safe for you skin. Go for natural treatments and maintain your skin. Eat nutritional foods rich in minerals and proteins and vitamins. Dry skin can be recovered by making some changes in your diet like eating vitamin rich foods usually found in eggs, fish, and cream nuts, rice, carrots, mushrooms, legumes, peas, soybeans, spinach, oranges, tomatoes, sprouts, almond, cauliflower and various other green vegetables and fruits.Make little changes in your life style, keep a good balance between work and rest, and let your skin keeps glowing!!!!!!!!!

Symptoms for Dry Skin

Skin appears lusterless, loose shine or brightness. Redness of the skin also indicates dry and rough skin. Skin looks tight and dry. Under eyes area looks dry and wrinkles appears at early age.

Treatment for Dry Skin

Home remedies
Papita (Papaya) paste:
Apply a paste made of papita (papaya), avocado, and banana on your face, and let it dry for 15 minutes then using warm water wash your face (for making paste---mix avocado, one banana, and a half piece of papaya). For removing dry skin and clearing scars, apply a paste of papaya. This brings effective result.

Egg yolk (yellow of the egg) paste:
Make a paste using egg yolk (one teaspoon), milk powder (1-2 teaspoon), and honey (one teaspoon). Apply this paste on face, neck and other dry skin area and let it dry for 10-15 minutes then wash your face using cold water.

Kheera (Cucumber):
Cucumber face pack is also very beneficial for the treatment of dry skin. Apply a paste made of cucumber on face and other dry skin area. This moisturizes skin naturally and makes the skin supple and soft.

Madhu (Honey):
Take a half tablespoon of honey and mix it with 1-2 tablespoon of rose water. Apply on face, neck, and other dry skin area. This is natural and safe. This mixture cleans the skin, tones it, and makes it glowing.

Badaam (Almond):
Face massage using almond oil makes the skin soft and removes dry skin.

Lemon:
Take one teaspoon lime juice and one teaspoon avocado, mix it well and apply on face and let it dry for 10-20 minutes, it will clean the skin and remove dry skin.

Apple:
Apple face pack nourishes skin, makes it glowing, and removes dry skin from under eyes and other skin area. Take 2-3 apples, grate them and apply on the skin, keep it there for 20 minutes and then wash the face using cold water.

Tips for preventing dry skin Eliminating or minimizing the causes of dry skin brings back the natural glow of the skin. Dry skins are generally caused by lack of balanced diet, environmental changes, pollution, and change of the season. Drink plenty of water as water keeps the skin clear and removes dry skin naturally. Do not wash your face frequently. Apply natural moisturizer (as it does not contain alcohol) every night before sleep. Do not use chemical soaps as it takes away the natural beauty oil from your face. Do yogic exercises and aerobics regularly as it keeps the skin clean and soft. Massage your face at least twice a week using rose water and glycerin. This will remove dry skin and will tone your skin. Massage your face using almond oil 1-2 times a week this will prevent dryness of the skin. Always use mild face wash for cleaning skin as it removes dry skins and keeps the skin fresh. Protect your skin from harsh sun rays, air pollution as it let the skin to loss their moisture and beauty oils.Keep a good balance between fun and work. By managing stress level you can minimize dry skin and other problems. Good entertainment or recreations have positive effect on skin. It keeps the skin clear and smooth. Keep green plants in pots at your home as it keeps the surrounding area cool. Avoid applying makeup on dry skins as it makes the skin rough and dry and your skin looks lifeless.

Dyspepsia Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Ajirna is the Ayurvedic term for indigestion or dyspepsia. This is a very common condition in all people of the world. In fact every single person in the world must have suffered from ajirna at one time or other in their lives. Some people suffer from chronic dyspepsia in which their digestive systems are totally unable to digest food. This situation may require urgent medication and even hospitalization. However, Ayurveda has some simple techniques which can prevent the condition of ajirna. In order to know the treatment of ajirna, it is essential to first know what the causes are.
Another term for ajirna is agnimandhya. This term is derived from two Sanskrit words – ‘agni’ which means ‘fire’ and ‘mandhya’ which means ‘reduction’. Hence, ajirna or agnimandhya is a reduction of the agni, especially jatharagni, which leads to a decrease in the digestive capacity of the individual. Ajirna is one of those few disorders that are caused by a vitiation of all three of the doshas, i.e. vata, pitta and kapha.

Definition of Dyspepsia (Ajirna)

Jirna in Sanskrit means 'digestion'. The 'a' added before 'jirna' makes it negative, and hence the meaning of the word is 'indigestion'. Ajirna is an umbrella term that is used to describe any of the following kinds of digestive problems:-
a. Belching
b. Bloating
c. Gas in the stomach (Flatulence)
d. Gripes
e. Nausea
f. Stomach ache
All these problems are diet related and affect the stomach.

Causes of Dyspepsia (Ajirna)

The main cause of ajirna is a faulty balance between the right and the wrong kinds of food. Right foods are almost all the natural foods which suit the climatic conditions and the physiological constitution of the person. Wrong foods are those which are unsuitable to the climate and made up of artificial ingredients. Junk foods with a lot of synthetic preservatives such as monosodium glutamate come under this category.

The following are some of the prominent causes of ajirna in people:-
a. Some people, especially office-goers, are quite erratic in their meal timetable. A difference of over an hour in the lunch and dinner times every day is a leading cause of ajirna.
b. People who travel a lot have to eat different types of cuisines. This makes the taste and digestive senses of the person quite confused, leading to ajirna.
c. Going to bed immediately after eating retards the digestive process of the body. This may cause ajirna the next morning. If the person routinely goes the bed immediately after a heavy meal, then it can cause severe permanent digestive problems with the persons.
d. Some people have gluttonous modes of eating. These people binge on several kinds of foods at once. They may overeat, i.e. continue eating even after their stomachs are full. This leads to severe ajirna problems such as constipation, flatulence, gastritis, nausea, etc.
e. Some foods like potatoes, chickpeas and other legumes, lentils and many flesh foods do not get properly digested within the body. They can cause gastritis. Most of the cases of ajirna are caused due to the consumption of such sensitive foods. Similarly, foods with lots of spices and oils also cause ajirna.
f. There are also some psychological causes that Ayurveda describes for ajirna. People who do not eat food wholeheartedly, or those who eat with tensions and other worries on their minds, will suffer indigestion. People who are generally described as ‘hot-tempered’ are more prone to suffer from ajirna than people who maintain a peaceful state of mind.
g. Microorganisms that live within the stomach lining can cause irritation, which can interfere with the digestion process. Chief among these is the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, which lives within the inner mucus lining of the stomach.
h. Alcohol and smoking also are a major cause of ajirna.

According to Ayurvedic theories, all the three doshas – vata, pitta and kapha – are responsible for ajirna. An increase in any of the vata, pitta and kapha can cause different kinds of ajirna complications.
If a person has vitiation of the vata dosha, then ajirna is in the form of painful spasms of the stomach.
If a person has vitiation of the pitta dosha, then ajirna is in the form of a burning sensation in the inner lining of the stomach.
If a person has vitiation of the kapha dosha, then ajirna is in the form of nausea and vomiting.

Symptoms of Dyspepsia (Ajirna)

Since ajirna is not a single disease but a generic name given to a host of stomach complications its symptoms are also many. It is very important to look into the correct symptoms and then to decide what medications to take. Hence ajirna is a problem that is solvable only with a proper study of its symptoms.
The following symptoms indicate the presence of an ajirna complication:-
a. Heavy feeling in the stomach
b. Nausea and an excessive urge to vomit
c. Constipation
d. Passing wind
e. Improper texture of stools
f. Stools with very offensive odors
g. A continuous uneasy sinking feeling in the stomach
h. Belching with a bitter taste
i. Aches in the stomach
j. Loss of craving for food.

How to Prevent Dyspepsia (Ajirna)

Preventing ajirna is a continuous activity. It requires the development of a healthy food regimen in the person. In order to keep ajirna at bay, the person must obey the following dietary dos and don'ts.
1. Eat meals at fixed times every day.
2. Keep at least three hours gaps between meals.
3. Do not eat incompatible foods together, such as fruits and cream or milk and fish.
4. Do not eat and drink at the same time. Water should be drunk only after the meal is finished.
5. Do not eat excessive oily and spicy food, especially in the summer season. In the summer season, the diet should contain mainly fresh vegetables and fruits.
6. Avoid smoking and consuming alcohol if you have continuous digestive problems.
7. Keep healthy sleeping times. Insomnia can cause indigestion. Stick to the adage – Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.
8. Women should take care of what they eat during pregnancy. This is the period when the digestive system is extremely sensitive.
9. Maintain a healthy exercise routine. This helps in the digestion of food.
10. Continual tensions and worries in the mind also interferes with the proper digestion of food

Ayurvedic Treatment for Dyspepsia (Ajirna)

There is a host of herbs and remedies that can help to resolve ajirna problems in people. A list of these herbs with their biological actions is given below.
Ayurvedic Name of Herb Biological Name of Herb Common English Name of Herb Action
Adrak or Sunth Zingiber officinalis Ginger Ginger is a known cure for nausea and vomiting. It reduces the sickness due to overeating. It is also prescribed for seasickness and for pregnant women. Flatulence and stomach pains can be treated with ginger.
Ajwain Tachyspermum ammi Bishop’s weed Ajwain is used in the treatment of colic, flatulence, indigestion, stomach cramps and other dyspepsia problems.
Badaam Amygdalus communis Almond The oil of almonds has laxative properties. It can dispel undigested food from the gastrointestinal tract.
Gulvel or Guduchi Tinospora cordifolia – Gulvel is a common herb from South India which has a sweet post-digestive effect. It is a natural antacid and has anti-inflammatory properties. Jamun Eugenia jambolana Indian blackberry Jamun is a stomachic, i.e. it aids in the proper digestion of food in the stomach.
Jeera Cuminum cyminum Cumin seeds Jeera is a known treatment for indigestion and related problems. It is also effective for treatment of biliousness, morning sickness and irritable bowel syndrome.
Juniper Juniperus communis Juniper Juniper has all the properties necessary to treat dyspepsia or ajirna. It is a stomach, has anti-inflammatory properties, controls nausea and vomiting and curbs flatulence.
Khus Andropogon muricatus Vetiver Khus has a cooling effect on the stomach. It helps in controlling indigestion, flatulence and gastritis.
Hing Ferula asafetida Asafetida Hing has extremely strong powers in controlling gastritis. Hing discharges the excessive windfrom the stomach and hence cures flatulence. It also aids in better digestion.
Papaya Carica papaya Papaya Seeds of the papaya can treat problems such as indigestion and flatulence.
Pudina Mentha arvesis Mint Pudina is considered to be the most excellent remedy in Ayurveda to treat stomach problems such as indigestion, constipation, gastritis, heartburn, etc. It is also a very quick-acting agent.
Sabja Ocimum basilicum St. Joseph’s Wort or Basil Sabja seeds are taken in sherbets as they produce a cooling sensation within the stomach. Sabja reduces the nauseous feeling and controls vomiting.
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Holy Basil Tulsi is a remedy for nausea, vomiting, giddiness and gastric disorders.

The above ingredients are mixed in proper proportions to form effective medicines for treating ajirna. Some of these Ayurvedic formulations are given below:-
Name of Ayurvedic Formulation Ingredients Mode of Intake
Hingavashtaka Churna Hing, adrak, pippali, maricha, ajamoda, jeera. This formulation must be taken with buttermilk or with a tablespoonful of ghee for better effects. It can also be taken with the first morsel of food that is put in the mouth. – Adrak, papita, chitrak, pippali, mustak, ajwain, vidang, pudina. This formulation is to be taken two or three times a day with a tablespoon.

There are some extremely simple remedies developed by Ayurveda to treat ajirna. Some of the better ones are mentioned below:-
(i) One part of tulsi is mixed with two parts of ginger and two parts of jaggery. This is broken down into small pellets. Consuming one of these pellets each every morning and evening helps in proper digestion and also creates a good appetite.
(ii) Warm water is the simplest remedy to help in the proper movement of the gastric digestive juices. Having a glass of warm water every morning helps in proper movement of bowels.
(iii) Yellow bananas or plantains improve digestion and help in the formation of proper stools.
(iv) Ajwain helps to digest foods with greater water content. Even if the indigestion is caused due to excessive amount of water, taking a few ajwain seeds over it will help in clearing the stomach congestion.
(v) Indigestion caused due to the intake of protein-rich food such as lentils and legumes can be solved by taking in a few seeds of datura.

Dysuria Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Moothra krichra or dysuria is a painful condition that can occur in both men and in women. Statistically, it has been found that women suffer from the condition more than men. Even so, older men are more prone to get dysuria than younger men. It is observed that an alarmingly large number of women, i.e. 30%, can suffer from dysuria at least once in their lifetimes, while a fifth of all these women will have the complaint of dysuria recurrently, in which case it is treated as a chronic condition.

Definition of Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

Dysuria is defined as the condition in which pain is felt during urination. The common reasons why it occurs is due to a bacterial infection of the urinary tract, or due to sexually transmitted diseases.
Medically, dysuria is not treated as a disease in itself. It is actually a symptom of some other underlying disease, which will most probably be sexual in origin. Hence, there is no uniform method for treatment in patients of dysuria. The treatment is done according to the symptoms. Diagnosis of the dysuria is often done very meticulously because the correct cause must be ascertained.
From an Ayurvedic point of view, the kapha dosha is the humor that brings about a balance between the earth and the water elements. This represents the equilibrium between the inner constituents of the body (water) and the outer environment (earth). Vitiation in the kapha dosha leads to the onset of dysuria in both men and women. Hence, dysuria is a kapha dosha disorder.

Types of Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

Dysuria is not a disease, but it is a symptom of some underlying disease. The following are the common inflammations, sexually transmitted diseases and urinary tract infections that can be a reason for dysuria:-
Inflammations in Women Vaginitis Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina. It can be caused due to an allergic reaction such as using strong soaps on the vagina, or by using a spermaticide or douche. Vaginitis can also be caused is the amount estrogen is reduced in the body of the person due to some reasons. Poor hygiene can be a cause of vaginitis also, such as keeping the vagina unclean and forgetting to remove the tampon.
Vulvitis Vulvitis is the inflammation of the female genital organs, which can include thevulva, the labia and the clitoris. Yeast infection is one of the common ways in which the vulva can be infected.
Inflammations in Men Prostatitis Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland which is found in men. In this condition, the prostate gland swells and exerts pressure on the urinary bladder. During prostatitis, the pain during urination is felt at the base. The pain is gradual and persists after the urination is done.
Urethritis Urethritis is the inflammation of the urethral opening in men. This pain is felt at the opening of the urethra and is felt immediately when the person urinates. Generally this pain subsides when the urination is done. Epididymitis Epididymitis is the inflammation of the epididymis, which is the duct in which the sperm is stored in the testis.
Common Sexual Diseases Chlamydia Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that is found in both men and women. Chlamydia causes urethral inflammation and this causes the painful micturation.
Gonorrhea Like Chlamydia, gonorrhea is also a bacterial infection, and it has similar symptoms. Pain is due to a urethral inflammation.
Urinary Tract Infections Cystitis Cystitis is an inflammation of the urinary bladder and is observed in both men and women. This inflammation can be observed in both men and women. Cystitis occurs when bacteria enter into the bladder via the urethral opening. This causes frequent urination, with pain during the expulsion of urine.
Pyelonephritis Pyelonephritis is the inflammation of the kidneys. This leads to repeated urge of urination. The urine is foul-smelling and is accompanied by a burning sensation at the urethra.

Causes of Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

There are several causes of dysuria in both men and women. Dysuria can occur due to an inflammation or sexually transmitted disease. The above table gives a precise list of the various causes of painful micturation, i.e. dysuria. Apart from the above obvious conditions, dysuria can also be caused due to some other reasons, which are mentioned below:-
Cancer of the bladder or the urethra Some obstruction in the urinary tract that may lead to a urinary tract inflammation Kidney or bladder stones, i.e. calculi Physical activities that strain the bladder or the urethra such as cycling and horse-riding Vigorous sex that may injure the urethra

Symptoms of Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

The symptoms of dysuria are given below. They are standardized for gender:-
1. There is difficulty in beginning the flow of urination. The initial flow is broken or just in drops. In some cases, steady flow of urine is never obtained.
2. The pain begins immediately as the urine passes through the urethra. Depending on the cause of the dysuria, the pain can be felt at the tip of the urethra, or the prostate or the bladder.
3. There is always a burning sensation when the urine passes out.
4. Urination is frequent, but the volume of urine voided each time is less than that of a normal person.
5. The color of the urine is dark and it is often foul-smelling.
6. There may be blood expelled with the urine.
7. People with dysuria find sexual intercourse quite painful.

People who are at Risk of Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

Dysuria can affect almost anybody. The people who are at a higher risk than others are:- Women are at a much higher risk of developing dysuria than men are. Among males, older men (above the age of 60 years) are found to be at a much higher risk. Dysuria in older men is due to inflammations of the urinary tract, which includes the bladder and the kidneys. Dysuria is also very common among the sexually active younger generation. Especially people who practice unsafe sex with multiple partners are more vulnerable. Such people have much higher chances of contracting gonorrhea and Chlamydia, which can cause painful micturation. Smokers are at a higher risk than nonsmokers.

Complications of Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

Since dysuria is only an external symptom of a more serious inner ailment, it can complicate itself in a number of ways. The issue becomes very serious when the dysuria is not healing despite treatment, and when there is blood expelled with the urine. This could be indicative of a cancer of the urinary tract. Any issue of painful urination must not be neglected. It should be immediately brought to the notice of a qualified doctor and treatment should be obtained.

Prevention of Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

Observing the risk factors of dysuria gives an indication of what one can do to prevent the onset of the condition. The following are some guidelines to prevent moothra krichra in both men and women:-
a. Ensure personal genital hygiene at all times.
b. Women must clean their vagina after urination; the cleaning must be done from back to front to avoid the microbes from the anal area from entering into the vagina.
c. Uncircumcised men must pull the foreskin and clean the deposit at the tip of the urethra after urination.
d. Tampons and sanitary pads must be regularly changed.
e. While bathing, the genitals must be washed with a mild soap (which is not allergic to the skin).
f. For women, bathing in a tub or a douche is better than a shower bath.
g. Practice safe sex. Precautions must be taken to ensure that venereal diseases are not transmitted from one partner to another.
h. Care must be taken so as not to injure the genitals during sexual intercourse. If there is any doubt about the cleanliness of the partner, then condoms must be used.
i. Smoking must be avoided.

Diet for People with Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

Diet plays an important role in obtaining relief for people with moothra krichra. The following tips must be followed:-
Water must be a prime component of the daily diet. Drink nearly eight to ten glasses of water a day. This helps in more voluminous flow of urine and reduces the pain as the flow becomes more regulated. However, water should not be drunk around bedtime.
Oily and spicy foods must be avoided as they take longer time to digest. At least such foods must not be had at the dinnertime.

Some foods that can reduce dysuria in men and women are:-
1. Kanji , i.e. the water in which rice in cooked
2. Wheat and barley
3. Cardamom
4. Meat soup

Foods that are contra-indications for dysuria are:-
1. Asafetida
2. Excess of ginger and salts
3. Too much hot, spicy and oily food
4. Chilies
5. Alcohol

Ayurvedic Treatment of Dysuria (Moothra Krichra)

Dysuria is a condition that Ayurveda has been studying minutely since ancient ages. Due to this, there are some very beneficial herbs that Ayurveda has found out having properties of treating the condition. The following is a list of some of the most effective herbs used in the treatment of dysuria with their actions on the human body:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Topical Action
Chandana Santanum album Sandalwood The powder of chandana mixed with milk and had on a regular basis is a valuable treatment for cystitis and other urinary inflammations. The effectiveness of chandana can be increased by the addition of fennel water or a piece of ginger in the infusion.
Kateli, Kantakari Solanum xanthocarpum Indian Solanum, Yellow-berried Nightshade Kantakari is a diuretic, i.e. it helps in the easy flow of the urine through the excretory system. It is also used as a cure for gonorrhea and urinary stones.
Kulfa Portulaca oleracea Common Purslane, Pigweed, Little Hogweed Kulfa is a very effective herb used in the treatment of urinary tract infections. It is common to both Indian as well as Greek traditions. Its leaves infused in water and taken twice a day can take care of the scanty urination caused due to excessive sweating. Regular use of purslane can provide immense relief from the burning sensation during micturation.

The following Ayurvedic preparations are highly beneficial in treating dysuria problems:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Sarivasava, Useerasava, Punarnavasava, Palashpushpasava, Dashamula
Arishta, Bhasma/Kashaya Dashamula Kashaya, Veeratharadi Kashaya, Vanga Bhasma, Naga Bhasma Choorna Gokshuradi Choorna, Punarna Vastaka Choorna
Ghrita Traikantha Ghritam, Gokshuradi Ghritam Lehya Shatavari Gula Rasa Chandrakala Rasa Vati Gokshuradi Guggulu, Chandraprabha Vati, Dhanvantari, Kasturadi
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Earache Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Ear infection is a troublesome invasion of fungus and bacteria in the ear. Ear infections are not transmittable and can be caused in any part of the ear either in external or middle ear.An ear ache is because of bacterial infection caused by water deposition by any mean in the ear and by the exertion of force upon an ear surface by fluid. There is an obstruction in Eustachian tube, which serves to equalize air pressure on either side of the eardrum, and it results in ear infections and aches. In ayurveda ear ache is known as karn shool and is caused by vitiation of vata dosha.Causes for Ear Infection and Ache Symptoms for Ear Infection and Ache Diet for Ear Infection and Ache Treatment for Ear Infection and Ache

Causes for Ear Infection and Ache

Stress, water deposition because of swimming or excessive bathing, and cold causes ear infections and aches.Ear infections and aches are also due to the deposition of dust particles, and bacterial growth because of water accumulation and dirt, improper diet,and unrest are some other causes. Allergies, sinus, infections in mouth or other senseorgans, injuries, and obstruction in Eustachian tube because of water deposition, or dust particles cause ear infections and aches. All these cause itching, pain, and irritation in the ears.

Diet for Ear Infection and Ache

If you are suffering from ear infections and aches keep away from milk, cold drinks, onion as they worsen ear aches. Eat oranges and other fruits rich in Vitamin C as they irritate ear infections and aches. Refrain yourself from spicy and oily foods, butter as they irritate ear infections and aches. Eat green vegetables rich in minerals, vitamins, and zinc as they are good for soothing your ear infections and aches and also avoid taking alcohol. Keep away from smoking and regularly clean your ears using cotton and prevent water deposition in the ear.Regularly do yoga and live a healthy life. Breathing exercises can cure ear aches. Everyday do alternate breathing exercises and other yogic asana. You can easily do all the yogic exercise at home without any side effects. So from know onward do take good care of your ears and stay away from any kind of infections and aches.

Symptoms for Ear Infection and Ache

There are different types of ear infections, major symptoms are: Ear pain, ear swelling, redness, irritations indicate ear infections and aches. Ear itching, problem in hearing also shows there is an ear infection. There is a release of some kind of liquid from ear, fever and some kind of feeling that you are about to fall down, are also some of the symptoms that indicate ear infections and aches.

Treatment for Ear Infection and Aches

Lahsun (Garlic) juice: Take garlic juice and with the help of ear dropper pour 2-3 drops of garlic juice into the infected ear. Lay down on the other side of the ear, for easy penetration of garlic juice. This gives relief in ear pain and infection.
Basil (Tulsi) leaves Using ear dropper, put 2-3 drops of basil (tulsi leaves) in the infected ear. This is an effective home remedy for ear infections and aches.
Mango leavesGrind mango leaves and boil it. Put 2-3 drops of lukewarm mango leaves extract in the paining and infected area. This is an effective and natural home remedy for ear infections and aches.
Lobelia Lobelia herb is an effective medicine to cure ear infections and aches. Take few drops of this extract and put it into the ear through a dropper.
Onion: Applying onion juice also relieves ear infections and pain. Applying warm-heat using pads over infected and aching ear gives comfort. Warm cloth containing boiled garlic pieces or warm onion pieces when gently positioned over paining ear gives relief from ear aches.
Jetun (Olive) oil Few drops of olive oil can clear the obstruction in Eustachian tube. By using olive oil earwax is easily moved out of ear.Mineral oils are good for curing ear infection. Put few drops of mineral oil which is natural and cause no allergies to the infected ear. It is effective and prevents ear infection caused due to contaminated water. 1-2 drops of alcohol or hydrogen peroxide gives relief on ear infections and aches. Keep it for 2-3 minutes in the infected and paining ear and then evacuate it by keeping the head down. Idea is to keep Eustachian tubes clear this is a tube joining ear and throat.Mixture of warm olive oil and few pieces of garlic provides relief in ear infections and aches.Biting and chewing soft nutritional foods with the teeth or taking sips of warm vegetable soups also soothes ear aches.
You can prevent most ear infections and aches by keeping ears and surrounding ears dry and clean using ear buds and keeping the ears dry using soft cotton fabrics.Cover the outer layer of ear using cotton, as it prevents your ear from various air and water-borne ear infections and aches, by acting as a safe coverage to the ear.

Eczema Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Eczema is such a common condition that it affects every one of five children during their school-going age. It is also a very common disease found in infants. Eczema in adults could be a recurring chronic condition, which the person may have to live with throughout life. Hence, it can be safely assumed that eczema is one of the most prevalent skin problems in the world today.

Definition of Eczema (Vicharchika)

Eczema is dermatitis, i.e. an inflammation of the upper layers of the skin known as the epidermis. It is actually a whole group of skin ailments that can affect all age groups. Eczema is an itchy condition, which leads to red rashes when scratched. For this reason, eczema is also called as ‘the itch that rashes’. In some people there may be different kinds of inflammations observed such as redness of the skin, flaking, chapping, cracking, drying up and even rupturing and bleeding. Even the extent of eczema infection differs from one person to another.
In Sanskrit, eczema is termed as vicharchika. Another closely resembling disease in Ayurveda is paama. The signs and symptoms of both vicharchika and paama can be correlated to the symptoms of eczema.

Types and Symptoms of Eczema (Vicharchika)

There are several types of eczemas. In Ayurveda , all the three doshas can lead to eczema. The symptoms of the different eczemas are:-
Vata dosha type – When the vitiation of the vata dosha produces the eczema, it is felt in the dryness of the skin. There is pain and severe itching of the affected region. Pitta dosha type – Pitta dosha vitiation can cause oozing from the affected part. There are other symptoms shown such as burning and fever. Kapha dosha type – When there is an imbalance of the kapha, it is more observable on the skin. The skin becomes thick and is accompanied by oozing and itching. Medical science describes the different types of eczemas according to their causes and the symptoms. The following tables details the different types of eczemas:-

Type of Eczema Cause Symptoms
Atopic Eczema This eczema is caused due to allergic reactions. It is found in people who have histories of asthma and hay fevers. The triggering factors for this type of eczema are many (see below). Unbearable itchiness of skin called as pruritis Dryness of the skin Redness and inflammation of the skin Cracking and weeping of the skin when scratched
Allergic Contact Dermatitis This is caused due to constant physical contact with some material that the person’s skin is allergic to. For a list of the common allergenic materials, see below. A rash appears at the place where the contact has taken place.
Infantile Seborrhoetic Eczema Its exact cause is unknown. It affects babies under one year old. Inflammation begins on the scalp or the nappy area and spreads quickly throughout the body There is no soreness or itchiness The rash clears itself within a few months
Adult Seborrhoetic Eczema It is caused due to yeast or fungal growth on the skin. It is observed in people between twenty and forty years of age. Inflammation begins on the scalp as mild dandruff, but then spreads onto the face, ears and chest Skin becomes red and flaking occurs
Xerotic Eczema This eczema occurs due to constant dryness of the skin. It flares up in cold and dry weather. The skin becomes very tender and itchy The inflammation is observed on the limbs and the trunk
Gravitational Eczema This condition is observed in people with circulation problems such as varicose veins. It mostly occurs in people over 50 years of age. Inflammation occurs on the ankle
Edema occurs, The inflammation is red, sore and itchy

Causes and Transmission of Eczema (Vicharchika)

The causative factors of vicharchika are vitiations in all the three doshas – vata, pitta and kapha. The pitta vitiated vicharchika is the most common. Vitiation of the skin occurs through imbalance between the pitta and the blood to produce eczema. Vata and kaphadoshas are responsible for the pathogenesis of the disease that produces the different types of symptoms. However, the exact causes of eczemas are still a mystery to medical science. However, there are several risk factors where eczema is concerned. The following are a few of them:- The commonest type of eczema, atopic eczema, is an allergic condition. The genetic strands carrying atopic eczema run within families, and are very closely associated with other hereditary ailments such as asthma and hay fever. Atopic eczema can flare up due to several allergens such as:-
a. Pollen
b. Dust
c. Animal dander
e. Dry skin
f. Detergents

Certain ingredients in the diet Allergic contact eczema is caused when the body’s immune system reacts to a particular substance that is in constant contact with the skin. This type of eczema can be triggered due to:-
a. Certain fabrics
b. Belts and their buckles
c. Shoes
d. Underwear
e. Nickel that is present in earrings, belt buckles
f. and jeans buttons
g. Perfumes and deodorants
h. Rubber
i. Poison ivy
There is a type of eczema which affects only young babies. This is known as infantile eczema. The exact cause of this type of eczema is not known. Eczema can also be caused due to varicose veins. This type of eczema is called as gravitational eczema or simply varicose eczema. Growth of organisms such as yeast on the skin can cause an infection known as seborrhoetic eczema.

People who are at Risk of Eczema (Vicharchika)

The following people are at much higher risk of eczema than others:-
1. People who have a history of respiratory ailments such as asthma and hay fever
2. People who have other people suffering from eczema in their family
3. People who constantly wear tight clothes and underwear
4. People who are allergic to nickel, poison ivy, rubber and particular synthetic fabrics
5. People who cannot bear cold and dry winds
6. People who are allergic to certain foods
7. People who are allergic to detergents and soaps


Prevention and Basic Care during Eczema (Vicharchika)

There are several basic guidelines to be followed when a person has eczema. The following are some of them:- Identify the allergic factor that is causing the eczema and remove it completely from the environment. If the eczema is due to an ingredient in the diet, then abstain from that particular food completely.
Soaps and detergents must not be used on inflamed skin. Special non-fragrant soaps are available in the market made from herbal ingredients. These must be used. After bath, the skin must not be allowed to remain wet. It is water drying up from the skin that aggravates the eczema.
During bathing, olive oil added to the water helps. Similarly, an oil or a ghee massage can be had about an hour after the bath. Baths should not be too prolonged or too frequent. Use warm water for the bath, but not hot or cold water. Towels used for drying the skin must not be rough. Use a soft fiber towel and only pat dry. Rubbing on the skin will aggravate the inflammation drastically. Woolens must be strictly avoided. The same applies to blankets. Avoid sweating as much as you can. Be wary of using objects on the skin such as spectacles, artificial jewelry, footwear, furs and synthetic fibers. Identify and isolate the allergenic materials. People with eczema problems must not visit places where there is cold and dry climate. The house where a person lives in must always be kept clean and dust-free. Regular cleaning and dusting of each corner of the house must be done. Stress is also related with eczema flare-ups. Extreme emotions like anger and shock must be avoided.

Diet for People with Eczema (Vicharchika)

Since food is one of the causes of eczema, it is important to be cautious about the diet. Generally a person with eczema can have a normal diet, but without the specific allergic factor. Depending on the constitution of the person, he or she can be allergic to just about any kind of food. Hence, one of the steps of diagnosing eczema is to identify if any foodstuff is the cause of the eczema. If so, then that food must be eliminated from the diet.
Furthermore, people with eczema must keep away from the following foods:-
1. Salad vegetables like cucumbers and radish must not be used.
2. Fruits like oranges, watermelons and papayas must be avoided as they are contra-indications to eczema.
3. Ice-creams and cold drinks must be strictly avoided.
4. Several spices and oils can aggravate eczema.
5. Hence they must be taken with moderation.
6. Nuts are harmful to eczema, especially cashew nuts.
7. Foods with a high mineral content such as ginger, onion and ladies finger (okra) must be curtailed in the diet. Mustard is a strict no-no.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Eczema (Vicharchika)

Ayurveda has a very rich repertoire of treatment methods for Eczema. Several Indian indigenous herbs are found to be very effective in the treatment of the problem. Their curative measures are being studied even to this day, and with astounding results. The following are some of the most potent herbs with their actions on the human body:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Alsi Linum usitatissimum Linseed The oil of the linseed is mixed with an equal amount of lime juice and applied on the inflamed region. Relief is immediate.
Arka Calotropics gigantica Dead Sea Apple, Swallow Wort The juice of the arka is mixed with sesame oil and turmeric. This is applied externally over the affected skin.
Babul Acacia arabica Babul The babul tree bark is useful in the treatment of eczema. It is taken in powder form along with the powdered bark of mango tree and boiled in water. The vapors of this bark mixture are used to foment the affected region. Ghee is applied after the fomentation on the affected part.
Mahua Madhuca indica Madhuca The leaves of the madhuca are ground into a paste and applied as bandages on the affected regions. This provides immense relief to the itchy pains. However, the bandage must be changed regularly, i.e. after every three to four hours.
Mangal karanda or Karanja Pongamia pinnata Indian Beech The oil of the karanda made into an emulsion with lemon juice has very good soothing properties for the inflammations of eczema. Palasha Butea monosperma Butea The seeds of the palasha are ground, mixed with lemon juice and applied on the affected region. This is especially beneficial on dhobi's itch, a type of allergic contact dermatitis with tight clothes.

The following Ayurvedic preparations are highly beneficial in treating eczema problems:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Aragwardharishta, Haemojas, Rasamanikya, Talakeshwara, Kadirarishta, Saaribaadyarishta Bhasma/Kashaya Tikitha kashaya, Mahatikitha kashaya Choorna Panchanimbaadi choorna Ghrita Tikataka ghritam Lehya Madhusnuhi rasayana, Manibhadra lehya, Gandaka rasayana Vati Padavalamooladi
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Edema Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Edema is a very prevalent condition in the western world where several millions of people are affected every year with the condition. Though the disease has been in the world since time immemorial, an effective treatment of the disorder has been developed only recently. The bigger problem with edema is that the person does not realize when the condition is beginning to set within his or her body. In most cases there is negligence of the issue, which becomes more complicated as the time passes by. It is extremely necessary to treat edema at the earliest, for that is when the treatment is most effective.

Definition of Edema(Shvathu)

Edema is simply defined as the excess accumulation of fluids in the spaces between the tissues and the skin, known as the interstitial spaces. This causes an abnormal swelling or puffiness of parts of the body. Edema can occur almost anywhere in the body; but the most general swelling is observed in the hands and the feet. Edema was earlier known as dropsy. Several people still recognize edema with this more popular name.
In Ayurveda , edema is known as shotha or shvathu. Here the disease is treated as a result of the vitiation of any one of the three fundamental doshas that govern the human body. However, there is marked difference between the symptoms of the shvathu caused due to the three doshas.

Types of Edema (Shvathu)

Medically, there are two types of edema – the pitting type and the non-pitting type.
(i) Pitting type of Edema – The pitting edema is the common form of edema in which fluids are retained in the interstitial spaces between the tissues and the skin. This can be found out externally. If the swelling gets depressed by applying some pressure on it and then the depression remains for some time even after the pressure has been removed, then the edema is known as pitting type of edema. Pitting edema is primarily caused due to problems with the vital organs of the body, which includes the heart, liver and the kidneys. Malfunctioning of these important organs can cause fluid retention due to which the swelling takes place. The basic component that is retained is sodium chloride, which is common salt. Hence regulation of the diet is very efficacious in the treatment of pitting edema.
(ii) Non pitting type of Edema – Non pitting edema is the more dangerous type of edema. In this type, there is an accumulation of solid materials in the tissue rather than fluids. Non pitting edema is also rare; it occurs as a secondary complication in people who are already suffering from some medical condition such as lymphedema or pretibial myxedema.

Non pitting edema can also be found out externally. If there is no depression on the swelling by the application of pressure on it, then the edema is non pitting edema. There is marked similarity in the medical and Ayurvedic types of edema. Since edema can be caused due to a vitiation of all the three doshas, there are three basic types of edema or shvathu in Ayurveda . They are according to the following:-
(i) Vata type of edema – Vitiation in the vata causes the classic type of edema, i.e. the pitting type. This is usually originated from venous conditions, such as varicose veins. Pain is an important symptom of vataja edema.
(ii) Pitta type of edema – The edema caused by vitiation of the pitta dosha caused inflammation of the affected region.
(iii) Kapha type of edema – Vitiation of the kaphadosha produces the most difficult type of edema, i.e. the non pitting type of edema.

Causes of Edema (Shvathu)

Edema or shvathu can be caused due to a large number of factors. The following are some of the important factors:-
1. Too much salt in the diet is a very common cause of edema. Salt retention in the body is linked to pitting type of edema.
2. Deficiency of vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) is also a very important contributing factor to edema.
3. People who take excessive steroids are also at risk of fluid accumulation in their bodies, i.e. edema.
4. Obstruction in any of the channels of the body can cause fluid retention in that area, leading to edema. The ama vata is responsible for the edema caused due to the obstruction of the body channels.
5. Edema is caused due to malfunctioning of any of the vital organs, i.e. the heart, liver and the kidneys.
6. Standing in one place for too long can cause edema. The act of standing can pull the water in your body towards your legs. This may cause fluid retention in the limbs.

Edema is common in pregnant women. Some diseases can cause lymph retention in the body called as lymphedema. The following are some of these diseases:-
a. Filariasis
b. Thromboflebitis
c. Trauma
d. Myxedema
Though there are so many causes of edema known to us, there are some edemas that occur due to unknown causes also. Such edemas, whose causes are yet unknown to us, are collectively known as idiopathic edema.

Symptoms of Edema (Shvathu)

The most apparent symptom of any form of edema is the swelling of various regions of the body, most generally the hands and the legs. For a list of the different symptoms of edema – due to vata, pitta and kapha dosha – refer to the 'types of edema' section.

Complications of Edema (Shvathu)

Prolonged conditions of edema can give rise to several complications in the body. The following are some of the important complications that edem can cause:-
1. Edema is fluid retention in the body; hence the overall bulk and weight of the person will increase.
2. The person could find to move himself in the later stages.
3. Ulceration is very common among edema patients.
4. The commonest ulcers can be found anywhere on the skin.
5. Nails tend to lose their color and become yellowish.

Transmission of Edema (Shvathu)

Edema is a highly individualistic disorder. It occurs due to metabolic disorders within one’s own body. Hence they are not communicable from one person to another. There is also no proof that edema can be hereditarily transmitted.

People who are at Risk of Edema (Shvathu)

Edema can target specific groups. The following is a list of some people who are at higher risks of edema than others:-
a. Children who suffer from kwashiorkor due to protein deficiency can develop edema. In such children the fluids are retained in the face giving rise to what is known as the 'moon-face' condition.
b. People who are deficient in the hormone thyroxin (hypothyroidism) can develop a special type of edema known as pretibial myxedema, which affects primarily the limbs.
c. Kidney patients must take immense care, as failure of the kidneys could cause the dangerous condition of renal edema.
d. Edema is also rampant among people who suffer from congestive heart failure, especially of the right side of the heart.
e. People suffering from tumors, lymphomas or fibrosis are also at a higher risk of getting edema than others.

Prevention and Basic Care during Edema (Shvathu)

Edema must be prevented in time, or else the condition could aggravate to giant proportions. The following steps must be taken in order to keep edema at bay:-
Salt must be totally avoided in the diet, as this one ingredient of the food is highly responsible for causing the pitting type of edema.
One must follow strict dietary guidelines to prevent the accumulation of fluids within the body.
Any problem with the vital organs like the heart, lungs and kidney must be immediately brought to the notice of the doctor.

Diet for People with Edema (Shvathu)

Obviously, diet is very important in edema. Since edema can be caused by the vitiation of any of the three major doshas, it is necessary that the diet be properly balanced so as not the exacerbate any of these doshas. The following dietary regimen is beneficial:-
Foods to have:
a. Buttermilk and ghee
b. Honey
c. Soup of castor oil
d. Bitter vegetables such as radish
e. Amlaki (Indian Gooseberry)
f. Wheat
g. Spices such as cloves
Foods to avoid:
1. Salt
2. Rice
3. Jaggery
4. Curds
5. Dry vegetables
6. Sesame oil

Ayurvedic Treatment of Edema (Shvathu)

Ayurveda has several age-old remedies for removal of the excess fluid retention in the body, which is the condition of edema. The following is a list of some of the most potent of these herbs with their actions on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Alfalfa Medicago satina Alfalfa Alfalfa is an effective medicine for the edema of the kidneys. It has diuretic properties and it gently flushes out the accumulated fluids in the body.
Behera Terminalia belerica Belleric Myroblan Behera is used for its properties of relieving the body of unnecessary fluid retention.
Chirchita Achyranthes aspera Rough Chaff Rough chaff is especially useful in the treatment of edema of the kidneys due to its diuretic properties.
Gokulakanta Hygrophila spinosa Gokulakanta The ash of the gokulakanta is very beneficial in removing the excess fluids from the body. The ash is more effective if it is taken along with cow's urine.
Kateli Solanum xanthocarpum Kantakari The herb of kantakari is potent in removing the excessive fluids retained within the body. It is also a diuretic, which helps in the secretion and discharge of urine.
Makoy Solanum nigrum Black Nightshade Black nightshade can be used both as a vegetable and as a decoction in the treatment of edema. The herb helps in the secretion and the discharge of urine from the body.
Tilpushpi Digitalis purpura Digitalis The herb of digitalis is useful in the removal of obstructions within the urinary system. Hence it brings about better discharge of the fluids retained within the body.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects.

The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of edema:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation Asava/Arishta Punarnavasava, Kumariasava, Bhasma/Kashaya Prisniparanyaadi Kashaya, Dashamoola Kvatha, Choorna Navyaasa Choorna, Punamavadi Choorna Ghrita Sunthi Ghritam, Chitraka Ghritam, Punarnavadi Ghritam Vati Punarnava Mandoor, Gokshuradi Guggulu, Amarasundara Vati
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Elephantiasis Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Though one may not see several cases of elephantiasis roaming around on the roads, the disease is fairly common in the topical countries. It is found commonly in about 80 tropical countries of the world, and it affects a whopping 120 million people annually. The worst scenario is that, elephantiasis does not have a definitive cure, nor is there any vaccine to prevent its onset. Philanthropic companies such as GlaxoSmithKline are offering free antibiotics to prevent the infection that leads to elephantiasis. These have indeed shown a positive effect in the curtailment of the disease, and the world is hopeful that elephantiasis will be completely eradicated by the year 2020. Until then, we need to arm ourselves against this terrible scourge on humankind.

Definition of Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

Quite simply put, elephantiasis is the abnormal enlargement of any part of the human body. The most common growth of elephantiasis is observed in the lower limbs and in the genital area. This type of elephantiasis is due to a parasitic infection, caused by the agency of the mosquito. It is known as lymphatic filariasis. Lymphatic filariasis is the most common form of elephantiasis, though it is not the only form. For a list of the different types of elephantiasis, read below. In Sanskrit, elephantiasis is named as shleepada jwara. In this name, pada refers to ‘foot’. Hence, the name actually means a disease of the foot. However, this is a bit of a misnomer as elephantiasis can affect several other parts of the body besides the foot. Shleepada Jwara is a disorder of the vata, i.e. the air element that governs the human body. When the vata is vitiated, then the human body can become an entry point for several infections such as those which cause elephantiasis. For this reason, Ayurveda attempts at treating shleepada jwara or elephantiasis by bringing about a normalization of the vata dosha.

Types of Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

There are two main types of elephantiasis. They are as follows:-
(i) Lymphatic Filariasis – As already mentioned above, this is the most common form. It is an enlargement of parts of the body (especially the feet and the genitals) due to parasitic infections, transmitted through mosquitoes. Lymphatic filariasis is also the most prevalent form of elephantiasis. Here the parasites make their abode in the lymph glands of the person’s body which lie below the skin. Lymphatic filariasis can be treated by surgical methods and regular cleaning techniques. However the success ratio of surgeries is low.
(ii) Non-filarial Elephantiasis – This is the type of elephantiasis that is not caused due to filarial infection. It is thought to be caused due constant skin contact with volcanic ash. This condition is also known as podoconiosis and is a very difficult condition to treat. However, non-filarial elephantiasis is a very rare condition and is found mostly in areas where there have been volcanoes in the past.

Causes of Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

Elephantiasis is one more of the several diseases transmitted through mosquitoes. The most common form of elephantiasis, i.e. lymphatic filariasis, is caused due to parasitic infections. The following parasites are the chief culprits in causing the disease:-
1. Wucheraria bancrofti
2. Brugia malayi
3. Brugia timori
All these above are nematodes, i.e. roundworms belonging to the animal phylum, Phylum Aschelminthes. Out of these three, the infection by Wucheraria bancrofti is the most prevalent and also the most serious. It has got a name of its own, the bancroftian elephantiasis. Elephantiasis caused due to lymphatic filariasis can be compounded due to the presence of the bacteria Wolbachia who lives symbiotically with the affecting roundworms inside the human hody. The exact cause of non-filarial elephantiasis is not clearly known. However this elephantiasis is not due to infection. It is presumed that this infection could be due to constant contact with volcanic ash, which contains sulfur and other mineral deposits.

Symptoms of Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

Elephantiasis is a very difficult condition to diagnose in the early stages as the swelling is minimal and cannot be made out clearly. However as the disease advances, several symptoms are very prominently observed. The following is a list of the prominent symptoms of elephantiasis:-
1. There is severe swelling in different parts of the body due to the accumulation of fluids. The swelling is commonly observed in the legs and groin, but it can also be seen in the head, trunk, breast, arms and other parts of the anatomy.
2. Edema is caused due to the accumulation of fluids in the body.
3. The skin hardens and the lymph glands below the skin begin swelling up. All these cause the body to enlarge to grotesque proportions.
4. The skin undergoes hyper-pigmentation, due to which it appears darkened. Ulcers are seen on the skin.
5. There are constant fevers accompanied by chills.
6. The person feels a constant sense of discomfort, i.e. malaise.

Complications of Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

Elephantiasis can complicate itself to very dangerous levels if left untreated in the early stages. The following are some of the drastic complications that can occur:-
1. Hydrocele is very commonly observed in men who suffer from elephantiasis. Hydrocele is the accumulation of fluids in the testicles. This is a very painful condition, which renders men impotent.
2. Similarly, elephantiasis of the penis and the scrotum in males is a very painful condition and can lead to impotency.
3. In women, the elephantiasis can spread to the vulva. This could make it possible for the woman to enjoy penetrative sex, and also to conceive.
4. This causes tumerous growths, which may make the condition quite severe.
5. Elephantiasis can cause damage to the lungs in the form of eosinophilia, in which there is an increase in the number of eosinophils in the blood. This condition is characterized by a wheezing cough and fevers.
6. Prolonged elephantiasis can cause failure of the kidneys.

Transmission of Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

Elephantiasis caused by lymphatic filariasis is transmitted through the agency of female mosquitoes. When a mosquito bites an infected person, then the larval forms of the roundworms enter the body of the person. Here they can live for several years, averaging around five years. The mosquito bites other people during this time, and this causes further infections. The condition of elephantiasis is endemic in several African and South Asian countries. It affects 80 countries in the world. Several measures are being taken by the governments of these countries in order to eradicate filariasis and elephantiasis.

People who are at Risk of Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

People who live in the countries where elephantiasis is endemic are naturally at a much higher risk of the disease than other people. This risk factor is compounded by the following factors:-
a. Unhygienic areas with stagnated waters are better breeding grounds for the mosquitoes that transmit the elephantiasis roundworms. Hence people living near unhygienic areas are more susceptible to the disease.
b. People who suffer from lymphedema are vulnerable to elephantiasis. This is a hereditarily transmitted disorder.
c. People who have been cleaned from elephantiasis may develop secondary infections, and it can become a chronic problem.

Prevention and Basic Care during Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

The following precautionary measures can help to keep elephantiasis at bay:-
* Mosquito eradication is of the utmost importance. All stagnating water must be removed or treated with mosquito-repelling chemicals.
* Mosquito nets, creams and other repellant devices must be used at home to prevent mosquito bites.
* People must avoid walking barefoot on soil, especially in places where there have been volcanic eruptions.
* If there is a person suffering from elephantiasis in the near vicinity, then more care must be taken for mosquito eradication. The affected person must be protected from mosquito bites so that the disease does not spread.

Diet for People with Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

Since elephantiasis is a vata disease, a vata pacifying diet is the best bet to control the disease. The following tips must be remembered in order to consume a vata pacifying diet:-
* Eat warm foods. Do not allow foods to cool down to room temperature.
* Do not eat dry foods. Use some liquid part in the diet such as pulses, lentils, gravies and curries.
* Use a little oil in the diet.
* Foods must be sweet, sour or salty. These are the tastes that help in vata pacification.
* Bitter and spicy tastes must be reduced.
* Nuts must be included in the diet. The best nuts to have are groundnuts, cashew nuts, hazel nuts and walnuts.
* Salads must be an integral part of the diet. Use lots of carrots, spinach and asparagus in the salads.
* Consume more rice diets. The long Indian rice known as Basmati rice is better for vata pacification.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Elephantiasis (Shleepada Jwara)

There are several herbs that have been prescribed by Ayurveda for the treatment of elephantiasis. Some of these herbs have been in common use since centuries. The following is a list of some of the most beneficial herbs and their actions on the human body. Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Amlaki Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry The uses of amlaki or amla in Ayurvedic medicine are endless. Amla is the richest source of vitamin C. It has anthelminthic properties, i.e. it can combat worms. Hence, regular usage of amlaki in the diet helps to keep the infection at bay.
Ashwagandha Withania somniferum Winter Cherry Ashwagandha is an important constituent of Shilajit, an Ayurvedic preparation that has several uses. One of its uses is in the treatment of elephantiasis.
Bala Sida cordifollia Country Mallow Due to the presence of ephedrine in it, bala is very beneficial in balancing the vata of the body. This is important for the control of elephantiasis.
Brahmi Centella asiatica Gotu Kola, Indian Pennywort Brahmi is an age-old Indian medicine for several ailments. In the case of elephantiasis, the herb is converted into a fresh poultice, which is externally applied to he skin. This reduces the swelling with reguar use.
Kavacha Mucuria pruriens Cowitch or Cowhage Plant The root of the kavacha plant is especially beneficial in the treatment of elephantiasis. A decoction of the root is taken for relief from the infection.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects.

The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of elephantiasis:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation Asava/Arishta Dathya Arishta, Lodhrasava Bhasma/Kashaya Swarna Bhasma, Punarnavadi Kashaya, Dashamooladi Kashaya Choorna Vriddhahardak Choorna, Haritaki Choorna Ghrita Sauvarchala Ghrita Rasa Nithyananda Rasa Vati Vishama Jwarnataka, Nongandi Taila, Vriddhi Vardhikahara Vati
Application with the following oils externally also brings reduction of the swelling in elephantiasis:-
* Vachadi Taila
* Nagaradi Taila
* Panchamala Taila
* Manjistadi Lepa
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Emaciation Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Malnutrition is one of the most serious problems facing the third world countries today. India is one of the leading countries in this respect, where about 212 million people are registered as malnutrition. Malnutrition arises due to poverty, when the person is not able to consume a proper diet and hence suffers from several dietary deficiency diseases. It is very necessary to be aware of the proper dietary requirements that must be met for the correct maintenance of the human body. This article deals with emaciation, which is the most prevalent symptom of malnutrition.

Definition of Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

Emaciation is the condition in which a person suffers from severe nutritional deficiency, due to which the body becomes very lean, almost to the point of skin and bones. Emaciated people are extremely thin, and there is almost no observable flesh anywhere on the body. The Indian name for emaciation is shosha roga, which literally means 'exploitative disease'. The emaciated body actually looks like someone who has been long tortured and kept away from food. Another term for the disease is karshya. But karshya means simply 'leanness', which could arise due to malnutrition or due to any other disorder. Shosha roga is leanness especially due to malnutrition. In this manner, shosha roga and karshya are both distinct disorders, though the symptoms may be the same.

Types of Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

Emaciation is indicative of several dietary deficiency diseases. Hence, there are different types of emaciation based on what dietary factor has caused it. The following is a list of the different kinds of malnutrition and the emaciation they cause.
Dietary Deficiency Disorder Caused Due to Key Features
Kwashiorkor Kwashiorkor is observed only in children who have been weaned from the mother’s milk but their diet is not supplemented with proteins. Kwashiorkor leads to emaciation of the upper body, but the abdomen bloats up due to ascites. Edema is very commonly observed in kwashiorkor. The hair of the child becomes grey blond, and the face becomes full-well rounded.
Marasmus Marasmus occurs in children who are deficient in proteins, carbohydrates as well as fats. Marasmus is therefore also called as Protein Energy Malnutrition. Marasmus reduces the circumference of the arms and the limbs of the child. The emaciation is severe; and the height and weight both are below normal values.
Beriberi Beriberi is caused due to prolonged deficiency of vitamin B1, i.e. thiamine. It is commonly observed in people whose diet contains primarily of polished rice. In people with beriberi, the emaciation is not very much; but there is severe weakness. Beriberi is a nervous disorder, hence the malnutrition is accompanied with a general weakening of the mental faculties of the person.
Pellagra Pellagra is caused due to the prolonged deficiency of vitamin B3, i.e. niacin. It is commonly observed in North Indian people whose diet contains primarily of maize. People suffering from pellagra will have dermatitis and severe weakness. The emaciation is not very much, but the disease is serious, often leading to death.
Nutritional Deficiency Nutritional deficiency refers to the general deficiency of food, which causes severe emaciation. People who starve for longer periods of time, are prone to suffer from emaciation. This can be corrected by meeting their proper dietary requirements.

Causes of Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

There is only one cause of emaciation, and that is starvation. The following are the prime contributing factors towards starvation and hence, emaciation:-
Poverty is the most prevalent contributing factor for emaciation. Given that the greatest number of emaciated people is found in the developing and the underdeveloped countries, it is obvious that people living under the poverty belt are emaciated. This is because poor people simply do not have the money required to buy the requisite foods.
Ignorance about food causes emaciation even in the economically well-to-do sector of society. There are several food customs and fallacies that are adopted in different countries. More often than not, these customs cause the deprivation of a particular ingredient from the diet of the person causing emaciation. This is more observed in the case of tourists and emigrants to other countries. The busy urban life is also contributing to emaciation. People are just too busy to eat. Along with this, people have faulty eating timetables. Anorexia nervosa is the disorder in which a person is just too afraid of eating. This causes much of the malnutrition emaciation in the urban areas.

Symptoms of Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

There are many symptoms of emaciation. Though all these symptoms indicate emaciation, all the symptoms may not occur together in a single person. First and foremost is the bodily appearance of the person. There is a lot of muscle and tissue wasting and the body reduces to merely skin and bones. The ribs are clearly seen in the chest cavity. Fatigue is very common. The person cannot do even the simplest activity without getting unduly tired. Eyesight becomes weak in most cases. The eyes may also appear yellowish, as in jaundice, or reddened. Skin pigmentation occurs in most cases. This is the reason why emaciated people appear darker than people on a healthy diet. There are several infections that may appear on the skin. Eczema, rabies, etc. are common skin ailments found in emaciated people.

Complications of Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

Emaciation is one of the earliest indications that the body is losing out on an important ingredient of the diet. Hence the onset of emaciation often indicates a more severe condition present within the body. Hence it is necessary to take emaciation seriously.

Transmission of Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

Emaciation is not an infectious or contagious disease that can be spread from one person to another. It is caused due to dietary deficiency, which can be corrected only by a proper diet.

People who are at Risk of Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

The following people are at greater risks of emaciation:- * People who live under poverty conditions and are not able to afford their basic foods are very much susceptible to emaciation.
* People living in areas that suffer regular geographic calamities like floods and faminesare also vulnerable to emaciation. This is because such natural conditions adversely affect
* the food production, due to which the person will suffer from malnourishment.
* People who have a history of certain dietary deficiency diseases could be more sensitive to deficiencies in the diet. Such people have a higher degree of becoming emaciated.

Prevention and Basic Care during Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

The prevention of emaciation can only be done by taking the right foods in the right amount. For this, a proper knowledge of the dietary requirements of the body is absolutely essential. If there is any doubt, then you must meet with your physician or a dietician to get tips on what foods you are lacking in. At the same time, governments must take adequate measures to solve the food problems in their countries. Food is one of the most important factors needed for human survival, and the development of the country can only occur when their population is well-fed. Stress plays a key role in causing emaciation. It is seen that some people who eat well are still emaciated. This could be due to the excessive tensions and worries that they take. Hence, it is necessary to be relieved from stresses. Especially if a person is already emaciated, then worries must be definitely kept away, as they are a sure way of leading the emaciated person towards his or her death.

Diet for People with Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

The importance of a good well-balanced diet for people with emaciation cannot be stressed enough. Carbohydrates, proteins and fats, all are very vital dietary nutrients that are needed for the proper growth of the body. They are called as the proximate principles of food because they get oxidized in the body and provide energy for the various metabolic activities of the body. The following list mentions the important sources of foods that contain these vital nutrients:-
* Dietary Nutrients Plant Source Animal Source
* Carbohydrates Food grains such as rice, wheat, sorghum, maize, etc
* All kinds of breads and pastas
* Vegetables such as beans, carrots and potatoes
* Citrus fruits and bananas
* Barley, oatmeal and bran
* Carbohydrates are sparingly present in animal foods.
* Proteins Soy and soy products
* Pulses and legumes
* Nuts and seeds
* All meats and fishes
* Milk and milk products
* Eggs
Fats Oils obtained from vegetable sources such as coconut oil, groundnut oil and palm oil
Ghee and butterIce-creams, cakes and chocolates Fishes such as salmon and tuna Animal fat and lard

Only a dietician will be able to tell how much of each of these prime nutrients are required by your body. At the same time, it must not be forgotten that they are several vitamins and minerals which the body requires in addition to the above-mentioned proximate principles of foods. There are the following dietary don'ts for emaciated people, which must be followed:-
* Dry foods must be avoided, as they contain only calories and no nutritional value.
* Pungent foods must be avoided for the same reason.
* The food must be kept light, but the volume should be gradually increased from one day to the next.
* If the deficient nutrient is identified, then it must be included in the diet; but excessive
* dependency of one kind of nutrient is detrimental to the quantities of the other nutrients.
* Emaciated people must keep regular eating timetables and must not eat at odd intervals.
* The dinner must not be had at too late in the night.
* Finally, an emaciated person must not exert too much, as his or her diet does not provide the necessary nutrients required for work.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Emaciation (Shosha Roga)

Some herbs have been ascribed with curative properties for emaciation. Though the best cure of emaciation is to eat well, the following herbs help by increasing the bulk of the body and in helping the proper absorption and assimilation of the food.
* Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
* Ashwagandha Withania somnifera Winter Cherry, Indian Ginseng No other herb is as effective in the treatment of emaciation as ashwagandha. It is the prime ingredient in almost all the Ayurvedic preparations for the treatment of both shosha roga and karshya. Ashwagandha improves the person’s tendency to eat, and also improves the assimilation of nutrients in the body.
* Madhu Mel despumatum Honey Honey is ascribed with an extremely large number of curative properties in Ayurveda . Out of its myriad benefits, honey can also treat people with emaciation. It improves the appetite due to which people feel a stronger urge to eat.

Some other herbs that are potent in the treatment of emaciation are given below:-
* Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Brahmi Centella asiatica Indian Pennywort, Gotu Kola
* Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba Maidenhair Tree, Ginkgo Jalakan Valeriana officinalis Valerian
* Oat Avena sativa Oats

The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of emaciation:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
* Asava/Arishta Dashamoolarishta,
* Ashwagandharishta
* Bhasma/Kashaya Swarna Bhasma, Vidaryaadi Kashaya
* Choorna Ashwagandha Choorna, Dhaatu Pushti Choorna
* Ghrita Amrita Praasha Ghrita, Vidaryaadi Ghrita
* Lehya Kushamandha Lehya, Ashwagandha Lehya
* Rasa Vata Kulantaka Rasa
* Vati Ashwagandha Vati
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Epilepsy Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Epilepsy, known as apasmaara in Sanskrit, is affecting about 50 million people of the world today. Epilepsy is a disease of the brain. An epileptic person has characteristic bouts called as seizures or fits, which can occur anywhere and anytime.

Definition of Epilepsy (Apasmaara)

Epilepsy is a neurobiological condition in which the functions of the brain are erratic, without any apparent reason. The abnormal behavior of the brain shows itself in brief spells, which are called as seizures or fits. During this period, the normal coordination of the brain with the rest of the body comes to a halt. Most seizures last for a couple of minutes and then the person can return back to normal. There is no particular place or time where the seizures might occur. The severity of the seizure could range from a mild giddy feeling to a complete blackout lasting several minutes. The nature of epilepsy goes on worsening as the age of the person advances. This is shown in longer and more numbing seizures. Most serious seizures can finally lead to a permanent state called as status epilepticus. Status epilepticus is almost what is called as ‘brain-dead’ condition. It requires urgent hospitalization and care.

Causes of Epilepsy (Apasmaara)

All the causes of epilepsy are not known to medical science. Hence the causes are divided into two categories:-
Symptomatic Causes, i.e. those causes which are known and Idiopathic Causes, i.e. those causes which are unknown.
Out of the various known symptomatic causes, the following are some important ones:-
Complications in the fetus either during pregnancy or during childbirth, Injury to the head, Stroke,Faulty techniques in neurosurgical operations,i.e. operations of the brain and the spinal cord, Infections from certain parasites, Infections from certain bacteria and viruses, such as encephalitis, Excessive alcoholism and drug addiction, Genetic disorders such as tuberous sclerosis and ring chromosome 20 syndrome. There are several idiopathic causes for epilepsy, i.e. epilepsy may begin between the ages of 5 and 20 years without any discernible neurobiological cause. Such causes of epilepsy are more prevalent among people who have a genetic propensity for the disease. Ayurveda considers epilepsy or apasmaara as a disease of the vata dosha. Vata dosha represents the air, and it is responsible for the healthy respiration of the person. Hence, a vitiation of the vata dosha, especially the praana vata which looks after the normal functioning of the brain and the nervous system, can culminate into epilepsy. Though apasmaara is constitutionally a vata dosha disease, it has been observed in people with pitta and kapha constitutions also. Hence, a combination of all the three doshas causes apasmaara or epilepsy.
Vata related epilepsy is caused when the person is under heavy excitation or an overwhelmedstate. Both extreme happiness and extreme grief can cause epileptic seizures.Pitta related epilepsy is caused due to extreme environmental conditions such as heat, cloudiness, humidity, dryness, etc. Too much exercise and mental stress can also cause seizures in pitta people. Kapha related epilepsy is caused when there is a clogging of the normal processes of the brain. Asedentary lifestyle compounded by rich oily orspicy food is the prime cause of seizures in this type. Kapha related epilepsy is observed more in children.

Symptoms of Epilepsy (Apasmaara)

Epileptic seizure symptoms vary vastly from person to person depending on the nature of the fit. Based on the severity of the seizures, the symptoms are classified into petit mal and grand mal symptoms.
(i) Petit Mal Symptoms:-Blinking trepidations of the eye Staring look that can be misconstrued as daydreaming Recurrence of the seizures No interest in studies and other activities
(ii) Grand Mal Symptoms:- Extreme convulsions of the whole body Muscular spasms Biting of the tongue and severe blinking of the eyes Rigidity and stiffness of the entire body Urine incontinence Pauses in breathing, followed by long gasps The symptoms of epilepsy from the Ayurvedic point of view, i.e. taking the three doshas into account are as follows:-
In people of the vata constitution, there will be the following indications:-
* Dryness of the mouth and skin
* Irregular bowel movements and constipations
* Insomnia
* Depression
In people of the pitta constitution, there will be the following indications:-
Extremely sensitive skin, causing rashes and sunburns often Sensitive nervous disposition
In people of the kapha constitution, there will be the following indications:-
* Feeling of congestion
* Giddiness and dizziness
* Claustrophobia

Complications Caused due to Epilepsy (Apasmaara)

Epilepsy is a serious disease in itself, but it can lead to several dire complications. The following are some aspects that make epilepsy deadlier than it already is:-
(i) The most serious complication of an epilepsy is the potential injury or accident the person may suffer during the seizure. There could be a fall on a hard or glass surface, or there could be an accidental fire or electric shock.
(ii) The heavy breathing during seizures can cause the person to inhale fluid within the lungs, causing a type of pneumonia.
(iii) The tongue and jaw muscles undergo severe convulsions during epileptic fits. The person may accidentally bite his or her tongue severely.
(iv) If a person has an epileptic seizure while operating heavy machinery or while driving, it could be fatal.
(v) Seizures that continue for a long time could complicate into a condition called status epilepticus. This is when the person gets a seizure when the previous seizure has not subsided completely. Status epilepticus almost always culminates into death.

Precautions during Seizures of Epilepsy (Apasmaara)

People with epilepsy must take dire precautions since the seizures can happen anywhere and anytime unexpectedly. The following is a list of the most serious of the precautions:-
Gas and electric cookers are very dangerous if the person has a seizure while operating them. People with epilepsy must use microwave ovens as they have less case of accidents.
Epileptic people must never bathe in a bathtub. A shower bath is ideal.
It is not a good idea to have many hard edged furniture and steep stairs in the house. Even glass furniture must be avoided.
Epileptic seizures can happen when a person is sleeping too. Hence beds should be kept touching the wall and cushions must be strewn on the floor along its sides. Hard furniture such as bedside cabinets and tables must be avoided or kept away from the bed.
Epileptic people must never live alone. At least there should be an emergency call number handy.

Diet for Epilepsy (Apasmaara)

The ketogenic diet has been proved to be very effective in controlling the onsets of epileptic seizures, especially in children. This diet contains three to four grams of fat per gram of carbohydrate and protein. The following foods are used in the diet:- Fat-rich sources such as butter, ghee, margarine, mayonnaise, peanut butter, etc. These are the prime ingredients of the ketogenic diet. Carbohydrates are very much reduced in the diet. Vitamin D and folic acid is added in the diet. The diet is also supplemented with minerals such as calcium and iron. This is the reason why the ketogenic diet is preferred for epileptic people over normal diets. In the normal food consisting of breads, rice and wheat generally, the carbohydrate composition is very high. Another diet that has been developed especially for epileptic people is the Atkin’s Diet. This diet also contains a high proportion of fats and low proportion of carbohydrates and proteins. Sugars are avoided or completely eliminated as they can cause high carbohydrate content. Saturated fats on the other hand, are freely included as they do not cause obesity or cholesterol problems. In Ayurveda, the following kind of diet is prescribed:- In the Charaaka Samhita, there is mention of the Mahapancha Gavya-Ghrita, Brahmi Ghrita and Vachadya Ghrita, all of which are very similar to the ketogenic diet described above. This diet contains cow’s ghee as the fatty base. It contains low amounts of proteins and carbohydrates. The aim of this diet is to make the body burn more fat than carbohydrates.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Epilepsy (Apasmaara)

It is widely believed that there is no cure for epilepsy and that a person with epilepsy must learn to live with the condition throughout his or her life. Extremely famous celebrities have been epileptic, without being treated for it all through their lives. The most famous case is of Prince John of England, who died of an epileptic seizure at the age of 13. Lenin of Russia was also epileptic and he died of a status epilepticus which lasted for 50 minutes. Other famous epileptics have been Julius Caesar, Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Jimmy Reed.
Though epilepsy cannot be medically controlled, many people are turning to Ayurveda for a solution. Ayurveda can control the quality and frequency of the seizures and thus ensure a prolonged life for the person. Neil Young and Hugo Weaving are best examples of people who have lived normal lives with alternative medication despite their epileptic conditions.
Ayurveda has a host of prescriptions for the treatment of apasmaara. The following are some of them with their actions given:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Brahmi Bacopa monnieri Water hyssop Brahmi provides relief from epileptic seizures as it is a nootropic, i.e. an herb that enhances the functional powers of the brain. Its oil or juice is taken mixed with honey twice or thrice a day.
Kushmanda Benincase hispida Ash Gourd or Winter Melon Kushmanda has some properties in treating the symptoms of epilepsy.
Lahsum Allium sativum Garlic Garlic cloves boost the mental capacity of the person and increase the coordination of the nervous system. Hence, they are helpful in epileptic patients.
Mulathi Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice Licorice is known to have some properties in allaying the severity of the epileptic seizures and reducing their frequencies.
Vacha Acorus calamus Calamus Vacha is another herb that is helpful in increasing the cognitive capacity of the brain. Its root is taken in the form of a powder mixed with honey twice or thrice a day.
The following Ayurvedic preparations have been used for epilepsy patients:-
* Brahatvata kulantak
* Jatamaansi choorna
* Apasmaarantaka ras

Excessive Thirst Causes, Symptoms,Preventing Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Water is one of the basic needs of all living beings, and thirst is the natural mechanism through which the organism comes to know that it needs water. All of us are very well acquainted with the feeling of thirst and the immense relief when a cool refreshing drink of water passes through a parched throat. Feeling thirsty and then getting quenched is one of the key factors indicating that we are alive. However, in some people, due to some reason, there is an excessive feeling of thirst. These people may feel thirsty just minutes after having a drink. Such an intense feeling of thirst without any apparent reason for the same is called as polydipsia or excessive thirst.

Description of Excessive Thirst (Trishna)

In very simple words, thirst is defined as a craving or desire to drink something. This is indicated by dryness in the throat and the mouth. This signal indicates that the body system is in need of some fluid. An excessively dry throat is called as a parched throat, and the act of drinking some fluid is called as quenching the thirst. Feeling thirsty is a very normal human indication and is in fact the body’s way of letting us know that we need to drink something. There are times when the human body feels thirstier than other times. For example:- In the summer days When the weather is quite dry After some strenuous bodily work or exercise When in a state of mental stress After a heavy meal However, in some people, there is a feeling of thirst quite excessively. There seems to be no reason for feeling thirsty in that particular situation. Like, a person with excessive thirst will feel thirsty within a few minutes of having a glassful of water. Such a situation is what is termed as excessive thirst. Many people with excessive thirst do feel thirsty quite frequently according to the definition of the problem, but they do not make any intentional effort to drink the fluid offered to them. They may take just a sip or two before putting the glass down. This would make them feel thirst again after a short while, when they will repeat their ‘drinking a few sips at a time’ routine. Thus, in people with excessive thirst, there is something wrong with the body’s routine of thirst management. In Sanskrit, trishna literally means ‘thirst’. This term is applied to the normally felt thirst. However, even in the case of excessive thirst too, the term trishna is used.

Causes of Excessive Thirst (Trishna)

Clinically, there are several reasons that may cause excessive thirst in people. The following are the most important of these causes:- Diabetes insipidus is a form of diabetes inwhich there is a deficiency of vasopressin in the body. Vasopressin is an antidiuretic hormone, which controls the amount of fluids that are secreted by the kidney. The kidneys are responsible for filtration of the toxins from the body. This is done within the nephrons of the kidney. In the first stage of excretion, i.e. ultra filtration, several important body fluids are also filtered out from the blood. Vasopressin is responsible for the selective reabsorption of these vital fluids back into the blood. However in people with vasopressin deficiency, these fluids are voided out from the system. This happens in people with diabetes insipidus. Hence, people with diabetes insipidus feel thirst quite excessively due to the loss of copious amounts of fluid from their body. Even people with diabetes mellitus can feel excessive thirst. Diabetes mellitus is a disorder where there is a deficiency of insulin in the person. As a result the sugars are not completely utilized and they remain within the blood. Sugar absorbs the fluids from the cells of the person, which causes the person to feel thirsty again and again. Excessive thirst can be also felt due toenvironmental conditions such as very hot weather and dryness of the climate. This type of thirst is generally corrected by having a couple of glassfuls of water. Sometimes, there is a feeling of excessive thirst after a heavy meal. Too many oily and spicy foods can cause this feeling. This is because the body fluids are used up in the digestion of the food and the body requires more amounts of fluids. As with all other ailments, Ayurveda treats trishna too according to the tridosha principles.

The tridosha or the three doshas are the factors that govern the human body. The doshas are also called as the humors. The three doshas in Ayurveda are vata dosha, pitta dosha and kapha dosha. These three doshas represent the following governing elements:-
* Vata dosha is the air element. It governs the atmospheric content within the body.
* Pitta dosha is the fire element. It governs thedigestive aspects of the human body.
* Kapha dosha is a combination of the earth and water elements. This represents the coordination of the interiors of the human body with its external surroundings, i.e. the earth. Trishna is caused when either the vata dosha or the pitta dosha is above normal values. Vatadosha is known to increase with emotions such as fear or anger, and with strenuous physical work, loss of bodily stamina and nervous excitement. Pitta dosha is known to increase with heavy food, fasting and other abnormalities with the dietary regimen. These are the very factors that even medical science holds responsible for the feeling of excessive thirst.

Symptoms of Excessive Thirst (Trishna)

The most prominent symptom of excessive thirst is a repeated feeling of dryness in the throat. Continued parched throat can lead to dizziness and giddiness. The symptoms disappear when the thirst is quenched.

Diet for Preventing Excessive Thirst (Trishna)

The following is a diet that can help to allay the repeated feelings of thirst in people with polydipsia:-
Milk is one of the best treatments for excessive thirst. But the milk must be had when it is freshly milked from the cow.
Leaves of fruits like mangos and Indian plums (jamuns) are good in allaying recurrent thirst. The extracts of the leaves must be mixed with raw sugar and taken in an amount of not more than a few milliliters per day.
Turmeric mixed with sugar and honey is also beneficial.
Coriander seeds mixed with equal parts of amalaki, dried sunthi and dried grapes are very useful in removing the repeated feelings of thirst.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Excessive Thirst (Trishna)

Several herbs in Ayurveda have potency for curing the symptoms of trishna. The following is a list of these herbs.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Aam (leaves) Mangifera indica
Adraka or Sunthi Zingiber officinalis Ginger
Amalaki (fruits) Emblica officinalis Indian
Gooseberry
Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric
Hara dhania (seeds) Coriandrum sativum Coriander
Imli (Syrup of ripe fruit) Tamarindus indica Tamarind
Jamun (leaves) Syzgium cumini Jambola or Indian Plum
The following Ayurvedic preparations are quite beneficial in reducing excessive thirst, but they must be taken under the guidance of an Ayurvedic physician:-
* Jambeera
* Panakam
* Gudoochi sattva
* Amalaki rasayana
* Pravala pishti.

Eye Care, Eye Treatment, Exercises
Introduction

Eye is the most sensitive and the most beautiful part of our body. Eye needs lots of care and attention, especially in this hectic life style. Spending most of hours in front of computer systems, and with so much pollution in the atmosphere, eyes-related disease, poor vision, and irritation in eyes have become common. Today it has become very important for everyone to give proper care and attention to this delicate sense organ to keep it healthy and beautiful. This article will explain in detail about the effective home remedies for eye care. There are different kinds of eye infection caused due to age, infection, lack of rest, etc. Some of these infections are conjunctivitis, blood-red color of eyes, cataract, etc. All these diseases are caused due to different reasons and infection.Important Yogas and Exercises for Healthy EyesTreatment for Eye Care

Important Yogas and Exercises for Healthy Eyes

Clean eyes with pure cold water. This is a very effecting way to keep eyes healthy and disease free. One best asana for eyes is, fill your mouth with cold water and store it. Clean your eyes with fresh water, and take out the water from the mouth.Used tea bags are another effective home remedy. Just put plain tea bags over the eyes. This not only reduces the inflammation, but also will reduce eye swelling.After sitting continuously for 4-5 hours in front of computer, there is a severe pain in eyes. Blink your eyes 5-6 times. This will give quick relief. Sit straight and take a long breath. Rotate your eye balls clockwise and anti-clockwise 10-15 times each. Your eyes are relaxed. Similarly, rub your hands together and cover your eyes; the warmth coming from the hand palm relaxes eye tissues and gives fast relief from pain. If you are working for more than 5 hours in front of computer, simply close your eyes for 10 minutes and start looking to some other place or object, other than computer. Spend 10-15 minutes for meditation. The stress and tension has a bad effect to the eye sight. Sitting for meditation relaxes the nerves and rejuvenate the entire body.
Breathing exercises and yogas that strengthen our lungs are also good for eyes. Most of these yogas can be done in early morning at least for 20-30 minutes. One of the breathing exercises is to sit straight and inhale oxygen from one hole of the nose while keeping the other one closed using your thumb. Similarly, repeat the process by inhaling oxygen from the other hole. The fresh oxygen has lots of good effect for the body, especially eyes. Apart of all the useful yogas and exercises, some important things to remember are always keep your eyes clean, do not rub your eyes directly in case some fine materials enters into it. Say no to smoking, as this too causes severe eye-related disease. Person suffering from diabetes should do these exercises to keep their eyes strong. Today, almost all the disease is due to the stress and tension. So live a simple and healthy life. Eat balanced diet and do yogas and exercises.

Treatment for Eye Care

Home Remedies:
Given below are some of the valuable and effective home remedies for eye care and it will keep eyes free from disease and infections.

Potato:
Potato plays an important role in keeping eyes healthy and is very good for eye care. Take small rounded piece of potato and put it over your eyes. Leave the potato slice for 10-15 minutes and then remove it. It keeps eyes stress free and lustrous.

Kheera (Cucumber):
Cucumber too plays the same role as potato. Keep small round slice of cucumber over your closed eyes. Keep it for 10-15 minutes, this will relief from eyes pain and stress.

Green vegetables and fruits:
Fruits rich in Vitamin A are essential for healthy eyes and proper eye sight. Citrus fruits, milk and other milk products along with vegetables like tomato, spinach are good for eye care, and make eyes healthy.

Gulab (Rose) petals:
Take 9-10 petals of fresh rose, mix it with raspberry leaves, and put this in a glass of water. Allow it to stand for few hours and then wash your eyes with it. This gives fast relief to the day-long tiring eyes. It also is a great medicine for the treatment of cataract. Apart from all the above mentioned home remedies, one should always avoid his eyes getting dried. Dry eyes cause severe pain and later result in severe eyes infection. Hence, always wash your eyes with cold water 3-4 times a day, especially when coming from outside. Another important thing that should never be avoided is intake of fluid like water and freshly prepared fruit juice. Water and other fluids have lots of positive effect in keeping eyes and the entire body system healthy and glowing.

Facial Paralysis Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Facial paralysis can be a condition in itself or it could be a symptom of some other more serious problem with the nervous system of the person, especially the nerves that run to the facial region. The commonest known facial paralysis today is that caused due to the idiopathic condition known as Bell’s Palsy which is known to affect about 0.1% of the population and is responsible for three-fourths of all facial paralysis conditions. However there are several reasons due to which paralysis of the face can occur. This article tries to delve into the details of the causes, symptoms and Ayurvedic treatment options for facial paralysis.

Definition of Facial Paralysis (Ardita)

Facial paralysis is defined as the total loss of all voluntary movement on one or both sides of the face. Due to this, the person cannot move any muscle in the affected region.Facial paralysis is differentiated from facial paresis. Paralysis refers to the complete loss of movements; while paresis is an incomplete form of paralysis in which the person does retain some voluntary movements in the affected region. In fact one of the first steps in the diagnosis of facial paralysis is to determine whether the condition is that of paralysis or of paresis. Also it is necessary to determine whether the nerves in the forehead are involved in the facial paralysis or not. To determine this, the examiner would make the person lift his or her eyebrows and check to what extent they can be pushed up. This will help determine whether the lower or the upper motor neuron is involved. Hence, diagnosis of the facial paralysis is important. The following is a generalized manner in which it is determined which nerve is responsible for the facial paralysis:-
* Symptom/Region Affected Responsible Nerve or Organ
* The entire face is paralyzed, including the motion of the eyebrows. Facial Nerve
* The mid face is paralyzed, but eyebrow can move normally. Regions within the brain, where the Facial Nerve passes toIn Sanskrit, facial paralysis is termed as ardita.
* It is a disease caused due to the vata dosha, which is the air element of the human body.

Causes of Facial Paralysis (Ardita)

There are a very large number of causes that can lead to facial paralysis. The following are the most prominent of them:-
(i) Bell's Palsy
Bell’s Palsy is the single largest cause of facial paralysis – it causes about 75% of all facialparalysis cases. Bell’s Palsy is an idiopathiccondition (i.e. its cause is unknown) and hence itis very difficult to diagnose it directly. Thediagnosis of Bell’s Palsy is done by excluding allother factors that cause facial paralysis.Modern research shows strong evidence that Bell’sPalsy is caused due to the herpes virus, thoughthis cannot be said with conviction.
(ii) Injury or Trauma
If a person has suffered an injury on the face which has affected the facial nerve, then there is a strong chance that the person may suffer from facial paralysis, at least on one side of the face. Such traumas could be caused by the fractures of the temporal bones of the face. In most cases, the facial paralysis occurs immediately after the trauma. When this happens, the condition can be surgically corrected. However in some traumatic conditions, there is an aggravation of symptoms due to edema or inflammation, due to which the facial paralysis can occur later on.
(iii) Tumors
Cancers in the facial region are very strong contributing factors to facial paralysis. Tumors that arise in the facial region can exert pressure on the facial nerve which could lead to the paralysis.
(iv) Infections
Viral infections also lead to facial paralysis. The herpes zoster virus is considered responsible for the Herpes Zoster Oticus, which affects the cranial nerves. Apart from these, Lyme disease and strokes are also responsible for facial paralysis.

Symptoms of Facial Paralysis (Ardita)

Though different types of facial paralysis have different symptoms, the commonly observed symptoms are mentioned below:-
* The person feels stiffness in the face and there is difficulty in moving the face. Normal activities like holding water in the mouth, closing the eyelids seem to be difficult and sometimes impossible.
* Numbness sets in with the paralysis. There is loss of sensation in the face.
* The face becomes expressionless and motionless.
* Eating and drinking become difficult.

Complications of Facial Paralysis (Ardita)

Facial paralysis may or may not be complicated depending on its causes. The facial paralysis caused due to Bell’s Palsy is a temporary condition, which can be treated in a few months. Similarly, the facial paralysis due to infection is cured when the infection is treated.However, facial paralysis due to tumors is a very serious condition. This is due to the tumor itself and not the facial paralysis. In such cases, the paralysis could spread to the hands, chest and even the legs.

Transmission of Facial Paralysis (Ardita)

Most cases of facial paralysis are internal disorders that cannot be transmitted from one person to another. But the facial paralysis that is caused due to the herpes zoster virus is infectious.

Prevention and Basic Care during Facial Paralysis (Ardita)

It is necessary to take some basic care and preventive measures to see that the facial paralysis does not exacerbate much. The following precautions must be taken:-
* The face must not be exposed to drastic weather conditions, especially of the cold and the rain.
* In winter special care needs to be taken as the nerves can become number. The face (as well as the whole body) must be kept properly draped with a shawl in the daytime and a blanket in the nighttime.
* Extreme care must be taken while sleeping. In most people with facial paralysis, the eyes cannot be closed. This can introduce foreign bodies into the eyes and cause infections. Hence the eyes must be cleaned regularly.
* It is necessary to sleep in the night. Tiredness and sleepiness in the daytime aggravates the vata of a person.

Diet for People with Facial Paralysis (Ardita)

Since facial paralysis or ardita is a condition caused due to the aggravation of the vata dosha, it is necessary to take a diet that balances the vata. The following dietary guidelines must befollowed:-
All cold foods must be avoided. This includes ice-creams and cold drinks, as well as cold fruits and vegetables such as oranges, green bananas, papayas, watermelons and cucumbers. Curds and other sour foods must be avoided. Fermented foods can aggravate the vata and hence must be avoided. Even pulses and their preparations such as dals are harmful to a person with ardita. Yellow pumpkin and colocasia also must be avoided as they can be harmful to the person. The diet must consist of wheat rather than rice. Green leafy vegetables are best in conditions of facial paralysis. Cow’s milk is preferable to buffalo milk. Alcohol and smoking must be avoided at all costs. Apart from all these guidelines, it must be remembered to keep the diet simple and easily digestible. If not, then there are chances that constipation may occur. in constipated conditions, the Ayurvedic medicines for facial paralysis will not show their effects.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Facial Paralysis (Ardita)

There are some herbs which can be effectively used to reduce the conditions of facial paralysis. The following is a list of these herbs with their actions on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Beejband, Jungli Methi Sida cordifolia Country Mallow The country mallow contains an alkaloid which was initially confused with the very beneficial ephedrine. The herb is used traditionally in India for treatment of facial paralysis due to its nervine properties.
Kali mari Piper nigrum Black pepper Black pepper is used in a water gargle. It is supposed to rectify paralysis of the tongue.
Kudzu Pueraria montana Kudzu Kudzu tablets help to reduce the tension in the facial muscles that are not yet affected by the Bell's Palsy. Hence they can prevent the further spread of the disease.
Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Cloves Just five to ten drops of clove oil in a quarter cup of water taken thrice a day helps to reduce the facial paralysis brought on by Bell's Palsy.
Mulethi Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice Mulethi is an effective herb for stopping the progress of partial paralysis into complete paralysis. It can stop the automatic flowing of tears from the eyes in people with facial paralysis. In order to avail of better benefits of licorice, this herb is taken in conjunction with foods rich in potassium such as bananas.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects.

The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment ofFacial Paralysis:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation Asava/Arishta Dashamula Arishta Bhasma/Kashaya Ashtavarga Kashaya, Dhanvantaram Rasadi Kashaya Choorna Rasna Choorna Ghrita Trivrita Ghrita, Rasnaadi Ghrita Lehya Rasnaadi Lehya, Sukumara Lehya Rasa Mahavata Vidhwasa, Brihat Vata Chintamani Vati Vatagajankusha, Shalaki some age old practices have been used in Ayurveda to bring relief in people with facial paralysis problems. The following are some of the treatment methods:-
Hot fomentation is very effective, and the effect becomes more pronounced when some salt is used for fomenting. Be careful to test the fomenting material before applying on the face of the patient, because the numb portion of the face will have no sensitivity to the heat. Fomentation should be given more on the area below the ear, as this is the region from where the facial nerve passes out.
Maharana taila is a very powerful herbal oil that can be massaged on the afflicted region. The oil should be only just tolerably warm. Be careful as it can get hot very fast. After the massage the patient should remain indoors for about an hour of the massage.

In addition, the following medications can be given:-
Ayurvedic Preparation Mode of taking Action on the human body Vatagajankusha Two pills to be taken thrice a day with honey. This vati soothes the nerves and removes the numbness.
Dashamula Arishta Six teaspoonfuls twice a day after meals, mixed in an equal amount of water. The arishta preparation of Dashamula (literally meaning 'ten roots'). It has several beneficial on the human body such as:-
* Soothes the nervous system
* Tones up the nerves
* Reduces inflammation
If the person has constipation problems, then castor oil can be given to the patient as a purgative. This will help the medicines to become more effective. It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Fibromyalgia Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Fibromyalgia is a condition in which one experiences severe pain in muscles. The muscle becomes stiff, tender, and achy. Improper sleep, several muscle-related disease, cold and rainy weather, etc. are some of the causes of fibromyalgia. Patient suffering from fibromyalgia cannot move comfortably, as the muscular pain does not let them do so. This article will explain in detail about different aspects of fibromyalgia, its cause, symptoms, and effective home remedies.

Causes for Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia can be due to any muscle-related disease, cold and rainy climate, improper sleep, unhealthy food.

Home remedies for curing Fibromyalgia

Given below are some of the most effective home remedies for fibromyalgia.

Turmeric:
Turmeric is considered as one of the best gift by nature to mankind. It is used for treatment of numerous diseases, even cancer. Turmeric is quite effective for the treatment of fibromyalgia as well. Take 1-2 teaspoon of turmeric powder in a glass of water. Take this drink 2-3 times a day. Patient will feel fast relief from muscular pain.

Cherry :
Ripe cherry cooked in jaggery and butter is also quite effective in treating fibromyalgia. Take frying pan and add 2-3 tablespoon of butter/ghee to it. Add 10-12 cherries into it, after some time add 2-3 tablespoon of jaggery to it and cook for some time. Allow it to cool. Take this mixture 2-3 times in a day.

Oatmeal:
This is rather a very tasty ayurvedic medicine. Cook 4-5 tablespoon of oatmeal in milk, and add cherry and jaggery to it. Mix it well, allow it to boil till oatmeal is cooked completely. Patient should take this food 3-4 times a day. It is lite and very healthy.

Fruits:
Radish, cranberry (karoda) are some of the effective fruits for treating fibromyalgia. Take freshly prepared cranberry or radish juice, this will help fighting with severe muscular pain. Similarly, raw papaya is also very good for treating fibromyalgia. Grind 8-10 papaya seeds and mix it in a glass of water. Bring it to boil and later drain it and take 2-3 times a day. Repeat it for a month. Patient will show great improvement.
Other fruits like oranges are very good for curing fibromyalgia. Patient should take plain fresh orange juice, or mix cod liver oil into it.

Vegetables:
Similarly, vegetables like cabbage, carrot, beat, etc., are quite helpful in treating fibromyalgia. Patient suffering from this disease should take a glass of freshly prepared juice of these raw vegetables 2-3 times a day. These juices are really quite effective and healthy.
Green leaves like pigweed (bathua) helps in reducing the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Patient suffering from fibromyalgia should take pigweed leaf juice in an empty stomach early morning. One may add little amount of sugar or salt to it. This is really an effective remedy.

Brinjal:
Though it is belief brinjal does not have much to offer as ayurvedic medicine. However, brinjal is quite effective for patient suffering from fibromaylgia. Take 2-3 small brinjal and cook on fire. Add 2-3 drops of castor oil, garlic, and cumin seeds into it. Add salt for taste and if available also add finely chopped green coriander leaves. Patient should take this 1-2 times a day. Repeat this for 1-2 months, patient will definitely show better result.

Ginger:
Ginger is one of the oldest home remedy and is very effective for the treatment of fibromyalgia. Patient suffering from this disease should take small pieces of raw ginger in his diet or can also take 2-3 tablespoon of ginger juice 2-3 times a day.

Lemon juice :
Freshly prepared lemon juice with honey is another effective remedy for the treatment of fibromyalgia. Take equal amount (2-3 tablespoon) of honey and lemon juice and mix it in a glass of lukewarm water.

Symptoms for Fibromyalgia

Patient suffering from fibromyalgia experiences severe muscular pain, muscles become tender and achy. Other symptoms are nausea and weakness, and also body pain

Balanced diet

Balanced diet is important for the treatment of several diseases. Patient suffering from fibromyalgia should eat plenty of roughage, cabbage, salads, carrot, reddish, etc. Also plenty of fluid like plain water and freshly prepared juice should be included in the diet. Coconut water, coconut milk is also good for such patients. Apart from the above mentioned home remedies, massage with the mixture of olive and kerosene oil. Take both these oils in equal quantity and make a mixture. Gently massage the affected portion 2-3 times a day. Do this for a month and see a great result. Other medicine for massage is warm vinegar. Apply warm vinegar over the affected muscles. Massage with Spiegel seeds is also very effective. Patient should avoid certain things like excess intake of oily or junk food. Sweets and sugar-containing foods should be strictly avoided. Exercise and meditation is also very important for the fibromyalgia patients. Breathing exercises and stress-free life are other ways for curing fibromyalgia. Sleep a lot, at least 7-8 hours. All this will definitely help fibromyalgia patients.

Flatulence Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Passing gas or passing wind is considered to be one of the most embarrassing acts that a person can commit in public. However, sometimes the urge becomes so strong that the person cannot control becomes a laughingstock. Passing gas is actually a perfectly normal bodily function, but in some cases its severity becomes so high that it can be termed as a disease. About 30 to 40% of all people worldwide suffer from problems with flatulence. A survey would show otherwise because most people with gas problems would refrain from speaking about it in public, even with their own physicians owing to embarrassment. A proper diet is indeed the best way to get rid of this embarrassing tight-spot.

Definition of Gas/Flatulence (Adhyamaan)

Adhyamaan is the Sanskrit word for flatulence. A flatulent person feels the urge to pass wind repeatedly. The gas expelled by the person could be noiseless and odorless, or it could be noisy and with an offensive odor. The gas that is expelled during adhyamaan is called as a flatus. In slang English, the act of passing wind is called as ‘farting’, though this word could be considered offensive in some circles, as much as the act itself.
Flatulence is a normal physical activity and happens in every person, especially after a heavy meal. Hence, the medical term flatulence is applied to only those people who suffer extremely from this condition, i.e. they have no control on their biological urges of passing wind.

Causes of Gas/Flatulence (Adhyamaan)

Ayurveda has a fantastic explanation for adhyamaan. According to Ayurvedic beliefs, adhyamaan is caused due to abnormal agni in a person. Agni means fire, and in Ayurvedic language, a person with normal agni is a healthy person and a person with abnormal agni is an unhealthy person. Sometimes the agni of a person is vitiated. This can happen due to the following causes:-
* Distortion of the intelligence of the person, i.e. prajnaparadha; Wrong coordination of sense organs and their objects, i.e. asatmyendriyartha samayoga and Vagaries of weather and time, i.e. kaala parinama.
* Any of these three can impair the pitta dosha of the person. This vitiation of the pitta dosha is called as the amala pitta. This is the chief causative agent of all digestive problems with the human system, including adhyamaan or flatulence.
* In medical terms, flatulence is caused due to the inability of digesting all the food that is consumed by the person. The food that remains undigested is passed on to the colon. Here the fermentation of the leftover carbohydrates is carried out by the colonic bacteria, which leads to the formation of intestinal gas.
* People also swallow air directly during different activities that they perform. Whenever you eat or drink anything, you also take in a fair amount of air. This air passes out as wind. Generally such air that passes out is odorless and noiseless.
* Some foods contain more gas producing capacity than others. Beans are notorious in this aspect. The complex sugars contained in the beans are not digestible by the intestines. The undigested part passes out as wind throughout the day.
* There are many people who are lactose intolerant. These people cannot digest the lactose sugars in milk and other milk products. Hence the undigested lactose accumulates in the person’s stomach as gas, along with other problems such as bloating of the stomach, cramps and even diarrhea.
* Many medicinal drugs are the cause of flatulence. Antibiotics like narcotics, calcium channel blockers, etc. can cause flatulence in the person.

Symptoms of Gas/Flatulence (Adhyamaan)

A healthy human being passes wind about eight to twenty times a day. Hence, just passing wind a couple of times a day is not called flatulence. Flatulence is the term given to excessive passing wind. The symptoms to diagnose flatulence are as follows:-
* There is a repeated and uncontrollable urge to pass wind.
* The urge is felt at the anus. The nerve endings of the anal tract are specialized to understand the signal.
* In flatulence, the urge can be so strong that the person could get confused between the signal for passing wind and for defecation. Hence there could be accidental defecation sometimes.
* The wind passed by flatulent people has traces of methane in it due to undigested food. Due to this, the gas passed is foul-smelling.
* When the wind is to get expelled, pressure is built up over the anal sphincter. This causes the wind to vibrate the anus, leading to noisy discharges.
* The person could have either diarrhea or constipation.

Complications from Flatulence (Adhyamaan)

Flatulence is an embarrassing condition. A person who breaks wind in public is generally ridiculed and even shunned in social circles. This is perhaps the most drastic complication caused by flatulence. Medically, flatulence can be the external symptom of some deep-rooted gastric or intestinal disorder. If the problem arises repeatedly, then a detailed medical investigation is required. Some people have pains with flatulence. These pains could be either in the abdomen or in the anal tract. Such pains need to be checked for ulcers, piles or tumors.

Prevention of Gas/Flatulence (Adhyamaan)

Flatulence can be prevented by adhering to the following guidelines:-
Avoid foods that cause flatulence. See the following list of foods that cause flatulence:-
• Beans
• Brans and whole grain cereals
• Eggs
• Fatty foods
• Fermented foods such as breads, dosas and cakes
• Fried foods
• Fruits like apples, grapes and bananas
• Meat with high fat content
• Milk and milk products
• Potatoes
• Prunes such as jujube fruit
• Pulses like black gram and Bengal gram
• Sauces, chutneys and gravies.
Chew the food properly before ingesting. Starchy foods are mostly digested during chewing itself. If taken into the body un-chewed, then they will remain undigested and cause gas problems.

Do not slurp on your hot drinks like tea and coffee. Slurping takes air inside along with the drink. This extra air passes out as gas.
Similarly, do not use straws for drinking. With straws, you have to build in suction pressure by sucking in air.
Say a complete no to all aerated drinks. Aerated drinks contain carbon dioxide, which passes out as gas. In fact some people use sodas as a remedy to eliminate gases after a heavy meal.
After a heavy meal, take a brisk walk or indulge in some other form of exercise. This will burn the calories and aid in digestion.
Do not eat rapidly. Eat with slow calculated bites so as to get the stomach well-acquainted with the foods that you are putting inside it.
Many medications, especially allopathic, cause flatulence. If you have a problem with flatulence, you should tell this to your physician before he or she prescribes an antibiotic for some ailment.
Keep your stress levels down. Overworking the brain reduces the blood supply to the digestive system and slows down digestion.
If you have dentures, check that they are properly fitting. This is to ensure that you can masticate (chew) your food properly before ingesting.

Diet for Gas/Flatulence (Adhyamaan)

The right diet in the right balance is the best way to reduce the problem of flatulence. The following steps are to be noted:-
* Avoid all foods that cause flatulence. Refer to the above list.
* However, it is unhealthy to avoid all flatulence-causing foods at one go. Eliminate them one by one, so that you do get the nutrients of the other foods.
* Drinking a lot of water helps. Water can convert the gas toxins in the form of liquid toxins.
* This helps in the removal of the excess gas in the form of urination and perspiration rather than gas.
* Putting a drop of peppermint extract in the water you drink helps to reduce the offensive odor of the flatus.
* Do not eat to the extent of fullness. A full stomach will find it difficult to digest the foods.
* If the problem is very severe, then you must eat little amounts several times a day, to give your digestive system proper time for digestion.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Gas/Flatulence (Adhyamaan)

In Ayurveda, there is a three-fold treatment method for the problem of adhyamaan. The three principles involved are:-
* Deepana , i.e. treatment by the use of carminatives; Paachana , i.e. treatment by the use of digestives and Vaatanulomana , i.e. treatment by the use of gas-expellers.
* Carminatives are substances that have antispasmodic properties to treat cramps within the abdomen. This reduces the pain during flatulence. Digestives break down the complex foodstuffs to simpler molecules leading to better digestion. Gas-expellers help in expelling the gas rapidly and in voluminous amounts in one go, which normalizes the problem of flatulence for some time.
* There are a large number of herbs ascribed in Ayurveda with curative properties for flatulence. Below is a list of such herbs with their action of the human body.
* Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
* Ajamoda Apium graveolens Celery Ajamoda has a powerful carminative property. The oil extracted from the seeds of the ajamoda reduces spasms in the digestive tract.
* Ajwain Carum copticum Bishop’s Weed Ajwain is a wonderful carminative. It is one of the prime remedies Ayurveda doctors prescribe for curing flatulence.
* Bahera Terminalia bellerica Belleric Myrobalan Bahera is a digestive. It helps in the proper movement of food within the stomach and the bowels.
* Dalchini Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon Cinnamon is a carminative. A few seeds of cinnamon drunk along with water reduces the offensive odor of the flatus.
* Dhania Coriandum sativum Coriander Coriander contains a chemical linoloom, which aids in gastric secretion. Coriander can be used as a gas-expeller.
* Elaichi Elettaria cardamomum Cardamom Water or menthol extract of cardamom reduces gastric discharges. It also reduces the offensive odor of the flatus.
* Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric Turmeric is used for its stomachic properties.
* Harad Terminalia chebula Chebulic Myrobalan Harad is a good carminative. It also has laxative and stomachic properties that aid digestion.
* Kala jeera Carum carvi Caraway Caraway gives an oil on steam distillation known as carvone.
* Carvone has good carminative properties.
* Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Clove Clove helps in reducing the offensive odor of the flatus.
* Methi Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek Fenugreek is an antispasmodic carminative. It helps in easy expulsion of the flatus.
* Rusmari Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary Rosemary is a carminative and stomachic.
* Saunf Foeniculum vulgare Fennel Fennel is a stomachic. It aids in digestion and also creates a cooling effect in the stomach. Indians consume saunf traditionally after every meal. It acts as a mouth freshener as well as aids in digestion.
* Sowa Anethum graveolens Indian Dill Indian dill is an excellent carminative. This action is due to the presence of carvone in its mericarp.
* Sunthi Zingiber officinale Ginger Ginger is an anti-carminative. It stimulates the gastrointestinal tract and facilitates digestion.
* Vacha Acorus calamus Sweet Flag, Calamus Calamus is an excellent carminative. It aids in better digestion and cures flatulence.
* Zafran or Kesar Crocus sativus Saffron Saffron is used as a stomachic especially in children as it is mild.

Some Ayurvedic preparations that have been proven effective in treating the condition of flatulence are:-
* Agastya Rasayana
* Pancha Sakara Choorna
* Abhayadi Modaka
* Madhu Yashtayadi Choorna
* All these preparations need to be taken under expert prescription and supervision.

Food Poisoning Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Food poisoning is a condition in which a person experiences severe pain and inflammation in stomach and small intestine. It may attack people of any age. The major causes of food poisoning include food allergy, excess intake of alcohol, intake of unhealthy and stale food, etc. It is found that certain food items like meat, fish, and milk products tend to get contaminated very easily. Sometimes these foods in the stores are not fresh and consuming them cause food poisoning. Even people who come in contact with these contaminated food indirectly (touching, serving, etc.) also suffer from skin disease, itching, etc., which later on results in food poisoning. Food poisoning may last for few hours to days. It may cause some other chronic disease like arthritis and affect kidney and lungs; it also weakens the immune system. Given below are the fastest and easiest home remedies for treating person suffering from food poisoning.

Dos and Don'ts for Food Poisoning

The major cause of food poisoning is contaminated food, either taken outside or brought home. It is really unfortunate that people does not bother to check the manufacturing and expiry date of perishable food items like milk products, bread, cakes, meat, fish, and canned foods, etc. These expiry dated food are the major cause of food poisoning. Here are some dos and don’ts to avoid food poisoning and develop a healthy environment at home.
Keep your house, especially kitchen clean. Keep the utensils, plates, napkins, vegetable knives, etc., clean. Use dish washers containing lemon. Do not use rusted knife or chopper, also the cutting board should be of good quality and washed thoroughly after use. Take special care while cleaning your refrigerator. Also see the temperature of the freezer and other sections are set at right temperature. Always eat fresh food, well-cooked food. If the food is left, keep it in refrigerator, and heat it before eating. Never keep food at room temperature for more than 2-3 hours. Do not preserve milk products, cakes, breads etc., for more than a day. Check the manufacturing and expiry date of any eatable before buying it. Also check the seal of the canned food. Cook mutton, chicken, fish at suitable temperature, temperature at which all the germs are killed. Also preserve these food items at appropriate temperature inside refrigerator. Always wash your hands before cooking, serving, and eating food. If any utensil is used for mincing mutton or other non-vegetarian or other perishable food items, do not use it for other item without properly cleaning it. Do not use the oil which is left out in the pan after cooking something. Harmful chemical reaction takes place in between. Do not eat fried food outside, cause you don’t know oil is of good quality or not. Always take lemon water before going to bed. This helps in easy digestion and will also keep the bowel movement correct. Avoid eating outside, even if you do make sure the food you are served is fresh, healthy, and cooked in a hygienic manner.

Symptoms for Food Poisoning

The major symptoms of food poisoning include severe pain in abdomen, 1unconsciousness, vomiting, body pain, fever, and diarrhea. Patient also experiences severe inflammation while releasing stool. Blood and other thick fluid come along with stool. With continuous vomiting, patient experiences dehydration and severe body pain.

Treatment for Food Poisoning

Patient suffering from food poisoning needs immediate treatment. Given below are some helpful home remedies.

Ginger:
Ginger is the best home remedy for the treatment of food poisoning. Take small piece of ginger and make its paste by mixing buttermilk. Take this 2-3 times a day. Ginger extract can also be taken along with lemon juice to get fast relief from vomiting, nausea, etc. Take equal amount (2-3 tablespoon) of ginger and lemon extract, add little amount of black pepper powder into it. Take this mixture 3-4 times a day. Patient suffering from food poisoning should also be given ginger tea. This stops vomiting tendency.

Papaya:
Papaya is quite useful for the treatment of food poisoning. Take a raw papaya, grate it or cut it into small cubes. Take 1-2 glass of water and add papaya to it. Allow it to boil for 15-20 minutes, drain the mixture and drink it. Take this mixture 2-3 times a day.

Cumin (jeera) seeds:
Take equal amount (10-15 seeds) of cumin and fenugreek (methi) seeds and powder it. Dissolve this in a glass of water. Drink the mixture. This gives much relief from vomiting and abdominal pain. This powder can also be taken with a half cup of fresh curd.

Basil (tulsi) leaves:
Take 2-3 tablespoon of basal leaf extract, mix it in a half cup of fresh curd. Add little amount of black salt and black pepper to it. Take this 3-4 times a day. It gives fast relief from vomiting, weakness, and body pain.
Some immediate steps for treating food poisoning are; give warm water to the patient immediately after vomiting. This would sooth his stomach and gives relief from abdominal pain. Also gently rub his stomach, or put warm towel or cotton cloth over his stomach for some time. This will reduce the pain.

Gastritis Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Gastritis is a painful disease in which a person feels intense (or mild) inflammation, redness in the stomach. Gastritis, or Urdhavaga amlapitta as per in ayurveda, is of two types; it can be mild or can be severe. The patient suffering from gastritis feels uneasy, uncomfortable in doing his work, extremely weak. It can affect person of all age group. Today, junk food has made wider place in the life of a common man as he is very much dependent on it. This very junk food is the cause of gastritis and other stomach-related problem. This article will explain in detail what all effective home remedies can be used for the treatment gastritis, and what all can be done to stay away from this disease.

Causes for Gastritis

The main cause of gastritis is unhealthy food, which include junk foods, food cooked in adulterated oil and in unhygienic condition. Other causes of gastritis are excess consumption of caffeine, alcohol. Stress, depression, sorrow, pain, side effects of some drugs, etc., are some other reasons.

Diet for Gastritis

Unhealthy food habit, lack of nutritional food is the major cause of gastritis. Patient suffering from gastritis should keep fast for 3-4 days. He may be given warm water during these days. The main idea behind keeping him abstain from food is the inflammation in the stomach will decrease as all the toxic material inside the stomach will diminish. Patient can also be given juicy fruits like grapes, apples, oranges, water melons, etc., 2-3 times a day. Patient should survive on these juicy fruits only, at least for 2-3 days. This fruit-diet gives fast relief and detoxifies the stomach. Patient should realize very well that unhealthy food habit, excess intake of alcohol and other drugs are the main cause of gastritis, and they should not forget this. Once patient start showing improvement, he can be given balanced diet containing cereals, grams, green leafy vegetable, juicy fruits, etc. Exercises and walk: Exercise is the best remedy for all the diseases. Breathing exercises are recommended as effective home remedy for the patients suffering from the gastritis. Brisk walking, slow jogging are other recommended activities that a gastritis patient can do.

Curd:
Curd is also recommended as one of the best home remedy for the treatment of gastritis. Prevention is better than cure. Patient suffering from gastritis should develop healthy food habits, start doing exercises, and say no to alcohol.

Symptoms for Gastritis

The major symptoms of gastritis are pain in stomach and head, weakness, vomiting, lethargy, unwillingness to eat, problem in urine, depression, heaviness in abdomen, pyrosis. Some patients may also experience constipation and diarrhea. Patient suffering from gastritis experiences sour tongue, thick coat of sticky material over the tongue, bad smell from mouth, etc.

Treatment for Gastritis

Patient suffering from gastritis feel uneasy, depress, extreme weakness, etc. Gastritis patient need proper care and attention. There are many useful and effective home remedies for the cure of gastritis.

Rice:
Rice gruel is one of the easiest and best home remedy for gastritis. Patient can take 1-2 bowl of it 2 times a day. If the gastritis is severe, this gruel can be taken in larger quantity. Rice gruel plays important role in formation of gastric juice.

Potato:
Juice extracted from raw potato has lots of medicinal property. It has a magical effect for treating gastritis. This juice should be taken before each meal (that is 3 times a day) in a quantity of a 1/2 cup each time.

Marigold:
This herb is recommended as an effective home remedy, and has been used so from very ancient time. This gives fast relief to gastritis patient. Take 1-2 tablespoon of this herb or its extract 2-3 times a day. Other herbs used for the treatment of gastritis are meadowsweet, chamomile, etc.

Madhu (Honey):
Honey is also considered as an effective home remedy for the patient suffering from gastritis. Honey has been used as home remedy for gastritis since ancient times.

Nariyal (Coconut):
Coconut water is considered as one of the best health drink. It keeps the body temperature cool, helps in digestion, is rich in minerals and vitamins, clear toxic materials stored inside the stomach. A gastritis patient should take this very healthy drink 4-5 times a day. This will give quick relief from pain.

Adrak (Ginger):
Chew 2-3 small pieces of ginger seeds with salt. This will give fast relief from the uneasiness caused due to gastritis. It will keep the stomach healthy and relaxed.

Ajwain:
Patient should also take ajwain for the treatment gastritis.

Water:
Patient suffering from gastritis should drink plenty of water. Normal recommended amount is 8-9 glasses ofwater. Water will relax the stomach; clear all the toxic material inside it. It keeps the body temperature cool and normal.

Gonorrhea Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Gonorrhea is the most common STD all over the world. It is a condition that shows white mucus-like discharge from the male as well as female genitals, thus giving rise to the name. In olden days it was suspected that this discharge contained the sperm in males, and therefore it was named as gonorrhea, which literally meant 'flow of seed'. Even in Ayurveda it is named as piyumeha, which literally means the same thing. Among the urban population, gonorrhea is so rampant, that each year there are about 350,000 reported cases in the US alone. This figure does not include the people who do not report their condition and do self-medication. Also, since this disease is more rampant among the sexually active population of the world, it is found more in the younger generation. In this article, we discuss in detail about this common sexually transmitted disease.

Definition of Gonorrhea (Piyumeha)

Gonorrhea is a STD, i.e. Sexually Transmitted Disease. It can be transmitted through all forms of sexual contact with an infected person. The causative agent of gonorrhea is a bacterium named Neisseria gonorrheae. The disease has become so popular in the sexually active population of the world, that several slang terms have been formulated in order to refer to it. Some of the common slang terms with which gonorrhea is referred to are ‘clap’ and ‘drip’. The Sanskrit name for gonorrhea is piyumeha. This is derived from two root words – piyu meaning ‘pus’ and meha meaning ‘flow’. Hence according to Ayurveda , the main characteristic of piyumeha is the pus like discharge from the genital organs.

Causes of Gonorrhea (Piyumeha)

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease, where the causative agent is the bacteria Neisseria gonorrheae. This bacterium is transmitted in the following ways:- From an infected partner to another during sex – The bacterium causing gonorrhea can live in all the fluids of the body; hence gonorrhea can be transmitted through all kinds of contact during sex, i.e. oral, anal and vaginal.From an infected mother to her baby during birth – This causes a kind of gonorrhea known as newborn gonorrhea which can be fatal to the child if not treated in time. Ayurveda treats almost all infections as vata disorders, since it is the air element – vata – that carries the organisms that cause the infections. Due to this reason, even gonorrhea is considered to be a vata disorder.

Symptoms of Gonorrhea (Piyumeha)

Most cases of gonorrhea are asymptomatic, i.e. they show no perceivable symptoms at all. Gonorrhea symptoms are not seen in eight out of every ten infected women and one out of every ten infected men. As a result, the people who have no visible gonorrhea symptoms may feel they are not infected at all. Furthermore, symptoms in men are so mild that they may tend to ignore them thinking they are some minor problem of the genitals. However, symptoms of gonorrhea must be properly diagnosed and treated at the earliest because it can complicate into many severe issues. The following are the symptoms of gonorrhea as observable in men and in women:-
a. Gonorrheal symptoms in men:- Frequency in urination, with a feeling of urgency Pain during urination, with a burning sensation around the urethra A discharge of white colored pus from the penis.
b. Gonorrheal symptoms in women:- Bleeding even when there are no periods Irregular periods with profuse bleeding while passing the menstrual discharge A frequent urge to urinate Pain during urination Pain when having sexual intercourse, accompanied by bleeding Swelling and tenderness at the external genitals, i.e. the vulva Fever
* Pain in the lower regions of the abdomen
* Nausea and vomiting
* Yellowish or greenish colored discharge of pus from the genitals

Complications of Gonorrhea (Piyumeha)

The most serious – and also the scariest – complication of gonorrhea is that it can make the mucus membrane smooth enough to allow entry of the HIV. A person having gonorrhea has high chances of getting infected with this virus that causes AIDS. However, there is an extremely alarming complication that can occur in women, called as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Sometimes the Neisseria gonorrheae moves up through the reproductive tract and reaches the fallopian tubes. If the woman gets fertilized with sperm after this, then the egg cell will not be able to get implanted in the uterus correctly. The implantation will take place in the fallopian tube itself, which is called as tubal or ectopic pregnancy. Surgery might be the only way to correct this situation, but even then, this mostly leads to a miscarriage. In severe conditions the life of the woman also could be threatened. Similarly in men, the bacterium can move up to the testicles. Here the bacterium may lodge itself in the long coiled tube called as epididymis. This leads to a painful testicular condition known as epididymitis. If untreated, this can make the man impotent since the epididymis is where the sperm is stored before it is needed for an ejaculation. The bacterium Neisseria gonorrheae can also enter the bloodstream. If that happens, then it would lodge itself in the joints, causing severe pain in the joints. Last but not the least, if a woman with gonorrhea gives birth to the child, then there are very high chances that the baby is infected too. The prime centers for infection are the baby’s eyes. Doctors might use lunar caustic (silver nitrate) on the baby’s eyes immediately after infection to kill the bacterium. Even then, it could lead to the baby becoming blind. Otherwise the bacterium could be responsible in a blood or a joint infection in the baby.

People who are at Risk of Gonorrhea (Piyumeha)

Gonorrhea is a highly infectious disease and hence it can make a large number of people its victims. The disease is found very commonly in the young population who indulge in unsafe sex with many partners. Having sex with a person whose medical history is not known is a very high risk of acquiring a gonorrheal infection. Men who visit prostitutes can get gonorrhea. However the chances can be reduced by using condoms. It is found that latex condoms are most effective in the prevention of gonorrhea, provided that they are used in the correct manner. Furthermore, infected men can infect their spouses at home, or other healthy prostitutes they visit, thus causing an epidemic risk.

Diet for People with Gonorrhea (Piyumeha)

Since gonorrhea is a disease caused due to vata vitiation, it is extremely necessary to take an anti–vata diet in order to create the balance. The following are some important dietary guidelines for people who are suffering from gonorrhea:- The diet must not be dry. Hence, roasted foods are out of the question. Instead foods that are cooked in a little fat (saturated) must be taken. Ghee must be used for the cooking. There must be adequate fluids in the diet, but pulses must be avoided. The food must be mild in taste. Hence pungent foods must be kept to a minimum. People with gonorrhea can benefit if they take kanji, which is the water left behind when rice is cooked in it. This could be flavored with a dash of ghee made from cow’s milk. Rice and milk are the preferable dietary constituents. It is very advantageous to have a glassful of milk before retiring to bed. Barley and oats can be had along with the treatment mode that is being followed. However, all cold foods must be avoided. Hence ice-creams and frozen foods are not to be taken.
Fruits must be consumed, but take care to consume foods which have a high water content. Alcohol must be avoided.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Gonorrhea (Piyumeha)

There are quite a few herbs when it comes to the Ayurvedic treatment of piyumeha, but the few herbs that are known have indeed highly curative properties for the condition. However, it is necessary to take these herbs in time to prevent the condition from becoming chronic. The following are four of the most potent herbs that Ayurveda prescribed for the treatment of gonorrhea. The table also mentions their actions on the human body. Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Babool Acacia arabica Arabic Acacia, Arabic Tree The leaves of the babool tree have beneficial properties in the treatment of gonorrhea. Bala or Beejbanda Sida cordifolia Country Mallow The roots of the country mallow are used in the treatment of gonorrhea. An infusion of the roots is given in dosages of 0.5 to 2 drachmas for the treatment of gonorrhea. The herb can treat the vata imbalance which causes gonorrhea. Guduchi Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora Gulancha The Tinospora cordifolia is a very common creeper that grows parasitically on the neem tree. It is known for its astringent, antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties. Since gonorrhea is a bacterial disease, the herb has found widespread use in the Ayurvedic treatment of this disease since centuries. Also this herb can remove the vata imbalance due to which gonorrhea is caused. Vriddadaru Argyreia nervosa Elephant Creeper The bitter root of the little-known elephant creeper has beneficial properties in gonorrhea treatment if taken as an infusion. Alternatively, a tonic of the creeper can also be regularly taken.

The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of Gonorrhea:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation Asava/Arishta Chandanasava, Saribadyarishta Bhasma/Kashaya Trivanga Bhasma Choorna Chandanadi Choorna Ghrita Shata Dhouta Ghrita Lehya Shatavari Lehya, which is taken after meals and before the bedtime Rasa Piyumehantaka Rasa Vati Marma Gulika, Chandana Sara Taila in warm water, Shilajitadi Vati, Chandanadi Vati, Shatpatrayadi Vati
The above preparations are effective for acute gonorrhea, which is the more prevalent type of gonorrhea. But if the gonorrhea develops into a chronic condition, then the following preparations are beneficial:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation Asava/Arishta Saribadyarishta, Chandanasava, Bhasma/Kashaya Shringa Bhasma, Vanga Bhasma, Naga Bhasma, Yasada Bhasma Choorna Chopachini Choorna Ghrita Vasthya Mayantaka Ghrita, Salmali Ghrita, Varahayadi Ghrita Lehya Amrasa Rasayana, Shatavari Lehya Rasa Brihat Vangeshwara Rasa, Rasakarpooradi Rasa, Kshirabala Vati Chandanadi Vati, Chandraprabha Vati
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Gout Causes, Symptoms, Gout and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Gout is a very commonly encountered problem all over the world today. It is observed generally in the elderly population, especially those who have been suffering for a long time from arthritis. Gout is a common painful type of arthritis. The severest problem with gout is that it often comes on suddenly without any warning. Within a single night, an apparently hale and hearty joint can develop the painful swelling of gout; the painful symptoms take less than a day to appear completely. Today, gout is considered to be primarily a male disease. It affects men four times more commonly that women. Also, men can be affected with gout much earlier in their lives. Men who have crossed 30 years of age are vulnerable to gout. But women are affected with gout only after they have completed their menopause. While in men, especially in the Southern Hemisphere, the incidences of gout have been found to be as high as 10%. New Zealand is the single country with the highest number of gout cases.

Definition of Gout (Vata Rakta Roga)

Gout is a type of arthritis also known as metabolic arthritis. It is characterized by painful swelling of the joints and the tenderness and redness in the affected areas. The pains of gout are felt in periodic episodes known as attacks. Gout pains are usually developed in the joints of the legs, especially the big toe. About 75% of all gout pains originate in the big toe. The pains are felt in one toe at a time. Apart from the big toe, other joints such as the ankle, instep, toes, heels, hand, wrists and elbows can also be affected. The pains of gout are extremely severe. The severity is quite acute when the region is accidentally touched. Even a simple act as putting a blanket on the affected area can give rise to extreme excruciating pain. When gout becomes prolonged, it can cause a painful swelling in the affected area, which appears quite reddened. This swelling is called as a tophus (tophi in plural). Tophi are actually crystalline deposits of uric acid in the affected regions. Over time the tophi become quite big in size, and need to be surgically removed. Sometimes the uric acid crystals can deposit in the kidneys and form one of the several types of kidney stones. The name given in Sanskrit to gout is vata rakta roga. This is a combination of three words – vata which means the ‘wind’, rakta which means ‘blood’ and roga which means ‘disease’. Hence gout is considered by Ayurveda to be a disease of the vata dosha that makes its prevalence felt in the blood circulation of the body.

Causes of Gout (Vata Rakta Roga)

Purine is one of the nitrogen bases in the human body. Purines are components of the DNA. The two purines in the human body are adenine and guanine. Both these purines need to be metabolized properly in the body. The enzyme xanthine oxidase is responsible for converting the purines into uric acid, which is eliminated through urination. However, sometimes there is an excess deposit of uric acid which is not voided. This excess deposit of uric acid is what causes gout. Excess deposit of uric acid in the bloodstream is called as hyperuricemia.
When there is an excess of uric acid in the body which is not eliminated in the body, it deposits in several parts of the body, especially the joints. The deposition of uric acid in the joints, or the tophi, is an important characteristic of the painful condition of gout. According to Ayurveda, gout is a disorder found predominantly in people with the vata dosha. Vata is the air element which governs the internal metabolism of the body. This includes the circulation of the blood and the various enzymatic actions that take place within the body. People in whom the vata dosha is vitiated are susceptible to conditions of gout.

Risk Factors for Gout (Vata Rakta Roga)

Some people are more probable to get gout than others. Some of the important risk factors of gout are as follows:-
* Men over 30 years, and mostly in the range of 40 to 50 years are more susceptible to gout. Women can get gout only after their menopause up to the age of 60 years.
* People who have gout histories in their families are more at risk.
* Obesity is an important precipitating factor for gout. Excessive fat reduces the metabolism of purines in the blood.
* Also, alcoholism is directly related to gout as it deters the proper utilization of purines in the body.
* People who take a diet rich in purines are more at risk.
* Some drugs contain high purine content, especially the ones that are used in the treatment of hypertension.


Stages of Gout (Vata Rakta Roga)

Gout is a disease that makes its appearance in stages. There are four very distinct stages in which vata rakta roga makes its appearance in humans. The four stages are described below:-
(i) Asymptomatic Stage of Gout In this stage, no symptoms are shown. This is the stage when there is a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream, i.e. hyperuricemia is beginning. However, there is no pain or any other external symptom shown. Most people at this stage do not even realize that they are heading towards having gout.
(ii) Acute Stage of GoutThe acute stage of gout is the first stage when the symptoms begin showing. The symptoms are first observed as an acute pain in some of the joints. In almost 75% of the cases, the pain starts in the big toe. The pain may alternate between the toes, but is always experienced in some of the joints. This is the stage when the hyperuricemia has gone beyond limit and now the crystals have accumulated in the joints to drastic levels. The pains experienced at this stage could last for days or even weeks at a stretch. Gout is generally diagnosed at this stage.
(iii) Intercritical Stage of Gout The intercritical stage of gout is normally a transition stage from the acute stage to the more dangerous chronic stage. At the intercritical stage, no symptoms are felt. The uric acid deposits do build up though, and the initial tophi may make their appearance. The intercritical stage lasts up to two to six months. During the intercritical stage, several people get confused and think that their gout has healed itself in some miraculous manner and stop their treatment.
(iv) Chronic Stage of Gout Once the intercritical stage lasting from two to six months is past, the chronic stage of gout sets in. This is the most severe of all the stages. Large tophi make their appearance, and there is tremendous pain in the affected joints. There is redness and swelling in most of the major joints. At this stage, usually surgery is needed to correct the situation by removing the tophi. The chronic stage of gout can lead to several major complications. Hence, medical attention is extremely important.

Symptoms of Gout (Vata Rakta Roga)

The symptoms of gout can be divided into stages according to the manner in which it makes its appearance. The following are some warning signs of gout:-
There is a sudden occurrence of pain in joints (almost overnight), without any explanation. The pain is most commonly originated in the big toe. There is swelling or redness in joints, which is quite tender to the touch and reddened in appearance. The swelling is extremely sensitive to touch and application of any external pressure. When the gout becomes more advanced, the following symptoms are shown:-
The pain becomes more acute. A single attack can last up to ten days or more. There is inflammation of the joints. In the chronic stage, huge red swellings make their appearance in the areas of the joints, which are known as the tophi.

Complications due to Gout (Vata Rakta Roga)

Gout if left untreated can develop some major complications. One of the most frequent complications of gout is kidney stones. Since gout is caused due to hyperuricemia, i.e. excess of uric acid; these crystals may also deposit within the kidney giving rise to a kind of kidney stones. Due to prolonged inability of the kidneys to filter out uric acid, there may be a permanent damage of the kidneys. This may cause several excretory problems. Gout is also known to cause hypertension, i.e. high blood pressure, in its victims. Hypertension is a major complication in elderly people who suffer from gout.

Transmission of Gout (Vata Rakta Roga)

Gout is a non communicable disease. Hence, there is no fear of an infection. However, it is a hereditary disease. People with histories of gout in their families must take more precautions.

Prevention of Gout by a Proper Diet (Vata Rakta Roga)

The prevention of gout can be easily done by having a diet that is low in purine content, since excessive purines can lead to gout. The following foods must be avoided as they have high purine content:-
Sea foods, especially shell fish, scallops, prawns, crabs, sardines and anchovies Offal meats such as livers, hearts, gizzards, tongues and kidneys Coffee and cocoa Tea Extracts of meats Vegetables such as spinach, peas and beans Sweetbreads Alcohols, especially beer Tofu The following foods must be increased in the diet as they can lower the content of uric acid:-
* Celery
* Strawberries and blueberries
* Cherries

Ayurvedic Treatment for Gout (Vata Rakta Roga)

There is no known treatment of gout, but the painful symptoms can be controlled through Ayurvedic techniques by using herbs that bring a proper balance of the dietary constituents. The following herbs are found to be effective in the treatment of gout.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ajmoda Apium graveolens Celery Celery is a very effective in the treatments of both rheumatism and gout. Celery has both alkaline and acidic contents. When used for gout, its alkaline elements help to neutralize the excess acidity that causes gout. As a result of this ‘bringing back to balance’ action of celery, it is beneficial in treatment of gout.
Arandi Ricinus communis Castor seeds Due to the presence of ricinoleic acid in it, the oil of castor seeds is beneficial as a rub over the inflamed regions of gout.
Harad Chebulic Myroblan Chebulic myroblan by itself has very little effect on allaying the symptoms of gout. But when taken in a mixture with turpeth, then it has a good effect in reducing gout.
Ikshuru or Gokulakanta Hygrophila spinosa Gokhulakanta The leaves of gokhulakanta are mixed with those of tulsi and taken with either buttermilk, coconut juice or some fruit juice to reduce some of the symptoms of gout.
Nisoth or Pithori Operculina turpethicum Turpeth The tuberous roots of turpeth are divided into doses of two to four grams. These are mixed with chebulic myroblan and are consumed. This is very effective in not just the treatment of gout, but also for dropsy.

Natural Hair Care
Introduction

Healthy hair care habit will keep you happy, stress free and help you in maintaining shiny hair, which every one desires to have. Beautiful hair emphasizes your style and personality. This article will provide valuable tips for hair care.

Causes for Hair Care

The main cause of Hair Care is unhealthy food, which include junk foods, food cooked in adulterated oil and in unhygienic condition. Other causes of Hair Care are excess consumption of caffeine, alcohol. Stress, depression, sorrow, pain, side effects of some drugs, etc., are some other reasons.

Diet for Hair Care

You should intake green vegetables, fruits, sprouts, honey, cereals, nuts, grains, milk products, and no cholesterol-rich food in your diet. Good balanced diet keeps your skin and hair healthy. Eat fish, soybeans, and raw vegetable salads.

Treatment for Hair Care

Home remedy for hair care
Home remedies are safe, effective, and also costs you less. Try the below given home remedies and see the beautiful change in your hair. Hair care for oily hair, dry hair, and long hair Oily hair-There is a blockage in the hair follicles because of excess oil deposition and dirt in the oily hairs. In oily hair there is a huge secretion of sebaceous glands as a result scalp and hairs are very oily.

Hair care for oily hair
Lemon juice prevents dandruffs---apply lemon juice and keep it for 10-15 minutes on hair and rinse off. This hair care tip is suitable for any hair kind and will keep your hair clean and healthy. Wash your hair using triphala powder, a natural and safe hair care for oily hair.

Dry hair care
* Hair care using olive oil---massage your hair using olive oil, as it nourishes hair and helps in its growth. Take edible oil and honey in a ratio of 1:1, mix it well and apply on hair, keep it for 15-20 minutes and rinse off with cold water. This is an effective hair care for dry hair.
* Apply a paste of egg yolk and water and keep it for 10-15 minutes and then rinse off the hair with clean and cold water. This is also very effective hair care for dry hair.
* Regularly massage your hair using hair oil like, coconut oil, castor oil, and olive oil.
* Mix egg yolks, vinegar and any hair oil and apply this mixture on scalp, keep it for 10-15 minutes then wash your hair with cold water. This is an effective hair care for dry hair. This nourishes hair and has no side effects and your hair will shine with good health.For preventing hair loss and getting healthy long hair try the below given home remedies suitable for both male and female.
* Juice made from leaves of any of various plants ofLactuca sativa and juices of vegetable spinach are very effective for hair, and provide good hair care when taken as a diet.
* You can massage your hair and scalp simply with your hand after your daily bath, as it improves blood circulation and prevents hair loss. Regular massage actuates sebaceous glands and makes your hair strong and shiny.
* Good hair care for healthy hair---you can use a natural cleanser made of lime juice and amla powder. Take one tablespoon amla powder and one tablespoon lemon juice mix them and add little water to it to make a thick paste. Use this natural chemical free hair care mixture as a hair cleanser for 2-3 weeks and see the difference in your hair. Your hair will bounce with shine, and good health. You will have no hair loss, and your hair will reflect your inner beauty.
* Drink natural and healthy drink made from 1:1:1 ratio of carrot, alfalfa or simsim and leaves of Lactuca sativa. This is good hair care, prevent hair breakage and loss. For getting long and healthy hair you can massage your hair and scalp using coconut oil. Take 1-2 tablespoon coconut oil depending upon the hair size and mix 2-3 raw amla in it then massage your hair. This is an effective hair care sure to work in any kind of hair.
* Make a paste of coriander leaves or margosa leaves then gently apply on hair and keep it for 10-15 minutes and then wash with cold water.
* Massage your hair with milk of coconut or warm mustard oil containing henna (mehndi leaves). This improves blood circulation and helps in hair growth.
* Take a natural neem leaves and make its thick paste and wash your hair using neem which is natural hair care and fight against any kinds germs and lice in hairs.
* Make a natural grinded paste of amaranth leaves which is effective herb and gently apply on hair and scalp and let it dry for 10-15 minutes then rinse of using clean and cold water.
* Grind black pepper (one teaspoon) and lemon seeds (one teaspoon) and apply this mixture on head and scalp keep it for 10-15 minutes and then rinse of using clean cold water. This revitalizes hair and is effective hair care for getting long hair

Dos and don'ts

Never apply chemical-based bleach, avoid using hair curler, hair dryers, chemical-based hair gels, and coloring hair using hair colors as they contain ammonia. As these things dries your hair and your hairs look lifeless and hard. Maintain a natural hair care routine
* Regular cleaning of hair is required. Set a good routine for hair care.
* Drink lots of water as water is good for health and hair.
* Regular trimming of hair will prevent split ends.
* Do not use chemical-based shampoo excessively as it takes away the natural shine.
* Healthy hairs are not hard to get but it requires your care and understanding.

Hangover Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Hangover or veisalgia is a condition arises when a person consumes alcohol and other toxic materials in an excess amount. However, one cannot say which amount is excess. For some if a bottle of alcohol is nothing, the same amount can be excess for someone else. Hangover as such is not a disease, but person suffering from it feels quite disturbed and sick. This article will explain in detail everything about hangover and in depth about the effective home remedies. According to ayurveda, this condition arises when there is excess of consumption of madd (alcohol).

Causes for Hangover

The major cause of hangover is excess intake of alcohol and other toxic material. Some drugs too cause hangover. Different types of alcohol has different amount of affect.

Symptoms for Hangover

The various symptoms of hangover are severe sirshool (headache), angmard (body pain, tiredness, chardi (vomiting) and atisaar (diarrhea), antra shool (problems in intestine), dehydration, ruksh oshth (dry lips) and kanth (throat), red and swollen eyes, restlessness, sleepiness, mild fever.

Treatment for Hangover

Hangover is very disturbing. Person suffering from it feels restless and upset and unable to do normal daily activity. Given below are some effective home remedies to overcome hangover.

Water:
Water is the best home remedy to avoid hangover or to get rid of it. The major cause of hangover is dehydration; hence drink lots of water before you drink alcohol. Also take 2-3 glass of water before going to bed.

Lemon:
Prepare a lemon tea. Do not add sugar to it. This lemon-rich tea detoxifies the unwanted material inside the stomach. Assimilate alcohol and gives fast relief from hangover. Fresh lemon juice prepared in cold water with little sugar also helps in fast relief from hangover. This drink controls the sugar level in the blood after excess intake of alcohol.

Fruits:
Apples and bananas are very effective fruits to the cure of hangover . Take an apple in an empty stomach. This will give fast relief. Similarly, mash 1-2 banana and mix in milk. Add a tablespoon of honey to it. This fruit shake do wonders during hangover . It not only will relax the stomach and nerves, the honey will resume the lost sugar in blood. Banana will help in regaining some essential minerals like potassium which is lost due to alcohol.

Adrak (Ginger):
Chew 2-3 small pieces of ginger or take a cup of ginger tea. Ginger gives fast relief from hangover by soothing the stomach and digestion of alcohol.

Bandh gobhi (Cabbage):
Patient suffering from hangover should be given raw cabbage. Chewing raw cabbage will give relief from pain in head caused due to hangover and disturbance in nerves. Cabbage juice taken with tomato juice do wonders for curing hangover as it reduces carve for taking alcohol, and also helps in the metabolic process of assimilating alcohol in the stomach.

Madhu (Honey):
Honey is one of the simplest and easily available home remedy. Patient suffering from hangover should be given 3-4 teaspoon of honey after every one hour. The quantity, however, can be increased if the hangover is acute and severe. Honey has a magical effect in killing the harmful effect of alcohol. Honey also helps in the assimilation of alcohol reached inside the patient’s body.

Peppermint:
Peppermint is considered as a helpful herb for the treatment of hangover. Patient suffering from hangover may be given 3-5 leaves of peppermint. This can also be given in form of tea by simply boiling 5-10 leaves in a glass of water.

Primrose oil:
Take 2-3 teaspoon full of primrose oil. It has a magical effect in curing hangover.

Tomato:
The sourish taste of tomato has a great effect in curing hangover. The dehydration caused due to hangover can be compensated by taking freshly prepared tomato juice or soup. This will diminish carve for drinking more alcohol. Add freshly prepared lemon juice to it for good taste and fast relief.

Vitamin B:
Vitamin B has a magical effect in curing hangover. Take food rich in Vitamin B before going to bed. It can also be taken in early morning. This will help in assimilating and digesting alcohol and regain lost energy level. Some Vitamin B rich foods are whole grain wheat, cold milk, and citrus fruits like orange. Similarly, Vitamin C is also very effective for the treatment of hangover.

Exercise:
Exercise proves to be very helpful in getting relief from hangover. Person suffering from hangover should start with mild exercise, brisk walking, and then gradually speeding up. This will help increase the circulation of blood to brain and other parts of the body. Exercise will also regulate the oxygen supply to different parts of the body.
Apart from the above mentioned home remedies, these are some other important suggestion to avoid hangover or to get reed of it. The best practice is do not get yourself addicted to alcohol, even if you are then take it in a small quantity. Eat something (Especially starch containing food as it weakens the affect of alcohol.) during and after you consume alcohol, consuming alcohol in an empty stomach is very dangerous. Avoid carbonated drink as it will increase the assimilation of alcohol in your body. Do not eat any sugar containing fluids while you are consuming alcohol.

Head Lice Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Nothing can be more embarrassing than a lice coming out of your head and moving towards your forehead. Believe it is the worst and the most embarrassing situation, which anyone from a child to an adult faces. Normally, people with long hair experiences head lice. This article will explain in detail what are the causes of head lice and also what are the effective home remedies for treating it.

Causes for Head Lice

First of all let’s look into what are the causes of head lice. The main causes include untidy hair, improper maintenance of long hair, living, playing or doing any activity with person suffering from head lice, use of chemical-based shampoo, etc. It is also said that people living stress-full life have excess amount of dandruff and lice on their head. Unhealthy living environment, lack of sanitation facility, living in a crowded place, etc. are some other reasons.

Home remedies for curing Head Lice

Head lice are embarrassing, irritating, itchy, painful, etc. It makes small red balls on the scalp which is quite itchy. Given below are some of the effective home remedies for the treatment of head lice.

Lemon juice:
Lemon juice is considered as one of the effective home remedy for the treatment of head lice and dandruff. Take equal amount (1-2 tablespoon) of lemon juice and garlic paste. Apply this mixture over the scalp and allow it to dry for 25-35 minutes. Wash your hair in cold water and rinse off the all dirt, dust, etc.

Olive oil:
Olive oil is good in killing head lice. Apply heavy amount of olive oil on your hair, and cover it with a plastic bag. Keep it overnight, later with the help of lice comb, take out all the head lice. Repeat this after every 10 days.

Egg yolk:
Make a mixture by adding egg yolk, vinegar, and lemon juice. Take egg yolk of 2 eggs, add 2-3 tablespoon of vinegar and equal amount of lemon juice into it. Mix it well and apply on the scalp. Allow it to dry for 20-30 minutes and then wash it off with warm water.

Almond:
Almond is another effective home remedy to get rid of head lice. Soak 10-12 almonds in water and make its paste. Add 3-4 tablespoon of lemon juice in it. Apply this mixture over your scalp, and allow it to dry for 1-2 hours. Wash hair with cold water.

Apple cider vinegar:
Similarly, vinegar is also quite useful for removing head lice. Take 3-4 tablespoon of vinegar, add 2 tablespoon of lemon juice and garlic paste. Mix it well and apply it on the scalp. Allow it to dry for 2 hours and wash it off. Do this 3-4 times a month, you will surely see great result.

Alcohol:
Alcohol also helps in eradicating head lice. Massage alcohol over your hair and keep it for half an hour. Wash it off. Do this once in a week.

Margosa (Neem) leaves:
Neem leaves is also good in killing head lice. Apply its paste on hair, allow it to dry and then wash it off. Do this at least twice a week. Conditioner containing margosa leaves are also good. Similarly, basal (tulsi) leaves are also quite useful. Take 20-30 basal leaves and make its paste. Either use it plain or mix with equal quantity of margosa leaf paste. Apply over the scalp and allow it to dry for half an hour and then wash it off. Repeat this 2-3 times a week.
Apart from these above mentioned remedies, given below are some of the preventive measures which one should always take: Keep your body and hair clean, use herbal shampoo, and ayurvedic herbs for washing your hair.
Do not use comb, towel, and dress of those who are having head lice. These lice transmit very fast from one head to another through these substances. If you cannot manage long hair, cut them regularly. Dirt, dust gives birth to these lice, so keep your hair short and tidy.
Lice transfer from one head to another. Stay away from those with head lice.
Never allow your scalp to dry, as this will lead to dandruff and head lice. Keep your scalp clean and apply coconut hair oil.
Apply Vaseline over the scalp, this is also very good. Similarly, you may use shaving cream as well.

Symptoms for Head Lice

The major symptoms of head lice include prolong itching on scalp, red elevated balls on scalp, neck, etc. Live parasites and white eggs in hair, etc., are other symptoms of head lice.

Headache Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Headache or pain in the head is caused due to stress, reaction caused by drugs, improper rest and diet. Whatever is the cause of headache, right herbal treatment and staying stress free can eliminate headache effectively with no side effects. In ayurveda it is known as shirh shool. It is usually dominated by vata dosha thought there is enough involvement of pitta and kapha dosha in causing it.

Causes for Headache

High blood pressure is one of the causes of headache. Long fever and eyes infections also lead to headache. Inadequate sleep also leads to headache. Stress, acidity, improper flow of neuro chemicals between various nerves leads to headache called migraine and as a result there is improper blood circulation in brain and there are mental disturbances.Poor metabolism leads to headache. A problem in small and large intestines also causes of headache. Inflammation in body leads to headache. Hereditary and genetics may be the cause of cluster headaches which are very unbearable, as they start from one side of the head and spreads to other side. Defect in the brain part called hypothalamus also cause headache. Problem in breathing leads to headache.

Tips for Headache

Tips that will keep you free from headache
* Eat green and fibrous vegetables.
* Take good sleep.
* Never skip your regular balanced diet. Hunger also causes headache.
* A fruit like banana gives you energy and relief from headache.
* Live in a peaceful environment. Noise pollution is one of the causes of headache so stay away from high sound.
* Live a stress-free life.
* Avoid eating junk and fried foods as this aggravates headache.
* Drink lots of water.
* Excess cheese, chocolate, creams, and muttons should be avoided in the diet.
* Eat foods rich in Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, and Vitamin D.
* Iron and protein-rich food are good for health and keep you in good shape and relives or cure headache.
* Eat calcium rich foods.

Vitamin B2 and magnesium are essential for diet and prevent headache.
* Vitamin B2 is helpful in curing migraine headaches.
* Foods which are rich in Vitamin B2 are eggs, beans, meat, and green vegetables.
* Minerals, iron, vitamins are essential for body and also prevent headaches so take all these essential minerals in moderation and in natural form because high intake of this minerals can cause heart disease, improper function of immune system.
* Eat food rich in magnesium, as magnesium is the one of the most effective nutrient of our diet. Lack of the magnesium minerals cause migraine headache, cluster headache, and various other diseases, so for proper metabolism, functioning, and growth of the body magnesium is a must. Intake magnesium in your regular diet, magnesium is found in soybeans, green vegetables, meat, milk, cereals, almonds, and seafood. Do not take magnesium pills as high intake of magnesium causes, weakness, drowsiness, and various other side effects.
* Eat natural and green leafy vegetables as it does not have any side effects.

Treatment for Headache

Lemon is beneficial in the cure of headache caused due to yakrit vicar (liver problem). In taking lemon juice gives you relief from headache. You can also make a powder of lemon skin and mix the powder in 1 tablespoon water to make a fine paste. Apply this paste on your temple this will give you relief from headaches in the summer days.
Apple helps in relieving headaches. Eating an apple a day keeps you fit, and relief from headache. In the summer days, paste of vinegar and henna gives you relief from headaches. Apply this paste on your temporal region and it gives you relief from headaches caused due to heat from the sun.
Make a paste of cinnamon and water and apply this paste on head and neck. This will give you relief. Applying chandan (sandalwood) paste on forehead will give you relief from headaches in summer days. Make a paste using 1 tablespoon sandalwood powder and 1 tablespoon water and gently rub on your temple and then let it dry for 15-20 minutes then wash it using cold water. This is an effective natural treatment. Nariyal (Coconut) oil massages relief pain in summer days.
* Lavender oil massage and various other herbal oil massages cure headache.
* Applying cinnamon paste also cures headache caused in winter season.
* Applying adrak (ginger) paste also cures headache caused in winter season.
* Tea also soothes pain. Make tea using cumin, ginger, and coriander seeds. This tea can be taken at anytime of the day.
* Drinking warm milk containing 4-5 flax seeds also soothes pain on head caused due to sinus.
* Herbal aroma for example lavender, eucalyptus, sandalwood, and many other herbal products provide good relieves on headache.
* Put your legs and hands in warm water, this will also lessen the headache.
* Taking a good bath using herbal soaps also relives pain.
* Eucalyptus oil massages is pain reliever and good for curing headache.
* Almond oil massage helps in curing headache. Do almond oil massage on forehead and at lower muscles of your head.

Exercises
Exercises relive headache caused due to migraine and other reasons. Practice yogic exercise like:
* Sit on floor with your eyes closed. Keep your body erect and take a deep breath and then hold back your breath for few seconds then release carbon dioxide and relax for few seconds. Then in the same way do this for 10 minutes.
* Do pranayam regularly it will give you relief from stress and strain. Various yogic postures lead to proper blood circulation and relief from headache.
* Acupressure works for headache and for many health-related problems. Acupressure point for relieving headache is in the palm area between thumb and index finger, press between the areas of thumb and index finger for 10-15 minutes, it will give you relieve on headache.
* Eat natural products as they are not toxic and have no side effects. Live stress free!!!!!!!!

Heart Attack Causes, Symptoms, Diet for Preventing Heart Attack and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Today, myocardial infarction, or heart attack as it is commonly called, is a leading cause for deaths all around the world. Everybody knows at least somebody who is suffering from a major heart ailment and is at potential risk of getting a heart attack. The importance of getting armed against heart attacks by getting properly educated about it can never be stressed enough.

Definition of Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

In simple terms, myocardial infarction or heart attack is a situation when the blood supply to the heart is interrupted, due to which there is serious malfunctioning of the heart. The heart attack is felt initially as a sharp pain in the chest cavity, and it may lead to the death of the heart muscle and even the person in a few moments. Heart attacks are classified as a medical emergency all over the world. The medical term of heart attack, i.e. myocardial infarction, is derived from two separate terms. Myocardium is the biological name for the heart muscle. Infarction means death of a tissue due to depletion of oxygen supply. Hence myocardial infarction means stoppage of the heart muscle due to interruption in the oxygen supply. The Ayurvedic term for myocardial infarction is hridaya roga, where hridaya means ‘heart’ and roga means ‘disease’. Heart attack is the most leading and most serious heart ailment in all living organisms.

Types of Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

The heart is a muscular organ made of four chambers – two upper chambers known as the auricles or atria and two lower chambers known as ventricles. These four chambers are divided by muscular walls. Heart attacks are classified depending on which heart wall they attack. The following is a list of different zones of heart attacks and the arteries that are primarily the cause:-
* Zone of Heart Attack Affected Artery
* Anterior wall of the heart Left coronary artery
* Left anterior descending artery
* Antero-lateral wall of the heart Left anterior descending artery and its diagonal, circumflex and marginal branches
* Antero-septal wall of the heart Left anterior descending artery
* Inferior wall of the heart Right coronary artery
* Lateral wall of the heart Left coronary artery
* Circumflex artery
* Posterior wall of the heart Right coronary artery
* Circumflex artery
* Right ventricular wall of the heart Right coronary artery

Causes of Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

The cause of a heart attack is the blockage of a coronary artery. The following are the leading causes of effectuating this blockage:-
(i) Atherosclerosis – Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of heart attacks. It is the medical term for the hardening of the arteries providing the blood supply to the heart. When a person has a diet that is rich in harmful cholesterol, i.e. LDL, then it could lead to deposits of this cholesterol within the inner lumen of the arteries. As a result there is narrowing of the heart arteries which can precipitate a violent malfunctioning of the heart.
(ii) Low oxygen supply to the heart – This goes hand in hand with atherosclerosis. When the heart gets an inadequate blood supply, the oxygen supply to the heart is also obstructed. In the absence of oxygen, the heart does not get enough energy to perform its pumping action. Hence a heart attack is caused.
(iii) Wrong diet – A diet that is rich in harmful cholesterol (LDL) and deficient in good cholesterol (HDL) can cause atherosclerosis. This cholesterol accumulation in the arteries does not take place overnight; it is a very gradual process and the buildup takes place over decades. Continuous dietary patterns lead to atherosclerosis and hence heart attacks later on in life.
(iv) Weak heart – The human heart is a machine that relentlessly pumps 2000 gallons of blood through the body in a single day. Obviously there is going to wear and tear of the heart muscle over time. The most major of these ailments is angina pectoris, which makes its appearance in late middle age. People with such weakened hearts are very susceptible to heart attacks.
(iv) Sedentary lifestyle – A reclusive lifestyle is often a precipitating factor for getting heart attacks. The medical reason for this cause is not studied well enough, but it known that people who live alone (like in the urban areas) are more vulnerable to heart attacks.
(v) Emotional stresses and tensions – When people have mental worries, there is increased circulation of blood in the brain. The heart has to perform additional effort in order to circulate more blood in the brain. As a result the heart becomes weak and susceptible to a heart attack in the near future. People who are at Risk of Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

There are very specific patterns observed among people who suffer from myocardial infarctions in their lifetimes. The following types of people are at much higher risk at getting heart attacks than others:-
* People who live on a LDL cholesterol rich diet
* People who live alone, especially elderly people
* People who have diabetes and hypertension
* People who are excessively overweight (obese)
* People who do not indulge in physical activity
* People who take undue stress and get easily emotionally excited
* People who are addicted to smoking
* People who have a family history of heart problems
* People who are suffering from angina pectoris

Symptoms of Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

Though there are different types of heart attack regions in the chest, the symptoms that are commonly observed are more or less the same. The following are some of the symptoms that are observed normally in people suffering from a heart attack:-
* Pain in the chest, which is felt like a pressing, squeezing, throbbing or a burning sensation
* Pain that radiates to the back, neck, jaws, chest and abdominal regions
* Inability of breathing; breathing in short gasps
* Congestion in the chest, i.e. a feeling of suffocation
* Stifling feeling in the throat
* Giddiness and lightheadedness; inability to keep standing
* A feeling of unnecessary panic
* Excessive perspiration
* Loss of urinary control
* Nausea and vomiting

Complications due to Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

Heart attack is the most serious of all human ailments. It is often the final stage of heart complaints, and results into death. Most people get mild heart attacks in the initial stages. This is when immediate medical attention should be obtained. The initial medicine would be in the form of oxygen suppliers and pain killers. As the treatment advances, the doctor would diagnose the actual cause of the infarction and provide remedies for the same. In extreme cases, heart bypass operations might be performed. However, if the initial mild heart attacks are ignored, then the subsequent attacks are usually fatal. Most people who suffer heart attacks do not live beyond their third attack.

Transmission of Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

Heart attack is a metabolic disorder. It is non communicable and cannot be passed on from one person to another. Thus, a person with a history of heart attack can be safely given all the care that is needed in order to help him or her combat the problem. Genetic traits have been observed among people suffering from heart attacks. Therefore, if you have a family history of heart attacks, then you must take due precautions right from an early age.

Prevention of Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

The following steps must be followed in order to minimize the chances of a heart disease:-
* Eat a well-balanced nutritive food. For more elaborate dietary guidelines, refer to the next
* section.
* Lead an active life with work and exercise.
* However, do not overexert yourself if you have a weak bodily constitution.
* If you have a family history of either diabetes or hypertension, then you would need to seek medical advice about heart problems also.
* Do not infest your mind with negative thoughts.
* Think positively and bear a cheerful attitude towards life.
* Do not fall prey to vices such as smoking and excessive alcoholism.
* Seek remedial measures to lose weight in case you are overweight.
* You might even shift to a quieter area of residence, especially one that abounds in greenery. Avoid living in busy and polluted urban areas.
* Never be alone. Always keep some company of people around you. Many heart attacks have been protected from becoming fatal by employing
* timely first aid methods, such as the ABC (Airway-Breathing-Circulation) method of resuscitation. Instruct your family members to get trained in such resuscitation methods.

Diet for Preventing Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

Diet has a very important role in both, precipitating and preventing heart attacks. The wrong kind of diet can hasten a heart attack, while the right kind of diet can keep it away. The following is a list of foods to avoid and foods to consume if you are prone to heart attacks:-
Foods to avoid
* Foods which are high in harmful cholesterol (LDL) such as animal meats
* Egg yolks
* Red meats such as mutton, pork and beef
* Sea foods such as prawns and crabs
* Dairy products such as butter, cheese, condensed milk, milk cream, etc
* Saturated fats, including coconut and palm oils
* Trans fatty acids such as hydrogenated oils
* Salt and salty foods like French fries, crispies, poppadums, pickles, etc
* Sugar and sugary foods like cakes, pastries, chocolates, ice-creams, etc
* Tea, coffee, colas and alcohol
* Canned vegetables
* Canned fruit syrups

Foods to consume
* Carbohydrate foods such as wheat, rice, maize, jowar
* Whole and sprouted pulses
* Green leafy vegetables
* Fresh fruits (must be taken in excess but without sugar)
* Low fat milk
* Fermented milk products such as buttermilk
* Egg whites
* White meats such as poultry and fish
* Vegetable oils
In addition, it must be remembered that a person with a heart problem must never have a full meal, as this exertion on the digestive system can accelerate the chances of a heart attack. Smoking and alcoholism must be avoided, though alcohol in small amounts is known to be beneficial in heart ailments.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Heart Attack (Hridaya Roga)

Several herbs have been used by Ayurvedic doctors since age-old times to reduce heart attacks among people. The following is just a tiny list of some of the most effective herbs:- Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name ofthe Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Guggul Commiphora mukul Guggul Recently guggul has earned much merit as a cure for heart attack patients. Guggul contains guggulsterone which has been proved to keep atherosclerosis under check.
Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric Due to the presence of curcumin in it, turmeric is an efficient agent in reducing the level of serum cholesterol in humans.
Lahsoona Allium sativa Garlic Garlic is known to be one of the most potent herbs in the treatment of heart attacks. Eating a few cloves of garlic a day helps to thin the blood and thus improve circulation. Garlic is already an essential component of the traditional Indian cuisine.
Pyaaza Allium cepa Onion A huge body of research has been done in modern times to probe into the curative properties of the onion in heart attacks. The results have been overwhelmingly successful. Onion helps as a stimulant to improve the circulatory process and thus keeps heart attacks at bay.
Though there are several Ayurvedic remedies to keep heart attacks away, it is very necessary to mention as a final word of caution that heart attacks are a medical emergency. Any pain in the heart should not be neglected, and self-medication must be done only under the supervision of an expert.

Hemorrhage Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Hemorrhage simply means bleeding. It is a pitta vitiation and therefore in Ayurveda it is termed as rakta pitta, where rakta means ‘blood’. Hemorrhage can be both internal as well as external. This article explains the common types of hemorrhages.

Definition of Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

Hemorrhage is a medical term that is applied commonly to any type of bleeding. In the human body, blood flows through blood vessels; viz. the arteries, veins and the capillaries. If there is a rupture of any of these blood vessels due to some reason, then the blood flows out into the extra-vascular space. This is called as hemorrhage.
The flow of blood out of the blood vessels (or even out of the body itself) is called in Ayurveda as rakta pitta. This is a common term in Ayurveda to encompass all hemorrhagic blood losses. As the name suggests, rakta pitta is considered to be a pittaja disorder, i.e. it is caused due to the vitiation of the pitta dosha.

Types of Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

The human body generates up to two quarts of blood per week. Hence hemorrhage to a small extent does not cause any severe medical condition in the human body. But more blood loss can definitely be dangerous and even fatal. Depending on the volume of blood that is lost in the hemorrhage, it is divided into four classes as given below:-
Class 1 Hemorrhage This is the hemorrhage in which there is less than 15% of the total blood of the body lost. This is not dangerous to the human body. There are no external symptoms (except, of course, the bleeding itself) and no transfusion is necessary.
Class 2 Hemorrhage If there is between 15 and30% of the blood lost, then it is termed as class 2 hemorrhage. This is a slightly serious medical condition. Here the following are observed:-
The rapidity of heartbeat increases.
The systolic and diastolic pressures come closer together.
The skin may lose its color and become cool to the touch.
In such cases, blood transfusion is not necessary, but the person needs to be put on saline.
Class 3 Hemorrhage Blood loss of between 30 and 40% of the total volume in the body is classified as class 3 hemorrhage. This is a serious condition. The following symptoms are observed:-
* The person loses his or her mental faculties.
* The heartbeat becomes very rapid.
* The blood pressure falls to drastic levels.
* In this class of hemorrhage, both blood transfusion and volume enhancement of the blood through saline is needed.
* Class 4 Hemorrhage This is the worst kind of hemorrhage which is usually a cause for death.
* It occurs when more that 40% of blood from the total volume in the body is lost. When this happens, the person must be resuscitated quite aggressively to prevent from dying.

Apart from the above classes of hemorrhage, it is also classified on the basis of the region in the human body where it occurs. The following are the prominent types of hemorrhage found:-
(1) Cerebral Hemorrhage
This is the hemorrhage when bleeding occurs inside the brain. Depending on where precisely in the brain the bleeding occurs, this type of hemorrhage is classified into:-
* Subarachnoid hemorrhage
* Intercranial hemorrhage
* Epidural hemorrhage
* Subdural hemorrhage
Cerebral hemorrhage is most often fatal. It is a medical emergency and drastic measures need to be taken in order to resuscitate the patient.
(2) Vitreous Hemorrhage
Vitreous hemorrhage covers all kinds of bleeding that can take place within the eye, mostly in the retina. The person suffering from vitreous hemorrhage will have impaired vision and will see spots in front of the eyes. Vitreous hemorrhage is a fairly common complication in people suffering from hypertension and diabetes.
(3) Postpartum Hemorrhage
Postpartum hemorrhage is the bleeding that occurs during childbirth. The bleeding occurs in both normal as well as cesarean deliveries, but if too much blood loss is involved, then there is a chance that the mother may die. In the conventional definition, postpartum hemorrhage was stated as that in which there was more than 500 ml blood loss in a normal birth and more than 1 liter blood loss in a cesarean birth.
(4) Nasal Hemorrhage or Epistaxis
Nasal hemorrhage is bleeding from the nose. This is a much less serious condition than the ones mentioned above, but is very common. This is because the inner lining of the nose is quite delicate and is very vulnerable to slight pressure. Nasal hemorrhage can occur due to:-
* Digging the nose
* Injury to the nose
* Sudden climatic changes, such as very cold weather
* Pressure reduction, as is felt when flying in a plane
Nasal hemorrhage doesn’t complicate itself because there is very little blood loss. But nasal hemorrhage is a symptom of leukemia; hence if there is an unexplained loss of blood through the nose, it needs to be urgently checked by a doctor.

Causes of Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

Hemorrhage can occur due to both traumatic and underlying medical factors. Traumatic factors of hemorrhage are those which occur due to an injury. The injury could be either blunt or penetrating. Blunt injuries, such as a punch or a hit with a club, can cause internal bleeding. The blood may not escape out because in such injuries generally the skin does not break. As the result, the extent of such injuries cannot be found out from the outside. Any organ within the body can bleed. The internal bleeding is sometimes observable as a dark clot under the skin, after the clotting process has occurred. Bleeding due to penetrating injuries is more apparent. These injuries can directly rupture the skin and cause the blood to flow out of the puncture. There are some underlying factors that can cause internal bleeding. The most well-known of them is hemophilia. Hemophiliac people can bleed to death because they lack the factor necessary for blood clotting. Weakness of the blood vessels, i.e. aneurism, can also cause grievous blood loss.

Symptoms of Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

If the bleeding is externally apparent, then the symptoms are quite observable. The bleeding can be seen as a flow of blood from the injured region. Depending on the nature of the injury, the blood could flow as a small trickle, or as a stream, or in extremely adverse injuries, even gush out of the skin. The blood loss is accompanied by pain, which is due to the rupturing of the skin. Internal hemorrhages are more difficult to understand. If the hemorrhage is close to the skin, then it can be made out from the outside as a darkened spot under the skin. When the blood clots, the darkening is more visible.

Complications of Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

Depending on the nature of the hemorrhage, there can be several complications. The following are some of the important complications:-
* The major complication involves the loss of blood. Blood is the carrier of oxygen to all the vital organs of the body. Hence the loss of blood would mean a short supply of oxygen to all the vital organs. This would cause the vital organs to malfunction; which could lead to death of the person.
* Minor hemorrhages also can make a difference to the person. The skin of the person may become pale due to the blood loss and the eyes may look dilated. The lips may look discolored and the person could become short of breath.
* Hemorrhages cause the heart to pump blood faster. In a person with a chronic heart ailment, this could aggravate the condition of a myocardial infarction, i.e. a heart attack.
* Hemorrhage is very dangerous in a person with hemophilia. Hemophilia is a hereditary disease in which the person is unable to clot blood. As a result, the person could even bleed away to death with a small injury.

Transmission of Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

Hemorrhage is a condition that occurs in the individual human body; hence there is no chance of it of getting transmitted from one person to another. But at the same time it can be mentioned here that several dangerous microorganisms like the AIDS virus HIV and the hepatitis virus live in the blood of the person. A hemorrhage could make it very possible for these viruses to be transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person.

Prevention and Basic Care during Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

First aid is absolutely essential in minor hemorrhages. For hemorrhages caused due to small injuries, the following is the pattern of first aid:-
* The area around the wound must be cleaned thoroughly by washing with water.
* If the bleeding does not stop, then some direct pressure with the thumb can be applied to the region.
* Use a bandage to tie around the wound. If the bandage consists of some disinfecting material within it, it is much ideal to prevent infections.
* With serious hemorrhages, it is necessary to rush the person to a hospital. The doctors would check the airway of the person before beginning the resuscitation, in order to ensure that normal respiration can occur.
* Any internal hemorrhage needs medical attention, and it must not be delayed.

Diet for People with Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

The following is a list of foods that is good for people with hemorrhage:-
* A diet of old rice is advised.
* Foods that contain vitamin C are very essential.
* Vitamin C contains collagen, which acts as a cementing material in blood clotting. All citrus foods such as oranges, lemons, amlaki and green leafy vegetables are good sources of vitamin C.
* Foods that contain vitamin K are also needed.
* Vitamin K is necessary to synthesize prothrombin, which is another important ingredient for blood clotting. Leafy vegetables such as spinach, lettuce and cabbage and cauliflower are good sources of vitamin K. Also meats, cow’s milk, eggs and soy products contain
* good amounts of vitamin K.
* Pulses such as Bengal gram and tur daal are helpful in regeneration of blood.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Hemorrhage (Rakta Pitta)

The following are some beneficial herbs that can be taken in order to reduce blood losses through hemorrhages.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name ofthe Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Adraka or Sunthi Zingiber officinale Ginger Ginger is a beneficial herb in improving the process of blood clotting. Ginger can also increase the volume of blood and help in quick regeneration of lost blood.
Amlaki Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry Amlaki is the richest source of vitamin C. the vitamin C in amlaki does not deteriorate even on heating or refrigeration. For this reason, a choorna (i.e. or powder) of amlaki, known commonly as aamchoor can be given to the person with hemorrhage.
Chandana Santalum alba Sandalwood Sandalwood, especially red sandalwood, is good in arresting bleeding if applied externally. It is especially otent in stopping nosal hemorrhage.
Harad Terminalia chebula Chebulic Myroblan The powdered fruit rind of the chebulic myroblan is an excellent remedy for bleeding. This is a component of the Ayurvedic mixture known as Triphala. For better effects, this choorna must be taken with honey or milk.
Mulethi or Yashtimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice Licorice can be used in a similar manner as red sandalwood in order to arrest bleeding.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of hemorrhage:-

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Vasarishta
Bhasma/Kashaya Pravala Bhasma, Mauktikha Bhasma
Choorna Prithvika Choorna, Ghata Bhrashta
Choorna
Ghrita Shatavari Ghrita
Lehya Vasava Lehya, Dadimdi Lehya, Kusmanda
Lehya, Gulakanda
Rasa Chandrakala Rasa, Pravala Panchamrita
Vati Heamax, Eladi Gutika
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Hemorrhoid Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic treatments
Introduction

Piles are extremely uncomfortable, painful and embarrassing problems that affect several people of the world annually. Though the condition is not fatal, it is very disconcerting and may make the person lose interest in all activity. It is necessary to treat piles as soon as possible because it may complicate into grotesque proportions, leading to much shame to the sufferer.
Piles, or hemorrhoids as they are medically termed, is such a prevalent condition that almost half of the teenagers in most temperate countries will have suffered from the condition to a little or severe extent. Despite that, piles can occur in people of all ages and the condition becomes more and more serious as the age advances.

Definition of Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

Hemorrhoids or piles are defined as the protrusion of varicose veins from the rectal mucus membrane in the rectal canal. This causes a swelling-like formation in the rectal area, which can grow to quite large sizes if not checked in time. The Sanskrit name for piles is arsha roga. Arsha is the Sanskrit term for any sharp instrument and roga means disease. Hence arsha roga means a disease that is characterized by sharp pains.

Types of Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

There are two main types of piles – internal piles and external piles.
Internal piles are formed above the dentate line of the anus.They are not visible externally. Internal piles are painless, but they can cause bleeding if there is a rectal prolapse. This occurs when the person exerts pressure on the anal aperture during defecation. When this occurs, the piles are called as bleeding piles. Bleeding piles are known as rakta arsha roga in Sanskrit.
External piles are formed below the dentate line of the anus. They are visible externally. These piles are very painful. There is bleeding but the blood is in the form of clots. The area near the anal opening gets inflamed and therefore the skin around the anus also starts to pain. External piles are also called as dry piles as the blood expelled in them is dried out into clots. In most people suffering from piles, there may be symptoms of both internal and external piles observed together.

Causes of Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

Ayurveda suggests that piles are caused due to the following factors:-
* Low digestive fire
* Vitiation of any or all of the three doshas,i.e. vata, pitta and kapha
* The vitiation of apana vayu is especially linked with the formation of piles. Apanavayu is the vata dosha that is responsible for the movements of the excretory organs of the body such as the bladder, rectum and the uterus.
The following factors can bring about vitiation of the doshas that is responsible for piles:-
* Difficulty in expulsion of stools from the rectum
* Regular constipation
* Varicosity of veins in the rectal area
* Continuous sitting, such as while traveling
* Sitting regularly on hard areas such as school desks
* Continuous lifting heavy loads can exert the rectum
* Pregnancy, since the fetus may be putting pressure on the veins leading to the rectum
* Obesity, which causes pressure on the lower half of the body
* Cancers of the pelvis or the bowels can exert pressure on the rectal area

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

The common symptoms of internal and external hemorrhoids are as follows:-
* The initial symptoms are itching around the anal area.
* The itching is usually accompanied with pain, especially when passing stools.
* Formation of a lump occurs in the anus which can be felt from the outside.
* The lump can increase in size giving rise to a protuberant outgrowth that can even drag heavily as one walks or moves.
* Bleeding occurs if there is a rectal prolapse.
* Fresh blood can be seen in the stools or on the toilet paper.
* Alternatively, there may be dark clots that are discharged with the feces.
* There may be mucus discharge after passing stools.

The following are the segregated symptoms of arsha roga according to the three doshas:-
* Piles due to vata vitiation Piles are hard, rough and blackish in color.
* They are very painful.
* Constipation is present.
* Piles due to pitta vitiation Piles are tender and reddish in color.
* They are inflamed and bleeding is persistent.
* The person feels excessively thirsty.
* Diarrhea can occur.
* There may also be slight indications of fever.
* Piles due to kapha vitiation These piles are lightly colored.
* They are larger than the other piles.
* They are soft and slimy to touch.
* There is mucus discharge with the stools.

People who are at Risk of Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

Almost everyone is at risk of piles, since it affects more than half of the world population. The following people are at higher risk:-
People who have varicose veins are at the highest risk of contracting piles. Pregnant women are at high risk also, they can get piles either during or after the childbirth.
People who are involved in heavy labor, requiring straining the rectal muscles can develop piles. Piles are rampant among the teenagers who need to sit on hard desks in their schools and colleges for long periods of time. People who suffer from obesity are at high risk.

Complications due to Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

Hemorrhoids are generally a mild health problem, which can be easily cured. Even then it is necessary to seek early treatment due to the discomfiture and the pain that the condition causes.
The most crucial complication of piles is when there is blood in the stools. Bleeding piles need to be immediately brought to the attention of a medical practitioner. Even if there are dried blood clots, it may be a serious condition. Blood in the feces could mean cancers of the rectum or the colon; hence this possibility must be verified with the doctor.
Also otherwise, there could be a lot of blood loss each time someone suffering from bleeding piles visits the toilet. In order to stop this loss, it is necessary to get bleeding piles checked with the doctor.
Some piles can cause strangulation of the anal fissure. If the hemorrhoid grows large enough and there is a rectal prolapse, then it could be extremely difficult to defecate. There could be the possibility of waste matter not getting eliminated properly from the rectum, due to which there could be infection and/or toxicosis.
Piles that become hard are called as thrombosed piles. The condition is known as thrombosis. These need to be checked for rectal ulcers or for ulcers in the digestive system. In severe conditions, the blood supply to the piles could be cut off, leading to tissue death within the piles. This gangrenous condition must be urgently checked as the gangrene could poison other regions around the anus.

Prevention of Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

The following guidelines must be remembered in order to keep hemorrhoids at bay:-
* Do not control your natural urge to defecate. As soon as you feel the motion, you must pass it out; or else you will have to exert the rectal area more. This could lead to complications.
* Obese people must work at losing their weight.
* This can be achieved with regular exercise.
* Horseback riding must be avoided by people with piles. This can adversely affect the anal area.
* Excessive sex must be avoided, especially that which involves the anus.
* Anal hygiene is of the utmost importance. Water must be ideally used to keep the anal area clean as toilet paper may not clean the area completely.
* It is not advisable to sit on hard surfaces for long periods of time. This could unduly exert the anal area.


Diet for People with Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

The following dietary guidelines must be followed in order to obtain relief from piles:-
* A person with piles must have lots of water.
* This facilitates easy expulsion of the wastes from the rectal canal, without subjecting the anus to much pressure.
* Green vegetables must be a major component of the diet. These vegetables can provide roughage, which facilitates faster movement of bowels.
* Vegetables with astringent and bitter tastes are of much benefit. These will prevent constipations. Helpful vegetables are spinach, okra and yam.
* Relief can be obtained from the itching pain if ghee with warm milk is taken every night.
* Barley, wheat and old rice are the carbohydrates that are beneficial for people with piles problems.
* The papaya fruit is also very beneficial as it helps in easy digestion of foods.
* Pungent, spicy, oily and salty foods must be avoided as they could make the digestion more difficult.
* Potatoes, pumpkins and colocasia must not be consumed by people with hemorrhoids. These foods are contra indications to the problem.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Hemorrhoids / Piles (Arsha Roga)

Ayurveda has a repertoire of herbs that it effectively prescribes for the treatment of hemorrhoids. The following is a list of some of the most effective herbs with their action on the piles:-
* Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Topical Action
* Amlaki Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry Amlaki taken in conjunction with rhubarb has a good laxative effect. This helps if passing the stools is too difficult.
* Haritaki Terminalia chebula Chebulic Myroblan or Ink Nut Haritaki is a herb of choice for both, bleeding as well as dry piles.
* Nagakeshara Mesua ferrea Indian Rose Chestnut This herb is exceptionally beneficial in the case of bleeding piles. It is also beneficial for the piles caused due to vata vitiation.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of ascites:-
Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Abhayarishta, Kutajarishta, Kutaja
Dravaka, Durlabharishta, Puti Karanjasava
Bhasma/Kashaya Chiraviladi Kashaya
Choorna Samanadi Choorna, Vijaya Choorna
Ghrita Kutajadhya Ghrita
Lehya Sooranadi Lehya, Kutaja Twagadi Lehya,
Shatavari Lehya
Rasa Kamadugharasa
Vati Kankanya Vati

The following points must be noted:-
If there are bleeding piles, then the powder of Nagakeshara given thrice a day in quantities of 500 mg each time has effect. This treatment must be continued for a fortnight.
The preparation, Abhayarishta, is very much efficacious in the treatment of piles. It contains the herb haritaki which is a traditional cure for arsha roga.
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Hiccups Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Hiccup is a condition in which ‘hic’ sound come from the opening and closing of the mucous membrane attaching to the larynx. The diaphragm that separates the chest fromabdomen moves up and down to facilitate breathing. When this process is obstructed due to any reason, Hic sound starts appearing from the mouth. This is called hiccup. This condition may prevail for few minutes or may take more than a day or week. If hiccup persist for more than a day, it is alarming and may highlight a symptom of another severe disease. Hiccup can also be due to fast chewing of food. In ayurveda it is known as hikka.

Causes for Hiccup

The main causes for hiccup are as diabetes, consumption of liquor, smoking, inflammation, pylosis, cancer, unconsciousness, pulling neck, chewing food in hurry,food with lots of chilly and other spice, etc.

Treatment for Hiccup

Hiccup though is not a severe disease but it cause lots of uneasiness if it continues for more than 2-3 minutes. There are some easy and effective home remedies for the treatment of hiccups.

Sugar:
One tablespoon of sugar is the best remedy for hiccups. It is one of the most common remedies adopted all over the world. Take 1 tablespoon sugar and swallow it slowly.

Curd with salt:
Another remedy for hiccup is eating half bowl of curd by adding 1-2 tablespoon of salt to it.

Adtrak (Ginger):
Eat small pieces of ginger.

Ela (Cardamom):
Take a glass of water and add half tablespoon ofcardamom powder to it. Allow the mixture to boil, tillwater become half. Cool it a little and then drink itslowly. This sooths the irritation caused in the diaphragm and hiccup stops.

Ice:
Place ice over the diaphragm, and quickly drink ice water.

Some other remedies:

* Close your ears with your fingers, and drink water directly or through straw. It has an immediate effect on treating hiccups.
* Another way is to simply close your eyes and hold your breath. Wait for few seconds and then exhale. This too shows fast effect.
* Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth, such that air should neither come out nor go in from them. Take along breath after some time.
* Press your eyeballs gently, while keeping mouth andear close.
* Try to avoid hiccup and do your work normally. After some time hiccup will disappear.
* Similarly, try to laugh and speak louder so that the irritation in the diaphragm stays relax and hiccup stop.
* Person suffering from hiccup should eat balanced diet and not any spicy or oily junk food. Some people have a myth that chewing huge bite of food during hiccup prevents it safely. This however is a myth as one of the root causes of hiccup is speed eating of food without chewing it.


Hyperacidity Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia is a very common dietary disorder which affects almost 25% people in the US each year. Hyperacidity could be described as a disorder of the modern and urban cities where the eating habits of people are quite irregular. Curbing the problem of hyperacidity needs a total overhaul of the dietary regimen in addition to healthy exercise and lifestyle. Conquering hyperacidity is certainly a very important issue. The right way to fight against this disease is to become well-informed about its various aspects.

Definition of Hyperacidity / Acid Dyspepsia (Amalpitta)

Hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia simply means increase of acidity in the stomach. The human stomach secretes hydrochloric acid which is necessary for the digestion of food. When the stomach contains an excessive amount of hydrochloric acid, then the condition is called as hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia. Sometimes, hyperacidity is confused for a simple bellyache. This is because people with hyperacidity usually generally get pains in their stomachs with similar symptoms as bellyaches. This confusion is more rampant in children who cannot differentiate between different kinds of stomach ailments. However, hyperacidity can be found out with the sour belching and aftertaste of the already eaten food in the mouth.

Causes of Hyperacidity / Acid Dyspepsia (Amalpitta)

The prime medical factors of hyperacidity or acid dyspepsia are as follows:-
(i) Stomach Ulcers – Ulcers in the stomach are one of the prime causes of hyperacidity. Once this is diagnosed, the treatment will be done by the surgical removal of the stomach ulcers.
(ii) Acid Reflux Disease – Some people have a gastric disorder called as the acid reflux disease. In this condition, the acids of the stomach, i.e. gastric acids or hydrochloric acid, get refluxed up to the food pipe, which is biologically called as the esophagus. When this happens, it builds up the level of acidity in the stomach.
(iii) Stomach Cancers – Stomach cancers can also cause hyperacidity as one of their symptoms. This is a very rare case, but the mortality rate is quite high. Hence, a hyperacidity that lasts more than two weeks must be immediately shown to the doctor and got checked for any cancer. A timely diagnosis can enable complete treatment of the disease.

Hyperacidity gets aggravated by the following triggers:-
* Excessive intake of oily, spicy and salty foods
* Excessive intake of sour foods that contain high acid content
* Inadequate exercise
* Going to bed immediately after a heavy meal
* Too much mental stress and worries
* Taxing the mind excessively
* Consumption of alcohol
* Smoking and drug addiction
* Addictive consumption of coffee
* Too much intake of therapeutic drugs like aspirin
* Diseases of the digestive organs such as the stomach, intestines, gallbladder or the pancreas
* Peptic ulcers
* Spinal lesions

According to the theories of Ayurveda, amalpitta or hyperacidity is a result of the imbalances in the agni of the body. Agni is the fire of the body which is responsible for proper digestion. In a normal person, the agni is properly balanced; while in a person with digestive disorders, there is an imbalance of agni.
There are different causes of vitiation of agni. The important ones are:-
* Prajnaparadha , i.e. intellectual blasphemy
* Asatmyendriyartha Samyoga , i.e. unwholesome conjunction of sense organs with their objects
* Kaala or Parinama, i.e. fluctuations of time and weather conditions
Any vitiation in agni causes an imbalance of the pitta dosha. It is this vitiation in pitta dosha that causes amalpitta. Hence, amalpitta can be caused by low amounts of agni (mandagni) or with high amounts of agni (teekshagni).

Symptoms of Hyperacidity / Acid Dyspepsia (Amalpitta)

Hyperacidity symptoms are observed a couple of hours after eating, when the food has been digested and still excess acids are left within the stomach. At this stage, the following symptoms are seen:-
* A typical feeling of restlessness Feeling of nausea (wanting to throw up) and actual vomiting
* Sour belching with an aftertaste of the already-eaten food
* Stiffness in the stomach, which is called as atonic dyspepsia
* Lack of desire for any other type of food Indigestion
* Constipation

Complications due to Hyperacidity / Acid Dyspepsia (Amalpitta)

Several digestive complications are known to be caused due to prolonged hyperacidity. The following are some of them:-
* Complications Description Symptoms
* Chronic gastritis Chronic gastritis is a chronic catarrh of the digestive system. It is very similar to the conditions of hyperacidity, with the added complication that the person may
* become a neurasthenic. Loss of appetite
* Loss of weight
* Sour belching
* Pain after eating food, especially heavy meals
* Indigestion in the form of constipation
* Mental restlessness
* Nausea and vomiting
* Gastric ulcers Gastric ulcers are formed after prolonged bouts of hyperacidity in the stomach which are not treated. Gastric ulcers are not formed in all persons with hyperacidity, and so they are not a universal complication of the disorder. Painful ulcers are formed in the inner lining of the stomach
* Gnawing pains in the stomach during meals
* Sour belching
* Heartburn If the acid content is too much, then the acid can reflux into the esophagus, i.e. the food pipe. This is caused as heartburn. Searing sensation in the chest with symptoms similar to those of a stroke.

Hyperacidity is generally a simple condition that an be resolved by some simple medication. However, in certain types of people, this situation becomes more complicated. Hyperacidity is more dangerous in people if:-
* They are above fifty years of age.
* They are trying to lose weight below the normal values.
* They are suffering from anorexia.
* The hyperacidity condition is continuing for more than two weeks.
* There is a feeling of some mass in the stomach.
* Under any of the above situations, immediate doctoral attention is needed. There are high chances of there being a complication under the guise of simple hyperacidity.

Transmission of Hyperacidity / Acid Dyspepsia (Amalpitta)

Hyperacidity is a functional disorder of the digestive system. It is not a communicable disease and hence there is no question of transmission

Prevention of Hyperacidity / Acid Dyspepsia (Amalpitta)

Hyperacidity can be taken care of with a strict and healthy dietary routine. The following principles must be observed:-
* A person with hyperacidity problems must totally abstain from consuming heavy food.
* It is very important to perform some light exercise after every meal in order to burn some
* calories. Alternatively, the person can go on a brisk walk.
* Smoking and alcoholism must be totally avoided by people having repeated complaints of hyperacidity.
* The mind should be kept free and devoid of tensions during eating.

Diet during Hyperacidity / Acid Dyspepsia

Hyperacidity is caused by indigestion. Hence, a proper diet is the most proper way to get the disease treated. The following dietary regimen must be followed by people to get their hyperacidity treated:-
* The diet must be pitta pacifying, as hyperacidity is caused due to vitiation of the pitta dosha. To obtain such a diet, salads and legumes must be included. The diet must contain
* more of bitter and astringent tastes.
* Foods that are difficult to digest must be avoided. This includes salty, oily and spicy foods.
* Sour foods have acid content; hence they must be avoided. Tamarind contains tartaric acid; lemons contain citric acid; curds contain lactic acid.
* Thus these foods can increase the acidity within the stomach.
* The intake of pulses must be avoided as they cause heat in the stomach.
* The food must be properly cooked, but not overcooked, in order to aid digestion.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Hyperacidity / Acid Dyspepsia (Amalpitta)

Hyperacidity is a pittaja, i.e. it is caused by vitiation in the pitta dosha. Hence, Ayurveda tries to control the disorder by using herbs that are known to be pitta-pacifying. The list given below gives some of these herbs with their actions on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Adrak Zingiber officinale Ginger The juice of ginger mixed with lime and honey is a traditionally used cure for treating dyspepsia. It is exceptional for treating the hyperacidity caused by consuming more of flesh foods.
Ashwagandha Withania somnifera Winter Cherry Ashwagandha is a very effective cure in the treatment of loss of appetite and dyspepsia-related conditions.
Babunah Matricaria chamomilla Bitter Chamomile
Bitter chamomile is a good remedy for treating dyspepsia, especially of the type which is caused due to nervous dispositions such as tensions and worries.
Chandana Santalum album Sandalwood Chandana is an age-old remedy for treating amalpitta. It can produce a cooling effect in the stomach by treating gastric irritabilities. It is a very potent cure for hyperacidity.
Chirayata Swertia chirata Chirayata Chirayata is used in the treatment of stomach disorders such as dyspepsia and diarrhea.
Chhatim Alstonia scholaris Devil’s tree. The powdered bark of the Devil’s tree is effective in the treatment of catarrhal dyspepsia, i.e. the dyspepsia which is characterized with mucus stools.
Elaichi Elettaria cardomum Cardamom Cardamom isa good remedy to treat some kinds of heartburns which are a result of hyperacidity.
Harad Terminalia chebula retz Chebulic Myroblan. The juice of the leaves of the chebulic myroblan is a very effective remedy in relieving the acidity of the stomach and treating heartburn.
Jeera Cuminum cyminum Cumin seeds The cumin seeds are used in treating atonic dyspepsia.
Lahsuna Allium sativum Garlic Garlic is considered to be the best remedy for all kindsof stomach ailments.
Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Clove A few pieces of cloves taken directly are excellent intreating acidity and irritability in the stomach.
Makoy Solanum nigrum Black Nightshade Black nightshade is a very potent herb for treating peptic ulcers and colitis. Its juice of the leaves is consumed.
Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek Methi leaves are considered to be a very good remedy in the treatment of dyspepsia.
Revand Chini Rheum emodi Rhubarb Rhubarb is a purgative. It expels the excess acids from the stomach. Rhubarb is a mild agent; hence it is mostly used to treat hyperacidity in children.
Rusmary Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary Rosemary is found effective in the treatment of atonic dyspepsia. It is more effective in the treatment of hyperacidity caused by the intake of flesh foods and starchy foods like eggplant and lima beans.
Saunf Fenneliculum vulgare Fennel Fennel seeds have been found to be effective in the treatment of atonic dyspepsia. It is a mild purgative; hence it is also used to treat digestive and acidity complaints in infants and young children.
Sowa Anethum sowa Indian Dill The oil obtained from the dill plant is used in the treatment of hyperacidity.

Some Ayurvedic preparations that have curative effects in conditions of hyperacidity are as follows:-
* Avipattikara choorna
* Sukumara ghritam
* Dhaatri lauha
Severe cases of hyperacidity can be treated with:-
* Swarna parpatee
* Leela vilaas ras
* Soota sekhara ras

Hypertension Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Hypertension or high blood pressure is the leading cause of death in the world today. The bigger danger with hypertension is that the person suffering from this condition may not even realize that he or she is suffering from this condition until it may become too late. Hypertension itself is a very dangerous condition; but it can cause drastic damage to the liver, brains, kidneys and the heart. The damage to these vital organs is the most important cause of death.

Definition of Hypertension (Rakta Gata Vata)

Hypertension means high blood pressure. It is the condition when the pressure of the blood caused by the pumping of the heart goes much beyond normal values.
The human heart beat has two distinct phases – the systole when the heart is beating, and the diastole when the heart is at rest. During both the times, the heart exerts pressure on the blood. When you take a blood pressure reading, the doctor will use a device known as a sphygmomanometer tied around your arm. Then he or she will give you two readings. Out of these the higher reading is the pressure of your systole, while the lower reading is the pressure of the diastole.
The normal values of systolic and diastolic blood pressures are as follows:-
* For systole, the normal blood pressure is 140.
* For diastole, the normal blood pressure is 90.
So, if the person’s reading shows consistently over 140 systolic pressure and consistently over 90 diastolic pressure, then the person is suffering from hypertension.
Even before the actual hypertension sets in, there may be certain indications. If the person’s systolic pressure is in the range of 120 to 139 and if the diastolic pressure is looming between 80 and 89, then it is indicative of hypertension in the future. This warning condition is called as pre-hypertension. If care is taken during this stage, then it does not predispose to hypertension.
In Ayurveda , all the three doshas are considered responsible for rakta gata vata, i.e. hypertension. For the three different types of vitiation, there are different symptoms observed.

Types of Hypertension (Rakta Gata Vata)

Medical science recognizes two distinct types of hypertension – essential hypertension and malignant hypertension.
Essential hypertension occurs due to the increase in the systolic pressure of the heart as the age advances. This is a common condition found in most people who have crossed the middle age. This condition can be controlled with the proper precautions, and indeed, people with essential hypertension are known to live up to a ripe old age also. This is also called as primary hypertension.
Malignant hypertension occurs due to the disorders of any of the vital organs, such as the brain, the liver and the kidneys. Hormonal imbalances can also cause hypertension in some cases. These are very fatal and need to remedied urgently. This is also called as secondary hypertension.

Causes of Hypertension (Rakta Gata Vata)

Since hypertension can be caused by the vitiation of any of the three doshas, the causes can be different too. The following is a list of exacerbating factors of hypertension in the perspective of the three doshas.
Hypertension caused due to vata dosha can be increased due to mental anxiety, tensions, stress and worries.
Hypertension caused due to pitta dosha can be increased due to strong emotions such as anger, shock, hatred and jealousy.
Hypertension caused due to kapha dosha can be increased due to malignant factors such as malfunctioning of the vital organs.
The causes of the medical types of hypertension, i.e. essential and malignant hypertension are as follows:-

Essential hypertension is mostly idiopathic, i.e. its cause is unknown. However the following factors are strong indicators of the disease:-
* Aging, due to which the systolic pressure of the heart increases
* Diet, such as one rich in fried and salty foods
* Hereditary factors
* Malignant hypertension can be caused due to host of problems with the vital organs of brain, liver and the kidneys. Renal fibrosis, Cushing’s
* Syndrome, adrenal gland tumors, Wilm’s tumor are just some of the conditions that can cause hypertension. However the most prevalent causes are kidney problems such as renal failure, renal vascular obstruction or glomerulonephritis.

Symptoms of Hypertension (Rakta Gata Vata)

People with high blood pressure have to suffer a lot of problematic symptoms. The following are some of the symptoms associated with hypertension:-
* The person will feel regular giddiness, dizziness and a feeling of instability.
* Palpitations are common.
* Hypertension sufferers are generally insomniacs, i.e. they cannot sleep well at night.
* Slight exertion can cause dyspnoea.
* Even the digestive system may play truant and there may be regular constipation.

Complications of Hypertension (Rakta Gata Vata)

Hypertension can affect several regions of the body when the blood pressure becomes too high. The following are some of the complications:-
* Capillaries supplying blood to the retina of the eye are very narrow. Due to the high pressure, they can rupture, causing bleeding inside the eyes.
* In extreme cases the arteries supplying blood to the brain may also be hemorrhaged. Cerebral hemorrhage can lead to paralysis.
* High blood pressure is very commonly associated with myocardial infarctions, i.e. heart attacks.


Transmission of Hypertension (Rakta Gata Vata)

High blood pressure is an individualistic disorder. It cannot be transmitted from one person to another through contact or through any other agency. However, it is suspected that cases of high blood pressure do run in families.

Prevention and Basic Care during Hypertension (Rakta Gata Vata)

People with hypertension must take a lot of precautions, because any aggravation of the high blood pressure could be fatal to the patient. The following are the main precautions to be taken:-
Stick to a dietary regimen. Read the following topic to see what kind of diet is beneficial.
Take rest as much as possible. It is not advisable to keep up until late at night, or to rise up very early.
Physical exercise can be performed to some extent – and it is also necessary to maintain the proper circulation of blood – but heavy exercise must be avoided.
Mental stress must be avoided at all costs. It is good to devote time in meditation or yoga, which can keep the mind free from tensions. The patient might also consider relocating his or her residence to a place surrounded with natural calm and peace.

Diet for People with Hypertension (Rakta Gata Vata)

All the three doshas are responsible for the aggravation of blood pressure causing hypertension in the human body. Hence the diet to be taken must be a tridosha pacifying diet. The following dietary guidelines must be followed:-
The patient must not be given any hot and spicy food which will be difficult to digest.
* Salt should be curtailed in the diet. Expert studies have found out salt to be the biggest culprit in people with high blood pressure problems.
* Red meat must be avoided.
* Chocolates and sweets must be kept as far away from the patient of hypertension as possible.
* Hydrogenated oils must be totally eliminated from the diet. But ghee and butter prepared from cow’s milk can be given. Buffalo milk is to be avoided.
* Carbohydrate-rich vegetables must be taken in order to facilitate easy movement of bowels.
* This will reduce constipation, which aggravates the vata. Useful vegetables for people with hypertension are bitter gourd and drumsticks.
* Colocasia and yellow pumpkin must be avoided.
* Among fruits bananas, guavas, apples and oranges are considered to be beneficial.
* Cereals and pulses must be reduced.
* Dry fruits can be eaten without any harm.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Hypertension (RaktaGataVata)

Since ancient times, proponents of Ayurveda have been studying the potency of various herbs in the treatment of rakta gata vata. This is one of the most extensively studied conditions in Ayurveda . Hence, there are several herbs that are prescribed for its treatment. Some of these herbs have also found wide favor in the western countries due to their very efficacious remedial properties in hypertension.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ambarbaris Berberis vulgaris Jaundice Berry This herb, the primary treatment for jaundice, is also effective in the treatment of high blood pressure. It brings down high blood pressure by dilating the arteries.
Alfalfa Medicago satina Alfalfa The fresh leaves of the alfalfa when taken in conjunction with carrot juice are known to have immense curative benefits on all kinds of heart ailments, included those brought on by high blood pressure.
Gandana or Rojmari Achillea millefolium Bloodwort Bloodwort acts in a unique manner to treat high blood pressure. It induces sweat, which brings blood towards the skin. Better circulation helps to reduce high blood pressure.

Lahsuna Allium sativum Garlic Garlic is the most effective herb used in the treatment of hypertension. It helps in the following ways:-
• It reduces the pressure and tension in the arteries.
• It slows the pulse down.
• It modifies the heartbeat rhythm.
• It relieves dizziness and shortness of breath brought on by high blood pressure.
• It also relieves gas that can form in the digestive tract due to high blood pressure.
• Garlic can be included in the daily diet. About two to three cloves before every meal can go a long way in the home treatment of high blood pressure.
Prajmoda Petroselinum crispum Parsley Parsley helps in maintaining the small arteries and the capillaries in healthy circulatory condition. It can be taken as a beverage skimmed with water, several times a day.
Sarpagandha Rauwolfia serpentina Rauwolfia Rauwolfia is another acclaimed remedy for the treatment of high blood pressure. It is considered as the best remedy and is also used quite popularly in the western countries. Half a teaspoon of its powder taken thrice a day is very beneficial in reducing high blood pressure. But its use must be under supervision because the alkaloids present in rauwolfia are known to have some undesirable side-effects.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of Hypertension:-

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Balarishta, Punarvarishta Ghrita Arjuna Ghrita, Shadanga Ghrita Vati Abana, Arjin, Arjunin, Bipasil, Caritone
In the case of hypertension, the dhara therapy has been found to be of much use. In order to perform the dhara, medicated oil boiled with bala and milk is used. The manner of flow is to place the fluids in an earthen pot hung from a ceiling of the house. A tiny hole must be made in the base of the earthen pot and from there the dhara or flow should be made to fall directly in the region between the eyes of the person, who must lie on his or her back on the floor. If this dhara therapy is performed every morning for about half an hour, the blood pressure will definitely reduce.
For internal use, the same oil is boiled with milk a hundred times. Therefore the oil is also known as Shatavartita Kshirabala Taila. If five drops of this oil are mixed with a cupful of milk and given to the person suffering from hypertension, then there will be assured benefits. It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Hysteria Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Hysteria, or more correctly Hysteria neurosis, is perhaps the oldest names for a disease that has been used in man. There are records of people suffering from this disorder as far back as two millennia. Though its perspective has changed drastically since the time the term was coined, the essence that it is a mental disorder remains the same.

Definition of Hysteria (Yosha Apasmaara)

Hysteria is an extreme psychological condition in which a person reacts out of proportion to the stimuli. The reaction could be expressed in the form of extreme anger, hatred, fear, frustration, depression or similar emotion.
Since there are so many different forms hysteria can take, and so many different levels to which its symptoms can be manifested, there cannot be a concrete definition for the disorder. Any reaction that does not warrant the particular change in the surroundings can be included in the broad heading of hysteria. In order to classify between the various types of undefined hysteria, experts have come up with terms such as functional disorder, non-organic disorder, psychogenic disorder and even medically unexplained disorder.
The last term mentioned above is of particular interest. People who suffer from hysteria complain about symptoms in their body which have no medical proof. Most patients of hysteria would become obsessed about a particular organ of their body and keep complaining about problems with it. For example, a person may keep complaining about kidney failure, or heart pains, though there may be no clinical explanation of the same

Causes of Hysteria (Yosha Apasmaara)

It is very difficult to discern why a particular person becomes hysteric. Sometimes, upbringing plays a very important role. If there has been something wrong in the manner in which the parent deal with their children’s emotional issues, then there is a great chance that the child may learn to overreact to situations later on in life. Children who are abused – either physically, mentally or sexually – also tend to become hysterical as they grow up. They may develop phobias, mostly pertaining to the factor that has produced them the hurt.
Too much of sexual repression in the childhood can also be responsible for hysteria. Households in which children have been constantly scolded and brought up as introverts need to rectify their situations, for their children could grow up with several developmental defects.
Hysteria makes its presence felt in the form of attacks. The hysterical person may be alright normally, but there could be some factor that could precipitate the wild reactions. Most of the factors have a mental impact, such as:-
Suddenly meeting an undesirable relative or friend Death of a loved one
Unexpected failure of loss in business
A bitter word or a false allegation made by someone
Severe mental trauma or physical hurt in the past
There are a hundreds of reasons or factors that may bring on a hysterical attack. Since every person’s brain is unique, so also is its capacity to bear external changes. If the person is too sensitive, then there is a high chance that that person might act hysterically to seemingly insignificant stimuli.
Ayurveda classifies all conditions of hysteria under a single heading, named yosha apasmaara, or sometimes calling it bhoota bhadhe. Its cause in Ayurveda is the imbalance of the air element that governs the human body, i.e. vata dosha. Hence, yosha apasmaara is a vataja disorder.

Apart from this, there are, the guna principles are also very much applicable to hysteria. Gunas are the qualities of a human being. There are three gunas on the basis of which people can be classified:-
Sattvic guna – This is the guna that classifies people as serene, meditative and with a generally calm outlook of life.
Rajas guna – This is the guna that classifies people as active with a much more aggressive outlook of life.
Tamas guna – This is the guna that classifies people as deviant, who may resort to criminal ways as a mode of living.
In people with more of rajas guna, there is a chance that hysteria may occur. For this reason, people with vata dosha and rajas guna have more chances of becoming patients of hysteria.

Symptoms of Hysteria (Yosha Apasmaara)

There is nothing universally common about the symptoms of hysteria. Just as the disease can be caused due to a large number of factors, the symptoms are also widely different. Those who have hysterical attacks may show the following symptoms (though all people with hysteria do not show all of the listed symptoms):-
Respiratory problems
Difficulty in maintaining a steady posture
Rapid heartbeats
Violent outbursts, accompanied by yelling
Spells of inability to speak
Spasms in the body
Redness of the eyes
Extreme salivation
Swelling of the neck muscles
Clenching of the teeth
In extreme cases, there may be paralysis of the limbs, or a temporary inability to move. All hysteric attacks are accompanied by an inability to think rationally with a clear mind.

Complications of Hysteria (Yosha Apasmaara)

Hysteria attacks can complicate themselves to very great levels. The following are the three major complications:-
A violent hysteria attack could lead to a severe toll on the heart. During attacks of hysteria, there are violent palpitations in the heart which may result in heart failure. In extreme cases, the patient may suffer a heart attack, which may lead to death.
Strokes are another complication due to hysteria attacks. The supply to the blood could be stopped and this might result in malfunctioning of the brain. Hemorrhage in the brain could also occur, leading to death.
The third most common complication is paralysis. Temporary paralysis of the limbs is common when hysteria attacks occur, but a severe attack could lead to permanent paralysis also.

Prevention and Basic Care during Obesity (Sthaulya)

A person must take precautions from the stage when the BMI begins to hover at the ‘overweight’ scale. If due precautions are taken, then from this stage, the body can be easily prevented from becoming obese.
First and foremost, an overweight person must exercise regularly. The exercise need not be vigorous, but simple things can go a long way. If you live on an upper storey, then take the stairs once a day rather than the elevator. If you take a bus or a cab, then walk at least one stop before hailing one. Instead of using the television remote, make the trip till your set and push the buttons. These small and simple things can help burn the accumulated body fat. Be very particular about your diet. For dietary restrictions, refer to the next section. Do not be lazy. This is extremely important. Obesity in kids is increasing to alarming levels because parents are pampering them into not doing any work. Be active and distribute your time proportionately between work, play and rest.
Avoid smoking and alcoholism. Both of these can cause severe complications in people with excess fats in their bodies.

People who are at Risk of Hysteria (Yosha Apasmara)

Since time immemorial, hysteria has been associated with the female. It has been widely considered – even today – that hysteria attacks are seen only in the women. Especially younger women are more prone to hysteria. The first attacks of hysteria may occur when the woman is going through her first few menstrual periods. The woman may not be able to cope up with the fantastic changes taking place with her body and that could manifest itself as an attack of hysteria.
However, it is wrong to say that hysteria is totally a feminine disorder. There are several men who have got hysteria attacks also. Yet, the disorder is predisposed to women than to men.

Prevention and Basic Care during Hysteria (Yosha Apasmaara)

People who are known to have regular hysterical attacks must take the following precautions so that the attacks do not occur:-
Avoid extreme changes in climate. Hysteria can get aggravated when it rains too heavily or when it is too cold. While traveling, do not go to a place that has very different temperature conditions.
People around a hysteria patient should take care not to antagonize the patient with very shocking news. Shock can lead to the outburst of a hysteria attack.
Most importantly, the hysteria patient must be given lots of love, care and affection. Many people suffer from hysteria attacks just because they feel neglected. Make sure to involve hysteria patients in every household activity that you undertake. Also take care not to broach any sensitive issues in their presence.
The best way to deal with a person who is having a hysteria attack is to keep cool and composed. You must know that the hysteria attack will pass by and the person will return to the normal state within a few minutes. Also during the attack, the hysteria person may behave in a hurting or even a violent manner. It is very important to remember that one should not retaliate when a person is having a hysteria attack. Whatever be the case, do not argue or fall into a conflict when the person is having an attack. Most of the things that are spoken by a person during a hysteria attack are not intended.
When the attack has passed by, try to comfort the patient as much as possible by soothing talks. Physical touch is necessary and expected. The parasympathetic nervous system will bring the patient back to normalcy. You can give some juices or even plain water to help in regaining the composure. But do not give any colas, coffee or tea; or that might aggravate the attack further.

Diet for People with Hysteria (Yosha Apasmaara)

Hysteria is linked to imbalances of both, vata dosha and rajas guna. Hence the food must be balancing for both these factors. The following dietary guidelines must be followed:- For balancing the vata dosha:-
Food must not be totally dry. Have the food cooked in a little bit of fat.
Almonds and almond oil are especially beneficial in the treatment of hysteria through diet. Do not consume dry fruits. Prefer fruits with higher water content, such as oranges, papayas, watermelons, cantaloupes, mangoes, etc. Having cold foods like ice-creams once in a while is good for reducing the vitiation of the vata dosha.
For balancing the rajas guna:-
Aggravating foods such as coffee, tea and chocolates must be avoided. Smoking aggravates the rajas guna and must be avoided. The same is true for all kinds of drugs, whether therapeutic or psychotic.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Hysteria (Yosha Apasmaara)

Being a condition that is known since ancient times, there have been many herbs discovered with potencies to treat the ailment. The following is a list of the commonly used herbs for the treatment of hysteria with their curative actions on the human body:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric Due to the presence of the alkaloid curcumin in it, turmeric has stimulating properties. It is used especially in hysteria attacks which are combined with convulsions.
Heenga Ferula foetida Asafetida Inhaling the gum of asafetida is known to bring tremendous relief during hysteria attacks. An emulsion of the gum in water is effective as an enema when the hysteria becomes complicated with digestive problems, and in case oral medication is not advisable.
Kesara Crocus sativus Saffron Saffron contains essential terpenes and terpenoids that are effective in the treatment of spasmodic disorders like hysteria. It also helps in maintaining the body equilibrium during muscular convulsions, which are symptoms of hysteria. Kutki Picrorhiza kurroa Picrorhiza Picrorhiza is a bitter herb which is used as a tonic not only for the attacks of hysteria, but also for epilepsy and convulsions. Apart from its nervine properties, picrorhiza is also an effective antibiotic.
Sarpagandha Rauwolfia serpentina Rauwolfia Sarpagandha is perhaps the most effective medicine in the treatment of hysteria and similar conditions. For the medication, its root is powdered and taken along with goat’s milk. A little sugar candy can be put in it in order to give it a sweet effect. However, it should be noted that sarpagandha is not effective on hysteria patients who have low blood pressure.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of hysteria:-

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Saraswathi Arishta
Choorna Saraswathi Choorna
Ghrita Mahabhoota Bhairava Ghrita, Mahakalyana
Ghrita, Ksheerabala, Bhootasamhara Dravaka
Lehya Brahma Rasayana
Rasa Unmada Gaja Kesari, Smriti Sagara Rasa,
Vatakulantaka Rasa
Vati Brahmi Vati
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.


Indigestion,Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Improper functioning of digestive system leads to indigestion or stomach upset, as a result there is amalpitta (chest burns), aruchi (unpleasant taste) in the mouth, nausea, tendency of vomiting, atop (heaviness in the abdomen) and discomfort. It is known as ajirn in ayurveda.

Causes for Indigestion

Stress or worries is the main cause for indigestion. In taking excess allopathic medicines cause indigestion. There is indigestion at the time of pregnancy. Excess smoking habit also leads to indigestion. In taking caffeine, tea in an empty stomach causes gas formation and indigestion. In taking alcohol, various diseases like ulcer which hampers the functioning of digestive system also cause indigestion. Eating heavy foods, swallowing of food or quick eating also causes indigestion.

Do's & Don'ts for Indigestion

Regularly do exercise as it keeps your body in shape, keeps weight under control, and prevents indigestion. Drink plenty of water. Eat simple and light foods, green and fibrous vegetables, low fat, and less oily foods. Always wear comfortable and good fabric cloth. Get rid of smoking habit as it causes not only indigestion but various other diseases. Relax yourself by doing meditation and yoga and keep a good balance between work and rest. Avoid alcohol, caffeine, tea, beverages and chocolates as all these create more complication and causes indigestion. Avoid playing and doing heavy physical work just after your lunch. Avoid taking heavy meals eating 4-5 small meals is better than eating one heavy meal. Overeating also causes indigestion.
Yoga can cure indigestion and other digestive problems
Most asana like sarvangasana, trikonasana, and various breathing exercises are very effective and can cure indigestion from root.
Asana improves digestion problem, improves blood circulation, gives inner strength, and keep us physically and mentally fit. Yoga is beneficial for indigestion. Practice alternate breathing exercise, ujjaii and bashtrika pranayama everyday for healthy living.
Alternate breathing exercise method
Sit on floor and keep your eyes closed. Keep your index and middle finger on forehead and thumb on right nostril, inhale from left nostril, hold your breath for few seconds then release carbon dioxide or exhale from right nostril then alternatively inhale from right nostril, hold your breath for few second, and exhale from left nostril.. Repeat this alternate breathing exercise the same way for 10-15 minutes. Your indigestion problem will be cured from this exercise.
Do not overeat, stay stress free, and keep away the indigestion and other diseases from your life.

Symptoms for Indigestion

Heartburns Excessive gas formation in the stomach also indicates there is indigestion.
Expel of gas.
Stomach pain
Swelling of belly or heaviness in the stomach due to overeating indicates indigestion.

Treatment for Indigestion

Make a mixture using coriander leaf juice, cumin seeds (1 tablespoon each) then add this mixture in a glass of water, add a pinch of salt to it and shake well. Your homemade indigestion reliever solution is ready. This solution is very effective and gives instant relief.
Mix lemon juice (1 tablespoon), curry leaf juice (1 tablespoon), and a pinch of sugar. This gives instant relief from stomach pain and cures indigestion.
Mix soya and garlic oil (one tablespoon each). Rub abdomen gently with this oil, it will give fast relief and cure indigestion.
Warm lemon water also gives relief in indigestion. Drink warm lemon water 3-4 times a day in case of indigestion and tiredness.
Make a mixture using coriander (1-2 teaspoon), ginger (1 teaspoon), clove (2-3 pieces), and cardamom (2-3 seeds). Eat this effective homemade mixture whenever you feel gas in stomach and indigestion. You can drink herbal tea containing mint or other herbs like blackberry.
You can also drink homemade ginger tea after your regular lunch. This is effective and natural cure for indigestion. Add 2-3 teaspoon of cinnamon in a glass of water. This solution is usually taken after an hour of lunch or dinner as it prevents indigestion or gives you relief from indigestion.
Add 1 tablespoon of baking soda in half glass of water, stir well and drink this pain reliever solution which works instantly and gives you relief from indigestion.
Indigestion is also due to overeating or eating junk food. Certain physical activities like walking helps in digestion. You feel light and there is proper digestion.
In a glass of butter milk, add 2-3 teaspoon of fresh coriander juice. This is very effective in the treatment of indigestion.
Add 2-3 drops of cider vinegar in half glass of water. You can drink this natural and safe drink before one hour of your lunch as it prevents indigestion and gives instant relief.
Aniseed are effective cure for indigestion, have 3-4 seeds whenever you feel indigestion.
You can take natural mint tablets with plain water whenever you feel indigestion.
Papaya helps in digestion of foods and also clears your stomach. This is very effective in the summer days for curing indigestion.
Mix one tablespoon of ajowan (ajwain) and small amount of rock salt and eat this mixture whenever you feel like indigestion.

Influenza Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Influenza or shleshmak jwar is one of the few diseases that we share in common with the birds, in whom it is much more popular. The scare of the bird flu has not yet subsided completely from the world, but did you know that human influenza if ignored is just as dangerous and just as lethal? Influenza is a disease that does not see rich or poor, young or old, man or woman, etc. It strikes everyone equally and kills in an equal number. History records the incident of the Spanish Flu at the end of the World War I, which killed nearly 700,000 people in the US alone. It is important then to know about this disease fully well and check out our options as regards to its prevention and treatment.

Definition of Influenza (Shleshmak Jwar)

Influenza is basically a pulmonary disease, i.e. a disease of the lungs. It is characterized by fevers, coughs and muscle aches. It is a highly infectious disease caused by the virus known simply as the influenza virus. One more important aspects of influenza is its unexplained seasonality. The cases of influenza become more acute in the winter months (of the northern hemisphere). Majority of the influenza cases occur between December and March. Similarly, in some years, influenza can spread much more than in other years. It can become a pandemic, killing millions of people. In the last century, there have been three such major influenza pandemics around the globe, which are named according to the region they originated in, as Spanish Flu, Asian Flu and Hong Kong Flu.

Causes of Influenza (Shleshmak Jwar)

Influenza is a viral disease. There are several strains of viruses that can cause influenza in humans, based on which there are different types of influenza. These viruses are simply named as H1N1, H1N2, H2N2, H3N2, H5N1, H7N2, H7N3, H7N7, H9N2 and H10N7.
Since it is a viral disease, it affects primarily the respiratory system of humans. The common symptoms are sneezing and coughing. During these acts, the virus is expelled from the mouth. If some other person happens to inhale this contaminated air, there is a probability that that person will be infected too.
Influenza is one of the most rapidly transmitted diseases known to humans. Some strains of the influenza viruses are transmitted through vector agencies, i.e. through birds or animals such as lambs and sheep. The influenza virus can mutate itself over generations in order to pass through one species to another.
According to Ayurvedic principles, influenza or shleshmak jwar can be treated as both as a vata dosha as well as a kapha dosha disease. The udaana vata is responsible for the proper functioning of the thoracic cavity, which houses the respiratory system. Among the kapha doshas, avalambika kapha is responsible for the proper secretion of all fluids throughout the respiratory tract, i.e. from the lungs to the nose. Any vitiation in the udaana vata or the avalambika kapha can trigger the onset of an influenza attack.

Symptoms of Influenza (Shleshmak Jwar)

Influenza symptoms are very similar to common cold symptoms, but there are two major differences:-
Influenza symptoms last longer than common cold symptoms; they last for usually 1 to 2 weeks. Influenza symptoms are much more severe than the symptoms of common cold.
The following are the prime symptoms that are observed in people who are infected by the influenza virus:-
There are constant fevers. There is an alternating state of feeling better, and then worsening of the condition. The person will have chills and body aches. Nausea and vomiting may occur in some cases. Nose is congested; the congestion is more than the stuffiness during common cold. There are heavy bouts of coughing and sneezing. Sensitive persons may get throbbing headaches. Eyes get reddened and there is a prickly or a burning sensation in them.

Complications due to Influenza (Shleshmak Jwar)

Every year, hundred of thousands of people die due to influenza and the various complications of this killer disease. Influenza begins much like common cold, and is very difficult to diagnose between the two diseases in the preliminary cases. Even doctors get flummoxed at this stage and may make a wrong diagnosis. This is when people neglect the symptoms and seek treatment only when it is too late.
Influenza, if left untreated for over a week, may develop into pneumonia. Pneumonia is an extremely deadly disease and is responsible for a large number of infantile deaths. In fact most infants who die of influenza, actually die due to the contraction of pneumonia in them. Pneumonia also kills several elderly people who contract the condition.
Apart from causing its own complications, influenza can make things more difficult for people with other medical conditions. The following are some of them:-
(i) People with other respiratory tract problems like bronchitis, asthma and emphysema might find a critical worsening in their breathing capacity when they are infected with the influenza virus. There will be shortness of breath and heavy gasping, which may lead to death of the person.
(ii) People with heart ailments like coronary heart disease and congestive heart failure will find very aggravating conditions due to infection with influenza. These people will probably die if the influenza is not treated at once.

Transmission of Influenza (Shleshmak Jwar)

Influenza is a viral disease that is transmitted from one person to another either directly or through the agency of a vector such as birds and animals. The most common way of transmission is through breathing air that has been infected by an influenza patient via coughing or sneezing. Influenza gets transmitted very quickly and at a very short notice. In most cases, influenza gets transmitted so fast that governmental authorities are incapable to supply adequate numbers of vaccination shots, thus compounding the problem. Hence, influenza and its patients must be treated with great caution. It is perhaps the most infectious disease in the world today.

Prevention of Influenza (Shleshmak Jwar)

The surest way of preventing influenza is to get vaccinated. Since the active viruses that spread influenza change their trends every year, it is necessary to get vaccinated every year. Babies who are between six months to two years in age must be given first priority in giving vaccination shots; so also must elderly people above 60 years.
Chronic heart ailments can exacerbate the condition of influenza, even leading the person to his or her death. Thus such people must be given their shots in time. People working in healthcare facilities must take due precaution in getting vaccinated also, since they are exposed to several other people.
However, during pandemics, there is often a shortage of influenza vaccinations. In such times, it is necessary to take other precautionary measures. The following are some tips:-
Avoid crowded places.
Travel in private vehicles as far as possible.
Do not repeat clothes without washing them.
Use a good quality hand wash lotion to remove possible viruses on them.
Discourage people from sneezing and coughing in public. Tell them to use a handkerchief. Drink only boiled and filtered water.

Diet during Influenza (Shleshmak Jwar)

Ayurveda prescribes a diet that is suitable for people who are suffering from influenza and related disorders. The diet must be both vata and kapha pacifying, because these are the two doshas which cause influenza.
All non-vegetarian, i.e. flesh foods must be stopped when the fever of influenza begins showing up. Eggs also must be stopped.
Among the vegetables, the green and leafy vegetables must be preferred as they can aid in proper digestion. This will reduce the effects of nausea and vomiting.
Influenza fevers leave a bad taste in the mouth, which can lead to depression in the patient. If the person has fenugreek or bitter gourd in any form, then this bad taste is allayed. Also, there is an increase in the appetite.
Most Ayurveda experts profess the consumption of an all-fruit diet for the period when the fever remains. Apples and bananas are the best fruits under these circumstances. But oranges, sweet limes, watermelons and such other fruits must be totally avoided as they can exacerbate the cold symptoms.
When the fever shows signs of withdrawal, then milk can be introduced in the diet. Milk provides the proteins that are needed for the replenishment of the body after the fever.
Any strong and difficult-to-digest food must be totally eliminated from the diet, and this should continue for up to a week after the influenza is treated. This includes spicy and oily foods, Chinese dishes, strongly flavored foods, salt, milk products, etc. Such foods can increase constipation since the digestive system may be worn out during the disease.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Influenza (Shleshmak Jwar)

There are so many herbs that are beneficial in one way or the other in eliminating or reducing symptoms of shleshmak jwar that all cannot be mentioned here. The following table lists some of the more efficacious herbs with the kind of action they have on the body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ber Zizyphus jujuba Zizyphus Zizyphus fruit is squashed and taken in a teaspoonful quantity in order to reduce the bouts of recurrent influenza. There is better effect if a pinch of powder of black pepper is added to the paste.
Kali Mirch Piper nigrum Pepper Pepper is one of the best cures for influenza and its complications. About six pepper seeds powdered and mixed in a glass of water with sugar is very effective in reducing the symptoms of influenza.
Marua Origanum majorana Marjoram The marjoram herb accumulates warmth from the sun which helps to reduce the symptoms of common cold and influenza. Its tea can stimulate the sweat glands and thus can reduce the gestation period of fevers. The moisture of the skin that is lost due to influenza can be replenished by taking marjoram tea.
Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek Fenugreek is effective in the early stages of influenza. It brings about perspiration and reduces the gestation period of fevers. Pyaaz Allium cepa Onion Onion can dissolve the phlegm and help to release it from the respiratory tract. Raw onions can thus reduce chest congestions.
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Holy basil Holy basil is taken as a decoction in water to allay the symptoms of influenza, which include coughing, sneezing and fevers. Holy basil leaves, some cloves and common salt is put in water and then boiled till only half the water is left behind. This is drunk when still warm.

Insomnia,Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Insomnia is a sleep disorder. Insomniac losses their sleep or have less sleep at night. Unrest, worries, and improper diet lead to insufficient sleep at night. Sleeplessness can be cured by effective home remedies and by bringing little changes in life style. Stress is the main cause of insomnia. In ayurveda it is known as anidra.
There are large numbers of people who are affected by insomnia. Lack of sleep or restlessness causes problems in doing everyday work, functioning of immune system and also gives invitation to various illness and infections.

Causes for Insomnia

Headaches and excess intake of tea or coffee at night causes insomnia. Worries, negative thought, and stress are the main causes of insomnia. Leg pain and other body pain.Taking alcohol at night, anxiety, depression also causes insomnia. Eating oily food and doing late exercise causes insomnia.
Breathing problem in asthmatic patients causes sleeplessness or insomnia. Accident, emotional problems, terrifying dream, wrong or unusual sleeping practice also causes insomnia.

Symptoms for Insomnia

Capability of doing work reduces in insomnia. Lacks of concentration, unrest, anxiety, depression, trouble in getting sleep are some of the symptoms found in insomniac.

Treatment for Insomnia

Drink madhu (honey) water at your bed time as it brings good sleep. Take one glass of water and mix one tablespoon of honey in it and your drink is ready.
This is beneficial home remedy for insomnia.Take band gobhi (cabbage) juice in your diet as it cures insomnia.
Milk is beneficial for curing sleeplessness or insomnia. Regularly drink one glass of milk containing half tablespoon honey at night. Eat ghiya (bottle-gourd) vegetable as it cures insomnia. Rub your scalp everyday with sesame oil containing one tablespoon bottle gourd juice. This is effective home remedy and cures sleeplessness or insomnia.
Eat curd daily. Rubbing down one tablespoon of curd on forehead brings good sleep.
Make a tea using one teaspoon honey, half tablespoon aniseed, and milk. Take this herbal tea at night before your sleep time. This is effective natural remedy for curing insomnia.
Your diet should be rich in Vitamin B as it cures insomnia. Eat good amount of pulses, cereals, and vegetables.
Yogic asana
Though you are aware of insomnia, a sleeping disorder, and its bad effect on body, still you find hard to sleep and the stress of why I am not getting sleep let you more stressful and causes sleeplessness. Practicing certain yogic exercises like shavasana, hatha yoga can cure insomnia.

Method for shavasana
You lie down or rest on the floor or bed keeping your face forward and concentrate on your body and forget all worries. Keep your eyes close, legs little separated, and your arms inclined at the sides of your body, and hand palms should facein upper direction. Breathe in and lift your right arm and keep it upward for few seconds then breathe out and slowly move your arm down, repeat this for 2-3 times then do in the same way for left arm, right and left leg and evacuate your mind from troubling thoughts. This yogic exercise will refresh you. Regular practice of shavasana will relax your overall body, mind and will cure sleeplessness or insomnia.
Good sleep keeps you happy, positive and energetic. Yogic exercises are very helpful and keeps you stress free and can overcome insomnia. Stay happy and sleep well.

Dos and don'ts for Insomnia

Avoid watching television at your sleep time. Avoid taking sleeping tablets. They are not good for your body and does not provide cure for insomnia, your mental strength and intelligence reduce by their intake.
Do not sleep for long hours in the day time. Insomniacs should eat foods like, bananas, yoghurt and various green vegetables and salads. Avoid eating excess sugar, chocolates and excess salt.
Avoid alcohol and smoking as it causes depletion of bodily fluids and drowsiness or sleeplessness. Avoid eating oily food at night.
Best cure for insomnia, do not take stress as worries are silent killer and will not let you sleep. Avoid taking excess tea and coffee as it leads to insomnia. If you take tea at your bed time you loss your night sleep and you will feel restless and jaded the next day.
Listen soft music at night and read soft story books. Warm water bath soothes yoursenses and brings good sleep.
Dip your foot on warm water for 10-15 minutes before your bed time, it will bring good night sleep and will cure insomnia.
Eat food rich in Vitamin B, zinc, magnesium, Vitamin C, calcium, and Vitamin D. Taking balance diet and food rich in these minerals are essential for health, cure insomnia or sleeplessness.
Regular exercise keeps you fit and cures insomnia or restlessness. Avoid doing exercises at late night Go for morning and evening walk, swimming, and other physical activities as it soothes your nerves and brings good sleep.
Regularly do yoga and meditation.
Herbs that cure insomnia are lavender, celery seeds, chamomile, lemon balm and many others.
Keep a good balance between work and rest, and never bring your professional work at home as it hampers your sleep.

Intestinal Worms Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

There are a vast number of worms that can live within the human body. The worms live in the digestive tract, especially in the intestines, from where they obtain their nutrition. Hence, worms are parasites living within the body of humans, who are the hosts. Since worms live inside the body of their host, they are also biologically termed as endoparasites.
Worm infestations are present in people of all ages but they are much more of a problem in children who are just beginning to learn to cope with their parasitic enemies. They are cause of common bowel complaints and visits to the doctors. However, with some elementary information and knowledge, a person can quite effectively face the problems of worm infestations. Ayurveda has several effective remedies for solving all kinds of worm problems.

Definition of Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

Intestinal worms, quite simply put, are worms that live within the intestines of humans. These are parasitic worms which feed on the food that passes through the human digestive tract. All these worms spend their entire lifetimes in the intestines of humans. They breed within the intestines and hence increase their populations. The worms have hook-like attachments on their heads (called as scolex) by which they attach onto the inner lining of the intestines.
Though worms are generally found in the intestines, they can also be found within the stomach and the rectum. However, worms are found to a much greater extent in the intestines, hence they are generally referred to as intestinal worms.
Worms are present in the intestines of all human beings. However when the populations of these worms increase beyond a particular limit, then there are several digestive problems that may occur. Stomach aches are common. At such times, we say that a person is suffering from an intestinal worm infestation. In Sanskrit, this type of a worm infestation is called as krimi roga.

Types of Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

Two types of worms are known to cause infestations in humans. These are:-
Flatworms belonging to Phylum Platyhelminthes Roundworms belonging to Phylum Aschelminthes Flatworms belong to the class Cestoda. They are also known as tapeworms. They are very simple organisms as they do not have a mouth and an intestinal tract. For this reason, they absorb predigested food from the host. Tapeworms can reach a staggering length of 100 feet within the human intestine.

Common roundworms that are found in humans are:-
Pinworms or threadworms are common roundworms. The two most important roundworm parasites are Enterobius vermicularis and Enterobius gregorii. Enterobius vermicularis are found in the small intestine and the colon in humans. These pinworms are less dangerous because they do not generally enter the bloodstream and other organs. Only in some rare instances can they be found in the vagina, fallopian tubes and the uterus. Sometimes they can enter the liver and cause jaundice. Enterobius gregorii is considered to be a sister organism of the Enterobius vermicularis. Their location, behavior, morphology and life cycle is identical to Enterobius vermicularis.
Ascaris lumbricoides are the most commonly found roundworms. They are passed on through contaminated food and fecal matter. They are found mostly in the tropical countries and in areas where good hygiene habits are not followed. These roundworms are more dangerous as they can pass from the intestines to the respiratory tract and cause severe complications.
Trichuris trichuria or the whipworm is so named because of the whip-like posterior end of the intestinal parasite. These are dangerous organisms that can cause bloody diarrheas and even rectal prolapse in extreme cases. Whipworm infestations are mostly observed in children. Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus are both hookworms. These worms can cause anemia in the people they affect. Hookworms are vigorous blood suckers due to which they can affect the inner lining of the stomach.

Causes and Transmission Modes of Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

There are several ways in which intestinal worms can be caused in human beings.
The most prominent mode of transmission is through any kind of contact with the feces of an infected person. This can be when human excrement is used as fertilizer in farms, or when clothes of infected people and soiled diapers of children are washed. People who are in contact with the soil that contains human feces (like farmers) stand a high chance of getting infected with intestinal worms.
Eating food that is contaminated with the worms is another common way of transmission. Similar infection is caused by consuming contaminated water. Worms can exist on the outer layers of the food. Hence people consuming foods without washing them thoroughly are prone to intestinal worms.
Raw meats, milk and eggs can contain worms that can cause intestinal infections. Meats like beef, pork and fish that are undercooked contain live worms.
People maintaining poor hygiene habits can not only get themselves infected with intestinal worms, but they can also pass on the infections to other people.
Worms like hookworms enter the human body through the soles of the feet. Hence people who move around on the open ground with bare feet have a very high degree of getting infected with hookworms.
Worms are transferred during sexual contact. Cunnilingus (i.e. stimulating a woman's genitals with the mouth), fellatio (i.e. stimulating a man’s genitals with the mouth) and anal rimming are very common modes of transmitting worms from an infected person to the other.
Ayurveda treats intestinal worms as a vitiation of the kapha dosha, which governs the balance between the internal and external composition of the human body. This is because all the intestinal worms have a life-cycle that moves in and out of the human body. Though the infection is internal, the mode of transmission is always external. Different types of worms have different modes of transmissions. The following table shows these different modes:-

Types of Worms Modes of Transmission
Flatworms Spread through consumption of raw and undercooked meats
Pinworms Spread from person to person directly
Roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides) Spread through consumption of contaminated solid and liquid foods
Whipworms Spread through consumption of contaminated solid and liquid foods

Symptoms of Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

Since worms are normally found in all human beings, mostly there are no symptoms observed with a few worms living inside the intestines. In adults, there are no symptoms observed till the infection reaches a drastic limit. Most of the symptoms are observed in children. The common symptoms observed are:-
The symptoms begin as a mild tickling sensation and gradually get converted into a severe itching or pain. This itching is developed near the anal opening and the adjoining skin. The abdomen may become distended. Grumbling noises are heard inside the abdomen due to the activity of the worms. There is occasional pain in the abdomen, which surges and ebbs. The person may lose the appetite. Nausea sets in, and vomiting can occur.
In most worm infections, there are diarrheas. The diarrheas may be with or without bloody discharge depending on the severity of the complications.
People with worms are often flatulent. The gas released is mostly with bad odor and released noisily.
The mouth becomes quite parched. Bad breath is commonly observed.
Fevers are also common symptoms.

People who are at Risk of Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

Worms are so commonly found all over the world, and in all kinds of climates, that it is very difficult to say who is not at risk from them. Almost everyone in the world has been infected with worms at one or other time in their lives. Yet, there are a few groups of people who are more vulnerable than others. The following is a list of people who are the most susceptible to worm infections:-
Children are at the highest risk of krimi roga. In infants, worms can pass in through improperly boiled milk; and in children the different foods that they eat can cause worm infections.
People who live in very close contact with the soil are also vulnerable. These include people who work intimately with the earth, such as farmers and gardeners. Even people who are in the habit of strolling barefooted in their gardens and lawns can attract pinworms and hookworms through the soles of their feet. People who do not take care much of their own personal hygiene are at a very great risk of inviting some worms into their intestines.

Complications of Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

Intestinal worms can cause severe complications in the people they infect, and may even lead to the death of the person. The following table lists some of the important complications that each kind of worm can cause:-
Type of Worm Complications
Flatworms Some people consider that flatworms are beneficial in small numbers as they help to digest difficult food. But large numbers can be serious causing anemia and asthma. The pork tapeworms can lodge themselves in the brain or eye. When these are killed by the antibodies within the body, they leave behind calcium deposits, causing severe complications.
Pinworms Pinworms can cause severe digestive disorders such as diarrheas with bloody stools. The accompanying dehydration could be fatal, especially in children. In women, pinworms can cause vaginal infections causing discharge. Insomnia is very common in people with pinworms.
Roundworms (Ascaris lumbricoides) Roundworms are responsible for asthma and anemia in their victims. People suffer from insomnia and general discomfort during the daytime. Rashes occur in arious places on the body. One more complication caused by roundworms is pain in the eye.
Whipworms As in all worms, diarrheas are common with whipworm infection. Bloody stools are seen, and there may be a rectal prolapse. Anemia is observed.
Hookworms Since hookworms can directly burrow into the skin of the humans, they are the most dangerous. They can cause severe abdominal discomfort. Edema can be caused. Large numbers of hookworms are fatal.

Prevention of Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

Following clean hygiene habits is the best method of preventing intestinal worms. The following are some guidelines:-
Always ensure that the water you drink is properly filtered and boiled. The food must be properly cooked, especially if it is red meat like beef and pork. Vegetables must be washed thoroughly before putting in the cooking pot. Fruits must be washed thoroughly, and ideally peeled, before consumption. After outdoor activities like gardening, wash your hands and legs thoroughly with a disinfectant soap. Hands must be washed after each visit to the toilet.
All laundry must be washed on a daily basis. Underwear must be washed and dried separately from other clothes. As an extreme measure, each person’s clothes must be washed separately. Footwear must be worm whenever stepping out of the house.
If one person in the house is affected, then treatment must be given to all members living in the house. This is to prevent further transmission.

Diet for People with Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

One must ensure that whatever food is consumed, it must be washed and cooked thoroughly. The same applies for drinks.
Some foods to avoid during worm infections are:-
Red meats including mutton, beef and pork
Milk and milk products (especially milk that is not pasteurized properly)
Ghee
Water that is not boiled
Vegetables that are not washed and cooked well

Some foods that are beneficial during worm infections are:-
Rice that has been aged and wheat
Buttermilk
Vegetables like brinjals and bitter gourd
Garlic, coriander and asafetida

Ayurvedic Treatment of Intestinal Worms (Krimi Roga)

Ayurveda is a very effective means to cure intestinal infection. The following is a list of the herbs that are beneficial with their actions on the human body:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Topical Action
Ajwain Hyoscyamus niger Henbane Though the henbane is poisonous, its seeds have a beneficial effect in curing intestinal worms.
Ajwain seeds taken with jaggery dissolved in cold water early in the morning help in the expulsion of worms during defecation.
Bael Aegle marmelos Bael tree Bael has anthelminthic properties, i.e. it can kill the worms within the body. They are useful in all inflammatory conditions of the bowels.
Karpoora Cinnamonum camphora Camphor Camphor is used as a general treatment for intestinal worms.
Palasha Butea frondosa Flame of the Forest The seeds of the palasha are taken with buttermilk twice daily. This is effective in the removal of roundworms.
Sabja Ocimum basilicum St. Joseph's Wort, Sweet Basil The highly cooling seeds of the sweet basil are taken in the form of a drink. This is a highly beneficial remedy in curing all kinds of intestinal worms, especially tapeworms.
Vidanga Embelia ribes False Black Pepper Vidanga is an anti-flatulent herb with laxative properties. Its seeds must be powdered and taken on an empty stomach. This is beneficial in the expulsion of tapeworms.
The following Ayurvedic preparations are highly beneficial in treating intestinal worm problems (they are to be taken with honey):-

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Khadi Arishta, Vidanga Arishta,
Deva Darya Arishta, Danga Asava
Bhasma/Kashaya Loha Bhasma, Vanga Bhasma,
Chandra Sooradi Kashaya
Choorna Vidanagadi Choorna
Ghrita Bimbi Ghritam, Vidanagadi Ghritam
Lehya Krimi Vikarprakadha
Rasa Rasa Karpoora, Vidanga Lauha, Kurmi
Mudgarasa, Kurmikutara Rasa
Vati Krimi Shodhini, Kankana Gutika

Itching Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Itching or pruritus is not a disease but is a very common problem which is faced by almost everyone. It is simply defined as an itchy sensation on a particular part of body; the sensation is so strong and profound that it forces the person to scratch that area to get little relief. However, scratching of the skin causes inflammation, color of the skin becomes red and it cause pain as well. Itching can affect any part of the body. Itching can be caused due to any reason it can be due to insect bite or may be due to excess sweat. Itching may affect a small portion of the skin or may affect different parts of the body. Though the severity of itching depends upon its causes, it is very painful and irritating. It is also sad that normally people scratch the affected area with their nails, which may lead to further pain and infection. This article will explain everything about itching and the best and effective home remedies to get fast relief. In ayurveda it is known as kandu. It generally occurs due to involvement of vata and kapha dosha

Causes for Itching

Skin infection, itching can be caused due to several reasons. It can be anything from insect bite to problem in liver, diabetes, etc. Medical science has shown that itching is very common in pregnant ladies, especially during the third month and scratching also leads to deep patches on the skin. Itching around the genitals, especially in the anal is due to infection and piles. Person with poor functioning of heart, lung, lever, suffer severe itching in different parts of his body. Different skin disease like eczema or other diseases like measles, varicella also causes itching. Lack of iron also is responsible for itching. Insects bite or accumulation of sweat between the fingers causes severe itching. Itching caused due to insect bite can be temporary; however, some insect bite results in severe wound on the skin. Climate too has effect on our skin, scorching heat during summer cause severe itching in the body. Similarly, skin becomes dry during winter and cause itching. Lices or ringworm also causes itching. Itching sometimes is also a reaction or side effect of strong medicines taken for the treatment of other chronic disease. Whatever may be the cause, itching is very irritating and painful. Given below are the effective home remedies for the treatment of itching.

Diet for Itching

A good healthy food habit should be developed in every human being. Balanced diet that is nutrient-rich food is the remedy of all the disease. Patient suffering from itching should eat lots of green leafy vegetables, should strictly avoid junk or oily and spicy food, and also should take fresh fruits. Patient should also record which food increase the itching tendency in their body, and should avoid those food items. Vitamin B and E is very effective in controlling the itching tendency. There are several herbs like chickweed which plays vital role in treating itching. This herb can be soaked in water and once the herbs become soft, scrub the skin with it. Other herbs for treating itching are burdock, plantain, etc.
Apart from all the above mentioned helpful home remedies, people suffering from itching should always take bath in lukewarm water and not hot water, should keep his body clean, should always use medicated soap. People with dry skin should use good quality moisturizer immediately after the bath. However, before applying any ointment or lotion, and also otherwise, one should always use clean towel and should keep the skin dry, moisture free. These moistures when accumulated in the joints cause ringworm, etc. Avoid scratching with finger nails and keep them short. Also wear clothes according to your skin type and it should we well fitted or little loose, but should not be very tight.

Symptoms for Itching

Person suffering from itching has a tendency of scratching the affected area most of the time and that makes the situation more difficult. The major symptoms of itching are: Hot sensation around the skin, skin becomes red and dry; scratch marks and patches appear on the skin, skin becomes blistered.

Treatment for Itching

Lemon juice:
It is one of an effective remedy for the treatment of itching. Take equal amount (1-2 tablespoon) of lemon extract, ghrit kumari (Aloe Vera) and oils rich in Vitamin E. Apply this oil mixture around the infected area. This will sooth the skin and relieve from itching.

Eucalyptus amygdalina or peppermint:
Another easy remedy is add little amount of Eucalyptus amygdalina in water and bath. This will give a great healing effect. People suffering from itching may also add grain or cornstarch in the water before bathing. Add 2-3 drops of peppermint oil in the bath tub. Taking bath in this peppermint-rich water gives soothing effect and relieves from pain.

Vinegar:
Vinegar extracted from apple too can be added to the bath tub. This too helps in soothing the effected skin. Similarly, add cornstarch, oatmeal, baking soda to the bath tub. All this give fast relief from itching and sooths the effected area.

Jaundice Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Kamala is a very common disease that is characterized by the yellowness of the skin. It is known as jaundice or icterus in English.

Definition of Jaundice (Kamala)

Jaundice or kamala is the condition of yellowing of the skin due to a liver or a gallbladder problem. This yellowing is caused due to a high content of the pigment bilirubin in the bloodstream of the individual. The yellow coloration is also present in the sclera of the eye. Jaundice is very common in newborns. This is because the liver of the newborn may not be able to process the bilirubin quickly enough into bile. This causes a buildup of bilirubin under the skin and in the sclera of the baby’s eyes causing the yellowing condition known as kamala.

Causes of Jaundice (Kamala)

In fact, jaundice is not itself a disease, but it is a symptom of some other disease. Jaundice indicates the malfunctioning of the liver or the gallbladder due to some other underlying problem.
The diseases that can cause jaundice in a person are:-
Hepatitis
Cirrhosis
Tumors in the liver or gallbladder
Gallstones
Jaundice can also be caused due to proliferation of the liver due to excessive drug intake, alcohol consumption or smoking. Sometimes, jaundice is a result of wrong techniques adopted during blood transfusion.
Etiologically speaking, jaundice occurs when the bile cannot be ejected from the body of a person. In a normal human body, the red blood corpuscles in the body continuously break down after some time. When this happens, the heme of the hemoglobin undergoes two important conversions. In the spleen, heme is converted to a greenish yellow substance known as bilirubin and in the liver, heme is converted to hepatocytes. Bilirubin goes to the liver where it is processed into bile. Bile is necessary for digestion. The excess bilirubin is discarded with fecal matter. However, if this bilirubin cannot be discarded, then it remains in the bloodstream causing yellowness of the skin. This is the onset of jaundice.
According to the beliefs of Ayurveda, the following are the causes of jaundice:- Jaundice is a pitta dosha disease. Paachaka pitta is responsible for the proper canalization of the digestive enzymes in the body. Hence, vitiation in the paachaka pitta causes jaundice.
Jaundice can also be classified as a kapha disease. Kledaka kapha is responsible for the digestive secretions of the mouth, stomach, intestines, liver and gallbladder. Hence vitiation in the kledaka kapha can also cause jaundice.

Types of Jaundice (Kamala)

Depending on the cause, jaundice is classified into the following types:-
(i) Surgical Jaundice (Sakhaasrita Kamala) – This is a jaundice that is caused due to some obstruction in the liver or the gallbladder. Obstructions can be in the form of gallstones or cancerous tumor. The obstruction could also be present in the ducts that carry the bilirubin pigments from the liver to the intestine. This type of jaundice can be cured only by surgical removal of the obstruction.
(ii) Hemolytic Jaundice – Hemolytic jaundice is caused due to hepatitis. An increased production of bile is the cause of this type of jaundice. The excess bile damages the red blood corpuscles. Hemolytic jaundice can also be caused due to mismatched blood transfusion.
(iii) Hepatocellular Jaundice – Hepatocellular jaundice occurs when there is a damage to the cells of the liver due to excessive consumption of alcohol.
(iv) Newborn Jaundice or Hyperbilirubinemia – Hyperbilirubinemia is a jaundice that occurs in newborn babies. This is due to a defect in the baby which converts the bile into excretal form. Some genetic disorders can cause hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. They are:-
Gilbert's Syndrome, in which the liver contains inadequate cells to convert the bilirubin into bile. This syndrome does not need special treatment as it corrects itself as the child's age progresses. It is present in 5% of the total population.
Dubin-Johnson Syndrome, in which the infant is born with increased bilirubin content. The livers of such infants are yellowish in color. There is no treatment necessary as the condition corrects itself.
Rotor Syndrome, in which the infant is born with increased bilirubin content. The livers of such infants are not yellow in color. There is no treatment necessary as the condition corrects itself.
Crigler-Najjar Syndrome, in which the infant has increased bilirubin levels but the pigmentation may or may not show on the skin. If unchecked, this jaundice can persist for life. Hence, this syndrome requires treatment.

Symptoms of Jaundice (Kamala)

The symptoms of jaundice depend on its causative agent. The following are some of the symptoms:-
(i) The most common symptom is the appearance of yellowish color on the skin. The yellow color is also present in the sclera (whites) of the eyes and the nails. In some cases, the color could be brown due to presence of excessive bilirubin pigment.
(ii) There will be a bitter taste in the mouth and a bad breath. There is a possibility that the color of the teeth becomes darkened to yellow or brown.
(iii) Jaundice is usually accompanied by flu-like symptoms, such as fever, anorexia, tired or depressed feeling, nausea and vomiting.
(iv) Muscle cramps can occur, causing spasms and convulsions.
(v) The person may feel an itchy sensation all over the body.
(vi)Stools are of a clayey color, i.e. a chalky gray or white. Urine color darkens to brown.
(vii) There is a sensation of pain in the liver accompanied by a feeling of tenderness.

Complications from Jaundice (Kamala)

Jaundice itself is not a serious condition as most jaundices treat themselves on their own. However a proper investigation into the cause of jaundice is required. It could be a very serious disease like hepatitis that is causing the jaundice.

Transmission of Jaundice (Kamala)

Jaundice is a non-communicable disease as it is a metabolic disorder. Jaundice patients can be given all the care they require without worrying about any sort of infection.

Prevention of Jaundice (Kamala)

Jaundice can be prevented with the following precautions:-
Always consume water that is filtered or, better, boiled.
Do not consume unsafe drinks like raw milk.
Do not consume sea foods, especially oysters, unless you are sure they have come from a reliable source.
Coconut water is a good drink if you need to quench your thirst when you are outside the house. Fruit juices could be contaminated. When outside, ask for tea or coffee. These are safer drinks because the water used in them is boiled.
Be particular in restaurants about the foods you eat. The foods should be freshly prepared. Do not consume any products that seem stale.

Diet During Jaundice (Kamala)

Jaundice requires proper diet care. The following points are to be strictly followed:-
(i) Completely avoid all kinds of non-vegetarian foods at least till the effects of the jaundice last on the skin. Avoid even heavy vegetarian foods. The reason is that the liver needs to produce more bile to digest these difficult foodstuffs and this could alleviate the pigmentation of the skin.
(ii) Say a definite no to all kinds of junk food such as chocolate, cakes, pastries, potato chips, ice-creams, colas and other aerated drinks, etc.
(iii) Simple food must be taken for the first three days of the jaundice affliction. Have a meal of porridge, especially rice gruel (kanji). You can flavor the kanji with jaggery syrup or honey.
(iv) To maintain the proper water content of the body, have tender coconut water and fruit juices. Citrus fruits are preferable as they will provide the much needed vitamin C. Ideal fruits are oranges, pineapples, lemons, cantaloupes, etc.
(v) There must be a complete abstinence of salt as it is a mineral and requires a difficult digestion process.
(vi) Gradually, from the fourth day onwards, the person can begin having toast, dry chapattis, khichdi (rice and pulses cooked together) and fruit jams.
(vii) From the fifth day, the person can havevegetables in the diet. Strong spices and oil is to be avoided in the cooking process

Ayurvedic Treatment for Jaundice (Kamala)

Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ambarbaris Berberis vulgaris Jaundice Berry Jaundice berry is a bitter herb which is very effective against jaundice and other hepatic ailments.
Amboti ki patti Oxalis corniculata Indian Sorrel
This herb mixed with buttermilk treats the jaundice condition within a few days.
Bhoomyamalaki Phyllanthus niruri Leaf Flower
A teaspoonful of the juice of this plant or its root in the form of a paste can be taken thrice a day mixed with honey to obtain relief from jaundice.
Chachinga Trichosanthes cucumerina Snake Gourd
An infusion of snake gourd leaves with a decoction of coriander seeds is beneficial for the treatment of jaundice.
Ghee kanvar Aloe barbadensis Indian Aloe
A pulp of a single leaf of ghee kanvar mixed with black salt and ginger consumed every morning for ten days cures jaundice by stimulating the liver to convert bilirubin to bile. It also checks the enlargement of the liver and the spleen.
Gokulakanta Asteracantha longifolia Gokulakanta
A decoction of the gokulakanta root helps in curing hepatic derangement.
Kasani Cichorium intybus Chicory
An extract of the chicory plant is effective in repairing liver (hepatic) damage. Its seeds are carminative and are potent in reducing bilious vomiting.
Kutki Picrorhiza kurroa Picrorhiza
The root of picrorhiza is ground and mixed with honey. This mixture helps to treat liver ailments such as cirrhosis with cause jaundice. In fact, Ayurveda considers picrorhiza as one of the two primary herbs for the cure of jaundice. The other is turpeth (nisoth).
Nisoth Operculina turpethum Turpeth
Turpeth is prescribed by Ayurveda as a starting herb to be administered for the treatment of jaundice.
Prajmoda Petroselinum crispum Parsley
Parsley helps in treating the calculi of the kidney and he urinary bladder which assists in proper elimination of the bilious urine. Parsley also cures the bad taste in the mouth which is caused by jaundice.
Punarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Hog weed Hog weed helps in bringing down the fever that can be caused due to jaundice.

The following are some more Ayurvedic preparations that can help in the treatment of jaundice:-
Avipattikara choorna
Aarogyavardhini vati
Punarnava mandoor
Kumaryasava
Lohasava
Punarnavasava

Jetlag Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Jetlag is defined as a physical condition in which body becomes dull, weak, and inability to adjust in a new environment. This condition arises when a person travel from one place to another by air and both these places have dissimilar time zone. Person suffering from jetlag will experience severe headache, body pain, weakness, laziness. It becomes really difficult for them to concentrate on their work. This article will explain in detail the causes and effective home remedies for the treatment of jetlag.

Causes for Jetlag

People suffering from jetlag experience extreme weakness and unable to focus on their work. The main causes for jetlag are improper or less sleep before flight, fatigue, and dehydration, less humidity at higher altitude. Other causes include excess intake of alcohol before or during flight, inability to adjust immediately in new time zone, etc. People also confess that sitting on a plane chair without much body movement make their body dull and weak to respond against the changing time zone, and the result is jetlag.

Symptoms for Jetlag

Person suffering from jetlag will experience extreme weakness, dullness, inability to concentrate and focus on job and responsibilities. Sleeplessness or over sleeping tendency is another major symptom. People suffering from jetlag either sleep a lot in the new place or feel uneasy while sleeping and thus prefer not to sleep. Both this situation is disturbing and alarming. Other symptoms include irritation, over anxiety, back ache, severe headache, mild fever, etc.

Treatment for Jetlag

As mentioned earlier that jetlag is not a disease, it is a condition which almost every passenger experiences after a journey through different time zone. Given below are some the useful suggestions and effective remedies to recover from jetlag.
Any person, who is going for air travel, should know well in advance that what is the climatic condition and time zone of the place, where they are landing. By this, it will become easier to set lifestyle according to the new timings for some day before flight. This way the body will become used to of the new environment. Also people may adjust the timing of their wrist watch according to the place they are landing in. Work according to the new timing. Initially, it will be little difficult and may sound silly to others, but later on when you land up in a new place, your body already would have become used to of the new time zone.
Given below are some important things to remember before boarding a plane.
Do not overeat—this is really very important, as you have to sit for long hours in the plane and the food will not digest completely. This may cause acidity, indigestion, vomiting, etc. Another thing is that you cannot move in a plane hence eat little. Protein- or carbohydrate-rich foods are most preferable as it will help in proper sleep during flight.
Avoid alcohol—this is also very important that you should not drink alcohol or any other hard drinks.
Excess consumption of alcohol slows down the metabolic activity, dries and chokes the throat, severe headache, nervousness, mood swing etc.
Drink water before and after the flight. Do not take too much water on board. Once your plane reaches higher altitude, you will experience frequent urination and this will trouble you a lot.
Take proper rest. Once you are in the plane, make yourself comfortable, stretch your legs as much as you can, cover yourself properly with soft blanket, and sleep. Do not panic, when you are traveling as pilots and other air members are there to look after you.
Person who experiences excess jetlag are also advised to take sleep before boarding the plane.
Wear proper fitted clothes, comfortable shoes, and soft socks.
People suffering from excess vomiting tendency should keep lozenges and sweet candies with them.

Yoga
Yoga is one of the best remedy to cope up with the jetlag. It has a deep and positive effect to the body and mind of a person suffering from jetlag. Some shoulder-related asanas and surya namaskara, and breathing exercises are considered as best yoga for treating jetlag. These yogas help in restoring energy and helping the body to adjust quickly in the new environment.
The benefits of surya namaskara are that it supports the proper functioning of body system. It keeps the respiratory system, heart, and lungs, all in good health. Person suffering from jetlag faces acidity and other stomach-related problems, as the metabolic activities weaken due to different time zone. Surya namaskara helps in re-building the digestive system. Similarly, shoulder-related asanas supports the respiratory system, blood circulation, proper functioning of heart and lungs. It makes the mind active, stress-free, and mentally strong. There are other yoga asanas that help in relaxing the body after a long flight, speed up body activity.

Leanness Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Being underweight is just as much a problem as being overweight. However, there is loads of matter written about obesity, yet leanness is grossly neglected. A major contributing factor in this is the media which projects lean male and female models as the symbols of perfect beauties. Hence, people who are lean think of their leanness as an asset rather than an impediment.
To an extent, leanness is okay. But it becomes an issue when it begins to interfere with the person’s health. In most cases, a lean person has less bodily resistance and thus it can be an invitation to diseases.
This article attempts to explain leanness and its effects over the human body, along with its causes and methods of treatment.

Definition of Leanness (Karshya)

Karshya is the condition of being excessively lean. These people are also termed as underweight. Their weight is below standard values, and sometimes even height. Their bodies are characterized by the following:-
(i) Poor weight
(ii) Less muscle mass, known as shushka in Sanskrit
(iii) Sunken skin, leading to a ‘skin and bones’ body, which is known as ati krusha in Sanskrit
(iv) Poor development of chest, limbs and buttocks
In medical terms, excessive leanness is also known as emaciation.

Causes of Leanness (Karshya)

Leanness of karshya can be caused due to a wide variety of reasons. Some of these reasons are as follows:-
(i) Feeding habits during younger days – People who are not fed well as infants or during their early adolescence generally grow up to be quite underweight. This may happen due to ignorance on the part of the mother, or if the mother herself is undernourished. Due to nutritional deficiencies in the mother, there may be a deficiency of the necessary fat cells that are required for producing breast milk. As a result, the child has a high probability of growing up lean.
(ii) Poor eating habits – A very high proportion of people all over the world have very poor eating habits. This includes eating unhygienic or unbalanced food, eating at wrong times, eating less in proportion to the work done, etc.
(iii) Diseases – Two dietary diseases – bulimia and anorexia nervosa – are directly responsible for people losing weight and becoming lean. Anorexia nervosa is the condition in which a person does not feel hungry. Due to this, there is no increase in the body weight of the person. Patients of debilitating diseases such as cancer tend to lose their weight. Even patients of AIDS and hepatitis become lean.
(iv) Hyperthyroidism – Hyperthyroidism or excess secretion of the hormone thyroxin is one of the prime medical causes of karshya. People who suffer from hyperthyroidism are unable to gain weight, and so they remain quite below their standard weight values.
(v) Psychological factors – Stress, anxieties, heavy workload, etc. can reduce a person’s desire for eating nutritional food. Due to this, the person will lose weight and become lean.

Symptoms of Leanness (Karshya)

Leanness is a relative term. For an obese person, a medium sized person could be lean, while for a lean person, a medium sized person could be obese. There are no clinical or medical parameters by which leanness can be measured. However, excessive leanness can be adjudged by the following factors:-
(i) The body is extremely thin. The ribs and the clavicle (collar bone) show out through the chest.
(ii) There is no mass of flesh over the chest, abdomen and buttocks.
(iii) Pinching the skin brings a very thin skinny mass into the fingers.
(iv) The body weight is much less than the normal values.
(v) The person is prone to fall sick often and takes longer time to recover than average weighed persons.
(vi) The person has poor stamina and bodily resistance.
(vii) There is often some or the other physical ailment in the body, such as regular coughing, sneezing, runny nose, or something else. Eyes and skin are very sensitive.

Complications due to Leanness (Karshya)

Emaciation is an invitation to diseases. Since the person is lean, there is no proper development of the body of the person. He or she will likely have a low count of leukocytes (white blood corpuscles), which are the blood corpuscles that fight against attacking microorganisms. As a result, there is a chance that the person can suffer from major diseases soon. On a simpler note, excessive leanness is detrimental to the wellbeing of a person because of the following reasons:-
(i) The person will get tired easily as he or she has low stamina.
(ii) The person will not be well-suited to do any sort of heavy or excitable activity.
(iii) The person will have a good chance of suffering from heart ailments.

Transmission of Leanness (Karshya)

Since karshya is not a disease but a bodily condition, there is no question of transmission through any contagious or infectious factors. However, it is known that karshya runs in families. Hence, there is a chance that the condition may be genetic. As such people with leanness among their close family members should take stricter precautions to avoid becoming emaciated.

Diet during Leanness (Karshya)

he diet that a lean person consumes must be targeted at increasing the body bulk. Some foods are more fattening than others. There are some other foods which can increase the tissue and muscle mass, and thus increase the body bulk. A proper dietary regimen is a very strong treatment method for people with karshya. The following constituents must be integral parts of all lean people’s diet:- Lean people must not shy away from eating food. They should preferably have a double course meal. The carbohydrates such as rice or wheat products must be consumed in the first course with simple vegetables or pulses. Later a second course must follow with richer foods, which could be vegetarian or non-vegetarian depending on the dietary preferences of the person. A salad must always be included in the meals. Salads add body bulk and also provide several nutrients. Starchier vegetables must be given preference as they increase the bulk of the body. Potatoes, yams, carrots are very good in adding weight. Rice must be preferred to wheat, as rice is starchier. The person must avoid drinking fluids before meals as it will make the stomach feel full. Similarly, it is not advisable to have soups before meals. Some people feel that wine increases the appetite. This is a personal preference, but must be done in moderation. Some light snacks could be had before retiring to bed.
Dietary fats such as milk, curds, raw sugar, jaggery, black gram, ghee and meats must be incorporated more in the diet. Fats have several benefits in lean persons. The following are the five major functions dietary fats perform in the body:-
Fats are a source of energy to the lean person. A single gram of fats can provide up to 9 kcal of energy. Fats form a layer under the skin, which helps in hermoregulation of the body. Fats form a layer around the vital organs, which help in protecting the body from shocks and injuries. Fats help in the circulation of important fatty acids within the body. They also regulate several aspects of fat metabolism. Fats increase the palatability and satiety value of the food. This makes the food more appealing to the frugal eater.
Thus, the diet that an emaciated person must follow is the exact opposite of that which is suitable for an obese person. The manner of taking the diet is also very important. A thin person must eat little quantities at regular intervals during the day instead of having just a few heavy meals per day. The dietary regimen given below is ideal for a person who is looking out to gain some weight:-
(i) Early morning – Diet of a food rich in vitamin C such as oranges or grapes.
(ii) Morning – Have a breakfast that is rich in carbohydrates to add to the bulk of the body. Brown bread is preferable. Some protein-rich food like an egg is suitable, or even bread and butter will do.
(iii) Mid morning – A nutritious and filling food, salad or soup will be ideal.
(iv) Lunch – Can be moderately heavy. Supplement the rice or wheat products with at least two different kinds of vegetables. One flesh food can be included if allowable. A fruit salad would be the best dessert.
(v) Mid afternoon – A cooling food must be taken to counter the effects of the climate. A milkshake or cold coffee is advisable.
(vi) Evening – A beverage with some light snack can be taken.
(vii) Dinner – Must be rich in nutrition but easy to digest. It can have more variety than the lunch. Avoid spicy and oily foods in the night as they can interfere with sleep.
(vii) Bedtime – An apple or a plantain would help to digest the food eaten during the day.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Leanness (Karshya)

Sushruta Samhita advises people with karshya to treat the problem by removing the cause itself. Most of the times, the problem of leanness is due to some internal malady such as hyperthyroidism, bulimia or anorexia nervosa. Hence, Ayurveda remedies the problem of leanness by treating the internal disorder first. This requires a proper diagnosis of the ailment.
Certain steps that Ayurveda prescribes for increasing the weight are as follows:-
(i) Eat heavy meals, but allow time for exercise, or there could be proper utilization of the food and prevents the complications.
(ii) Keep the mind free from all worries and tensions that might interfere with the digestion of food.
(iii) A deep sleep at night and a light nap in the afternoon are a must. This keeps the body metabolism functioning better.
(iv) Do not involve yourself in dexterous and heavy duty activity.
(v) Mingle with your peers and exchange ideas. Do not be embarrassed of your condition.

In Ayurveda, there are a few herbs that are known to cause increase in weight. A list of all these herbs with their actions on the human body are given below:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ashwagandha Withania somnifera Winter cherry Ashwagandha is known to have some properties in adding to the weight of the body.
Bala Sida cordifolia Country mallow Bala is proven effective in the treatment of leanness-related problems such as polyurea, leucorrhea, monoplegia, etc.
Shtavari Asparagus racemosus Asparagus Shatavari is a traditional remedy for bilious and urinary problems. It can bring the mind in a better disposition to eat and digest the food. All these factors help to gain weight. Also, shatavari tubers are sweet, which makes it possible to be eaten as a candy.
Some Ayurvedic preparations that have been proven effective in the treatment of excessive leanness, i.e. karshya, are as follows:-
Amritaprasana Ghritam
Chagalyadi Ghritam

Leg Pain Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Leg pain is a very common problem encountered by many people. As in a day-to-day life because of more work and less rest there result a lot of complications like, leg injuries, muscles contractions in any part of joints, in hips, and foot. Without under your conscious control there is a muscles contractions in knee areas, foots, and calf muscles. Leg pain can occur to anyone; it is generally seen in old age people but also observed in young population. In ayurveda it is called as pada shool. It is caused by aggravation of vata in the body.

Causes for Leg Pain

Leg pain can be due to a dreadful and terrible involuntary muscular contraction, tiredness of muscles, excess walking, exercises, nervous strain and lump formation because of blood clotting, improper blood circulation in the knees, hips, and foot causes leg pain. Lack of water, improper diet, and food not rich in required calcium, vitamins, and minerals like potassium, which are necessary for growth and development of bone in child and proper working of body in case of adults also lead to leg pain. Abnormal growth of tissues, stress, damages in nerves. Loss of strength and physical energy resulting from excess work also causes leg pain . Overdoses of chemical-based medicines, any injury, and low level of cholesterol, weakening of body and muscles, arthritis disease, pain in bones, diabetes, weakness, obesity, hormonal problems, pain in nerves, skin and bone-related infections and tumors also causes leg pain.

Symptoms for Leg Pain

There is muscle contraction, pain in knees, hips, and foot. The person is unable to do hard physical work, there is pain in muscles, lack of blood in the body, inability to do exercise are some of the symptoms for leg pain.

Diet for Leg Pain

Drink enough water to keep yourself cool as it soothes muscles contractions and also relief leg pain. Before doing any physical exercises like, going for gym, walking, drink sufficient quantity of water as it keeps the body hydrated.Supply your body enough fruit juices in order to maintain a healthy balance of body and mind.Eat milk products like cheese, milk, soya beans, nuts, green vegetables salads, food with high calcium contents and potassium contents as they are very necessary for bones. These will make your bones strong and relieve leg pain.
Eat balanced nutritional diet like, green vegetables, carrot, sugarcane, bananas, nuts, sprouts, apple, citrus fruits oranges, beets, and grapes. They are effective and should be included in diet to relief leg pain.
Regular exercise and yoga will keep you mentally and physically fit and also act as leg pain, breathing problem, and stress reliever.
Do some kinds of leg stretching exercises as it improves blood circulation and relives leg pain and muscular contractions.
Do yoga regularly some yogic asanas are very affective in reliving leg pain, joint pain, hips pain, and many more. Do breathing exercises as it has tremendous effect
on overall body, your overweight problem, thyroid problem, kidney and liver disorder will definitely be cured by doing such mental relaxing exercises.
Leg pain is very uncomfortable and it irritates you if the pain prolonged so try the above home remedies as they are effective with no side effects.

Treatment for Leg Pain

Home remedies for leg pain
Warm water bath of Epsom salt---Warm water bath of Epsom salt, which is rich in magnesium, is a good pain reliever. This is very helpful for arthritis patients and also relieves leg pain.
You can also take one tablespoon methi, which is a very effective vegetable and helps in curing various diseases. Dry methi leaves under sun for 4-5 days. Mix it in a glass of water. Take this mixture in early morning.
Good balance of work and rest is very necessary. Take enough rest as it relieves leg pain.
Rubbing lobelia paste also provides relief in leg pain.
Vinegar is also great for relieving leg pain, controlling weight, chest burns, injuries of joints, and bad breath.
A cloth pad thoroughly wet in vinegar solution when applied firmly to joints, foot or other part of leg relieves leg pain and discomfort.
Eating hard shell nuts also relief leg pain.
Gently massage you leg using hot pads as it provide physical relief to leg pain.
Massaging with oils like mustard oil, coconut oil gives fast relief from severe leg pain.
Regular warm oil massage in downward direction relieves leg pains. Stretch your leg gently and massage the strained muscles using warm oil, it gives relief from pain in joints, knees, leg palm, calf muscles, and hips.
Rub your feet using ice blocks as it soothes the tired muscles.
Warm water bath relaxes overall body and mind, so whenever you feel tiredness and pain in leg, go for warm water bath, this will unstrain the tired muscles.
Avoid taking alcohol, excess sugar, smoking, and chewing tobacco, especially, if there is a leg pain due to the disturbance in the functioning of nerves.

Leucorrhea Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Leucorrhea is commonly known as white discharge. It is a female disease of the genital tract, in which a white discharge is seen from the vagina. Even its Sanskrit name, shwetapradara, is made up of two words – shweta which means ‘white’ and pradara which means 'discharge'.

Definition of Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

Leucorrhea is simply defined as a whitish discharge from the female vaginal tract. The discharge could be a smooth flow, or it could be sticky and lumpy. In most women, the nature of the discharge changes as their age advances or if they travel a lot.
Vaginal discharge is quite a normal and healthy phenomenon in females to an extent. The discharge is actually a fluid form of all the worn out and dead cells in the vaginal tract, along with other toxic materials that are eliminated continuously from the vagina. In a healthy woman, such discharges are whitish in color. But if the discharge darkens in color, then it requires medical attention. Though shwetapradara literally means ‘white discharge’, the medical condition refers to the serious condition where there is some abnormality in the manner of the discharge. The following are the situations when shwetapradara needs to be treated:-
The discharge is very profuse and is difficult to stop even with sanitary pads.
The discharge is not pure white, but is grey-white, yellow or green, brown or rusty in color. There is an itching sensation in the vagina following the discharge.

Causes of Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

There are a variety of reasons due to which leucorrhea can occur in women. The following are some of the well-known causes:-
(i) Fungal infection – A fungus, much like the yeast, can cause infection of the vaginal tract, leading to leucorrhea. When the woman is infected by a fungus, then the discharge is in thick and white accompanied by an itching sensation. This kind of discharge is called as a vaginal thrush.
(ii) Sexually transmitted diseases – Some sexually transmitted diseases can cause leucorrhea in women. The most popular of such sexually transmitted diseases is trichomoniasis. Such discharges are greenish or yellow.
(iii) Unhygienic toilet habits – Sharing toilet articles, especially in public toilets, can cause an infection of the vagina, resulting into leucorrhea. This is also observed by personal forgetfulness such as forgetting to remove a tampon or diaphragm. Women who rely a lot on vaginal medications are often victims of leucorrhea.
(iv) Cervical problems – Two kinds of problems with the cervix, the cervical erosion and the cervical polyp, can cause leucorrhea. Such leucorrhea is generally more profuse following sexual intercourse. The discharge is brown and resembles congealed blood.
(v) Pelvic inflammatory disease – Problems with the pelvis, such as the pelvic inflammatory disease can cause leucorrhea. The pelvis can get inflamed due to an infection.
(vi) Disease conditions – Women who suffer from diseases such as tuberculosis or anemia may have heavy discharges from their vaginas. This is observed more commonly in women who have poor resistance to diseases and live on a frugal diet.
(vii) Stress and tensions – At least some part of leucorrhea might be psychosomatic. Women who live under severe stress and worries develop leucorrhea.
Kapha dosha is the humor that maintains the proper balance of the fluid contents in the body with respect of the atmospheric balance outside. Vitiation in the kapha dosha may cause fluids from the human body to seep into the outside world. This is exactly what happens in shwetapradara. Hence, it can be clearly seen why Ayurveda labels shwetapradara or leucorrhea as a kapha dosha disorder.

Types of Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

The different types of leucorrhea are classified on the basis of the colors of their discharges and their causes. The following table summarizes these types of leucorrhea:-
Type of Leucorrhea Caused by Color of the discharge
Infectious Leucorrhea Infection by a fungus
Thick and white, accompanied by an itchy sensation.
Sexually Transmitted Leucorrhea Sexually ransmitted diseases such as trichomoniasis. Yellowish or greenish discharge.
Cervical Leucorrhea Erosion or formation of a polyp in the cervix. Brown or rusty discharge resembling blood.
Pelvic Leucorrhea Complications with the pelvis such as the infectious pelvic inflammatory disease. Whitish discharge with a pain in the lumbar (lower back) region.
Stress-related Leucorrhea Mental stresses and tensions. Profuse whitish discharge.

Symptoms of Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

The most prominent symptom of leucorrhea is an abnormality in the general state of the discharge from the vagina. The discharge could be any of the following:-
Darker in color than usual, mostly yellow, green or brown
White, but profuse in quantity
Discharge is accompanied by an itchy sensation or a pain in the lower abdomen.
In severe cases that are not treated for a long time, the discharge may begin from the anal area also. Such discharges are itchy and cause pain in both the genital and the anal area.

Complications due to Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

Leucorrhea is quite a commonplace problem if it is nipped in the bud. At the slightest hint of any abnormality in the discharge, one must consult a doctor. Treatment done in time checks the problem within a couple of days. One more point to be kept in mind is that no type of self-medication must be done in the case of leucorrhea. There are many creams, ointments and pills available in the market, but they should be used only under the supervision of a qualified gynecologist. Some women are allergic to certain kinds of medicines used in leucorrhea. This could cause further infections and complicate the issue. Hence, it is better to be safe than sorry.

Transmission of Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

Leucorrhea that is transmitted by the yeast-like fungus is very easily transferable from one woman to another. This could happen when the clothes of an infected woman come in contact with the clothes of a healthy woman. For this reason, it is veryimportant to clean the innerwear yourself and with a good quality detergent which has bactericidal and fungicidal properties.
Leucorrhea can also be the outcome of unsafe sexual contact. A man with unclean genitals can infect the genitals of the woman, thus causing leucorrhea in her.

Prevention of Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

There are many precautions that a woman must take in order to prevent leucorrhea. Some of these important guidelines are as follows:-
Genital hygiene is of utmost importance. Wash your genitals during every bath. Runwater
freely over the folds of the vulva and the anus. After the bath, pat dry the regions with a clean towel of your own. Do not let moisture retain in the genital or anal area after the bath.
Drink plenty of water which helps in flushing out the toxins from the body.
Be very particular about how you clean the anal area after defecation.
If your clothes get wet in the rain, immediately change them. This includes your lingerie and underwear.
Nylon is not a good material, especially in the summer season, as it retains sweat in the genital area. Cotton is an ideal material for panties.
Make doubly sure that your partner is free from any kind of infection if you are planning to have sexual intercourse with him. Both you and your partner must wash your genital areas before and after the act. You can make this a part of the sexual play and increase titillation.
If you are masturbating, ensure that your fingers are thoroughly clean. This applies to all other sexual toys and objects that you might enter into the vagina during the masturbation act.
Do not unnecessarily use any cosmetics like powders or perfumes in the genital area.
Do stress busting exercises regularly. Go on a walk or jog early morning. If the body is stress-free, its resistance to diseases is alleviated.

Diet for Preventing Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

Leucorrhea can be prevented by streamlining the diet. Streamlining means removing some harmful foods and adding some which are beneficial. Since leucorrhea is a kapha dosha disease, the diet must be streamlined in order to balance the kapha dosha.
The following is an ideal diet for a woman suffering from leucorrhea:-
Sugar must be avoided if there is profuse discharge. This also applies to all sugary foods such as sweets, pastries, custards, ice-creams and puddings. Mushrooms must be avoided as they are fungi themselves. Some mushrooms can cause contamination. Hot and spicy foods make things more complicated for the agni, i.e. the digestive fire of the body. Hence they must be minimized in the diet. lcohol must be totally avoided. Instead, fresh curds must become an integral part of the diet. Curds help the easy digestion of food. Curds contain lactic acid, which can reduce the discharge. Also, curds have a cooling effect on the human body.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Leucorrhea (Shwetapradara)

Ayurveda prescribes several herbs for the prevention and the overall treatment of shwetapradara in women. Some of these herbs with their actions on the human body are mentioned in the table below:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ashoka Saraca indica Asoka Asoka bark is boiled in milk until half the quantity is left. This decoction taken two to three times a day helps in the curing of leucorrhea.
Babool Acacia arabica Babul The bark of the babool tree has great properties in the treatment of leucorrhea. It is used in the form of a decoction for a vaginal douche, which is known as uttara vasti in Ayurvedic language.
Badh Ficus bengalensis Banyan
A decoction of the banyan tree bark is used for douching the vaginal tract regularly for a few days. This helps in maintaining the general health of the vaginal tissues and reducing leucorrhea.
Heeng Ferula foetida Asafetida
The gum of the heeng tree is mixed with ghee and fresh milk of goat. When this is taken with honey in a teaspoonful amount thrice a day, it reduces the volume and offensiveness of the discharge.
Mehndi Lawsonia inermis Henna Vaginal suppositories made of the leaves and seeds of the henna tree placed within the vagina help in the treatment of leucorrhea.
Some specially prepared Ayurvedic mixtures are useful in the treatment of leucorrhea. Pushyamuga choorna mixed with ashokarishta and taken twice daily with milk reduces the effects of shwetapradara.
Oudumber (Ficus religosa), lodhra (Symplocos racemosa), Amla (Phyllanthus emblica), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Mocha rasa (Bombax malabarica) and Naagakesara (Mesua ferra) are some more herbs that are used in making Ayurvedic preparations for the treatment of shwetapradara.

Liver Care, Natural Treatment for Liver
Introduction

Liver care cannot be ignored, healthy liver is essential for proper functioning of the liver.If you do not have a healthy liver all the body functioning gets disturbed because liver is the most effective organ of the body. Liver functioning gets disturbed because of harmful infectious particles, liver damages caused due to accidents, severe illness, and inadequate rest. Liver plays a crucial role in removing toxicants or unwanted substances introduced in the body by long chemical-based medicines. Liver care is very important otherwise all the metabolic activity of the body gets disturbed and damaged liver means a great loss.

Causes of liver disease like liver cirrhosis and hepatitis:

Lacks of balanced diet, some internal infections caused in the body, immune disorder, high dozes of chemical-based medicines, alcohol intake lead to the liver cell damage and improper flow of the blood in different body parts i.e., liver loss its natural functioning in the body. Toxic substance introduced in the liver, unsafe sexual practice, severe physical damage caused in the liver, disorder caused in the body immune, and blood transfer lead to hepatitis.

Symptoms for Liver Care

Symptoms for liver cirrhosis are stomach pain, gastric problems, improper digestion of foods, severe sickness, reduction in body weight, discoloration of the skin i.e., skin turns yellow especially eyes, and lack of energy are some of the symptoms of liver cirrhosis. Symptoms for hepatitis are severe illness and your body turns yellow, restlessness, lack of strength, abnormal urine color, liver swelling, and body weakness. Body loss its natural functioning so liver care becomes essential for normal functioning of the body.

Home remedies for liver care

1. Liver care in case of liver disease called liver cirrhosis---Liver care by using natural and safe fruit papaya. Mixture of lemon juice and papaya fruit is effective in the case of liver cirrhosis. Add (half tablespoon) lemon juice in the (two teaspoon) papaya juice, mix it well and eat this natural mixture everyday. This is one of the natural and safe remedies for liver care. Continue taking this mixture for three-four weeks.
2. Mixture of vegetable juice (spinach vegetable and carrot) in the ratio of 1:1 is effective in the treatment of liver cirrhosis. Take a glass of this natural juice everyday for at least three-four weeks.
3. Roots of dandelion provide a good liver care. Boil its root (small amount) in a glass of water for 10 minutes. Your drink is ready for drink.
4. Mixture of honey and bhringaraj is effective in treating liver cirrhosis and provides good liver care. Make a natural solution using juice of medicinal herb bhringaraj (2 tablespoon) and honey (2 tablespoon). This is a doze that should be taken two times in a day (half in the morning and half in the evening).br /> 5. Licorice herbal solution founds a good cure for liver disease and provides a good liver care.
6. Milk thistles (it keeps the toxic material away and helps in new cells formation in the liver in place of damaged liver cells), turmeric, and guduchi are some of the other herbs which are effective and provide safe liver care in various liver diseases like liver cirrhosis.

Dos and don'ts

Avoid tea and other beverages to maintain healthy liver. This is necessary for liver care.
Do yoga and breathing exercises everyday as it keeps the liver and other body organs healthy from inside and outside.
Do pranayam, kapalbharti, and bhadrika, anulom vilom everyday all these yogic breathing exercises keep the whole system healthy and keep your liver healthy.
Drink lots of fresh and clean water. Water keeps the body system clean and healthy,
Say no to alcohol as alcohol badly impacts liver. If you really want to live a healthy life say no to this deadly drink today.
Avoid excess sugar and salt in your diet as they are harmful for the body. This is necessary for liver care.

Diet for Liver Care

Eat protein rich foods like eggs, pulses, and fish in your diet for maintaining healthy liver. Eat less fatty, less oily foods as they are unhealthy for you and your liver. For proper functioning of the liver you need to take a balanced diet rich in different vegetables, fruits and proteins. Eat green vegetables and fruits like cucumber, carrots, palak, spinach, and papaya in your regular diet.
Vegetables like cabbage, sprouts, mushroom, tomatoes, beans, beet, karela (bitter gourd) neem (margosa) are very good and healthy for protecting liver disease.
These vegetables help in detoxifying the whole system, they contain necessary minerals and vitamins for maintaining healthy liver. Eat small meals as they are easily digested and create less trouble for liver functioning. Do not eat deep fried refined flour products as they harm your liver and its functioning.
Remember Liver care and its protection require your preventive steps and knowledge.

Malaria Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Malaria is the most common infectious disease of the world today, affecting anywhere between 300 and 500 million people every year, and killing about one to three million people. Almost everyone is well-acquainted with this killer disease. Malaria is one of the diseases that can quickly spread into an epidemic – outbreaks of malaria can be so serious that they can impair the economies of countries. Hence there have always been measures to control malarial outbreaks. It is generally economically backward countries that are associated with malarial epidemics.
Malaria is considered to be a disease caused due to poverty and unhygienic living conditions; but in truth it is malaria that makes the countries poor. This is hence a vicious circle, and several countries of the world are struggling to come out of it. Even at a personal level, malaria is a very dreadful disease and can be fatal if adequate care is not taken. Hence, a person must take sufficient care to prevent malaria and to get him or herself treated if infected.

Definition of Malaria (Sheeta Jwara)

Malaria is a jwara, i.e. a fever. It is an infectious condition caused due to the strains of protozoan strains of Plasmodium carried from person to person by the female Anopheles mosquito. The malarial fever is accompanied by chills, anemia and influenza-like symptoms. Malaria is a fatal disease if the treatment is neglected. It can complicate neurobiologically, causing coma and finally death of the person. Since it is transmitted by mosquito bites, malaria can very rapidly spread and become epidemics. Malaria is found to be more rampant in warm places with more water accumulation in them.
In Sanskrit, the symptoms of malaria are very similar to those described as sheeta jwara. Hence, malaria is referred to as sheeta jwara.

Causes and Transmission of Malaria (Sheeta Jwara)

Malaria is a disease caused due to infection with the protozoan Plasmodium. The malarial parasite is carried through the agency of the female Anopheles mosquito, and this is the way in which the disease is transmitted. Four strains of Plasmodium are responsible for malaria. They are:-
Plasmodium falciparum
Plasmodium vivax
Plasmodium ovale
Plasmodium malariae
Out of these, the first parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, is the most dangerous. People infected with this microorganism need to be hospitalized immediately, and the mortality rate with this infection is also very high. Plasmodium vivax is the most common malarial parasite, but this infection can be easily treated. Both Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae are very rare malarial parasites. However, their infections can also be easily treated.
The Anopheles mosquito is responsible for the transmission of the malarial parasite. When the Anopheles mosquito bites a person with malaria, then the Plasmodium enters into the bloodstream of the mosquito. When this mosquito further bites a healthy person,then the Plasmodium is transferred into the bloodstream of the healthy person and he or she too gets infected with the malaria. The Anopheles mosquito breeds in stagnant water, and is found generally in the tropical regions. They can thrive in conditions with poor sanitation and sewage facilities. For this reason, malarial outbreaks generally occur in unhygienic places, where there is no proper facility for the disposal of the waste and accumulated water.

There are some regions of the world where malaria is endemic (native). These places where malaria is localized are:-
Saharan regions of Africa
Major part of India excluding the north
Mexico
Northern part of Latin America
Most of the Gulf
Southeast parts of Asia
Indonesia
Since malaria is a condition of the blood, it can spread even if the blood of an infected person is transfused into the body of a healthy person, or if syringes and needles are used commonly.

Symptoms of Malaria (Sheeta Jwara)

The following symptoms are quite generally observed in malaria:-
The first symptom is that of a high fever.
The fever is accompanied by chills that worsen at nighttime.
There is a general feeling of discomfort and malaise.
Nausea and vomiting are observed.
Diarrheas occur with bloody stools.
Sweating is too profuse due to the high fever.
Anemia is caused.
The symptoms do not take long to show up after the infection. In most people, the symptoms are felt between 10 days to about a month after the infection. However, the Plasmodium can remain alive in the person’s blood for up to a year, and hence the symptoms can also be observed about a year after the infection.

Complications of Malaria (Sheeta Jwara)

The most complicated form of malaria is the one in which the person is affected by the Plasmodium falciparum. This type of malaria can affect vital organs of the person’s body such as the brain, heart, lungs and kidneys. People suffering from Plasmodium falciparum infections need to be hospitalized immediately, since most malarial deaths occur due to this infection, and that too within the first few hours of the appearance of the initial symptoms.

People who are at Risk of Malaria (Sheeta Jwara)

No one is safe from malarial infections. Wherever there are mosquitoes, malaria can spread. However the following types of people are slightly more vulnerable:-
People living in the regions where malaria is endemic. However travelers to these regions are more prone to malaria since the locals develop an immunity to the malarial strands prevalent in their region.
People living in the regions where there are poor conditions of sanitation and hygiene.
People whose houses are near places of stagnating water bodies.

Prevention and Basic Care during Malaria (Sheeta Jwara)

Just as is the case in all infectious diseases, malaria also can be prevented by taking the proper care and measures. The following guidelines must be followed:-
Do not allow water to stagnate anywhere. This is the way in which the Anopheles mosquito spreads. Water bodies should be sprayed with allowable mosquito repellant sprays.
Keep in mind that the chemicals used do not harm the environment in any adverse way.
Keep your home airy and brightly lit. This is one way by which the mosquitoes are discouraged from entering your house.
While traveling to a tropical region, ask your doctor about anti-malarial medicines. There are no vaccines developed for malaria yet.
Wear full clothing while traveling in a tropical area. Long pants and full-sleeved shirts must be worn.
While sleeping, use mosquito repellants. But if you are allergic to the mosquito repellant, then you can use bed nets or mosquito nets.
Premethrin is an effective chemical in the removal of mosquitoes. This chemical is applied underneath the clothes. This helps in keeping mosquitoes away.

Diet for People with Malaria (Sheeta Jwara)

Malaria is a condition that requires extreme diet care. Since fever is one of the symptoms of the disease, it is absolutely vital to eat the right foods and avoid the wrong foods so as not to aggravate the fever.
The following is a list of dos and don'ts with respect to diet in malaria.
Do consume a light diet without much cooking and without much oil and spices.
Do include green leafy vegetables as a major part of your diet.
Do include protein foods as they provide the energy required for your body’s repair.
Do consume milk as it strengthens the body and provides a channel for the toxins to flush out of the body.
Do consume old rice instead of new rice.
Don't consume a heavy meal that would take a long time to digest.
Don't eat any lentils during malarial fevers.
They take a long time to digest and also produce gas in the body; thus aggravating symptoms.
Don't sleep immediately after consuming the food.
Don't include any cold foods in the diet such as cucumber, orange, papaya, bananas, watermelons, etc.
Don't consume any nuts during malarial fevers, especially groundnuts as they contain a lot of oil.
Don't consume any spices or fatty foods.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Malaria (Sheeta Jwara)

Malaria has been traditionally studied by Ayurveda since time immemorial. As a result, the proponents of Ayurveda have come up with a host of herbs that have amazing curative properties where malaria is concerned. The following is a list of these herbs with their actions on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body.
Afsanthin Artemisia absinthum Wormwood Wormwood is taken on a daily basis to reduce the symptoms of malarial fevers. But this herb should be prevented during pregnancy.
Amla or Amlaki Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry Amla is an essential component of the Triphala Choorna, which is used for malaria patients. Amla is the richest source of vitamin C and so it helps to replenish the loss of this vitamin through the symptoms of malaria.
Kutki Picrorrhiza kurroa Picrorrhiza The root of the picrorrhiza has beneficial effects in the treatment of malarial fevers.
Neem Azadirachtha indica Margosa Tree The neem tree contains gedunin, which is as effective as the traditional cure of malaria, i.e. quinine. Neem is not only used in direct malarial treatment; it is also an ingredient of mosquito-repellant pills and other products which are quite effective.
Shikakai Acacia concinna Acacia An infusion of the leaves of the shikakai tree is useful in reducing the fevers caused due to malaria.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of malaria:-

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Rohitakarishta, Amrutharishta, Kutajarishta, Panchatiktarishta, Bhringaraaja Asava
Bhasma/Kashaya Panchathikta, Bharangyadi Kashaya, Amla Tulsi Mooladi Kashaya, Vishmawarantaka, Swarna Bhasma, Rajata Bhasma, Abraka Bhasma
Choorna Sudharshana Choorna, Amalakyadi Choorna, Rajanayadi Choorna Ghrita Dashamoola Shatpaala Ghrita, Indukanta Ghrita, Rohitakadi, Tikata Ghrita
Lehya Vasava Lehya, Pancha Gavya, Pippaladi
Rasa Rasa Praapti Rasa, Kumara Kalyana Rasa, Rajachandeshwara, Raambaana Rasa, Mruthyunjaya Rasa
Vati Arogyavardhini, Aayush, Malleril, Jwarakusha, Sudarshana
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Measles Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Romantika or measles is a very common disease, especially seen among children below ten years of age. This is a respiratory disease and is extremely contagious. Another name for romantika is rubeola. The treatment of measles is a natural process. Only some precautions need to be taken. The mortality rate due to romantika is very low.

Definition of Measles (Romantika)

Romantika is a common disease of the respiratory tract. It is characterized by the formation of pink or red pin-like rashes on the body. The rashes appear mostly on the cheeks, but can spread to the chest, back, hands and legs. Along with the skin eruptions, there are also symptoms of common cold like a runny nose, watery eyes, etc. A typical case of romantika lasts for five days, but it can last up to two weeks in some cases. Romantika is a viral disease. It is extremely contagious by the agency of air. Out of the people living in direct contact with a person having romantika, ninety percent will get the disease themselves. Hence, romantika needs careful quarantining and prevention, especially in the first two days of the onset of the disease. However, romantika is not a fatal disease. Death occurs only in very rare cases, about one in a thousand. Even in such cases, death is not due to romantika itself, but due to complications caused by the disease.

Causes of Measles (Romantika)

Romantika is caused due to the paramyxo virus. The paramyxo virus thrives in air and hence the disease is airborne. The ways in which the romantika virus is transmitted from one person to another are as follows:-
If a person comes in direct physical contact with an affected person, then he or she too has the chance of contracting measles. This chance is greater in the first two days of the onset of measles. The virus causing romantika can live in the sputum, saliva and phlegm of the affected person. This can be transmitted to another healthy person if the affected person coughs, sneezes or even talks and laughs loudly. Even if the diseased person is kept in isolation, there is a chance of spreading the disease through the clothes, or simply through the air.
Ayurveda has defined romantika as a disease caused by the vitiation of both the pitta and kapha doshas of the body. Pitta dosha represents fire. Pittadosha is responsible for the proper functioning of the body. Kapha dosha represents both the water and the earth. This dosha is required for the proper coordination of the person with the external environment. Hence, a fluctuation in either the pitta or kapha dosha leads to measles.

Symptoms of Measles (Romantika)

Once the paramyxo virus has entered the body of a healthy person, he or she can take from ten to twelve days for the symptoms to begin showing. The symptoms of romantika are quite general and they follow a set pattern in all affected people.
(i) Incubation Period – This is the time lag between the exposure to the virus to the actual culmination of the disease. It lasts from ten to twelve days. It is on the fourteenth day from exposure that the primary rashes begin to appear.
(ii) Prodrome – Prodrome sets in when the incubation period is over. This is characterized by the onset of common cold like symptoms. The person will have a runny nose and watery eyes. Fever begins one to two days later, with the temperature running up to 103 to 104 degrees Fahrenheit. In some cases there can be ocular complications like conjunctivitis.
(iii) Appearance of rash – The rash appears one or two days after the common cold symptoms are shown. The rash appears as pinkish and then darkens progressively. Koplik spots appear, which are pinhead like macropapules. These spots may appear blue in color. The rash begins on the cheeks and then continues to progress downwards, from the trunk to the limbs.
(iv) Disappearance of rash – About three to four days later, the rash begins to fade. The rash goes away in the same order as it appeared. Once the rash is gone, there may or may not be a slight fever.

Complications from Measles (Romantika)

Though romantika is a very simple disease and treats itself almost automatically, it can cause disastrous consequences in the person if left untreated. The following are some of the factors that can make romantika a complicated disease.
(i) Today the most dangerous complication with romantika is if a pregnant woman contracts the paramyxo virus. The virus directly affects the early fetus. It can cause an underweight baby, or the baby can even be stillborn. There is also a danger that the baby may be mentally retarded.
(ii) On the other hand, if the woman contracts measles in the later months of her pregnancy, then the baby will also have measles at birth. Also, the baby will be born with a natural immunization against the disease.
(iii) Diarrhea and pneumonia can occur in people with weak body resistances. Statistically, eight percent of people getting romantika can contract diarrhea, while six percent can contract pneumonia.
(iv) In children who get romantika, there is a fair chance that they can get ear otitis.
(v) One in a thousand romantika patients can develop acute encephalitis. This complication arises five to six days after the beginning of the rash.

Transmission of Measles (Romantika)

Romantika is an extremely communicable disease. It can pass through the air medium from an affected person to a healthy person. The virus can be killed by heat and light; hence there is a greater chance of transmission of romantika in temperate countries than in tropical countries. Another point to be noted is that the romantika virus cannot live in air for more than two hours. It needs a host’s body to survive.

Prevention of Measles (Romantika)

Since it is clearly known that romantika is transmitted through air, it is fairly easy to prevent oneself from the disease. If there is a case of romantika in the house or anywhere in the vicinity, the following precautions must immediately be taken:-
(i) Keep the patient isolated for the first three days of the infection. Do not touch the patient and while communicating with him or her, hold a handkerchief around the nose.
(ii) Keep all the clothes, utensils and bed clothing of the patient well separated from those of the other members of the family. Disinfect them regularly.
(iii) Get a vaccination for romantika if there is an epidemic around

Diet During Measles (Romantika)

A healthy diet ensures that you are well-protected from the paramyxo virus, as well as the side-effects that this disease can cause. Follow the dietary regimen given below:-
(i) Romatika causes a lot of dehydration within the body. Hence the foods must supply for this loss of water. Include lots of fresh fruits in your diet, especially citrus fruits like oranges, grapes, cantaloupes, etc. that contain high water content.
(ii) Vitamin A-rich foods are also to be included in the diet because they build up body resistance against fevers. Carrots are the best source of vitamin A. Papaya is also rich in vitamin A content.
(iii) Foods like parsley quicken the healing process. They make the blisters ripen faster and degenerate.
When the romantika symptoms begin to show up in a person, it is advisable to give him or her all-fruit diet for the first three days, and then gradually begin the normal diet. Fruits have high water content which will supplement the water requirement of the patient.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Measles (Romantika)

There are many herbs that Ayurveda has prescribed for the treatment of romantika. The following is a list of these herbs with their actions on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Babuna Anthemis nobilis Chamomile Chamomile taken in the form of a herbal tea has a soothing and calming effect on the human body. It helps to cure the uneasiness that sets in during the onset of the measles.
Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot It is a carminative. It helps in the quick healing of the measles.
Chandana Santalum album Sandalwood Chandana is an age-old remedy used in Ayurveda for skin problems. Chandana provides great relief on itchy rashes and keeps the skin protected. It has antiviral properties which prevent further infections.
Dalimba Punica graticum Pomegranate The fruits of the dalimba help in treating dry cough which is a characteristic of romantika.
Gainda Tagetes erecta Marigold Freshly flowered marigold infusion provides a soothing effect on the skin. It is a very efficient remedy for the removal of the rash in romantika.
Henna Lawsonia alba Henna Henna reduces the inflammation of the skin and thus provides relief to the patient from the itchy rashes. Moreover henna has astringent properties and it provides a cooling effect on the skin.
Jyeshthamadha Liquorice glycerrhiza Licorice Jyeshthamadha is an excellent remedy for all skin ailments. It quickens the healing process in romantika and tones the skin so that no after effects are persistent.
Kesar Crocus sativus Saffron The red stigmas of the saffron flower have soothing properties. They are directly applied to the rash of a romantika-afflicted person to calm the itchy effect.
Khus Andropogon muricatus Indian grass Khus provides a cooling effect on the skin. It is an anti-pyretic, i.e. it can reduce fever which comes on during the healing stage of romantika.
Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Clove Clove oil has excellent skin toning properties. It provides a calming and soothing effect on the rashes and also acts as a painkiller in case the rashes turn painful.
Pudina Mentha arvesis Mint Pudina provides instant relief to any kind of skin inflammatory problems. In measles, pudina is made into a paste and applied directly to the rash.
Sunthi Zingiber officinale Ginger Sunthi is an anti-inflammatory agent and reduces the onset of fevers.
Neem Azadirachtha indica Neem The leaves of the neem tree have fumigant properties. They are antiviral, so they can prevent further infections. Neem leaves hung around the house can reduce infections in other members of the house.
Neembu Citrus limonum Lemon Lemon juice helps in the toning of the skin. Lemon is a good source of vitamin C. Hence it replenishes the vitamin C in the body of the person.

Menopause Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Menopause is a time when the reproduction year of women came to an end. The onset of this phase is called peri-menopause and the post-menopause is a stage when a female does not have menstruation for the last one year. Once this phase is reached the menstrual cycle ends completely. This happens to every woman between the age of 45 to 50 years. However, some women may have menopause before this age as well. The main cause behind menopause is the lack of estrogen level in female as they grow older. The ovaries, over a period of time, stop releasing female sex hormone estrogen and thus results in menopause. The gradual lowering down of estrogen level cause lots of physical and mental changes in women. They experience emotional set back, mood swing, fluctuation in body temperature, and many other changes. Ayurveda has also mentioned about this condition. Pitta and vata dosha are being involved in the changes that causes ending of periods.

Causes for Menopause

The main cause of menopause is that with the passage of time, when women attains the age of 45-50, the ovaries stop producing estrogen. Lack of estrogen causes improper body function, irritation, and severe body pain, especially backache.

Symptoms for Menopause

Normally, with the onset of menopause women start experiencing different kind of changes in their body, behavior, emotions, etc. The major symptoms of menopause are drying of vagina, the vaginal portion becomes dry and menopausal women may experience severe pain during sexual intercourse; sleeplessness, women find difficulty in sleeping during menopause; extreme hot and cold sensation, with the beginning of menopause there is extreme variation in the body temperature, some women may experience extreme low while some may find their body temperature extreme high; severe body pain, menopausal women experience severe pain in their body parts, especially head, joints, eyes, etc.; frequent urination and other problems related to bladder; skin looks lifeless, dry, wrinkles and dark circle appears below eyes. Other symptoms of menopause are irritation, mood swing, irritation, depression, easily get stressed due to family problems and responsibilities.

Treatment for Menopause

Menopause is natural, and it will occur to every healthy and normal woman between the age of 45 and 50. The main cause of menopause is lack of the secretion of estrogen from ovary. Menopause period is painful, irritating. Given below are some of the most effective home remedies based on nutritional food, herbs, and exercise and meditation.

Nutritional food
During menopause, women should take healthy and nutritional food. Minerals like calcium, magnesium become deficient during this, hence diet rich in these minerals and vitamins, especially Vitamin D, is highly recommended. Some of the calcium-rich foods are: milk and milk products cheese, beans and peas.
Take green leafy vegetables, fruits, grains, eat sprouts, milk and cheese. Freshly prepared fruit juice is highly recommended during this period. However, oily and fried food should be strictly avoided.

Water and fruit juice:
The vagina gets dried and cause pain during and after menopause is attained. Menopausal women should drink plenty of water (at least 8-10 glass) and other fluids like freshly prepared fruit juice. However, caffeine, alcohol should be avoided.

Soy
Soy foods play vital role in increasing the amount of estrogen in the body. It also regulates the cholesterol level, makes bone strong, and improves hot flashes.

Linseed or flaxseed
Linseed is an effective home remedy for the treatment of menopause.

Sunflowers seed
Sunflower seed also helps in increasing the estrogen level in the body.

Beet Juices
Beet juice is very effective for treating menopausal problems. Take a cup of beet juice, add little sugar for taste. Take this drink 2-3 times a day.
Similarly, carrot juice is also a great medicine for giving fast relief from the menopausal problems. In fact, carrot seeds too can be taken as a home remedy for menopause. Take 2-3 tablespoon of carrot seeds in milk and boil. Allow it to stand, strain the mixture. Drink this milk at least 2-3 times a day.

Prime rose oil
Prime rose oil is also an effective and gives relief to the menopausal pains. Take 4-5 drops of prim rose oil 2-3 times a day.
Other food materials that increase the estrogen level are alfalfa, garlic, beans, cabbage, beets, vegetables like beet, pumpkin, fruits like apple, papaya, etc. These foods are rich in fiber and minerals and other nutrients as well. It is also said that liquorice is a best solution of menopausal problems because it contains estrogen. Take liquorice powder 1-2 tablespoon a day. This will do wonder for menopausal women. There are plenty of cream and ointments manufactured from natural herbs available in the market. These creams too can be used for treating the dry skin, vaginal pain, irregular body temperature, etc.

Baddam (Almond) oil
Almond oil together with geranium oil is also good for relief from menopausal pain. Mix two of these oils in equal amount and apply around vaginal portion. This soothes pain and also makes it soft.

Yoga and mediation:
Regular exercise, yoga, and meditation help in the treatment of almost all diseases. Mild walk, jogging, swimming is good for menopausal women. Yoga helps in controlling stress, depression, over anxiety, sleeplessness, etc.
So all you wonderful ladies who have attained menopause, please do not panic, accept it as a phase of life and try to adjust with this phase through healthy life style, balanced diet, yogas, exercises, and a happy attitude towards life.
Menstruation Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Estrogen and progesterone are the two female hormones present in the female body and is responsible for reproduction process, development of breast, production of milk in breast during pregnancy, etc. The secretion of these hormones starts from ovaries when a female attains the age of 12-13 years. In this way a girl starts her next phase of woman hood. It is this period when menstruation starts and marks the beginning of the reproduction cycle in her life. The menstruation lasts from 2-7 days every month. Though 7 days is not healthy, but many women have their menstruation lasts for 7 days. However, almost every woman faces menstrual problems, like less inflow of blood, severe pain during the release of blood, scanty or very less flow of blood. This article will explore in detail about the causes, symptoms, and effective home remedies for various menstrual problems. In ayurveda this cycle is known as masik dharma.

Causes for Menstruation

The major causes for the menstruation-related problems are menstrual syndrome. Many women due to the very feeling that their menstruation day has come become anxious, irritated, and suffer from severe body pain and headache, and all this results in menstrual problems. Stress and emotional tension, weakness due to other disease, like anemia, also leads to menstruation-related problems. Some women suffer menstruation-related problems due to hormonal disorder, pregnancy, etc.

Diet for Menstruation

Healthy food habit and exercise and yogas also help insolving menstrual problems. Include green leafy vegetables, fruits, like papaya, banana, etc., cereals, grams, in your diet. Iron-rich food is also important for women suffering from anemia.Exercise, mild walk, jogging, etc. is also good.Women should not forget that menstruation is an obvious process for their reproductive life cycle. They also should not forget that this natural process will help them in attaining motherhood. So accept this as natural and stay happy, calm, and relaxed. With so many above mentioned home remedies, menstruation will not be a problem any more.

Treatment for Menstruation

Menstrual problems are not uncommon, almost every women today suffer problem related to it. Today, with so much pressure and stress in life has made man unable to cope up with it and the result is health problem. Menstrual problems too are due to stress and unhealthy life style. Given below are some of the helpful home remedies.

Ajmoda or parsleys
Ajmoda or parsley is quite effective and easily available home remedy for the treatment of menstruation problems. This is beneficial for those women who either have painful or no menstrual flow. The muscles in uterus contracts due to severe pain during menstruation, and this later cause irregular blood flow. Patient should take 1/2 cup of ajmoda juice. This juice can be taken with other vegetable extracts like carrot juice.

Adrak (Ginger)
Ginger too is very useful in treating the menstruation-related problems like severe pain and little or no flow during the menstruation period. Take 2-3 small pieces of ginger and boil in a glass of water, boil until the water becomes half of its original amount. Add little sugar or jaggery if found difficult to drink due to its strong taste. Take this syrup at least 3-4 times a day. This is one of the best remedy for treating menstrual problems.

Sesame seeds ortil tail
Women with anemia suffer a lot during menstruation period. Til is a good home remedy for relief from severe pain during the menstruation period. It also increases the blood release during menstruation. Take 1-2 teaspoon of til seeds in a glass of water and boil it. Allow it to stand for some time, strain the mixture. Drink this mixture one to two times a day.

Fruits:
Papita (Papaya)
Fruits like papaya, banana is quite helpful for the treatment of menstrual problems. Women (especially young females) suffering from poor flow of blood during their menstrual period or those who experience severe pain during this period should eat raw papaya. Papaya helps in proper functioning of the muscles of the uterus, which enable the proper flow of blood.

Banana
Banana is another fruit which is effective during the menstruation period. Women suffering from excess bleeding and severe pain at the back and stomach should take banana leaf, cooked in little oil, with curd. This gives fast relief from pain and also controls the excessive blood flow.

Coriander or dhania
Among the effective home remedies coriander or dhania is one of them. Prepare a mixture of water and dhania seeds, by adding 15-20 seeds in a glass of boiling water. Boil the mixture until half the water is evaporated. Allow it to stand for some time and drink. One can add little sugar as this mixture is bitter in taste. This will give fast relief from menstrual pain and also controls excess blood flow.

Chana dal
Chana dal is quite useful for women suffering problems during menstrual period. This can be added in the warm water, and later on women can take bath from this water. This can also be used during steam bath.

Marigold
Another herb which is very effective for the menstruation-related problems is marigold. Women suffering from severe pain during this period should take 1-2 tablespoon of marigold extract two times a day. This also regulates the blood flow during menstruation.

Tree barks
Some tree barks like bark of mango tree, ashoka tree, etc., are very useful for the treatment of menstruation problems, especially to regulate the excess release of blood. Take 1-2 tablespoon of juice extract from the mango bark and add into a glass of water. Give this mixture 2-3 times a day during the menstruation period. Similarly, take 1-2 tablespoon of ashoka bark extract in a cup of milk. Add this mixture to a glass of water and boil until half of the constituent is evaporated. Give this mixture 2-3 times on 3 rd or 4 th day of the menstruation period.

Migraine Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Migraine is a common problem of the nervous system. It is characterized by frequent headaches that are triggered by some particular factors. Migraine-related headaches are very much rampant in the modern world. Statistics reveal that there may be about 15% of the total world population suffering from some kind of migraine or the other, out of which about 5% are yet to be diagnosed.

Definition of Migraine (Anantavaata)

Migraine is defined as a very severe and recurring attack of headache which is accompanied by a feeling of nausea. The frequency of migraine headaches varies from one person to another, and so does their severity. Also, there is a vast difference in the types of pains that are felt during attacks of migraine. Generally the headaches in migraine are felt only on one side of the head. Migraine is a neurological disorder, i.e. it is caused in the nervous system of the body. There is yet research going on to ascertain the exact nature and cause of the malady. Due to this, migraine can never be diagnosed with conviction. The diagnosis is often a conjecture on the basis of the symptoms that are shown. In Ayurveda, migraine is very similar to anantavaata, a vata dosha disorder. There is another condition described in Ayurveda, the ardhaavabheda. However, ardhaavabheda only refers to the one-sided headache and does not encompass migraine completely.

Causes of Migraine (Anantavaata)

The exact cause of migraine is not known. Meaning that, it is not known why some people are prone to migraine-related headaches and some others are not. In people with migraine complaints, it is observed that there are usually some triggering factors that bring on the headache. A list of the common triggering factors for migraine is given below:-
A. Causes Related to Lifestyle
Busy and hectic life, rife with lots of tensions and worries
Financial problems and major losses of money
Continuous and prolonged exposure to toxins and chemical pollutants, including smoke and fumes
Excessive smoking
Sudden changes of climate
Continuous exposure to loud sound
Watching too much television, especially those with lot of sound and visual effects
Improper sleep patterns – either too much, too little or interrupted
Pubertal changes in girls
Pregnancy in women
Starvation
Extreme excitation of either sorrow or happiness

B. Causes Related to Diet
Monosodium glutamate, i.e. ajinomoto in food
Too much of oily or spicy food
Fermented foods and foods containing too much yeast
Saccharin
Beverages such as tea, coffee and colas
Excessive consumption of dairy products
Flesh foods that are not fresh
Grapes and raisins
Dry fruits such as nuts and peanuts
All kinds of alcoholic drinks

C. Causes Related to Medication
Drugs that dilate the blood vessels, such as nitroglycerine
Too much painkillers
Withdrawal from painkillers
Birth control pills
Aminophylline, used by asthmatic patients
Reserpine, nifedipine and diuretics used by high blood pressure patients
According to Ayurvedic principles, migraine is a tridosha disorder, i.e. vitiation in any of the three doshas – vata, pitta or kapha – can cause migraines. Out of the three doshas, pittadosha is the most prominent factor. Pittadosha causes the dilation of the blood vessels, which causes the onset of a migraine attack. From the external symptoms, it can be understood which of the three doshas is causing the attack. Refer to the following table to see what kind of migraine symptoms are shown by the doshas:-
Migraine due to vata dosha Dryness of skin
Constipation
Pain is very acute

Migraine due to pitta dosha Redness and burning sensation in the eyes
Hypersensitivity to light
Irritability
Nosebleeds
Migraine due to kapha dosha Fatigue
Depression
Headache with a dull throbbing pain

Phases of Migraine (Anantavaata) Explaining the Symptoms

The onset of a migraine attack is not sudden. Sometimes there is a warning a few days in advance. The total attack of migraine can be divided into four distinct phases – prodrome, aura, pain and postdrome. Out of these, the pain is the only phase that is seen in all sufferers of migraine. Several migraine sufferers can have attacks without prodrome, aura and postdrome phases.
The symptoms shown by sufferers of migraine are more or less common in all. The following table gives a comprehensive summary of the various symptoms shown during the different phases of migraine.

Phase of Migraine When Does it Begin? What Does it Do?
1. Prodromal Phase (occurs in 40 to 50% of all migraine sufferers) May begin a few hours or even a couple of days before the migraine attack.
Feeling of depression
Altered moods
Inexplicable craving for a particular food
Fatigue and excessive yawning
Excessive sleepiness
Diarrhea or constipation
Stiff sensation in the neck
Frequent urination

2. Aura Phase (occurs in 20 to 30% of all migraine sufferers) Less than 60 minutes before the migraine attack Visual symptoms such as appearance of zigzag or dazzling lights
Blurred or cloudy vision
Pins and needles pain in the hand and buccal cavity (roof of the mouth)
Vertigo and dizziness
Numbness
Hallucinations
Hypersensitivity to touch

3. Pain Phase (the most proliferating phase of migraine, called as ardhaavabheda in Sanskrit) This phase is the actual migraine attack
Headache begins, which may be mild to severe and of various pain types
The pain may begin as bilateral, but would end as unilateral
Anorexia, nausea and vomiting are most common
Blurred vision
Stuffiness in the nose
Sufferers like to be away from light and sound
A feeling of lightheadedness
Polyuria and pallor is common
A single vein can be prominently felt in the temple
Stiffness or tenderness can be felt in the back of the neck
Inability to concentrate
Extreme mood swings

4. Postdromal Phase (this phase occurs in all migraine sufferers) This phase occurs after the severity of the migraine attack is past An extremely fatigued and emaciated feeling sets in
Hyperirritability is common
Lack of concentration
Mood swings
A general feeling of uneasiness, called as malaise

Complications due to Migraine (Anantavaata)

Migraine or anantavaata is a chronic disorder in people, i.e. the condition of migraine lasts for several years within the body and cannot be treated completely at once. Due to this reasons, several of the smaller symptoms that are shown during the migraine attacks can exacerbate into serious ailments in the future. The following are some of the complications that can arise:-
(i) Photophobia – Constant sufferers of migraine can develop a condition called as photophobia. Photophobia means fear of light. During the pain phase of the migraine attack, the person wishes to seek out dark places as light affects the nervous system. This tendency to be in a dark place may aggravate with time, making the person permanently shun brightly lit places. In extreme cases, blindness could be caused.
(ii) Phonophobia – Similar to photophobia, phonophobia is the fear of sound. Chronic migraine sufferers will develop a dislike for loud sounds and always be seeking out for tranquil places.
(iii) Vertigo – Vertigo is the medical term for a constant feeling of lightheadedness. Persons suffering from vertigo suffer dizziness and have a continuous feeling of falling down. This is a common symptom during migraine attacks, but long-term migraine can cause permanent vertigo.
(iv) Stroke – It is seen that migraine left untreated for a long time in a person can increase the chances of having a heart stroke in the future.

Transmission of Migraine (Anantavaata)

There is no question of migraine getting transmitted from one person to another. Migraine is a non-communicable disease. However, it runs in generations through hereditary lines.

Prevention of Migraine (Anantavaata)

Migraine is a chronic condition, whose attacks are felt recurrently. These attacks are compounded by triggering factors, which are already listed above. Triggering factors differ from one person to another, and in almost all sufferers of migraine, there are a combination of triggering factors at work. Consider an example. Ice-cream is a triggering factor of migraine in several cases. However, sometimes ice-cream causes migraine while other times it doesn’t. This is because ice-cream is not the only factor causing the migraine attack. There must be something else in the diet or the environmental conditions that may be triggering the migraine attack in conjunction with the ice-cream. Like, eating an ice-cream in the winter may cause a migraine attack, but eating an ice-cream in the summer may be harmless. In order to prevent migraine attacks, several people maintain a migraine diary. In this diary, a detailed record is kept of the migraine attacks. The diet of the person on the day of the attack and the physical activities the person indulged in on that day are mentioned in the diary. This diary helps to make a quick survey of exacerbating conditions and preventing them in the future. Migraine therapies should not be discontinued if there is some feeling of relief. It is necessary to continue to treatment program till the end. In the case of Ayurvedic treatment, there is no question of stopping the treatment ever, as most herbs prescribed by Ayurveda are components of the daily diet.

Diet during Migraine (Anantavaata)

Diet plays an important role during migraine. Most triggering factors of migraine are diet-related. Hence, the migraine attacks are kept at bay by avoiding the triggering items in the diet.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Migraine (Anantavaata)

The treatment of anantavaata by Ayurveda follows a very systematic synergic pattern. The treatment is a three-point process, which is as follows:-
Controlling the rebounding of the migraine attack
Reduce the exposure to triggering factors
Medication to prevent the future attacks
When migraine treatment is done only through allopathic or other forms of medication, then there may be a chance of rebounding in the future. Also, most medication cannot totally eliminate the migraine condition from the body. Ayurveda aims not only removing the severity of the migraine attack, but also prevents the recurrence of attacks in the future.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Adrak or Sunthi Zingiber officinalis Ginger Adrak is an excellent painkiller. Rubbing dry ginger on a grinding stone with water on the forehead provides relief during migraine attacks.
Brahmi Bacopa monnieri Water Hyssop Brahmi is a known nootropic, i.e. it is used to increase the functioning of the brain. Brahmi also reduces the anxiety caused due to stress. Jatamansi Nardostachys jatamansi Indian Spikenard Jatamansi is a traditional Ayurvedic treatment used for nervous and convulsive disorders.

In order to prevent the recurrence of migraine attacks, the following medications are prescribed in Ayurveda:-
Sootha Shekara rasa
Mahavaata Vidhwansana rasa
Dashamoolarishta
Chandanaadi vati
Shah Bindu taila

Miscarriage Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Miscarriage is the ejection of a fetus before it has reached a stage of development, where it is adequate enough of living under normal or required conditions outside the uterus. Pregnant women are generally at a risk of miscarriage between the third and seventh month of pregnancy. It occurs due to vata disturbances in the body.

Causes for Miscarriages

Taking drugs and alcohol can cause miscarriage.
Tumors caused in uterus, problem with chromosomes are some other causes.
High levels of stress, taking unbalanced diet, physical injuries, emotional shock, and problem in uterus are some of the causes of miscarriage.
Wrong smoking practice and diabetes can be the cause of miscarriage, as they rupture blood vessels and cause trouble in the uterus because of improper passage of blood
Growing age, sickness, defects in uterus, hormonal problems, and frequent pregnancy can lead to miscarriage.
Excessive intake of birth controlling pills can also lead to miscarriage.
Abnormal embryo, genetic problem, sickness in mother like high blood pressure, thyroid and kidney problem, prolonged fever or illness, infections, problem in reproductive organs are some other causes of miscarriage.

Symptoms for Miscarriages

Bleeding, infections, bacterial presence or the presence of toxins in the blood, membrane breaking are some of the symptoms of miscarriage. Severe pain in stomach and genital regions also need high attention during pregnancy.

Treatment for Miscarriages

Herbal remedies for keeping away miscarriage
Some herbs are very effective in preventing miscarriage, preventing uterus infections, and also give you enough strength.
Take herbal remedies under the recommendation of doctors and if you are not allergic to the particular herb.
Adrak (Ginger) tea is also very effective in sickness, vomiting tendency during pregnancy and cause no harm in pregnancy, and does not lead to miscarriage or any kind of problem in delivery.
Roots of the herb false unicorn have medicinal properties and are very effective in preventing miscarriage, infertility, labor pain, and weakness. It is also effective in treatment of fibroids, thyroid problems, and cramps.
Tea made from squaw herb is also very effective during pregnancy it forbids miscarriage and keeps away the uterine infections.
Herb black haw when taken in small doze is effective in preventing uterus infections, provide good cure for menstruation problem, and in preventing miscarriage.
Take one teaspoon of false unicorn herb in a half glass of water and let it boil for five minutes then cool it and drink. This is an effective home treatment for preventing miscarriage. You can take this under the supervision of doctors.
Cramp bark, black haw bark, true unicorn root are some of the other effective herbs helpful in preventing miscarriage.
Red raspberry is also one of the effective herbs for preventing miscarriage.
Herb known by the name Cramp bark is helpful in forbidding muscular contraction, disallowing miscarriage caused because of various reasons like tension, unpleasant emotions.
Wild yam prevents uterus infections and helpful in secretion of hormones in the ovary encouraging pregnancy.
Tea made from one of the effective herb Raspberry leaf is rich in iron, helpful in preventing miscarriage, infection caused in uterine, hemorrhage, and tone up tissues in pelvic region.

Yoga can prevent miscarriage and improves blood supply.
Motherhood is a precious gift and taking good care in the months of pregnancy, living stress free, and balanced life is highly recommended for preventing miscarriage to the would be mothers. Yoga and meditation keeps your body and mind in control and stress free. Breathing exercise and some stretching exercise are effective for good pregnancy and preventing miscarriage, you can easily do under the recommendation of your doctor. Deep breath improves blood circulation, also minimizes the defects caused in blood vessels, and reduces the various causes of miscarriage. Practicing pranayama, which is a breathing exercise everyday in the morning relaxes your mind and is highly effective during pregnancy and for normal delivery. It has no side effects and complication involved. Stretching exercises reduces back pain, relaxes the tired muscles, keeps the mind stress free, and improves the confidence level of the pregnant women for healthy delivery of a her child, improves mobility of joints muscles. Do it under the advice of your doctors as every body has different requirement and capability to perform any task.
Take necessary precaution and live stress free during pregnancy to avoid miscarriage.

Dos and don'ts for Miscarriages

Good amount of rest is required for healthy living and preventing miscarriage.
Live stress free life to avoid miscarriage.
Vitamin E, zinc-rich foods, garlic, rosemary, Vitamin C-rich fruits, oranges, papaya, green vegetables, asparagus, fenugreek, celery are good for at the time of pregnancy and for preventing miscarriage.
Incase of abnormal bleeding consult your doctors.
Avoid smoking, refined sugar, coffee, and alcohol as they hampers blood vessels and hormones necessary for fertility. They increase chances of miscarriage.
Maintain a good healthy life and good health by doing yoga. It is advisable to the couple to maintain good healthy life for disallowing miscarriage.
Intake pulses, fish, sprouts, almonds, milk products with less fat content.
Green vegetables, salads, multicolor fruits like papaya, apple, and whole grains are needed for preventing miscarriage.
Diet plays an important role for pregnant women and the growth of her baby, and for preventing miscarriage. Good balanced diet rich in carbohydrate, proteins, less fat and rich in minerals are highly recommended.

Mole Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Moles are pigmented spots on the skin or are elevated gathering of nervous cells in any part of the skin surface like back, nose, legs, and chest. Moles are especially black or brown in color of any size on the skin surface present at the time of birth, but not necessarily inherited and are acquired during growing age. They are non-toxic but in some cases are dangerous and are very irritating. Some of the moles are small, flat, elevated, pain-free, colored, rounded, and hairy and are not dangerous. They disappear after some years but some are irritating, rough, sheds blood, changes color and size frequently, and also may be cancerous and need an urgent treatment.

Causes for Moles

They are risk from excess sun rays to the skin, various ecological factors and genetics are some of the expected reasons for the moles growth.
The growth or production s of the nervous cells or other medical problems also lead to moles.
Oil glands are hyperactive in some people as a result their body are more prone to skin infections and various diseases like moles.
They are caused by viruses that lead to skin infections and large lumps on different body parts.

Diet for Moles

Eat potassium rich foods as they are good for curing moles and other skin problems.
Take green vegetable rich in Vitamin A.
Take fruits and vegetable salads rich in Vitamin C, minerals like potassium, and Vitamin E in your diet.

Dos and don'ts

People with melanoma inheritable condition must go for thorough check by an experienced doctor.
You must not ignore and must visit the skin specialists if you see frequent changes in colors and sizes of the moles.
Protection from harmful rays of sun is a must so always use natural sun protective lotions and keep you skin clean.
Regularly do some physical and breathing exercises.
Take the advantage of the above mentioned home remedies for moles and see the effective result.

Symptoms for Moles

Some area of the skin get hyper pigmented.
Dark black or brown colored spots seen on the skin surface.
Itching on the mole-affected area.
Changes in color, size, and shape of the pigmented spots indicate moles, which need a serious treatment otherwise may be cancerous.
Elevated lumps along with pigmented spots in neck, nose, head, legs, and arms are observed.

Treatment for Moles

Home remedies are safe way for curing moles and have no side effects as compare to surgical treatments, which are expensive and are not very safe.

Treatment using madhu (honey)
You can cover your moles using honey and let it dry for 10 to 15 minutes then wash the skin using warm water. This is an effective home remedy.
Eat potassium rich foods as they are good for curing moles. Apple cider vinegar is rich in potassium mineral, useful for preventing moles, and is an effective home remedy.

Treatment using lahsun ( garlic)
Rub continuously on the moles with garlic pieces. Garlic juice will penetrate inside the moles and will loosen it. The excellent result or cure for moles will come out by its regular use.

Treatment using baking soda
Take baking soda (as per your need) and few drops of castor oil, mix them well and keep the mixture aside for five minutes. Dip gauze in this liquid solution and cover the affected area with this gauze and keep it for overnight. This is an effective treatment your moles will disappear by its continuous use with no harm.

Treatment using cashew nut
For curing moles problem, you can eat roasted cashew nuts or also make its paste and apply on the moles-affected area and keep it till paste get dry. This is an effective home remedy and will show its positive result in four to five weeks.

Treatment using ananas ( pineapples)
Make a pineapple juice and apply on affected area or rub some pieces of pineapple on the moles everyday.
Rubbing potato coverings on the moles everyday is also very beneficial.

Treatment using liquid obtain from figs and milkweed tree
Liquid release from the fruit tree named figs is good for curing moles; apply the liquid extract from figs on the moles-affected area everyday, at least for two to three weeks. This is also an effective cure for moles.
Similarly, rubbing white colored liquid release of milkweed tree on the moles is also very beneficial natural treatment.

Treatment using juices of unripe akhrod (walnuts)
Rubbing walnuts juice on the moles-affected area everyday may make your skin hot for some seconds, which is momentary, but will effectively cure the moles in some weeks.

Treatment using mooli (radish)
Radish has its own natural properties and is very useful in the treatment of moles. Rub some pieces of radish on the moles-affected area everyday, this will bring a good result.

Treatment using band gobhi (cauliflower)
Make a juice of vegetable cauliflower and regularly use this juice on the moles-affected area, moles will disappear by its continuous use.

Treatment using seeds of grapefruits
Soak some seeds of grapefruits in water and keep it overnight, next morning make its juice and apply on the moles, and wrap up or mask with adhesive medicinal tape for some time. This will certainly diminish moles.

Mumps Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Mumps was one of the commonest ailments affecting people all over the world until just a few decades ago. But now with the development of a very effective vaccine against the disease in the 1960s, the cases of mumps have drastically reduced, at least in the developed countries. In the third world countries, it still remains an issue and needs care.

Definition of Mumps (Karna Mulika Jwara)

Mumps or parotitis is a viral infection of the parotid glands, which are glands that produce saliva located just below the ear. Due to mumps, the parotid glands swell up, causing bulkiness of the cheeks and the region below the lower jaw. Ayurveda treats mumps as a pitta disease. Its Ayurvedic name is pashangadarbha. Since mumps is always accompanied by a preliminary fever, it is also classified as a jwara. As a jwara, it is called as karma mulika jwara. Here it must be noted that pashangadarbha is the name of the entire condition of mumps, while karma mulika jwara is the name given to the fever that precedes mumps.

Causes of Mumps (Karna Mulika Jwara)

According to Ayurveda , pashangadarbha is a disease caused due to the vitiation of the pittadosha, the humor which controls the fire element of the human body. Mumps is a viral disease. The virus that is responsible for the onset of mumps in the human body is known as the paramyxovirus. The virus leaves in the saliva of the person. Hence any contact with the saliva of the infected person is the surest way to get mumps.

Symptoms of Mumps (Karna Mulika Jwara)

About 20% of the people suffering from mumps will not show any symptoms at all. However, in the rest, two days after the infection, the following symptoms are observed:-
The most prominent symptom is the puffiness of the cheeks which is caused due to the swelling of the parotid glands. There may be swelling of the earlobes also, which will make the whole face look enlarged. Swelling may persist anywhere from three days to a week.
Fever is very common during mumps, and the temperature of the body can increase up to 103 F. The fever is the starting symptom of mumps.
A person with mumps will feel weak and get tired very easily.
The victim of mumps will observe pain in the cheeks, which is felt more drastically when chewing or swallowing food.
People suffering from mumps have persistent sore throat. In some cases, the aggravation could be so serious that the person finds difficulty in talking and may talk in whispers.

Complications of Mumps (Karna mulika jwara)

Mumps is a self-limiting disease, i.e. it takes care of itself and the symptoms are brought under control automatically after a while. Due to this, in most cases mumps does not get complicated very much. The mild complications that can occur are as follows:-
Inflammation of the testicles, termed as orchitis (this may cause sterility of the man if it lasts long enough)
Inflammation of the ovaries known as oophoritis (this may cause sterility of the woman if it lasts long enough) and inflammation of the breasts known as mastitis
Inflammation of the pancreas known as pancreatitis
Abortion if the woman with mumps is pregnant
In rare instance, mumps can get severely complicated. The drastic complications of mumps are as follows:-
Inflammation of the brain (meningitis) and/or the spinal cord (encephalitis)
Permanent deafness

Transmission of Mumps (Karna mulika jwara)

Just as in all viral infections, there is a high transmission rate in mumps also. At least there was, before the vaccine was developed.
The mumps virus, paramxyovirus, lives in the upper respiratory tract of humans. Hence, it can be transmitted through salivary discharges of an infected person. Therefore, the following activities can pass on mumps from an infected person to another:-
Sharing cups, glasses and other drinking vessels
Kissing
Coming in contact with an infected person’s saliva in any way
A person with mumps is very likely to spread the virus to other people. From three to six days after the symptoms make their appearance, the person is extremely infectious. Due to this, much care needs to be taken by the family members of people who have mumps.

People who are at Risk of Mumps (Karna mulika jwara)

Though mumps can affect people of all ages, most cases of mumps are found in children up to the ages of fourteen years. Mumps can begin from anywhere after five years of age, but cases of occurrence below this age have also been recorded. Children are not affected from mumps in the first year of their lives.

Prevention and Basic Care during Mumps (Karna Mulika Jwara)

Obviously a lot of care is required if there is a person with mumps at home. The following tips must be kept in mind:-
All the utensils of the affected person must be kept and washed separately.
Physical contact with the patient must be avoided.
Since some strains of paramyxovirus can be passed through urine, it is also necessary to keep the clothing separate and wash them separately.
Taking care with a mumps patient at home is very important; but one plus point is that a single affectation from mumps gives a person lifelong immunity from the disease. However it is important to take care that the first infection does not spread to other people, or there is a risk of an epidemic.
Furthermore, a mumps patient must take care of the following:-
The neck must not be exposed to cold winds. It should always be covered with a scarf or a shawl.
The person with mumps should not be allowed to get wet much.
While sleeping, it is necessary to keep the body covered with a sheet.
Take absolute care while coughing or sneezing, since that can spread the paramyxovirus through the saliva.

Diet for People with Mumps (Karna mulika jwara)

It is important to take proper diet during pashangadarbha because of the simple reason that the sufferer loses his or her appetite and does not feel like eating anything. However, proper nutrition is required in order to remove the imbalance of the pitta vitiation. The diet must be a pitta pacifying diet.
People with mumps must follow the dietary guidelines given below:-
The diet must be a primarily liquid diet.
Rice water (kanji) is very good. It can be flavored with some ghee and taken along with a piece of pickle of raw mango.
The foods given to the patient must not be acidic; hence all citrus juices and curds are out.
Spices such as garlic, ginger and black pepper are good for people with mumps.
All kinds of oily and pungent foods must be strictly avoided. They could make the fever last onger.
Solid foods must be avoided. These foods take longer for digestion, and that could increase the digestive fire, i.e. pitta.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Mumps (Karna mulika jwara)

Mumps is a familiar condition since centuries to the proponents of Ayurveda . For this reason, there has been a lot of research into the herbs that are beneficial in mumps. The following is a list of some of the traditionally used herbs along with their benefits on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ghee Kanwar Aloe barbadensis Indian Aloe The leaf of the Indian aloe has benefits in mumps. But it has to be used in a special way. The leaf must be peeled from one side, warmed, sprinkled with turmeric and then smeared with the paste of Indian Barberry.This leaf must then be placed on the cheek. Alternatively, it can be tied as a bandage.
Harad or Haritaki Terminalia chebula Chebulic Myroblan Haritaki is one of the most effective Ayurvedic remedies for mumps. A paste of this herb is applied locally over the affected regions.
Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Clove The oil of the clove must be mixed with olive oil and rubbed from the inside the cheeks. This provides relief from the pain of the mumps.
Methi Trigonella foenum graecum Fenugreek
Fenugreek seeds are mixed in an equal proportion with asparagus seeds. This provides relief from mumps swellings.
Neem Azadirachtha indica Margosa Neem is also very effective in the treatment of mumps. A paste of the leaves of this tree is made in water and this paste is applied over the affected parts. In order to get better benefits, turmeric can be mixed in the paste.
Peepal Ficus religiosa Peepal The peepal is another beneficial remedy. The peepal leaves are mixed with ghee, warmed over a fire and then the paste I applied over the affected parts to get relief.
Rasaut Berberis aristata Indian Barberry For the use of Indian Barberry in the treatment of mumps, refer to the application of Indian Aloe leaf as mentioned above.
Shatavari Asparagus racemosus Asparagus Seeds of asparagus are ground with seeds of fenugreek. This paste is then applied on the affected parts to obtain relief from the swelling of mumps.
Sunthi Zingiber officinale Ginger Perhaps ginger is the most widely known Ayurvedic treatments for mumps. A dry paste of ginger is applied over the affected regions. When the paste dries off, there is tremendous relief obtained from the pain of the mumps.

The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of mumps:-
Chaturbhuja Rasa
Rasasindura
Daru Haridra
Naradiya Laxmivilasa
Dashanga
Benefit is obtained by using a paste of limestone and jaggery and applying over the swollen parts. Limestone contains calcium which is effective in the reduction of the swelling. It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Nasal Congestion Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Nasal congestion is a painful condition in which the nasal membranes swell and thus block the passages to nose. The swelling of the nasal membrane is due to the expansion of blood vessels. The expansion of blood vessel can be due to infection caused by germs, pollen grains, and various food items. This disease can attack people of any age; newborn babies are also attacked by nasal congestion. Sometimes this disease becomes so severe in young children that it even causes death. The worst affect of nasal congestion is that patient finds difficulty not only in breathing, but also in speaking, hearing, etc. In fact people suffering from nasal congestion finds difficult in sleeping. Some times it leads to heart attack as the patient is unable to inhale sufficient oxygen through nose. This article will explain every aspect of nasal congestion, its causes and effective home remedies.

Causes for Nasal Congestion

Patient suffering from nasal congestion feels extreme irritation and frustration. The main causes of nasal congestion are common cold, flu, sinus. Study has also shown that pregnant women also experiences nasal congestion . Another cause for nasal congestion is hay fever. It is found that people allergic to certain things, smell, etc., cause hay fever or nasal congestion. Some people are allergic to some kind of smell, food items, pollen grains, etc. Nasal congestion is one of the consequences of such disease. Among various food items, milk products like processed butter, cheese, ice cream causes food allergy and hence nasal congestion.

Home remedies for curing Nasal Congestion

Nasal congestion no doubt is troubling and very upsetting. There are plenty of simple ayurvedic treatments for nasal congestion. Given below are some of the common, effective home remedies for this disease.

Carom (ajwain) seeds:
Carom (ajwain) seeds are one of the simplest and effective home remedy for curing nasal congestion. Take few seeds of ajwain, make its powder if possible, or else simply put them in a small cotton cloth and keep near your pillow cover.

Cardamom seeds:
Patients, especially children, are told to breath in smoke produced by burning 4-5 cardamom seeds on hot coal.

Black pepper:
Black pepper is also one of the best home remedy for treating nasal congestion. Taking 3-4 baked black pepper seeds in the morning, or inhaling fumes by burning them on fire gives fast relief.

Inhalers:
There are several homemade inhalers for curing nasal congestion. Firstly, boil a glass of water and add a pinch of salt to it. Fill it in a clean bacteria-free bottle. Allow it to warm and then with the help of a dropper put 2-3 drops in each nostril by keeping your face upward, facing the sky. This salt solution actually helps in loosening the mucus and other sticky material.
Once the solution soaks the nostril and throat, exhale and clean your nose.
One may also add small amount (1 teaspoon) of baking soda into the salt solution. This too helps in loosening the congestion inside the nose.
Other homemade inhalers are, 1-2 drops of peppermint oil on a cotton cloth or cotton ball. Bring it near your nose and inhale, the very essence of peppermint will help relief from sinus, mucus and hence nasal congestion. Similarly, grapefruit juice mixed in lukewarm water can also be used as inhaler. This too is quite effective in treating sinus and hence nasal congestion. This can be best taken while going to bed or early in the morning.

Balanced diet:

As far as diet is concerned balanced diet is must to keep our body free from several chronic diseases.
Patient should include plenty of green vegetables and fruits, whole grain wheat, fish is highly recommended.
One should strictly avoid high calorie food, excess sugar or salt, etc. Apart from this garlic, tomato soup is quite effective in curing nasal congestion. Take 2-3 tomatoes boil in a cup of water; add a teaspoon of garlic paste, butter and black pepper powder. Add salt for tasty. Take this soup 2-3 times a day. It tastes good and is very helpful.

Horseradish (a type of muli or kanda):
Grate horsedish and take 1-2 teaspoon of it. Add a teaspoon of apple vinegar or honey. Take this mixture slowly on your tongue, and take long breathe. The aroma of this mixture will loosen the congestion and gives fast relief.

Apple extract vinegar:
Apart from mixing it with horseradish paste, another use of apple extract vinegar is that its fume when inhaled also helps in curing nasal congestion. Take 2-3 tablespoon of this vinegar in a pan and heat it until the entire vinegar is exhausted. Inhale the fumes produced at that time.
Apart from this patient should take warm water bath, this makes the body warm and helps in relieving congestion. Similarly, taking hot sips of tea, coffee, milk, etc., help in loosening of the mucus. Patient should not be stressed and live happily, take lots of rest, sleep 7-8 hours. It is also said that taking an extra pillow below your neck also help in loosening the mucus.

Obesity Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Obesity is the medical term for extreme overweight conditions. It has become one of the greatest challenges for doctors all over the world. Most of the ailments in the modern world today are directly or indirectly related to obesity; and that is the reason why many medical professionals always ask their patients to reduce their weight. But reducing weight is not as easy as the fitness centers claim to be. This article tries to explain why obesity is such a rampant issue and what the effective ways to tackle it are. Obesity has been in the world since as long as the human race has been in existence. Due to this, millions of methods of treatments for obesity have been put forward by different bodies of conventional and alternative medicine. Ayurveda has been a very effective (and less painful) method of keeping obesity under control. Let us try to understand how Ayurveda has helped the human race in its fight against obesity.

Definition of Obesity (Sthaulya)

Obesity is defined as the condition where there is over-accumulation of fat under the skin and around certain organs in the body. It is mostly seen around the midsection, which protrudes out with a characteristic bulge. The condition of obesity is very easy to diagnose, as the bulge of fat can be seen clearly on the body. But medical science is not so rough in its calculations. There is a reason behind this. Obesity is a very relative disorder. In people with less height, even a moderate weight could be hazardous, but in people with more height, more weight is acceptable. Hence, while diagnosing obesity, only weight is not taken into account. Rather, a particular ratio, known as the Body Mass Index (BMI) is taken into consideration. The formula used for the calculation of BMI is as follows:-
Here, weight is taken in kilograms and height is taken in meters. In order to calculate in the English system of foot-pound-second, the factor is multiplied by 703. The following table illustrates how to estimate from the BMI whether a person is obese or not.
BMI Diagnosis
Between 18.5 and 24.9 Normal weight
Between 25.0 and 29.9 Overweight
Between 30.0 and 39.9 Obese
Above 40 Morbidly obese

It can be seen through this table that overweight conditions and obese conditions are clearly differentiated. There is also a condition of morbid obesity. This is a highly dangerous condition, which in all probability will be the causative factor of the death of the person. In Ayurveda , the condition of obesity is referred to as sthaulya. Since Ayurveda considers obesity to be a roga, i.e. a disease, it has also been recorded as medo roga. In fact as far back as 1500 BC, in the Charaka Samhita, there is a mention as well as a description of how an obese person looks like. In his work, Charaka has said that an obese person will have the following signs:-
Large hips
Excess of bulk over the midsection
Pendulous breasts
Too much flesh over the cheeks

Causes of Obesity (Sthaulya)

Let us discuss the cause of obesity from the Ayurvedic point of view. In Ayurveda , the basic tissue elements that govern the body – seven in number – are known as the dhaatus. Dhaatus are extremely essential in deciding how healthy the person is, and a prescribed equilibrium of the dhaatus means that the person is healthy. One of the seven dhaatus is the meda, which are the fats. To a particular limit, the medas are essential to the body. These fats or medas perform the following functions for the human body:- They provide the body with insulation, i.e. they retain the heat within the body so that the person does not feel excessively cold.
They provide padding for the body and also all the vital organs of the body. Under the skin there is a layer of the medas, and also there are layers of medas around all the vital organs including the brain, heart, liver and kidneys.
The function of these layers is to protect the body from jerks and minor injuries.
Medas also provide energy when the main energy sources – carbohydrates – are insufficient. Each gram of fat can provide up to 9 kilocalories of energy.
Medas are essential for the proper metabolism of the fatty acids needed in the body.
Despite these uses of the meda dhaatus, if there is an excess of them in the body, then they get accumulated under the skin and also around the organs. This is how obesity begins. The fat collections take place over the adipose tissues in the form of globules. The actual harm begins when these fat globules begin entering the cells of the body, especially the cells of the muscles.
Now why does fat accumulation take place in some people and in some people it doesn’t? There are so many people who live on a rich diet and are still slim; but some people gain pounds of weight even by a few meals. It has been suggested in Ayurveda that people with certain doshic natures have more chances of becoming obese than others. The following illustration provides an idea:-
Dosha Vulnerability to Obesity Reason Vata dosha These people become very obese, and there are marked fluctuations in their body weights.
Vata people are, by nature, nervous and anxious. In order to allay these mental frustrations, they tend to eat more. This causes their extreme obesity.
Pitta dosha These people are the least susceptible to obesity. Pitta people have a good amount of agni, i.e. digestive fire. Hence whatever they eat gets metabolized very fast.
However, many pitta persons have ravenous appetites, due to which they eat more. In such cases, obesity can occur in pitta persons also, but there are fewer chances.
Kapha dosha These people have high chances of becoming obese, but the body bulk won’t rise to as much as vata people. In kapha people, the rate of metabolism is very slow. Hence food takes a long time to digest. Also, kapha being the water element, these people have a tendency to retain water. Though this is not actual obesity (i.e. fat accumulation), it does increase the bulk of the body. These people are more susceptible to develop kidney-related complications of obesity.

Symptoms of Obesity (Sthaulya)

Of course, the commonest symptom of obesity is the bulge that begins at the midsection. If a pinching on the abdomen gathers more than two inches of flesh, then it means that the person is accumulating more fat than is being used. Due to obesity, the following other symptoms are observed:-
The person gets tired very easily. There is no stamina in the body.
The person wheezes while talking.
Heartbeat is rapid.
The person is in a state of lethargy or sluggishness all the time.

Complications of Obesity (Sthaulya)

There is no other bodily condition that can cause as many complications as obesity. The adage 'a person's waistline is the lifeline' is quite true. A person who is very obese will suffer from various metabolic disorders. Due to the accumulation of fat in the body, there will be a constant pressure on the arteries and veins, and the rakta pravaha, i.e. blood circulation will be obstructed. The result could be atherosclerosis, or even myocardial infarction, i.e. heart failure.
The brain also requires blood for its functioning.
Due to obesity the blood flow to the brain is obstructed. This could lead into a stroke, and chances are that the person may become paralyzed for life. Several liver ailments could be caused.
Similarly, obesity could cause dysfunctional problems of the kidneys. It is widely known that obese people tend to become impotent if their condition persists long enough. Even if they do not become impotent, their bulk could be a major impediment during sexual intercourse, causing discomfort to both the partners. Also, the excitement during sex could be fatal to the obese person. There are several instances of obese men having fatal heart attacks during sexual intercourse.
Last but not the least; obesity complicates the entire lifestyle of the person. A bulky body is not considered beautiful and, more often than not, it is the object of ridicule (we know that it is morally wrong to poke fun at a person on account of his/her body, but we cannot ignore the fact).
Obese people might feel themselves socially unacceptable and lead a secluded kind of life. This could bring on depression and other mental ailments.

Prevention and Basic Care during Obesity (Sthaulya)

A person must take precautions from the stage when the BMI begins to hover at the ‘overweight’ scale. If due precautions are taken, then from this stage, the body can be easily prevented from becoming obese.
First and foremost, an overweight person must exercise regularly. The exercise need not be vigorous, but simple things can go a long way. If you live on an upper storey, then take the stairs once a day rather than the elevator. If you take a bus or a cab, then walk at least one stop before hailing one. Instead of using the television remote, make the trip till your set and push the buttons. These small and simple things can help burn the accumulated body fat. Be very particular about your diet. For dietary restrictions, refer to the next section. Do not be lazy. This is extremely important. Obesity in kids is increasing to alarming levels because parents are pampering them into not doing any work. Be active and distribute your time proportionately between work, play and rest.
Avoid smoking and alcoholism. Both of these can cause severe complications in people with excess fats in their bodies.

Diet for People with Obesity (Sthaulya)

You have come to the most important point in tackling the obesity problem – diet. A right diet coupled with exercise is many a time all that is needed for an obese person to shed those extra pounds. The following are some very useful pointers:-
Avoid all sweet and fatty foods. These are the biggest culprits when it comes to dangerous calories.
Avoid foods that are rich in carbohydrates, such as rice and potatoes. You can constitute your diet with other food grains such as wheat, barley, sorghum and maize.
Every plate of food must contain at least one bitter or pungent food. This must be cooked minimally to maintain the juices intact.
There is no restriction on the consumption of tea and coffee.
Moreover, it is very important to remember that one must not go to bed immediately after a meal. The body must get enough time to digest the food before it goes to sleep, or else the undigested food will become ama and cause conditions of obesity. Ideally, a person must give a leeway of about two hours between a meal and going to bed.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Obesity (Sthaulya)

Sthaulya is considered to be a roga in Ayurveda , but the expert opinion is – sthaulya is much more dangerous than a single disease; it is a whole cornucopia of diseases waiting to happen. Becoming obese is like putting your hand in a beehive and waiting for the bees to sting. For this reason, Ayurveda proponents have conducted extensive research – right from the time of Charaka – to arrive at suitable remedies for the disease. The following are just some of the hundreds of herbs that are prescribed for obese people.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb
Adraka or Sunthi Zingiber officinalis Ginger
Amlaki Emblica officinalis Indian Gooseberry
Bibhitaka Terminalia bellerica Belleric Myroblan
Guduchi Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora Gulancha
Haritaki Terminalia chebula Chebulic Myroblan
Karela Mormordica charantia Bitter Gourd
Musta Cyperus rotundas Nut Grass
Vidanga Emblica ribes False Pepper

The following Ayurvedic mixtures and remedies have been widely acclaimed – even in the advanced western countries – for their properties in the treatment of obesity:-
Ayurvedic Herb or Preparation Treats
Shilajit and Guggulu Increase the agni, which helps in utilization of the fat.
Trikatu and Catechu These are herbs which relieve the body of increased ama, i.e. toxins.
Chitraka and Barbery Open the channels that are blocked and aids in circulation of blood and proper assimilation of food. They are also used for external application along with calamus.
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Paralysis Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Paralysis could be one of the most terrible conditions that a human body can be afflicted with. A paralyzed person loses the capacity of voluntary movement in some part of the body, like the hands, legs or torso; and hence becomes an invalid. The most terrible aspect of paralysis is when the person has to become overtly dependent on someone else to accomplish the most routine of tasks. Minor paralyses can be treated and the person can become healthy again (in this case it means that the person can move all his or her body parts in a normal manner again). But treatment of major paralysis, such as loss of movement in the hands, legs or the whole torso, can be a very long and arduous process. it might require a lot of cooperation from the patient as well as the family members. Some people afflicted with paralysis remained paralyzed all through their lives, as tissue and muscle wasting can cause irreparable damage to the body.

Definition of Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

Paralysis is defined as the loss of muscle movement and coordination in some part of the body. The loss of movement of muscles occur in systems of muscles, such as hand muscles, leg muscles, facial muscles, etc. leading to paralysis in that particular region. The loss of voluntary muscle movement is accompanied by numbness, or loss of sensation, in the affected part. Due to this, the person does not feel any pain or climatic changes like heat, cold, etc. in the paralyzed part of the body. After some time, due to paralysis, the circulation and other metabolic activities of the affected part may come to a stop. This could cause disuse atrophy, which could change the shape of the affected part. Prolonged disuse atrophy could lead to 'death' of the part, and the person may lose the use of it permanently, even after the condition of paralysis is treated.
Ayurveda regards pakshavadha as a vataja, i.e. a disorder caused due to imbalance of the vata, the air element of the human body. Vata dosha is responsible for the proper coordination of all voluntary movements in the human body. A block in the proper movement of the vatadosha can bring about pakshavadha in the person.

Types of Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

Depending on where the paralysis has occurred, it can be classified in the following types:-
Monoplegia, in which only one limb – hand or leg – is affected
Diplegia, in which both the limbs are affected
Paraplegia, in which both the trunk and the legs are affected
Hemiplegia, in which only one side of the body is affected
Quadriplegia, in which the trunk and all the four limbs are affected

Causes of Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

Paralysis is always caused due to the impairment of the central nervous system, i.e. the brain and the spinal cord, or due to the impairment of the peripheral nervous system, i.e. the system of nerves radiating outwards from the brain and the spinal cord.The following are the reasons why these nerve impairments might take place, leading to paralysis:-
(1) Strokes – Strokes are the leading cause of paralysis. Strokes are the sudden loss of function of a particular portion of the brain. Hence, the brain is not able to send reflexes or receive stimuli from the corresponding nerves. Usually strokes can cause the paralysis of arms and legs, but the torso is not affected.
Further, the stroke itself can be caused due to the loss of blood supply to the brain. The causes for this erroneous blood supply are:-
Atherosclerosis, which may result in clogging of the blood vessel carrying blood to the cranial region
Hemorrhage, which may be the rupturing of a blood vessel carrying blood to the brain
Hypertension, which increases blood pressure and makes it more difficult for blood to reach the brain
Diabetes, which also increases blood pressure and makes it difficult for blood to reach the brain
(2) Tumors – Tumors in the brain or the spinal region can cause pressure to be exerted on the blood vessels to these regions. Consequently, the blood supply to the brain and/or the spinal cord reduces, which may cause paralysis.
(3) Trauma – Trauma refers to direct injuries. These injuries could result into internal bleeding (hemorrhage), which would reduce the blood supply to the central nervous supply. Direct falls on the head or fracture of the vertebral column could cause such traumas.
(4) Multiple Sclerosis – Multiple sclerosis is a chronic ailment that causes the damage to the mucilaginous sheath that covers the nuclear sheath. Due to this the sensory and motor nerves are damages and are not able to carry impulses and bring back responses to particular parts of the body.
(5) Cerebral Palsy – Cerebral palsy is a condition that occurs in babies during their birth. If their central nervous system is impaired either during or shortly after their birth, then their coordination becomes faulty, leading to paralysis.

In addition, there are the following conditions which pertain to the malfunctioning of the spinal cord:-
(1) Slipped Disk or Herniated Disk – This happens when the vertebra of the backbone get dislocated. The fractured vertebra could cause an injury to the spinal cord, thus making the portion of the spinal cord permanently impaired.
(2) Neurodegenerative Diseases – The neurodegenerative diseases are several conditions that cause serious and permanent impairment of the nerves of the spinal cord (or the brain). These diseases are also associated with loss of memory and dementia.
(3) Spondolysis – Spondolysis is the medical term to the pain and stiffness in the joints of the vertebral column. This condition can cause impairment of the spinal cord. The above is not a complete list, for there are much too many conditions that can cause paralysis. However, the above are the common causative factors.

Symptoms of Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

Paralysis is very easily diagnosable because its symptoms are too apparent. The following are the common symptoms of paralysis:-
There is loss of tactile inputs and outputs in the affected part of the body. That means, the person cannot feel it when something touches him/her or even when someone else touches him/her. The person also cannot feel pain in the affected part. In fact, it has been said that the most painful aspect of paralysis is the painlessness.
Numbness to weather is common. The person cannot feel heat or cold.
There could be tingling sensations in the unaffected parts of the body.
There is generally an impairment of vision.
The person becomes incontinent.

Complications of Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

If paralysis lasts for a long time, then the biggest danger is that of the'death' of the affected part. Due to the constant depletion of blood from the affected part, the part may become seriously damaged. As a result the muscles and tissues in that part will also get wasted, leading to disuse atrophy, as mentioned earlier. In quadriplegia, the most serious form of paralysis, the person’s body becomes like the mere 'skin and bones' within a few months of the affliction.
Speech impairment is also a very common byproduct of paralysis. Along with speech impairment, there could be loss of auditory senses and visual senses as well. If the person is paralyzed on one side of the body (hemiplegia), then there is a great chance that the eye on that side would lose its power of sight.

Transmission of Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

There is no danger of transmission of paralysis from one person to another as this is not an infectious condition. Paralysis is caused due to impairment of a person’s nervous system, and that is an internal problem of the human body.

Prevention of Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

Pleurisy is caused due to a host of other ailments with the body. People suffering from any of these diseases can suffer from pleurisy. In order to see a complete list of the diseases in people that can cause pleurisy, look at the causes section.

Diet for People with Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

The diet provided for people with paralysis must be a vata pacifying diet. For balancing the vata, the following guidelines must be followed:-
Warm foods are preferable to cold foods. Eat food when it is freshly cooked.
Sweet, sour and salty are the tastes that are good for creating a balance of the vata. Avoid foods that are bitter, pungent and astringent in taste.
Nuts are very good for balancing the vata.
Rice and wheat both are okay, but barley, millet and rye must be avoided.
The fruits that you consume must be the juicier ones such as bananas, mangoes, oranges, etc. Dry fruits such as apples, figs, pears and pomegranates must be avoided.
Asparagus, okra, beet, carrot are the vegetables that must become an important part of the daily diet.
Among the meats, white meats such as poultry and fish are much better as compared to red meats such as beef, pork and mutton.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Paralysis (Pakshavadha)

Ayurveda has prescribed a few herbs that are beneficial for the treatment of paralysis. The following are a few of them:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ashwagandha Withania somiferum Winter Cherry
Ashwagandha is prescribed for the treatment of paralysis due to its anti-vata properties.
Bala Sida cordifolia Country Mallow Country mallow is used as an effective remedy in all kinds of paralyses. Its potency is due to the presence of alkaloids in it that are similar to ephedrine.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects.
The preparations that are effective in the treatment of paralysis are the anti-vata drugs.

The following drugs are beneficial:-
Vata Chintamani Rasa
Ekanga Veera Rasa
Vata Gajankusha Rasa
In addition to the above rasas, there are several Ayurvedic techniques that can be employed.
Snehana – It is the Ayurvedic technique of massaging affected regions with medicated oils.
Pinda Swedana – It is the Ayurvedic technique of fomenting the affected region with medicated oils and mixtures.
Nasya – It is the Ayurvedic technique of putting special herbal drops directly into the nose.
Basti – It is a special type of enema therapy that is used in Ayurveda .
All these therapies are used in a specially formulated regimen (which depends on the condition of the person who is suffering from the paralysis). The main intention of these therapies is to expel the toxins from the body. This directly helps to clear the channels of nervous coordination and hence treat the paralytic condition.
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Peptic Ulcer,Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Peptic ulcer is a condition in which a person experiences severe abdominal pain, especially around the inner part of the stomach. In this disease mucous membrane around the digestive organs gets weakens. This is most common in those who suffer from acidity or have some stomach infection. This disease can attack people of all the ages. Young children too are susceptible to this disease. Peptic ulcer also makes the person irritating, less tolerant, violent, aggressive, etc. This article will explain in detail the various aspects of peptic ulcer, its cause, symptoms, and simplest and effective home remedies.

Causes for Peptic Ulcer

There are several reasons of peptic ulcers. The major causes include excess intake of alcohol, smoking, unhealthy and stressful life style. Excess consumption of junk food, untimely food eating habit also led to peptic ulcer. Acidity and food poisoning may also lead to peptic ulcers. Other causes for peptic ulcer include cancer, side effects of certain medicines, etc.

Symptoms for Peptic Ulcer

The major symptoms of peptic ulcer include acute abdominal pain, uneasiness and release of blood through stools. Other symptoms include vomiting, weakness, and trouble in sleeping, unwillingness to take food, etc.
Pain in chest and heart disorder is other two reasons.
Person suffering from peptic ulcer becomes violent, aggressive, short tempered, etc.

Treatment for Peptic Ulcer

Given below are the simplest and the most effective home remedies for the treatment of peptic ulcers.

Fenugreek (methi) seeds:
Take 2-3 tablespoon of fenugreek (methi) seeds and boil it in a glass of water. Add little amount of soil to it. Allow the mixture to boil till it become half of its constituent. Take this mixture 2-3 times a day, until the ulcer is not cured completely.

Fruits:
Among various other fruits, banana is considered as one of an effective fruit for treating peptic ulcer. Banana helps in lowering the acidic substance inside the body. Take 2-3 bananas mixed in a glass of milk for 4-5 times a day. Similarly, wood apple ( bael ) is also very useful. Take few bael leaves and keep it into water overnight. Drain the mixture and take this 2-3 times a day. This works great for peptic ulcer patient.

Milk:
Milk is really good for patient with peptic ulcer. Patient should take 2-3 glasses of water everyday. Warm milk containing drops of castor oil is also very good for treating peptic ulcer.

Lemon:
Lemon extract or juice is also very effective in treating peptic ulcer. Prepare fresh lemon juice, add little amount of salt to it. This drink helps in digestion and hence helps in treating peptic ulcers.

Vegetables:
Among vegetables cabbage is very useful for treating peptic ulcer. Cut cabbage into small pieces, allow the vegetable to boil in water till the constituent become half. Drain the mixture and take this 2-3 time a day. One can also add little amount of black pepper powder to it.

Drumsticks:
Drumstick leaves are also an effective home remedy for the treatment of peptic ulcer. Take 15-20 leaves of drumstick and make its paste. Mix this paste in fresh curd. Take this 2-3 times a day.

Balance diet:

Stress free life style, healthy food habit, balanced diet rich in food and vegetables are very important for keeping our body system healthy. Patient suffering from peptic ulcer should take diet rich in green leafy vegetable, fruits, milk, cheese, etc. However, they should never eat junk foods, oily and unhealthy foods.
Drink lots of water, milk, etc., this too will keep the body temperature low and also controls acidity. However, do not add sugar to the milk.
Stressful life style is one of the root causes of several diseases. Patient suffering from peptic ulcer should live a stress-free life, should go for morning and evening walk, and do mild exercises, and yoga and meditations. Never eat in hurry, take food timely and full of nutrients, eat small meals 3-4 times a day, chew your food properly, all this will help in digestion of food, will prevent acidity and other diseases.

Pleurisy Causes, Symptoms,Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Pleurisy is a very dangerous respiratory disorder which involves the lungs. Several eminent people have been affected from this disease, and even died from it. Pleurisy is not always a fatal condition. With proper medication and care, this disease can be treated quite effectively.

Definition of Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

Pleurisy is the condition in which the pleural wall lining the lungs gets inflamed. It is an extremely painful condition that causes pain in the chest cavity even when inhaling and exhaling. The pleura or the pleural wall is a double-layered membrane lining and protecting the lungs. The first layer of the pleura is present over the lungs and the second layer is just below the inner chest wall. Hence it can be said that the pleura lies in the little gap between the lungs and the chest.
Normally, the pleura is extremely smooth. This is due to the presence of a little amount of fluid called as pleural effusion in between the layers. Since its basic function is to protect the lungs, the two layers of the pleura produce no friction at all when they rub against each other. But when the pleural layers become inflamed, then when breathing, the pleural layers rub against each other. Due to this, the person feels extreme discomfort during breathing. Alternatively, the pleural effusion can increase tremendously in volume and this can also produce pain while moving the chest or while breathing.
Pleurisy is also known by several other names. Pleuritis and pleurodynia are some of the other names that are commonly used. In Ayurveda , pleurisy is classified as a shoola, which means pain. The particular name for the pain caused due to pleurisy is paarshava shoola.

Types of Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

There are three chief types of pleurisy that are commonly observed. The following is a list detailing the three types:-
Dry Pleurisy Dry Pleurisy occurs when the pleura is embedded with a fibrinous deposit. This can occur as a complication of the inflammation of the pleura.
Effusive Pleurisy Effusive Pleurisy occurs when the space between the pleural layers get filled with a great volume of exuded fluids, i.e. pleural effusions.
Purulent Pleurisy Purulent Pleurisy is the most dangerous type of pleurisy. In this complication, the space between the pleural layers is filled with dead cells, commonly known as pus.

Causes of Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

Pleurisy can be caused due to a host of factors. In fact, pleurisy itself is not classified as a disease. It is always the complication of some other disease. Some of the common diseases that are causative for pleurisy are as follows:-
Types of diseases that can cause pleurisy
Examples
Infectious diseases Tuberculosis
Pneumonia

Cancers Mesothelioma, i.e. cancer of the pleura Sarcoma
Vascular or Systemic diseases Lupus
Sarcoid disease
Scleroderma
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Pulmonary Embolism
Kidney failure
Heart failure
Gastrointestinal diseases Peritonitis Pancreatitis
Apart from these, injuries such as broken ribs can also cause inflammation of the pleura. At least two drugs – penicillin and methotrexate – are linked with causing pleurodynia. Pleurisy can be caused due to cancers or its therapies like chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The accumulation of urea in the kidneys, i.e. uremia, is also a causative agent. People with sickle cell disease have a probability of developing pleurisy.
Though several of the factors are known to medical science, there are yet several unknown reasons that can cause pleurisy. All these are collectively known as idiopathic causes of pleurisy.
According to Ayurveda , pleurisy can be caused due to both – a vitiation of the vata dosha as well as a vitiation of the kaphadosha. Hence, pleurisy has to be treated with much care and precaution.

Symptoms of Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

The symptoms of pleurisy are quite definitive and cannot be confused with the symptoms of other chest complaints. The chief symptom is the stabbing pain that is felt in the chest. The following are the chief features of the pain in pleurisy:-
The pain is felt very acutely when the person is either inhaling or exhaling. When the person holds his or her breath, then there is no pain felt.
The pain is felt when the person moves his or her chest.
The pain is felt generally on only one side of the chest. In some people, the pain can spread to the abdominal or the shoulder area.
Any vigorous thoracic movement makes the pain very sharp. Hence the person feels more pain when coughing, sneezing or even laughing.
Applying mild pressure on the focal point of the pain provides temporary relief from the pain.
Apart from the unique pain, people with pleurisy may notice the following symptoms:-
The person may run a high temperature from time to time.
There will be shortness of breath and gasping; so much so that the person may find difficulty in breathing itself.
Pleurisy pains sometimes show a decreasing trend, i.e. they may be sharper in the beginning, but reduce later on. This is because over time the buildup of the pleural effusion takes place, which reduces the friction of the two layers of the pleura. However it must be kept in mind that the reduction of the pain does not mean that the pleurisy is healed by itself; in fact, it is getting worsened to a more incurable condition.

Complications of Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

One of the important complications of pleurisy is that the person may lose his or her appetite frequently. Due to insufficient fiber in the diet, there could be complaints of constipation.
Constipation makes pleurisy almost unbearable as the person might need to apply pressure on the bowels while passing stools; thus exerting the pleura.
However the most dangerous complication of pleurisy is the inability to breathe, which can set in after some time. Due to the pain, the person finds difficulty every time there is an inhalation or an exhalation. Furthermore, when the effusion begins to build up in the pleura, more pressure is felt onto the lungs, due to which breathing becomes more difficult. People with severe respiratory complaints must waste no time at all; they must be rushed to the ER of a hospital.

Transmission of Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

Pleurisy is not an infectious or a contagious disease. It is a condition caused due to an internal problem. Hence, pleurisy cannot be transmitted from one person to another.

People who are at Risk of Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

Pleurisy is caused due to a host of other ailments with the body. People suffering from any of these diseases can suffer from pleurisy. In order to see a complete list of the diseases in people that can cause pleurisy, look at the causes section.

Prevention and Basic Care during Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

Pleurisy is an internal problem of the human bodyand hence there is no measure you can take in order to prevent it. For this reason, it can be said that pleurisy is unpreventable. However, several things can be done to stop the symptoms of pleurisy from aggravating further. The following things are some of the more important ones:-
Avoid exerting yourself. Do not involve yourself in activities that would make you physically tired.
Do not breathe deeply.
Make a habit of sleeping on the side where the pain is less.
Avoid all painkillers, including ibuprofen and aspirin, until you get a go-ahead from a qualified medical practitioner. This is because people with chest pains believe that painkillers can relieve the pain and take them. However, painkillers can drastically worsen the chest congestion.

Diet for People with Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

Pleurisy is a condition that could be fatal if neglected. There are several dietary restrictions to be observed. The following are the important dietary guidelines:-
Fried foods must be totally avoided.
Cold foods must also be avoided. The reason for this is, cold foods can cause an accumulation of phlegm in the chest, which could aggravate the situation.
Bitter vegetables are best in pleurisy conditions. These include vegetables such as bitter gourd and fenugreek.
Other vegetables that can be taken without any harm are eggplants, okra, cauliflower, cabbage and potato.
A diet of horse gram with rice is suggested for people with pleurisy problems.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Pleurisy (Paarshava Shoola)

Pleurisy is a very difficult condition to treat and medical science has failed to find a permanent cure for the disease yet. Currently, the method of treating pleurisy is to treat the underlying condition that causes the chest congestion. But in Ayurveda , there are a few select herbs that have been effectively used to treat some of the symptoms of pleurisy, or at least to ease the pain. This is quite beneficial, because patients with pleurisy are not allowed to take any painkillers or allopathic drugs that could aggravate the symptoms further. The Ayurvedic herbs mentioned below can be safely used, without any side-effects on the patient's health.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ajmoda Apium graveolens Celery Celery has anti-spasmodic properties, due to which it is used to relieve the stabbing pains that pleurisy causes. It is included in the normal diet of the patient, or is given in the form of a salad with the other permissible vegetables.
Alsi Linum usitassimum Linseed Linseed is used for external application on the chest of the people with pleurisy complaints. In order to apply, a loose poultice of the seeds is made and gently rubbed over the affected region of the chest.
Punarnava Boerhaavia diffusa Hog Weed Hog weed is used in the treatment of pleurisy. Its root is the part which is used in the treatment.
The herbs mentioned above have been expertly mixed into preparations. These preparations contain just the right proportions of herbs so as not to produce major side effects. The following are some herbs that are effective in the treatment of pleurisy:-

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
Asava/Arishta Vasa Arishta, Bala Arishta Bhasma/Kashaya Vasa Kashaya, Dashamula Kwatha, Shringa Bhasma Choorna Hinguvachadi Choorna, Hinguvasta Choorna
Ghrita Vasadi Ghrita Lehya Kasturyadi Lehya, Vasava Lehya Rasa Tribhuvana Kirti Rasa, Mahalaxmi Vilasa Rasa, Rasa Sindoora Vati Kasturyadi Vati, Hinguvachadi Vati
One very effective medicine in the treatment of pleurisy is Shringa Bhasma. Shringa Bhasma is actually the horn of a deer cut into small pieces and processed, and finally burnt into ashes. Giving this Bhasma to the patient thrice or four times a day in amounts of half a gram each time mixed with honey provides relief. The time taken for the relief depends on the acuteness of the pain.
This same Bhasma can be improved in case there is complication of effusive pleurisy. In such cases, the Shringa Bhasma is mixed with Naradiya Laxmivilasa and taken in the same dosage.
For pleurisy accompanied with cough and phlegm in the chest, Rasa Sindoora must be added to the same mixture of Shringa Bhasma and Naradiya Laxmivilasa mentioned above. Hence, there is a specific preparation for each of the different types of pleurisy. But these medicines are quite strong and hence the medication should be stopped immediately after the symptoms disappear. At least Rasa Sindoora must be stopped with the decline of the symptoms.It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Prickly Heat, Prickly Heat Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Prickly heat is irritating and painful. Prickly heat, also known as heat rash, is caused when sweat accumulates in certain parts of our body and results in a small red bumps on the skin. These red bumps are irritating and cause severe itching. Prickly heat mostly affects back, underarms, near waist area, and chest. Prickly heat may attack people of any age. Small children are also affected with this disease as sweat in their body does not dry easily. They feel great discomfort during the heat rashes. However, it does not cause any harm to them, nor it cause any other skin disease.
Prickly heat can effect in any type of weather. It attacks mostly in hot and humid climate. Depending upon the severity of the attack, the red bumps may persist somewhere from 4--5 days to 4--5 months . The main cause of prickly heat is the accumulation of sweat in certain parts of the body from where it cannot dry easily. This accumulated sweat later cause blockage in the sweat gland and results in red bumps and severe itching. This article will explain in detail about the various home remedies for the treatment of prickly heat.

Dos and Don'ts for Prickly Heat

There are several reasons of Prickly Heats. The major causes include excess intake of alcohol, smoking, unhealthy and stressful life style. Excess consumption of junk food, untimely food eating habit also led to Prickly Heat. Acidity and food poisoning may also lead to Prickly Heats. Other causes for Prickly Heat include cancer, side effects of certain medicines, etc.

Symptoms for Prickly Heat

The main symptom of prickly heat is small red bulges over chest, back, around waist area, etc. Severe itching and inflammation around the bulges are other symptoms

Treatment for Prickly Heat

The easiest way of getting reed of prickly heat is sitting in cool room or taking a cold-water bath. Other ways for getting instant relief from prickly heat are as follows:

Oatmeal:
Oatmeal powder is an effective home remedy for getting relief from prickly heat. Add little amount of it in a bath tub and stir it well. Take a dip in the bath tub, oatmeal powder will give fast relief from inflammation and soothes the skin.

Talcum powder and ointments:
Apply herbal or non-perfumed talcum powder after bath. This will absorb extra moisture from the body and protect from prickly heat . Repeat this process 4-5 times a day. The only idea is to keep the body dry and free from sweat and moisture. Similarly, there are some herbal ointments and lotions like aloe vera-rich lotions that can be used for soothing the affected skin.

Ice cubes:
Ice cubes are another best choice for treating prickly heat caused due to hot and humid temperature. Rub small ice cubes over the red bulges. The cool ice cubes will reduce the inflammation and will also puncture the red swellings.

Gram flour:
he other natural way of getting relief from prickly heat is by applying gram flour, or besan paste over the infected area. Cover the red bulges with this paste and allow it to dry. Wash it off with cold water. This helps in removing all the dead skins and relieves from inflammation.

Sandalwood powder:
Another effective natural home remedy is sandalwood paste. Take equal amount (1-2 tablespoon) of coriander and sandalwood powder. Add 2-3 tablespoon of rose water and prepare a paste. Apply this paste over the infected area and allow it to dry. Wash it with cold water. Similarly, dry the barks of banyan tree and grind it into find powder. Apply it over the infected area. This too will give fast relief.

Fuller's earth or Multani mitti:
Multani mitti is one of the best remedy for treating prickly heat. Prepare multani mitti pack, by adding 4-5 tablespoon of mitti, 2-3 tablespoon of rose water and plain water to make a thick paste. Apply it over the back, and other affected area. Allow it to dry for 2-3 hours and then wash it off using cold water.

Margosa neem leaves
Take 20-25 neem leaves and make its paste using water. Apply it over the affected area and allow it to dry.

Wet sponge
Take cotton cloth or sponge and soak in cold water. Keep it over the affected area until all the water is not absorbed away. Do this 2-3 times a day. This gives relief from inflammation and prickly heat. One can also add few drops of oatmeal

Prostrate Disorder, Prostrate Disorder Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Prostrate disorder is a condition in which a person experiences severe inflammation in the prostrate gland. The prostrate disorder also includes enlargement of the prostrate gland. This disease is common among males above the age of 50 years. This article will explain everything about prostrate disorder s, their causes, symptoms, and effective home/ayurvedic remedies.

Causes for Prostrate Disorders

The cause of prostrate disorder includes unhealthy life style which includes sitting continuously in a same posture, extreme cold climate, etc. Some chronic, infectious diseases also cause prostrate disorder s. Constipation and excess sexual desire also causes prostrate disorder .

Home remedies for curing Prostrate Disorders

With allopathic medicines being very harmful for health as it causes lots of side effects, given below are the most effective home/ayurvedic medicines for the treatment of prostrate disorder s.

Vegetables
Green vegetables like spinach, carrot, etc., are very important for patients suffering from prostrate disorder . Patient should take freshly prepared juices, milk, sprouts, etc.

Pumpkin:
Pumpkin is one of the best vegetable for prostrate disorder patients. This vegetable can be taken in any form. Pumpkin juice, or finely ground pumpkin seeds mixed in water, or chapatti prepared from grated or boiled pumpkin mixed in wheat flour (atta), also these forms are safe and easy.

Carrot:
Carrot is also a useful vegetable for treating prostrate disorder s. Patient should take freshly prepared carrot juice 2-3 times a day.

Tomatoes:
Prepare fresh tomato juice or eat 1-2 raw tomatoes. It is especially good for curing prostrate disorder .

Minerals and vitamins:
Minerals like zinc and Vitamin E is very important for treating the patients suffering from prostrate disorder . Vitamin E-rich foods are wholegrain wheat, milk products, and green leafy vegetables.

Garlic:
Garlic is one of the oldest and good for patients suffering from prostrate disorder . Patient should at least take 3-4 seeds of garlic a day.

Ginger:
Similarly, ginger, ursi, etc., are also good for health. Patient should eat small pieces of raw ginger in his diet.

Balanced Diet:

Balanced diet is a must to keep oneself healthy. It also protects from various disease. Meal must include fresh green vegetables, cereals, fruits, etc. Patient should strictly avoid sweets, chocolates, junk and oily food, etc. He should not take excess tea, coffee, soft drinks, etc. It is also said that patients should not consume excess salt, or any outside food items.

Symptoms for Prostrate Disorders

The major causes of prostrate disorder s include difficulty in releasing urine, severe body pain especially back ache, pain in legs, knees, etc. Some people also experience pain in hips.

Psoriasis, Psoriasis Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease, in which the skin surface covers with dark red scaly patches. People between the age group 14 and 32 years are more prone to this disease. Psoriasis generally attacks on genital and surrounded area, underarms, scalp, elbows, and ear. Psoriasis can be caused due to many reasons. It can be due to infection or may be due to stress. The extent of psoriasis varies from person to person. Some patients have psoriasis in selective parts of their body, while some have their entire body affected due to this. Psoriasis attacks specially those who consume lots of junk food, has w eak metabolic activity, and suffer from bacterial infections. It also attacks those who live a stressful life or suffer from high blood pressure. In ayurveda psoriasis is known as kitabh, a disease that is included in kushth roga. This article will explain different aspects of psoriasis, its cause, symptoms and ayurvedic treatments/home remedies.

Causes for Psoriasis

The major causes for psoriasis are skin infection, stressful lifestyle, over emotional nature. Various researches also proved that there are certain blood cells in our body which when become impulsive and hyperactive cause psoriasis. These blood cells cause allergy to the skin and also cause other skin-related diseases. There are people who cannot adjust in certain temperature and climate, and suffer from skin disease like psoriasis. Psoriasis can also be a side effect or reaction of the consumption of strong drugs and medicine. People suffering from asthma, poor digestive system, weak immune system, also suffer from psoriasis.

Diet for Psoriasis

Diet rich in green vegetables like cucumber, carrot, etc., fruits, are good for psoriasis patient. It is also found that patient who lives on fruit-based diets for a month experiences much better result than any other medicine. Common fruits used in the diet are beets, grapes, cucumber, etc. Once the fruit-based diet is over, go for balanced diet containing cereals, grams, green leafy vegetables, juicy fruits, etc. Also include cheese, curd, etc. Junk food, oily and spicy foods should be strictly avoided. Milk products, egg, caffeine, chocolates, sugar, etc., are a big no for psoriasis patient.
Taking bath in sea water is very good for the treatment of psoriasis. Similarly, taking bath in Epsom salt or oatmeal containing water is also good. Remember do not use chemical-based soaps as it will make the problem severe and painful. Another thing is do not bath too much, bathing 3-4 times a day. Always dry your body with soft, clean towel after bath.Similarly, gentle massage over the infected area using avocado or cashewnut oil is very good for the treatment of psoriasis.

Band gobhi (Cabbage)
Green leafy cabbage is one of the best home remedy for the treatment of psoriasis. This is used as a covering for the infected area. Take the outermost layer of a cabbage, clean it using warm water. Rinse all the extra water by pressing between a towel. Once the leaf is dried, spread it on the slab, and flatten it by pressing with hand or any other thing available at home. Warm the leaf and gently cover it over the infected area. Cover it with a clean cloth. This process should be repeated for 3-4 times a day for the period when the infected area is not fully recovered.
Apart from the above mentioned home remedies, given below are some of the other important things that can be done to get relief from psoriasis. Give your body enough sunlight, i.e., Vitamin D, however, not excess. Always use clean soft towel to dry your body completely after bath, use good quality moisturizer, there are many natural herb based moisturizer available in the market.
However, you may also prepare some moisturizer at your home.

Symptoms for Psoriasis

Patient suffering from psoriasis experiences severe itching in the skin, dark red patches over and around the infected skin area. Patient may feel stressful, irritated, and helpless. Psoriasis patient also experiences headache, weak memory, bad body smell, etc.

Treatment for Psoriasis

Given below are some of the effective and useful home remedies for the treatment of psoriasis. However, it is not necessary that all these below mentioned remedies will be effective for every psoriasis patient.

Dahi (Curd)
Make fresh glass of buttermilk from curd and drink 2-3 times a day. Buttermilk is a healthy drink for psoriasis patient. It also cleans the toxic substance within the stomach and helps in digestion.

Vitamin E-rich food
It is also found that Vitamin E-rich food is good for patients suffering from psoriasis. Some of the Vitamin E-rich food is spinach, almond oil, sweet potato, sunflower seeds, and wheat germs.

Karela (Bitter gourd) Juice
Juice extracted from bitter gourd is an effective home remedy for the treatment of psoriasis. Patient suffering from psoriasis should take 1-2 cup of bitter gourd juice in empty stomach in the morning. Continue this for 5-6 months. Patient may add a tablespoon of lime juice, if found difficult to digest the bitter taste.

Lecithin seeds
Lecithin seeds are another effective home remedy for the treatment of psoriasis. Take 3-4 tablespoon of lecithin seeds every day for 2-3 month. This has a magical effect and shows great result within 2-3 months.

(Til) Sesame seeds
Sesame seeds are good for the treatment of various skin-related diseases. Take 15-20 sesame seeds and soak in a glass of water. Keep it overnight and drink in empty stomach early in the morning.Other vegetable seeds important for the treatment of psoriasis are sunflower and pumpkin seeds.


Renal Calculi Causes, Symptoms, Renal Calculi Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Renal calculi, more commonly known as kidney stones or urinary stones, is one of the most prevalent types of urinary disorders found in people all over the world. Renal calculi affect 1 in 20 people at some time or other in their lives, to a negligible or a noticeable extent. Hence, it is very important to know all the aspects of this urinary problem so that it can be nipped in the bud.

Definition of Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

Renal calculi are solid accretions of mineral substances that are found in the urine. These can vary in size and number and are generally found in the ureters, bladder or the kidneys. The smallest kidney stones could be as much as a pinhead, while the largest could be the size of a grapefruit. Accumulation of minerals in the urine is a very normal phenomenon, and in most cases, they are passed out with the urine without any sensation to the person. However, if the mineral accretions accumulate into big sizes over time, then they are not eliminated the normal way. This is when sharp pains are felt in the flanks, abdomen and groin. This is what is commonly referred to as the medical problem of renal calculi or kidney stones.
In medical language, renal calculi are also termed as nephrolithiases or urolithiases, where the root word ‘lith’ means a stone. Ayurveda terms this problem as vrukka ashmari.

Causes of Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

Our kidneys do the all-important work of filtering the impurities out of the bloodstream. This process is called as excretion. Excretion is not a single step process. In order to understand why renal calculi are formed, it is necessary to have at least a layman’s knowledge of the human excretory process.
Excretion takes place in the Malphigian bodies located in the renal cortex of the kidney. The Malphigian body is a system of highly coiled glomerulus which is in contact with a cup-shaped region called as the Bowman’s capsule. When impure blood flows through the glomerulus under pressure, the ultra-filtration takes place, when the impurities are voided from the blood into the Bowman’s capsule. However, in this process several of the important minerals and water content is also voided out.
In the next process, called as selective re-absorption, the filtered content passes through the U-shaped tube of Henle. This is when most of the essential minerals and water are reabsorbed back into the bloodstream. These minerals pass out into the circulatory system of the body via the blood. But in some instances, some mineral residues are left behind in the kidneys, causing what is commonly known as kidney stones. Over time, these kidney stones could grow in size and cause pains.
In normal conditions, the human urine contains some factors that inhibit (thwart) the buildup of mineral deposits in it. Such substances are magnesium, citrates, pyrophosphate, etc. If there is a deficiency of these substances, then there is a chance that the minerals will crystallize in the urine leading to kidney stones.
People who take antacids and thus alter the pH of the urine are also at higher risk of getting kidney stones since altering the pH of the urine causes precipitation of the minerals.
Ayurveda treats nephrolithiases as a kapha dosha disorder. Kapha dosha is responsible for the proper balance between the earth and the water components, i.e. it pertains to the symbiosis between the surroundings and the human body. Vitiation in the kapha dosha can bring about accumulation of mineral deposits in the excretory tract, giving rise to kidney stones.

People who are at Risk of Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

Kidney stones are not indiscriminate, i.e. they affect only particular types of people. The following are the groups of people who are more susceptible of developing kidney stones than others:-
People who live on a diet rich in animal protein and low in fibers and fluids can get kidney stones due to mineral retention in their urinary tract.
People who have a family history of kidney stones may get it themselves, indicating a hereditary aspect of the problem.
People with complaints of high blood pressure (hypertension) are more at risk of getting kidney stones.
People who are bedridden due to long illnesses can get stones in their kidneys.
People who have heartburn repeatedly and take antacids have greater chances of developing kidney stones.
People who work in stressful conditions are also probable targets of kidney stones.
At the same time, men are much more vulnerable to vrukka ashmari than women. A survey indicated that one-fourteenth of all men and one-thirtieth of all women are susceptible to kidney stones. This means that men have double the chances of getting kidney stones than women. Also, the onset of kidney stones is generally observed between the ages of 20 and 40 years.

Symptoms of Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

Renal calculi develop quite stealthily, as there are no observable symptoms in the early stages. As time advances, the person begins to feel the following symptoms:-
Severe pain in the flanks, lower abdomen and groin area
Burning sensation while urinating
Blood in the urine
Feelings of nausea and vomiting
Fear psychosis in traveling and consuming food.
Apart from these symptoms, if there is fever accompanied with chills, then it is most probably a urinary tract infection. The complication must be diagnosed through a doctor and proper medication must be done.
Some people think that sharper pains and more blood in the urine means a bigger sized kidney stone. However, this is just a misconception. It is not the size of the stone, but the placement of it in the urinary tract and the mineral content of it that is responsible for severer symptoms.

Complications due to Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

Stones that are allowed to remain in the kidneys for prolonged periods of time will grow in size. This will lead to the necessity of surgical removal. Hence, medical help must be sought as soon as the symptoms of renal calculi begin to make their appearance. Also, kidney stones can lead to urinary tract infections.

Transmission of Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

Renal calculi are non-communicable; they cannot be transmitted from one person to another. This is a metabolic disorder and arises due to problems in the physiology of excretion. However, the disorder can be genetically transmitted.

Prevention of Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

It is not very difficult to prevent the onset of renal calculi. Some changes in the lifestyle and diet are required. The following are some guidelines.
Lead an active lifestyle. Perform plenty of exercise through your work.
At the same time, do not overexert yourself by adhering to stringent exercise routines.
Be cheerful as far as possible. Mental tensions and worries can prove to be triggering factors for kidney stones.
There are several dietary steps to be followed.
For those guidelines, refer to the next topic.

Diet for Preventing Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

A substantial diet can be your best protection against renal calculi. The following guidelines must be obeyed:-
Several foods can increase the chances of getting renal calculi. The following is a list of such foods, which must be avoided:-
Vitamin C can help minerals crystallize in the urine. Hence, all sources of vitamin C such as oranges, lemons, tomatoes, etc. must be avoided by people who have a history of renal calculi. Foods with vitamin D supplements in them must be avoided.
Fruits such as apples, figs, pineapples and berries must also be avoided as they are rich in mineral iron content.
Spices must be reduced in the diet. Special avoidance of black pepper and red chili must be followed.
Milk and milk products such as chocolates, cheese and butter are harmful to people with a propensity towards vrukka ashmari.
Vegetables such as cauliflower, cabbage, asparagus and spinach can bring about faster crystallization of minerals in the urine.
Beverages such as tea and coffee must be reduced.
Alcohol must be strictly avoided, especially beer as it is brewed with Brewer’s Yeast.
If the urine of the person is acidic, then most probably there is mineralization due to excessive flesh foods. Such people must avoid all the three kinds of flesh foods, viz. meat, fish and poultry.
At the same time, the person must take a large amount of fluids, especially water. Plain water helps to increase the liquid bulk of urine. In most cases, people can get the stones broken down by drinking a lot of water and then allowing a strong flow of urine to pass out through their urethra.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Renal Calculi (Vrukka Ashmari)

Since centuries, Ayurveda has been quite efficient in curing problems with kidney stones. Both individual herbs and Ayurvedic preparations are efficacious in solving vrukka ashmari problems.The following is a list of the most prominent Ayurvedic herbs used in the treatment of kidney stones, with their actions on the human body.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Ajmoda Apium graveolens Celery Celery is a very viable treatment for people who wish to prevent the formation of kidney stones. Just including celery in the regular diet can help to prevent the crystallization of minerals in the urine.
Heena or Mehndi Lawsonia alba Henna In order to expel kidney stones, the bark of the mehndi tree is mixed with twenty parts of water till it boils down to one-fourth its previous volume. This decoction is taken in volumes of 20 to 30 ml, twice or thrice a day, depending on the nature of severity of the pain.
Mooli Raphanus sativus Radish A decoction of mooli seeds and leaves can be taken in order to eject the kidney stones through the urinary system.
Pashanabheda Saxifraga ligulata Silver Saxifrage In Sanskrit, pashana means ‘stone’ and bheda means 'to break'. This herb, which literally breaks the rock it grows in, has been accorded capability of breaking the stones within the kidney and helping them to pass out with the urine.
Tulsi Ocimum sanctum Holy Basil Holy basil has a capability to strengthen the kidneys and thus improve their excretory function. The juice of the tulsi leaves taken on a daily basis with honey for six months will cause the expulsion of the kidney stones through the urinary tract.
Varuna Crataeva nurvala Three-leaved Caper Varuna is an herb with diuretic properties. It is useful in the treatment of renal calculi and also urinary tract infections if they arise.

Apart from the herbs mentioned above, the following Ayurvedic preparations are also known to have efficiency in treating renal calculi:-
Kshara parpati
Shilajit
Ashmari hara kashaya
Chandraprabha
Gokshura kadha is a decoction that is used to promote easy flow of urine. It also helps in relieving the burning sensation while passing out the urine.

Rheumatism, Rheumatism Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Rheumatism can be explained as a condition in which a person experiences severe pain in bone, muscles, joints, etc. This disease is most common among people above 5 years of age. However, there is no particular cause for rheumatism; major causes may include heredity, hormonal disorder, infection in tooth, etc. This article will explain in detail about the various aspects of rheumatism, its cause, symptoms, and home remedies.

Causes for Rheumatism

Major causes include heredity, hormonal disorder, infection in tooth, etc.

Home remedies for curing Rheumatism

Patient suffering from rheumatism has sleepless nights; pain in joints and muscles makes him unable in doing anything. Given below are some of the most effective home remedies used for the treatment of rheumatism.

Cod liver oil:
Cod liver oil is one of the best oil extract in making bones strong and healthy. Patient suffering from rheumatism should take 2-3 teaspoon of cod liver oil along with a glass of orange juice. This should be taken at night before sleeping.

Apple cider vinegar:
Similarly, apple extract vinegar is also very effective in curing rheumatism. Take equal amount (2-3 teaspoon) of vinegar and honey and mix in a glass of lukewarm water. Take this mixture 1-2 times a day at least for a month. This will show tremendous improvement.

Balanced diet:
Balanced diet is very important for good health. Patient suffering from rheumatism should take proper care of his health. One should stick to green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, whole wheat grains, salads, cereals, etc. Also junk foods, oily and spicy food should be strictly avoided. Patient should drink at least 8-10 glasses of water everyday. This clears the bowel movement and also removes any kind of toxic substance accumulated in the body.
Red meat, mutton is not good for patient suffering from rheumatism. The uric acid produced in the body due to mutton worsens the muscular and joint pains.

Ajwain seeds
Take 2 teaspoon of ajwain seeds in a glass of warm water. Take this mixture everyday early in the morning in an empty stomach.

Walnut:
Walnut is good for health, it makes bone and muscles strong and healthy. Patient suffering from rheumatism should take walnut.

Potato:
Raw potato juice is a great ayurvedic medicine for curing rheumatism. Patient may take 2-3 teaspoon of potato extract 2-3 times a day. This should be taken at least for a month to see better result. Potato peel is also good for curing rheumatism. Take potato peels and boil in a glass of water. Allow it to boil till water reduces to half. Drain the mixture and drink this at least 3-4 times a day.

Bitter gourd:
Bitter gourd is one of the most valuable vegetable with so much medicinal properties in it. Bitter gourd is good for diabetic patients, similarly, it is good for rheumatism as well. Take half glass of bitter gourd extract and 1-2 teaspoon of honey into it. Take this mixture 1-2 times a day for fast relief from joint pains.

Carrot:
Fresh prepared carrot juice is good for patient suffering from rheumatism. Take a glass of carrot juice mixing 1-2 tablespoon of lemon extract. One can take this mixture 2-3 times a day.

Lemon:
Lemon juice can also be taken without mixing with carrot. Patient may take a glass of lemon juice 2-3 times a day, also before going to bed.
Apart from the above mentioned home remedies rheumatic patient have some other things to get their achy bones, muscles a relief. First, relaxing in a warm-water tub with rosemary mixed into it is a great idea to relief from inflammation. Second, gently apply garlic extract, horseradish extract over the affected area. This will give you quick relief from pain. Third, drink 2-3 times raspberry tea in a day. Fourth, avoid junk and sweet food items and stick to balanced healthy food. Fifth, massage the achy portions with a mixture of oil containing equal amount of olive and kerosene oil. Another substance used for massage is warm vinegar. Sixth, go for sunbath, etc. Seventh, breathing exercises and yogas are also quite helpful in relieving from joint or muscular pain. Rheumatic patient should stay happy all the time, living stressful will only cause more stress and lot more diseases. Just remember healthy food habit, regular exercise and a stress-free, happy attitude towards life is the main mantra of happy and disease-free life.

Symptoms for Rheumatism

Patient suffering from rheumatism experiences severe body pain, joint pain, stiff muscles, swollen and stiff shoulder, etc. Patient may also experience high fever, pain in eyes, loss of sleep, improper and inadequate sleep, etc. Some patient can also go to severe stages like coma. Other symptoms include inflammation at the time of urination and improper urination.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Causes, Symptoms, Arthritis Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Rheumatoid arthritis or Aamavata is one of the most serious of bone-related concerns. Millions of people all over the world are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and putting up with the problems related to the ailment. Rheumatoid arthritis is almost always a chronic disease, i.e. it can last for several years in the body, though it may not show the symptoms. When the disease symptoms are shown, they are observed as sharp pains in the joints of the body. People with rheumatoid arthritis find it very difficult to perform any physical task, and that includes walking, running, lifting heavy objects or even sitting down in particular postures. In fact, rheumatoid arthritis is just one of the over hundred forms of arthritis that afflicts human beings. But it can be called as the most popular and the most severe of all forms of arthritis. Unlike its close cousin osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis affects younger people also; it has been seen that people between the ages of 20 to 50 years are susceptible to the disease. Also women are more vulnerable than men.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a very popular ailment, but unfortunately, there is no permanent medical cure for it. However, some Ayurvedic techniques can prepare an arthritic person to lead a fulfilling normal life, despite the disease.

Definition of Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

Rheumatoid arthritis or Aamavata is an autoimmune disease which causes chronic inflammation of the bone joints.
The human body is protected by an immune system which combats against toxins and microorganisms that attack the body from time to time. This immune system is a system of various complex hormones and enzymes that have to understand the changes that are occurring within the body. But sometimes, there is a misinterpretation of the bodily signals. At such times, the immune system works more than necessary, and this is what causes the immune system to attack the body itself. Such a disease is called as an autoimmune disease.
Rheumatoid arthritis is also an autoimmune disease. The articulation of bones, i.e. the joints, is covered by a membrane called as the synovium. The function of the synovium is to protect lubrication for the movement of the joints. For some reason, the autoimmune cells of the body come to rest in the synovium. An extensive action of the autoimmune cells here causes inflammation, resulting in the condition known as rheumatoid arthritis.

Types of Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

Rheumatoid arthritis is itself a type of arthritis, of which more than a hundred types are known. However, since its effects are extensive, other organs of the body can also be involved, leading to what is known as extra-articular rheumatoid arthritis. Depending on which other organ is involved, there are the following types of extra-articular rheumatoid arthritis:-
Type of Extra-Articular Rheumatoid Arthritis
Affected Organ/Part
Dermatological Nodules present under the skin at the elbow and the knee joints
Pulmonary Lungs
Renal Kidney
Cardiovascular Heart and related organs
Ocular Eyes
Neurological Nervous system

Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

As already explained above, rheumatoid arthritis is caused when the autoimmune system of the body happens to attack the joints of the body causing an inflammation. However, why the autoimmune effectuates this attack is not known very clearly. Thus, to some extent, the reason of the onset of rheumatoid arthritis in humans remains a mystery to medical science.
Though the exact cause is not known, there are some suspected triggers, i.e. risk factors that may cause the condition of rheumatoid arthritis. Some of these triggers are:-
Infections by microorganisms, including viruses and bacteria
Smoking and alcoholism
Genetic propensity
Ayurveda has a slightly different explanation for the onset of rheumatic arthritis. In Sanskrit, aama means rheum, which is a fluid deposited in the cells as a result of improper digestion. When the vata dosha of the body is vitiated, then there is more circulation of aama in the body. This aama settles in the membrane surrounding the joints, leading to pains. This also explains the etymology of the Sanskrit name, aamavata.
In Ayurveda, there are more triggering factors for aamavata than those mentioned above. They are:-
Exhaustion for long periods of time
Excessive masturbation and sex
Emotional disturbances

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

The most prominent symptom of rheumatoid arthritis is the pain in the joints which it causes. Though the pain can be felt in almost every articulation of the body, the most common joints are those of the hands and the legs, such as:-
The elbow joint
The articulations between the carpals, i.e. the bones of the wrist
The articulations between the phalanges, i.e. the bones of the fingers and toes
The knee joint
The ankle joint
The following kinds of symptoms help to diagnose the condition of rheumatoid arthritis:-
Pain in the joints generally arises in the morning after getting up, or after long periods of rest, such as sitting in a particular position.
The pains will occur symmetrically. Meaning that, joints on both sides of the body will be affected at the same time.
There is a loss of sensation in the joints.
The muscles attached to those particular joints become weak and cannot be used to do any kind of heavy work.
There is a constant tired feeling, which may become too extreme when there is a sharp bout of pain.
There may be fevers when the pains are acute.

Complications due to Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

Rheumatoid arthritis or Aamavata is a chronic disease, i.e. it can persist for several years.
Naturally then, it can cause several complications in the long run. Some of the complications that rheumatoid arthritis can cause in the human body are as follows:-
If rheumatoid arthritic pains continue for a long time, it may cause deformity of the joints.
Thus a person must seek treatment as soon as possible.
Small lumps are formed over time under the skin at the regions of the joints. These lumps are called as subcutaneous rheumatoid nodules. Generally these nodules are not painful, but they can cause deformities. Nodules are mostly formed at the elbows, knees and at the Achilles' tendons.
Rheumatoid arthritis does not confine itself to the bones and joints alone. Over time, several complications can arise in different parts of the body. The following is a list of the critical complications that rheumatoid arthritis can cause in parts of the body other than the bones and joints:-
(i) Lungs – Fibrosis can be caused.
(ii) Kidneys – Amyloidosis can be caused.
(iii) Heart and Vascular System – Complications such as pericarditis, endoscarditis, valvulitis, fibrosis and failure of the left ventricle can be caused.
(iv) Eyes – Xerophthalmia, i.e. the dry eye condition can be caused.

Transmission of Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

Since the cause of Aamavata is shrouded in mystery until now, it is not easy to say what the transmitting factors of the disease are, and whether it can actually be transmitted from one person to other. The contribution of viruses and bacteria in spreading the disease are being surveyed and also the role of hereditary factors is under study.

Prevention of Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

Rheumatoid arthritis or Aamavata is not a very difficult disease to control. A health-conscious person can easily keep the problem at bay by taking a few general precautions. Regular Exercise – Regular exercise keeps the different joints of the body active and generates the necessary lubrication required for them. This drastically reduces the chances of having rheumatoid arthritis in the future. It has been observed that Aamavata is more prominently seen in people who do not exercise much and lead a sedentary lifestyle. Hence, keeping active may be the key to keep rheumatoid arthritis at bay.
Keep weight under control – People who are obese have much more chances of getting rheumatoid arthritis than slimmer people. This is because, in obese people, there is more stress on the bones and the joints. Hence, keeping a proper tab on the weight reduces the chances of Aamavata.
Proper Diet – Aamavata is one of those diseases that can be avoided just by having a nutritious diet. For the ideal diet for arthritic persons, see the next heading below.
Taking medication on time – People with problems with Aamavata must take regular medicines as prescribed by their doctors. The common mistake done by arthritic persons is that they take medicines only when there is a flare-up of the pain. This makes the pain more severe. Taking regular medicines will ease the severity when there is a flare-up.
Using cold packs – For temporary relief, cold packs can be placed on the areas where the pain occurs more severely. Cold causes the affected area to become numb and thus it desensitizes the pain when there is a flare-up.
Heat therapy – Alternately, heat can also be used to get temporary relief from the arthritic pains. Heat makes the tissues tender and allows better blood circulation. This eases the pain.

Diet during Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

Diet is one of the most important prophylactic (i.e. preventive) treatments of rheumatoid arthritis. An orderly diet can just nip the pains in the bud, as suggested by Ayurveda. The following foodstuffs are potent in keeping aamavata at bay:-
Both sugar and salt must be reduced.
Fried and gassy foods such as potatoes and pulses must be kept at a minimum.
Fats that are consumed must be of plant, and not animal, origin.
Cut short on the intake of chilies, peppers and tomatoes.
Only castor oil has the capacity to reduce the aama. Other oils must be avoided.
At least one bitter and pungent dish must be included in every meal. This controls vata and relieves aama.
Ginger tea with lemon and honey is good when there are flare-ups of pain.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis (Aamavata)

Doctors all over the world are leaning to Ayurvedafor the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. This only goes to show the effects of Ayurvedic medicines in the treatment. A list is given below of the commonly used Ayurvedic herbs and their potency in the human system.
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Haldi Curcuma longa Turmeric Oil obtained from the fresh rhizomes of turmeric is beneficial as an anti-inflammatory agent.
Heeng Ferula assafoetida Asafetida Asafetida can be either taken with coconut oil or with ginger paste to get relief from problems with inflammatory diseases.
Lahsuna Allium sativum Garlic Garlic has been proven to have immense anti-arthritic
properties. Garlic taken daily in small doses helps to strengthen the immune system and clear the aama.
Sunthi Zingiber officinalis Ginger Ginger is prescribed traditionally for the treatment of arthritic pains. One way of taking ginger is as an infusion while going to bed, and then sleeping with a blanket to allow perspiration. Ginger can also be applied externally as a paste over the joint.
Yashtimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice Licorice has been used since ancient times for the treatment of all inflammatory diseases. Just chewing a piece of licorice is effective in allaying the pains.
Mahayogaraja Guggulu is a very potent Ayurvedic remedy for the treatment of aamavata. It contains about 24 pungent herbs that can control the vata dosha and hence clear the aama buildup in the bone joints. It also contains minerals for better pain-relieving effect. A lighter version of it is Yogaraja Guggulu, which does not contain mineral supplements.
Ayurveda also has some beneficial oil preparations for external application over the affected parts. Oils like Sahacharadi tailam, Vishagarbha tailam, Kshirabala tailam and Dhanwantara tailam have been used over arthritic pains since centuries.

Ring Worm Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Introduction

Ringworm is a common skin disease caused due to fungal attacks on the skin. People suffering from this disease experiences a round or ring shaped dark red/pink spots on the skin. It is quite painful and irritating. This disease can attack people of all age. However, children are more susceptible to it. Ringworm may attack in any part of the body; it especially attacks in underarms, waist, thighs, and fingers. Some times it spread over the entire scalp. In ayurveda it is included in kushth roga. This article will explain in detail about the various aspects of ringworm, its causes, symptoms, and most importantly the effective and simple, easily available home remedies for ringworm.

Causes for Ringworm

Ringworm can be due to many things. The major causes of this skin disease are accumulation of sweat in the covered areas of our body, such as underarm, waist, thighs, between fingers, etc. Another cause of ringworm is using clothes, towels of the person suffering from ringworm or other skin disease. This infectious disease is caused also due to pets like dogs and cats and also through the untreated prolonging wounds on the body.

Diet for Ringworm

Balanced diet is a must to keep your body healthy and disease free. Patient suffering from ringworm should survive only on fruit-based diet at least for 6-7 days. This fruit-based diet should include pineapple, apple, pomegranate (anar), citrus fruits like orange, etc. The main idea behind this fruit-based diet is that this diet would clear all the unwanted and toxic materials inside the body, which is causing skin and other disease. After a week, patient may start taking whole wheat bread, green leafy vegetables, milk and yoghurt, etc. a complete balanced diet must include fruits, green vegetables, whole wheat grain, cereals, grams, etc. Junk or oily food is not good for health and should be strictly avoided. Patient suffering from ringworm should also include fresh vegetable juice in their diet.Apart from the above mentioned home remedies. Given below are some other important things that a patient suffering from ringworm should take care of.
Drink plenty of water.
Do yoga and meditation, especially breathing asanas.
Go for morning walk, inhale fresh air, do little exercise, etc.
Keep your body clean, use good quality (ayurvedic or medicated) soap, also apply mud pack (multani mitti) on your skin, use clean and soft towel, always dry your body with towel before wearing clothes.
Always wear clean and well-fitted clothes.
Bath twice a day, or thrice who perspire a lot. This will keep the body clean, and sweat and other germs will not infect your body and skin. But do not bath in hurry, always rub your body with your hands, using good quality scrubber while bathing.
Sunbath is also good for patient suffering from ringworm

Symptoms for Ringworm

Person suffering from ringworm will see round red/pink patches over the skin. Patient will experience stickiness as if some fluid is coming out of the patches. They also experience irritation, inflammation, etc. Patient may feel like itching the infected area.
Causes
Ringworm can be due to many things. The major causes of this skin disease are accumulation of sweat in the covered areas of our body, such as underarm, waist, thighs, between fingers, etc. Another cause of ringworm is using clothes, towels of the person suffering from ringworm or other skin disease. This infectious disease is caused also due to pets like dogs and cats and also through the untreated prolonging wounds on the body.

Treatment for Ringworm

Ringworm is quite painful and irritating. If not treated early, starts spreading over the skin and cause severe pain and other problems. Given below are some of the useful and simple home remedies for the treatment of ringworm.

Mustard seeds (Sarson)
Mustard or sarson seeds are good for the treatment of ringworm. Make a paste of powdered mustard seeds in water. Apply this paste over the infected skin and allow it to dry. Do this at least 3-4 times a day, till the infection is treated completely.

Butea seeds ( Palaashke beej)
Butea or Palaash is an effective herb used for the treatment of ringworm. Take few seeds of Palaash and grind it in fine powder. Add little water to it and make a paste, apply this paste over the infected skin. Do this at least for 3-4 times a day till the infection is completely cured.

Haldi (Turmeric powder):
Make a paste of turmeric powder in water and apply it over the entire infected skin. Allow it to dry, then wash with water and dry with soft towel. This will show good and fast result.

Papita (Papaya)
Raw papaya is a good medicine for ringworm. Take a piece of raw papaya and rub it gently over the infected area. Do this 3-4 times a day. However, patient may feel irritation or inflammation on the skin while rubbing. Do not panic, it ceases after some time. Continue this remedy till the disease is completely treated.

Lemon
Lemon is another effective home remedy for the treatment of ringworm. Take a lime and cut into two pieces. Take a piece and spread common salt over its inner portion. Then apply it over the infected area, slowly and then apply little force and try to scrub the infected skin. After that wash it off with water and dry it with clean, soft towel. Do this till the infection is treated completely.

Basal leaf (Tulsi leaf)
Similarly, basal or tulsi leaf extract should be applied to the infected skin. Take 15-20 basal leaf and extract its juice. Apply it over the spots and allow it to dry. Repeat it 3-4 times daily till the infection is treated completely. This too is an effective home remedy and shows great improvement within 2-3 days.

Nariyal (Coconut) oil:
Coconut oil is also a good remedy. Apply 3-4 drops of coconut oil over the infected skin, this will keep the skin soft and soothes the infected skin.

Bay leaf (tejpatta)
Bay leaf or tejpatta is also an effective medicine. Make paste of green bay leaves adding water to it and apply over the infected area. This will sooth the skin and the swelling of the skin will also decrease.

Scar Treatment, Diet
Introduction

Scars are the marks of acne, measles, small pox, skin burn, etc., even after the burnt skin or the infected skin is treated. Overexposure to sun rays also leads to scar on face, hands, etc. Studies have also shown that apart from the above causes dark marks or scars can also occur due to stressful life style, improper bowel movement, excess intake of oily and junk foods, etc. Scars are quite embarrassing if it is on face or other exposed parts of the body. With advanced technologies, today there are various treatments available which may help in removing the scars permanently from the skin. However, one cannot rely entirely on these treatments as these have lots of side effects. It is due to these side effects people are looking for some effective ayurvedic home remedies for curing scars. This article will explain in detail in what all ways can scars be cured by using natural herbs and other easily available items at home.

Treatment for Scars

Scars are embarrassing; sometimes people start feeling low self-esteem, embarrassment in mixing with others, loose confidence, and even become irritating. Given below are some of the simplest and effective home remedies in order to get reed of this embarrassing marks.

Lemon juice:
The citric nature of lemon helps in cleaning the skin and removing any kind of scar. Apply lemon juice over the effected skin, or rub lemon over the skin by cutting it in two half.

Tomato:
Similarly, tomato juice extract is also good for curing scars. Apply freshly prepared tomato juice over the effected area, or simply rub tomato over the skin by cutting it in two pieces.

Almond oil:
Almond oil is also very effective for removing skin cars. Apply and gently massage the effected area with this oil.

Fuller's earth (multani mitti)
Fuller's earth pack is also very good for curing burnt skin or other old scars. Prepare a paste of multani mitti and lemon juice, by taking two teaspoon of each. Add little amount of water to it. One can also add rosewater in place of water. Apply this paste over the effected area and allow it to dry for 10-15 minutes.
Wash the skin using cold water. Apply this paste 1-2 times a day, till the scar is not removed completely.

Fenugreek (methi ) seeds:
Fenugreek or methi seeds are useful in treating various diseases. Even for treating scars, pimples, dryness, etc., fenugreek seeds are quite effective. Prepare a solution by adding 1-2 tablespoon of methi seeds in a 750-1000 ml of water. Allow it to boil for 5-7 minutes.
Let the solution to cool, and wash your face and other effected areas. One can see great improvement within a week. Do this at least once in a week even after scars and other marks are removed.

Margossa (neem) leaves:
Similarly, margossa or neem leaves are also very good for treating different skin diseases. Scars especially due to chicken pox or pimples are easily cured by neem leaves. Apply neem-leaf extract over the effected area 2-3 times a day till the scar is not removed completely.

Mint (pudina) leaves
Mint leaves are very good for removing ark circles, pimple marks, scars, etc. Take 10-15 pudina leaves and wash them. Take them in a perforated clean cotton cloth and extract mint leaf juice. Apply this juice extract over the effected area.

Sandalwood (chandan):
Sandalwood paste is really one of the best and effective ayurvedic treatment for scars and other marks on skin. Soak sandalwood in water and keep it overnight. Apply it over the effected area and allow it to dry for 10-15 minutes. Wash it off using cold water. One can also add black gram paste into it.

Cucumber:
Cucumber extract is also very good in removing dark scars. Apply cucumber extract over the effected area and keep for 5-10 minutes and wash it off. Do this 2-3 times a day until the scar is not removed completely.

Banana:
Mash ripe banana and apply over the effected skin. Allow it to dry for 5-7 minutes and then wash it off.

Balance Diet for Scars

Eating healthy and nutritional foods are essential to keep body and mind healthy. Person with scars, dark patches should eat plenty of green vegetables, fruits, cereals, salads, etc. One should also drink 8-10 glasses of water everyday. Similarly, freshly prepared fruit juice is also very good for health. Junk food, oily and fatty foods should be strictly avoided. Oily foods tend to produce harmful chemicals in the body and hence result in skin pigmentation. Apart from the above mentioned home remedies for removing scar, one should always live happy and stress free. Doing yoga and exercises is also very good for health. One should go for morning and evening walk, do different breathing exercises and other yogaasanas. Sunbath is also very good. One should not use chemical soaps for skin, medicated soaps, rosewater, etc., are good for the skin. Applying ice cubes over the skin also help in removing the dark pigments and scars.

Sciatica Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Sciatica is a very common ailment of advancing age. Most people as they reach in their late thirties begin complaining of pain in their lower backs or in their legs. This is generally due to sciatica. However sciatica is not a very serious problem in most cases. Though the pains may be severe sometimes, the overall ailment itself gets healed as time passes. Some necessary precautions and a proper diet helps in the treatment of sciatica.

Definition of Sciatica (Gridhrasi)

Sciatica is defined as an inflammation of the supporting tissues of the sciatic nerves of the leg. This inflammation is felt as a pain running from the lumbar (lower back) region to the back of the legs. Sciatica pains can be felt in either one or both of the legs. A general confusion is that sciatica is an ailment in itself. Actually this is not so. Sciatica is the name given to the set of symptoms shown due to an inflammation at any point along the entire sciatic nerve. Hence, for the treatment of sciatica, the physician needs to ascertain where the problem has originated from. The treatment of sciatica is different in different persons due to this variation. Sciatica is felt more with advancing age. Generally 30 is the age where the sciatic pains might begin in a person, and they go on aggravating as the age advances.

Types of Sciatica (Gridhrasi)

Sciatica is a general term given to any inflammation of the sciatic nerve which runs from the lumbar region to the back of the leg. Though any such ailment can be termed loosely as sciatica, medical science recognizes only one form of this pain as true sciatica. True Sciatica – This is the sciatica caused by the compression of the lumbar spine nerve root. Its main cause is a herniated vertebral disc in the spine. Pseudo Sciatica – Pseudo or false sciatica is the sciatica pain caused due to the compression of the peripheral regions of the spinal nerve. The pains caused by pseudo sciatica are the same as those caused by true sciatica.

Causes of Sciatica (Gridhrasi)

Depending on the origin and nature of the pains of sciatica, there are several causative factors:-
(i) The compression of the spinal nerve root or the spinal nerve itself due to a herniated vertebral disc in the spine is one of the major reasons of true sciatica.
(ii) The piriformis muscles are located on the pelvic girdle, below the gluteal muscles. A spasmodic contraction of the piriformis muscle can strangle the nearby sciatic nerve, resulting in pains of pseudo sciatica. This is known as the piriformis syndrome.
(iii) Sciatica can also be triggered by faulty posture methods. This includes slumping on a chair, sleeping in a curved position and insufficient exercise of the hip and lower back muscles.
(iv) Contorting the body to unreal angles, falling from a height or any accident that hurts the lower back region can be a triggering cause for the pains of sciatica.
(v) As a person’s age advances, there is a general wear and tear of the sciatic nerve, or the muscles supporting the sciatic nerve. This causes a compression on the nerve, which results in pains of sciatica.
(vi) Some infections and tumors can cause exertion of the sciatic nerve, causing sciatica.
(vii) Miscellaneous other reasons that can cause sciatica are abscesses and blood clots. Obesity and related conditions such as atherosclerosis can also trigger the pains of sciatica.

Symptoms of Sciatica (Gridhrasi)

The most poignant symptom of sciatica is the feeling of a pain that travels from the lumbar (lower back) region to the back of the legs. This pain is generally felt on one of the sides. Sciatica pains are of different types depending on where exactly on the sciatic nerve the pain is originating from. The pain can be of the following types:-
Pins and needles
Numbing pain
Pain accompanied by muscular weakness
The sciatica pain is felt during performing specific activities like sitting or standing. In some people, the pain is triggered by coughing or sneezing, which exerts the lower back region. This kind of pain can be very severe and last for several minutes, and sometimes hours.

Complications due to Sciatica (Gridhrasi)

Sciatica is a condition that heals itself with time if proper precautions are taken. However, in people who neglect the symptoms of sciatica, there can be the possibility of onset of more severe complications. Some of these complications are as follows:-
(i) A person suffering from prolonged sciatica may lose the sensation in the lower back and the leg region. This is caused by the continuous numbing of the nerves, especially the sciatic nerve.
(ii) A prolonged suffering of sciatica could compound into dietary disorders such as loss of bowel movements leading to incontinence.

Transmission of Sciatica (Gridhrasi)

Sciatica is a physiological disorder caused due to inflammation of the sciatic nerve of the person. It is a non communicable disorder.

Reducing Pains of Sciatica (Gridhrasi)

Sciatica generally heals itself as time passes. But as long as it lasts, the pains are extremely severe. A few techniques can help to reduce the onset of pains of sciatica. Do not sleep in the fetal position. Lie straight on your back or with bent knees supported by a pillow.Ice pack therapy is also found to be relaxing. Ice packs should be alternated with heating pads at about fifteen minute intervals. There are some supportive belts and braces available in the market which can provide a temporary relief from sciatica pains. If the pain is too aggravating, then it is good to have a complete bed-rest for a couple ofweeks, as suggested by the doctor. Light exercise must be done once the bed-rest is completed. This can be in the form of light walking, jogging and then moving on very gradually towards more straining exercises. A proper sleep pattern is also beneficial to treat mild sciatica conditions. Preferably a hard bed should be used for sleeping, or alternatively, the person can sleep on the floor on a mattress. This provides firm support for the sciatic nerves. Avoid heavy antibiotics. Simple antibiotics like ibuprofen and paracetamol may be taken in necessary. A visit to a chiropractor may help in reducing some of the pains. A good oil massage can be done to relieve pain.

Diet during Sciatica

Pains of sciatica are compounded with constipation. Hence all kinds of foods that can aggravate indigestion must be avoided. If a person has to strain while defecation, then it exerts the sciatic nerve; thus aggravating the pains. The following dietary regimen must be followed:-
A large proportion of the diet must be carbohydrates. Carbohydrates contain cellulose which provides roughage for the movement of bowels.
Green leafy vegetables should be incorporated in the diet. Green leafy vegetables provide fiber which improves digestion and elimination of wastes.
Fruits must be consumed in good amount. Fruits such as bananas and apples must be preferred as they aid in proper digestion.
Heavy meals must be avoided as they take a long time to digest. This may exert undue pressure on the lower back region.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Sciatica (Gridhrasi)

The treatment of sciatica by Ayurveda is open to debate. Though Ayurveda experts maintain that sciatica can be healed up to 90% using the techniques of Ayurveda, those in the medical profession refute these claims. Ayurveda can treat the severity of the pain and provide temporary relief in the condition, but there is no proof of a permanent cure. However there are several curative herbs that have been traditionally used by those who propound Ayurveda in order to reduce the pains of sciatica. A list of these herbs with their actions is given below:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Babunah Matricaria chamomilla Bitter Chamomile Bitter chamomile has been used since age-old times for the treatment of advancing age ailments such as rheumatism. It has also shown some powers in reducing the pains of sciatica. A compress of its flowers is prescribed for the treatment.
Guggulu Commiphora wightii Indian bdellium Guggulu is ascribed with anti-inflammatory properties. Sciatic nerves become relaxed when there is an external application of the oil of the guggulu.
Jaiphal Myristica fragrans Nutmeg Coarsely powdered nutmeg is mixed with the oil of sesame seeds and fried until brown. This is applied externally to obtain relief from the sharp pains of sciatica.
Juniper Juniperus communis Juniper Juniper oil is used in the massage therapy of sciatica. The oil is massaged with firm pressures on the leg and thigh muscles to reduce the pain. Juniper is also a carminative and a stomachic. Hence it can be used in curing indigestion problems. Kumari Aloe vera Indian Aloe Indian aloe has some properties in treating ailments of the lower back including lumbago and sciatica. Rasna Alpinia galanga Vanda Orchid Rasna is known to have some anti-inflammatory properties. These help in bringing comfort during the searing pains caused by sciatica. Shallaki Boswellia serratta Boswellia or Frankincense The gum of the shallaki is known to have anti-inflammatory properties when it is applied externally. Shallaki is a traditionally used remedy for other similar pains like arthritis and lumbago.

There are some Ayurvedic preparations that are supposed to have potency in the treatment of sciatica. These preparations are as follows:-
Trayo Dasanga Guggulu for oral use with water Sinhanada Guggulu for oral use
Godante Mishran in conjunction with Maha Rasnadi Kwatha for oral use
Brihat Vata Chintamani Ras for oral use
Maha Vishagarbha Telugu for external application over the affected area
Among all the alternative therapies for the treatment of sciatica, yoga is perhaps the most popular of the methods in use. Several yogic asanas have been developed since ancient times to create comfort for sciatica pains. The most beneficial yogic asanas in relieving sciatica pains are given below:-
Supta Padangushthasana – Sit on the ground supported on your palms with your feet outstretched in front of you. Keep your back straight. Now lower your back on the floor. Gradually fold one of your legs so that the knee faces your chin. Clasp the folded leg in your hands. Release the leg and hoist it in the air. Maintain this stance for 20 to 30 seconds; then repeat with the other leg. Bharadwajasana – This is the torso twisting asana. Sit on a firm straight backed chair or a stool with your knees slightly apart. Take a deep breath and twist your torso towards one side. Maintain this position for about 10 seconds; then gradually twist over to the other side. This is a very good exercise for the lower back.
Adhomukha Shwanasana – Come down on all fours. Keep your back extremely straight.

Sinusitis Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Sinusitis can be explained as a condition in which a person experiences severe and acute inflammation in the air-filled cavities present inside the human skull. Sinusitis may attack people of any age and sex. Children suffering from chronic disease like pain in ears, cold, and other viral diseases are prone to sinusitis. Asthmatic patients are also at higher risk of sinusitis. This article will explain in detail about the various aspects of sinusitis, its cause, symptoms, and home remedies.

Causes for Sinusitis

Sinusitis can be due to plenty of reasons. Physical disorders like problem in septum and swelling of the nasal bones are the causes of sinusitis. Person suffering from viral infections, bacterial and fungal attacks are other causes of sinusitis. Different types of allergies related to skin may also cause sinusitis. Studies have shown that stressful lifestyle, excess intake of alcohol, smoking, etc., are other causes of sinusitis. Pregnant women also suffer from sinusitis. Tumors also cause sinusitis.

Diet for Sinusitis

Eating healthy and nutritional foods are essential to keep body and mind healthy. Person suffering from sinusitis should eat plenty of green vegetables, fruits, cereals, salads, etc. Eat plenty of raw garlic and onions. It will open the nasal congestion and helps in curing sinusitis. Drink plenty of water (at least 8-10 glasses) and fruit juice. Take ginger, cinnamon tea with little sugar and milk. This really does wonder for the nasal congestion. Avoid junk and oily foods, chocolates, sweets, etc. Similarly, patient should not take milk or any kind of milk product. Milk products cause congestion and hence patient will experience problem in breathing. Apart from the above mentioned effective home remedies patient should take plenty of rest, stay happy and stress free. Sleeping in a right posture is also very important for the patients suffering from sinusitis. During sinusitis patients find difficulty in breathing, hence the best posture is lying on the side keeping 2 pillows below the head. The idea is to keep head little upward so that the mucus can easily discharge from the nose. Patient should also take water vapor; this will loosen and helps in easy discharge of mucus. Similarly, inhale salt solution (take a pinch of salt in your hand palm and add 2-3 drops of water in it) through one side of the nose, by closing the other side. It is also found that eucalyptus oil is good in curing sinusitis. Gargle 2-3 times a day with lukewarm water containing a pinch of salt in it.

Symptoms for Sinusitis

Patient suffering from sinusitis experiences continuous sneezing, mucus flow from nose, severe body pain, breathlessness, headache, fever, etc. Patient also losses taste for food, mood swing, gets irritated, etc.

Treatment for Sinusitis

Sinusitis is a troubling disease, given below are some of the best home remedies for its treatment.

Ginger:
Ginger is one of the oldest and effective home remedies for the treatment of different viral and nasal problems. Ginger extract is very good for curing sinusitis. Take small pieces of raw ginger and extract its juice. Take 1-2 teaspoon of this extract twice a day, until the disease s not cured completely.

Garlic:
Another effective home remedy is garlic. Take 4-5 garlic seeds and soak in water for some time. Make its paste and inhale its fragrance. This will loosen the mucus and will make breathing easier.

Fenugreek (methi) seeds:
Fenugreek or methi seeds are useful in treating various diseases like sinusitis. Prepare a mixture by adding 2-3 teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in a glass of water. Boil till the water content reduces to half. Drain the mixture, and take in small sips. Take this mixture 2-3 times a day until the disease is not cured completely.

Mustard seeds:
Take a teaspoon full of mustard seeds and in a glass of water. Boil until the water content reduces to half. Allow it to cool a little. With the help of a dropper, put 3-4 drops in the nose.

Cumin seeds:
Cumin seeds are also good in curing sinusitis. Take a teaspoon of cumin seeds in a perforated cotton cloth. Inhale the cumin fragrance.

Cinnamon:
It is also found that cinnamon seeds are good for curing sinusitis. Take 1-2 teaspoon of cinnamon powder; add a little amount of water to it. Apply this paste over the head and nose. This will really does wonder. Similarly, basil leaves extract cloves, etc., are quite effective in curing sinusitis.

Fruits:
Sinusitis patient should eat plenty of fresh juicy fruits like oranges, and other Vitamin C-rich fruits. Mango is also very good for sinusitis patient. Freshly prepared orange juice, sweet grape juice are best for curing sinusitis.

Smallpox Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Masurika has been widely described in Ayurveda. Since it is quite an ancient disease, there has been a very thorough study on the various aspects of the disease. Smallpox has got special chapter in Madhav’s extensive Ayurvedic treatise, the Nidana.

Definition of Smallpox (Masurika)

Smallpox is a highly contagious disease, which is observed as a condition of the skin. The disease causes pockmarks on the skin, which may persist on the skin even after being cured of the disease. In extreme cases, smallpox can cause blindness in one or both the eyes of the affected person. Smallpox is a viral disease. Two strains of the Variola virus, Variola major and Variola minor are the causative agents of the disease. Variola major is the more serious of the two infections. About 20 to 40% of all people infected with Variola major die, whereas the death rate in Variola minor infection is about 1%.

Symptoms of Smallpox (Masurika)

Smallpox is easily diagnosed with the following symptoms:-
The first symptoms begin showing 12 to 14 days after the infection. At this stage, pimply marks appear on the skin, especially on the face, hands and legs. These marks are called as macules. This is the stage when the person is the most contagious.
Two to three days later, the condition becomes more deteriorated. The macules grow in size to form vesicles. The vesicles get filled with pus. At this stage, they are called as pustules. In general cases, the pustules remain separated on the skin. This is called as discrete smallpox. In more serious cases, the pustules may combine together to form a sheet-like surface on the skin. This would tear off the top layer of the skin from the underlying surface. This is called as confluent smallpox. Confluent smallpox is almost always fatal if left untreated.
If the pustules do not become confluent, then by the twenty-eighth day the pustules begin drying up. As the pustules dry up, they flake off the skin. Pockmarks may or may not be left behind depending on the general constitution of the person. Once the pustules flake off completely, the person is said to be cured of the condition.
Apart from the above general symptoms, pain may occur in some cases. If there is pain, it usually begins in the second week. Pains are in the form of severe aches and prostration. There is a more serious form of smallpox known as the hemorrhagic smallpox. Hemorrhagic smallpox is characterized by the absence of any blisters on the skin. Instead, there is bleeding under the skin, which causes the skin to appear darkened.
The bleeding extends to the organs. There is hemorrhage in the corneas of the eyes, which causes blindness. The mortality rate of hemorrhagic smallpox is very high, i.e. 96%.

Prevention of Smallpox (Masurika)

Since smallpox is a contagious disease, all physical contact with the infected person must be stopped with immediate effect. The following things must be observed:-
* Clothes, combs, towels, etc. of the person must not be shared.
* While speaking with the person, face to face communication must be avoided.
* Any exchange of fluids with the infected person must be strictly avoided.
* The infected person must be very cautious while sneezing and coughing.
* Ideally, the infected person must be quarantined.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Smallpox (Masurika)

Treatment of smallpox is left more to nature than to medicine. This is because it is a viral infection and not much is known about viruses. The spread of smallpox, however, is checked by vaccination. If smallpox is left uncontrolled, it may become an epidemic and even a pandemic. Hence, timely prophylactic treatment for smallpox is very necessary. According to Ayurveda, masurika was considered to be a possession of the goddess Sitala. In age-old tradition, the person suffering from smallpox was externally treated with a mixture of neem, turmeric and flour. The purpose of this mixture was to create a cooling effect on the burning sensation caused by the pustules. Once the pustules were fully ripened, they were pricked with a short thorn to let the pus and infected blood flow out. Though a painful process, this was effective in relieving long-term pain in the patient. Today, such painful methods are no longer used. Ayurveda has retained almost the same constituents, but the methods used are different. Modern day Ayurveda focuses on the prevention of the disease rather than its treatment. The following herbs have been prescribed by Ayurveda to be effective in smallpox prevention. Herb/Plant Biological Name Effects/Actions against Masurika (Smallpox) Neem Azadirakhta indica It causes a cooling effect on the skin of the infected person. It also has antiviral and antibacterial properties to prevent further infections. Turmeric Curcuma longa It causes a cooling effect on the skin of the infected person. It is also known to delay the onset of fever by creating a blood-brain barrier. Pitta papra Fumaria officinalis It prevents the buildup of phlegm in the respiratory tract of the person and thus delays the onset of colds. Parval or Pointed gourd Trichosanthes dioica Its extract reduces high temperatures. It helps in digestion. Parval builds up the resistance of the body and helps in recuperation. Kutki Picrorhiza korrua It increases the production of the bile. It also helps combat further infections. Aroosa Adhatoda vasica Boosts the body system and makes it better prepared for combating further infections. Khus khus Vettiver zizanioides It causes a cooling effect in the body. Sandalwood Santalam album It causes a cooling effect in the body.
A decoction of neem bark, pitta papra, parval leaves, kutki, aroosa, khus khus and sandalwood along with parh, yavasa and amla can deter the virus that causes smallpox. The mixture must ideally be taken thrice a day. If it is too sour to the taste, it can be sweetened with raw sugar.

Sore Throat Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Sore throat is a condition in which a person suffers and experiences severe pain in the back portion of the throat. This can be due to viral disease like flu or common cold. This disease mostly attacks children of age 6 to 15 years. Another name of sore throat is tonsillitis. This article will explain in detail about all the various aspects of sore throat, its causes, symptoms, and effective ayurvedic/home remedies.

Causes for Sore Throat

Sore throat is quite troubling. The major causes of sore throat include viral diseases like flu and common cold. Sore throat can also be due to sinus, other contagious diseases, measles, etc. Severe and continuous vomiting may also cause sore throat and other throat-related problems.

Symptoms for Sore Throat

The major symptoms of sore throat include severe acute pain in throat, inflammation, etc. Patient suffering from sore throat may also complain of high fever, body pain, severe cold, etc. Worst part of sore throat is that the neck area swells and become stiff. The back portion of the throat is enlarged and patient finds difficulty in chewing and swallowing anything. Other symptoms of sore throat include headache, stomachache, etc.

Treatment for Sore Throat

Sore throat is painful and really frustrating. Given below are some of the useful home remedies for the treatment of sore throat.

Bishop Weed (Ajwain):
One of the most common remedy for the treatment of sore throat is bishop weed or ajwain. Patient should take a teaspoon of ajwain, a pinch of salt in a glass of lukewarm water and gargle with it. It is very effective, repeat this twice a day till the problem is completely cured.

Mehndi leaves:
Quite few people know that mehni leaves are effective in treating sore throat. Add 8-10 leaves in 2 glasses of water. Boil till a glass of water is evaporated. Drain the mixture and allow it to cool such that it becomes tolerable at the time of gargle. Gargle once a day with this mixture until the throat is cured completely.

Tamarind:
It may sound very strange but it is true that tamarind is very good in treating sore throat. Soak a handful of tamarind in 2 glasses of water and keep it for some time. Drain the water and gargle with it. This really works. Similarly, tamarind leaves can also be dried and powdered, and should be mixed in a glass of warm water. Gargle with this for 1-2 times a day till the problem is not over.

Basil (tulsi) leaves:
Basil or tulsi leaves are one of the oldest remedy for curing cough, cold, sore throat, etc. Boil 10-15 basil leaves in a glass of water. Drain the mixture and drink in small sips. Patient may take this drink two to three times a day till the problem is not cured completely.

Tea leaves:
Plain tea leaves boiled in water are also good for curing sore throat. Boil tea leaves in water, drain the mixture and drink it in small sips. Patient may also gargle with it.

Bark of mango tree:
It is found that juice extracted from the bark of mango tree is quite effective for the treatment of any kind of throat problem. Patient suffering from sore throat should gargle with lukewarm water containing juice extracted from the bark of mango tree. The recommended ratio is a teaspoon of extract in a glass of lukewarm water.

Cinnamon
Cinnamon is one the best remedy for the treatment of sore throat, especially the one caused due to cold. Take a glass of lukewarm water and add a teaspoon of black pepper and cinnamon powder into it. Patient should drink this mixture in small sips. One to two teaspoon of honey can also be added into it. This too will sooth the paining throat.

Fenugreek (methi) seeds
Another quite useful home remedy for treating sore throat is fenugreek or methi seeds. Patient can take methi tea or can also gargle with water containing fenugreek seeds. Take 1 tablespoon of methi seeds in 500 ml of water. Boil the water, after some time water become yellow due to methi seeds. Drain the mixture and allow it to cool till it become lukewarm. Gargle with this solution 2-3 times a day till soreness of throat is recovered completely. Certain herbs like Kantakari or Katli, sage, liquorice or Mulhathi, marjoram, honey suckle are quite helpful in curing sore throat. Patient suffering from sore throat should also take proper care of the food he takes. Balanced diet is a must; it should mainly include green leafy vegetables, fruits, whole grain wheat, cereals, etc. Patient should also survive on fruit diets. During this period he may only eat raw oranges or orange juice diluted in water. Once the patient starts feeling better, he can start taking other food items like green vegetables, cereals, etc. All this will definitely help in curing sore throat.

Sprain Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Sprain is a kind of injury in which joints are affected. There are connective tissues called ligament that support bones by connecting it to the muscles. When these ligaments get affected due to some accident etc causes sprain. Patient suffering from sprain will experience severe joint pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints and patient will also experience trouble in moving. The major causes of sprain can be accident, walking on improper road surface. The muscle or ligament also gets stretched by lifting heavy goods or wearing high-heel shoes, etc. Overtiredness or stress also leads to sprain. Knees, ankles, elbow, knuckles, are the worst affected parts of the body during sprain. In this article you will read various effective home remedies for the treatment of this painful sprain. Home remedies for curing SprainSprain is painful and it becomes worst if not treated properly and timely.

Treatment for sprain

Given below are some of the most common and effective home remedies for the treatment of sprain.

Almond oil:
Almond oil is effective oil for treating sprain. Take equal amount (2-3 tablespoon) of almond oil and garlic extract and mix it well. Apply this mixture over the affected area. Massage after every 3-4 hours for a week. This will show tremendous improvement.

Vegetables:
Among other vegetables cabbage and onion play special role in the treatment of sprain.

Cabbage:
Take thick outer layer of cabbage and boil in water till it soften. Wrap this boiled cabbage in perforated cotton cloth and put it over the sprained muscles for 2-3 hours. This will reduce the pain.

Onion:
Onion is proved to be one of the common home remedy for treating various diseases including sprain. Cut 2-3 onions into small pieces, wrap it in a perforated cotton cloth. Put it over the sprained area for 2-3 hours. Repeat this 3-4 times a day for a week. This too will show tremendous improvement.

Turme ric powder:
Turmeric is one of the best and trusted home remedy. Patient suffering from sprain should take 2-3 tablespoon of turmeric powder in a glass of milk or water. Take the powder in water in empty stomach early in the morning.

Fruits:
Among fruits pineapple is the best remedy for treating sprain. It is also suggested that patient suffering from sprain should stay on pineapple-fruit diet until he recovers completely. Raw pineapple or pineapple extract is really one of the best remedy. The best part is that it is really good in taste, however, some people experiences itching in their mouth with pineapple.

They are requested not to go for this remedy. Apart from the above mentioned home remedies given below are some of the other helpful tips:
1. Patient suffering from sprain should take sufficient sleep and rest. He should avoid moving as much as possible, as this keep the sprained muscles in rest.
2. Also applying ice bags over the sprained muscles for hours gives fast relief. Similarly, tie the sprained muscles with bandages or other medical tapes; this too will give relief from sprain. Always wear proper size and good quality of shoes and other footwear. It is always found that ill-fitted shoes are also one of the major causes of muscular sprain. Certain oils like Arnica, comfrey, etc., are really good for treating sprain. Gently massage the affected area with these oils, this will reduce the pain.
3. There are some exercises helpful in relief from sprain. Patient with sprain should sit on floor with both legs stretched straight. Do not bend, then move the legs towards you and then again move it away. Similarly, bend the knees such that the heel touches the floor. Then slowly release the legs and then again bend the knees.
4. Repeat both this exercises 10-15 minutes.
5. Remember sprain is painful, however, at the same time it is avoidable as well. So try not to get stress or sprain. Even if it is then use any of these above mentioned effective home remedies.

Sterility Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Sterility is defined as 'The state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate' (Source: WordWeb.). The cause of sterility can be many, in men it can be due to improper growth of male genitals, some infections in the genitals, emotional or mental blockage. Some males do not have testes, this too is a cause of sterility. Sterility in women can be due to different reasons like infection in vagina, improper growth or absence of reproductive organs. Some female may experience severe pain and inflammation in the vagina, which obstruct sperm to fuse in ovum. Another major reason for sterility is release of mucus from cervix. This can be due to infection or inflammation in the cervix. Research has shown that endometriosis too is a reason for sterility. In this condition endometrium grow not near uterus but elsewhere, which cause premenstrual problems, poor or no release of ovum and hence sterility. Also the fallopian tube is blocked due to endometriosis. Some females experience painful or less flow of blood, etc., during menstrual cycle. This also results in sterility in long run. Female undergoing through depression or painful marriage life also finds difficulty in conceiving. Some female become pregnant after they adopt a child, the reason behind this is that the satisfaction of having a baby makes her so happy and strong that she conceives.

Treatment for Sterility

Of course sterility is very depressing and frustrating for couples. However, one should not loose heart, given below are some of the old and effective ayurvedic home remedies for the treatment of sterility.

Acacia:
Acacia is an effective herb for the treatment of sterility. Dry and grind it into fine powder. Take this powder 1-2 teaspoon in a glass of milk and add sugar to it. Take this drink for 18-20 days. It really works!!!!!!!!!

Amla
Amla is also an effective remedy for curing sterility. Dry amla and ginger, make it into fine powder. Take equal amount (1-2 teaspoon) of both and add 2 teaspoon of sugar. Mix this powder in a glass of milk. Take this medicine for 18-20 days.

Ginger:
Ginger is one of the oldest home remedy for the treatment of various diseases. People suffering from impotence should take raw ginger or ginger extract. Take 1 teaspoon of ginger extract and add equal amount of honey to it. Take this mixture with boiled (or half-boiled) egg.

Roots of banyan tree
This is an effective ayurvedic home remedy for the treatment of sterility. Dry banyan tree root, and grind it to fine powder. Take 15-20 gm of with 100 ml of milk. Female should take this mixture for 3-4 nights continuous after the end of monthly menstrual cycle.

Winter cherry:
This is another herb, effective in the treatment of sterility. Dry this herb and make its fine powder. Mix this powder in a glass of milk. Women should take this for 6-7 nights once the monthly menstrual cycle is over.

Coriander:
Coriander powder is also good for curing sterility. Take 2-3 teaspoon of coriander powder in a glass of water. Add 1-2 teaspoon of sugar or jaggery into it. Take this early morning in an empty stomach, at least for a month. It definitely would show positive result.

Jambul fruit leaves:
Jambul fruit leaves extract is very good for people suffering from sterility. Soak jambul leaves in water and prepare a solution. Mix this paste in 1-2 tablespoon of honey.

Garlic:
Garlic is considered as one of the most effective home remedies for the treatment of various chronic diseases. Garlic also plays an important role in the treatment of sterility. Person suffering from sterility should daily take 3-4 raw garlic seeds.

Onion:
Similarly, onion is also very effective for the treatment of sterility. It makes the sexual organs strong and cures impotence.

Dates and raisins:
These are also very effective for curing sterility and good for health. People suffering from sterility should take 5-7 date fruits everyday. This enhances sexual desire, strength, and makes the sexual organs strong. Similarly, dried grapes are also very good. It enhances sexual power and strengthens sexual organs. Soak dry grapes in water for a night, make its fine paste. Mix this paste in a glass of milk. Take this mixture daily, this is a great medicine. Starving
It is strange but true that abstaining from food for 2-3 days help women to conceive. This helps in the release of toxic substance which might be causing inflammation in the genitals. So women should go on fast or fruit-diet for 2-3 days.

Balanced diet:
If fast is good for curing sterility, balanced diet is also a necessary step. Balanced diet plays a vital role in keeping body and mind healthy. People suffering from sterility must include green leafy vegetables, fruits, cereals, grains, whole wheat, etc. Honey, curd, cheese are other important things. However, junk food, oily and fatty food, chocolates should be strictly avoided. Excess intake of coffee, tea, alcohol, is also a big no. It is also found that drinking plenty of water helps in curing sterility. People suffering from this disease should take 2-3 glass of water early in the morning in empty stomach.

Stress Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

The way of life we are living today, stress no doubt is an obvious result. Today, everybody is running for something, without knowing what exactly it is, and whether it is right or wrong. Failure of achieving a set goal, sudden demise of near and dear ones, all lead to stress. Stress is defined as a condition when a person fails to have control over external and internal circumstances, emotions, and situations, and ultimately suffers from physical and mental problems. Common diseases caused due to stress include body pain, headache, heart and lung disease, etc. This article will explain in detail about the various aspects of stress, its cause, symptoms, and easy and effective home remedies.

Causes for Stress

Stress is really bad, and nothing can be worst that living in stress and tension. The main causes of stress are bad habits, jealousy, envy, financial and emotional issues, success or failure, and many other mind bothering reasons. Other causes of stress include unhealthy and adverse physical environment like noisy workplace, home, disturbing family members and neighbors. Stress can also be a side effect of various drugs, medicine, etc. Excess consumption of alcohol, smoking or addiction to any kind of drugs also cause stress along with other chronic diseases. Unhealthy and lack of nutritional food also causes stress.

Symptoms for Stress

The main symptoms of stress are impatience, short temper, nervousness, excess sweating, etc. A person suffering from stress experiences weak digestive system, high blood pressure, chest pain, improper functioning of heart, and nervous system. Patient may also loss appetite and finds difficulty in sleeping. Some people also become depressed and frustrated and indulge in unsocial activities. They also become irritated and lose temper on any or every issue.

Treatment for Stress

A person can never be free from stress, until he himself wants to be. No food or medicine is helpful if a person is not willing to change or improve. So a person should realize that stress gives birth to plenty of other diseases. So stay fit and happy. Given below are some of the effective home remedies and helpful tips for living a happy and stress-free life.

Basil (tulsi) leaves:
Basil or tulsi leaves are one of the oldest and a powerful home remedy for the treatment of several chronic diseases. Tulsi leaves play important role in treating stress as well. Person suffering from stress should chew 10-20 leaves a day. One can also prepare decoction containing tulsi leaves and water. Take 20-25 leaves and boil in water till the constituent become half. Drain the mixture and drink it. It really has a soothing as well as healing effect.

Balanced diet:
Balanced diet is very important for keeping healthy body and mind. People suffering from stress should take healthy food, proper meal including green leafy vegetables, fruits, salads, whole wheat grain, beans, grams, sprouts, fresh curd, etc. Balanced diet here means good, fresh nutritional foods. People suffering from stress should take Vitamin A and B rich food. Minerals like calcium, potassium are also good to fight against stress. Some of the food items which are rich in Vitamin A and B are green leafy vegetables, sprouts, banana, etc. Similarly, potassium- and calcium-rich foods are eggs, cheese, whole wheat grain, soyabeans, etc. One should strictly avoid junk foods, oily and over fried foods, excess intake of sugar, sweets, and alcohol is strictly prohibited. Remember it is the unhealthy living style and lack of nutritional food that cause diseases like stress.

Sage ( Sefakus ) leaves
Sage or sefakus leaves are an effective medicine used in treating stress. Prepare tea using this leaves. Simply boil 3-4 leaves in a glass of water. Allow it to boil till one-third of the water is evaporated. Drain the mixture and add jaggery or honey to it. This tea is very natural and effective. Apart from the above mentioned home remedies for the treatment of stress, one should follow these things as

well:
First of all keep in mind that you are not going to get anything if you are in stress. If any thing is bothering you, disturbing you, and you know you cannot get away from it, simply divert yourself in some constructive work, go for morning walk, do exercises and yoga and meditation. This will keep you mentally and physically fit. It is in fact a great stress buster. Maintain a daily routine, fix a time and do exercise regularly. Second, it is also found that some people get stressed because of someone else’s behavior or activity. Despite tolerating it for long and killing yourself, it is better to discuss about the matter with that person, but in a proper way. Similarly, if someone isstressed because of his mundane routine life, it is good to go for a short vacation, leisure, etc. Pamper yourself by visiting your favorite place, take a warm bath, do activities that you like, but could not do because of your tight schedule or other priorities. Third, eat healthy and wisely. Above all love yourself and remember being stressed can never give solution to your problems.

Stretch Marks Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Stretch marks are thin parallel lines appear during pregnancy or because of excessive weight in the abdomen, hips, and breast regions. Sensitivity of the skin is the common factor that contributes in the growth of stretch marks. Stretch marks appear in brown, red, and pink in color. Expansion of the stomach during pregnancy leads to the breaking of elastic fibers of the skin beyond its normal limit, and as a result the skin of the abdomen and hip region look lifeless with ugly scars.

Causes for Stretch Marks

* Pregnancy lead to the development of stretch marks in the abdomen, hip and breast region, where there is high deposition of fat.
* Obesity tends to the development of stretch marks in men as well as women.
* Genetics and hormones also contribute to developing stretch marks.
* Teenagers also develop stretch marks as various changes are observed in their body parts in their growing age.
* Prolonged disease and chemical-based medicines also ead to stretch marks during pregnancy.
* Eating unbalanced food not rich in necessary minerals and vitamins also contribute to stretch marks.
* Stretch marks development also depends on skin type and color, like dry skin and fair complexion has more chances of stretch marks.
* Abnormal dieting practice to reduce weight also causes stretch marks. If a person is on strict dieting to reduce body weight his/her chances of developing stretch marks is much high.

Treatment for Stretch Marks

Home remedies are effective but during pregnancy do take advice of your doctor before using it Surgeries, applying chemical-based creams and lotions to remove stretch marks are sometimes not very effective and let you feel frustrated, as you want to wear a sexy ress but unable to wear them because of your most visible stretch marks at abdomens and hip region. You do not need to panic as there are number of home remedies which can act as your friend helpful in removing your stretch marks and making your skin as beautiful as it was before pregnancy.
Rubbing hips and abdomen gently using warm jetun (olive) oil improves blood circulation, minimize stretch marks, and relax you to a greater extent. Massage your abdomen gently using calendula oil which is effective herb used for cooking and medicinal purpose. This reduces the stretch marks and improves blood circulation. Massage stomach, hip, and breast using lavender oil; this minimizes stretch marks. Make an herbal solution using one tablespoon wheat germ oil and one tablespoon calendula oil, then apply on hips, abdomen, and breast regions. This is effective and minimizes the stretch marks caused because of pregnancy or overweight. Rubbing errand (castor oil) on stomach, hips also reduces stretch marks. Take small portion of badaam (almond) oil, mix half teaspoon chamomile oil and lavender oil each in it and apply on your stretch marks. This is an effective treatment. Rubbing down hips and abdomens using flaxseed oil is also very beneficial for removing stretch marks. Giving a massage to abdomens, breast, and hips using cod liver oil is also beneficial for removing stretch marks. Massage your abdomen gently daily using Vitamin C rich natural stretch marks removing creams. They do not cause any kind of problems or defect to pregnant women. A light yellow colored fat acquire from cocoa beans herb is also useful for minimizing stretch marks.

Dos and don'ts for Stretch Marks

Stretch mark usually develops at the time of pregnancy because of excess stretching of the skin to carry developing baby in the womb. Prevention is the best way to minimize stretch marks. Maintain a healthy and balance body weight. Drink good amount of water as it keeps the skin soft and supple. Drinking enough water is very effective in curing stretch marks. Skin of hydrated body has an increased ability to return to its original shape after excess stretching without leaving any stretch marks.
Eat healthy and balanced diet to maintain good health and mind. Healthy diet helps in minimizing stretch marks to a large extent. Surgical treatment is not very cost effective and safe so go for herbal treatment as they are cheap and effective too. Avoid excess sun exposure and applying good natural moisturizers is a good option for preventing stretch marks. Eat green vegetables and fruits like carrot, cabbage, papaya, oranges, and apple as they are rich in antioxidants. Drink fruit juices and avoid taking tea and coffee. Eat Vitamin C, zinc, protein, and Vitamin E rich foods. Eat fish, and flaxseeds, eggs, and diary products as they are healthy foods. Exercise tones muscles. Regularly doing some short of stretching exercise under the recommendation of doctors reduces stretch marks during pregnancy. Do yoga regularly as some of the yogic asana are very beneficial for making your muscles elastic, healing and toning the skin which will remove stretch marks from abdomen, hips, and breast gradually. Regularly do meditation, pranayama as it calms your body and mind, reduces stretch marks and helps in proper oxygen supply to the body. Don’t worry about your stretch marks as it will fade off by proper care of the skin and overall health.

Sunburn Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Sunburn is caused because of exposure to the excess harmful rays of the sun. Excess sun rays is harmful for the skin as it damages the skin, can cause early aging sign on face, and may also lead to skin cancer. Due to sunburn skin turns blistered, red and dry. You also feel pain and irritation. Extreme or moderate sunburn can cause pigmentation, inflammation, puffiness, and skin breaking. You feel an irritating skin sensation and your skin looks restless. In ayurveda it is know as dagdh.

Symptoms for Sunburn

Skin inflammation, redness, dehydration are some of the symptoms of sunburns.Severe itching in the eyes and skin, skin rashes, sickness, and vomiting tendency are some other symptoms of sunburns which require a medical need to meet a doctor.

Treatment for Sunburn

* Sun is a source of Vitamin D which keeps you healthy and active but excess sun exposure and ultraviolet rays are harmful. They can cause wrinkles and many other skin problems. Develop a practice of daily skin cleansing using natural face wash or mild soaps. Use natural sun protective cream and sunglasses when you go out in the sun.
* Harsh soap, excess outing, swimming can cause sunburn so avoid excess sun exposure.
* Never scrub your face excessively and always use natural soaps and lotion.
* Never apply milk cream or oily lotions to the sunburn affected area as it lead much pigmentation and damage to the skin.
* Drink one-two liter of water everyday as it keeps the skin which is sunburn moisturized and acts as a good substitute of the fluid which you lost by sun exposure.
* Never use chemical-based soaps and face wash for washing sunburn face as it cause inflammation and much damage to the skin.
* Above given home remedies are cost effective and helpful in the treatment of sunburn. Infants, obese, and elderly people need a good care and protection from sunburn so take good care of them and yourself.

Here are some home remedies for relieving you from sunburns:
1. Dip few drops of rose water in a cold water and enjoy the refreshing bath. This will act as a good sunburn reliever in the summer days.
2. Put a wet, soft and cool piece of cloth on your face and other parts of the body (which is sunburn), whenever you feel itching and burning sensation in the skin.
3. Using Aloe Vera herb as a sunburn treatment---Your skin irritation and inflammation because of sunburn is easily recovered using Aloe Vera herb. Herb Aloe Vera ghrita kumari) is very effective in relieving inflammation and this is easily available in medical
4. stores. Apply few drops of ghrita kumari or oil in the affected sunburn area before going out in the sun. You can also use this 10-15 minutes afterwards of sun exposure.
5. Take bath using cold water and few drops of sandalwood oil. This will cool down and relief the sunburn skin and keeps a healthy balance of your body.
6. Using vinegar as a sunburn treatment---Soak a soft cotton cloth in a bucket of water containing few drops of vinegar and put on face (except on eyes) and other body parts, this act as good sunburn reliever.
7. Prepare milk and water solution in a ratio of (1:1) and soak a soft cloth in this solution and put on face and other sunburn affected area. This will relieve discomfort caused from sunburn.
8. Using cucumber juices as a sunburn treatment---Applying cucumber juice also soften the skin and reduces redness and inflammation of the skin caused because of sunburn. Mix one tablespoon cucumber juice and one tablespoon milk and dab your face using this solution; this relives the burning sensation and puffiness caused because of sunburn.
9. Using lavender oil as a sunburn treatment---Mix its few drops in a bath tub and enjoy the refreshing bath.
10. Take a cold water bath using few drops of chamomile and lavender oil. This act as sunburn protective bath and is very refreshing. This relief skin inflammation and irritation.
11. You can also mix three-four tablespoon of oatmeal in the water and take the refreshing bath. This reduces skin itching and irritation.
12. Take 5-6 babunphul and mix it in a glass of warm water and apply on sunburn affected area using a cotton ball
13. This relieves skin itching and irritation. Put 10-15 drops zergul oil in the bath tub and take the refreshing bath. You will feel relax and fresh. This bath serves to relief pain and skin itching caused from sunburn.
14. Using potatoes juices or its slices as a sunburn treatment---Make a fresh solution using one raw potato and two tablespoon cold water and use this natural homemade solution on face, neck, and hands which are sunburn.
15. Using peppermint oil as a sunburn treatment---mix its few drops in a bath tub and enjoy the refreshing bath.
16. Applying onion juice on sunburn affected area also makes the skin cool and reduces inflammation.

Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

Swelling or puffiness of feet is generally seen in the pregnant ladies. This swelling is because of excessive fluid retention in the feet and improper blood circulation.

Causes for Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy

Fluid retention is the main cause of swelling of feet during pregnancy. There is a high production of fluid during pregnancy.
Continuous walking and be in upright position for prolonged period cause swelling of feet during pregnancy.
Hot atmospheric condition also causes swelling of feet during pregnancy.
Enlarging uterus during pregnancy applies high amount of force to the legs and its nerves, and as a result there is improper blood flow which leads to swelling of feet during pregnancy.
Drinking less water, excess coffee, and tea lead to swelling of feet and ankles.
Hormonal actions also cause swelling of feet during pregnancy.

Diet for Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy

Eat food containing good amount of proteins like pulses, milk products, and fish.
Eat green vegetable like palak, beans, and cabbage.
Eat fruits like papaya, apple, and guava.
Eat vitamins, calcium, potassium, and zinc rich foods.

Exercises
Regularly do yoga as it improves blood circulations and reduces swelling of feet during pregnancy. Pranayama is good for body and mind.Sit on the carpet and stretch your leg in the front, rotate your leg 10-15 times in a clockwise direction and then in the same way rotate in the anti-clock wise direction for 10-15 times. This reduces swelling of feet and improves blood circulation in the feet.Swelling of feet during pregnancy is very common, you do not need to be frightened from this, and it only needs care and pampering to reduce irritation and pain caused due to swelling.

Symptoms for Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy

Swelling of the face, feet, and neck because of excessive accumulation of serum fluid in tissue, and hormonal changes are seen in the pregnant ladies. Solid blood mass formation because of improper blood circulation, swelling in the both or one leg, headaches, felling that you will fall, high blood pressure, and improper vision are some of the symptoms which need a quick visit to the doctor.
Swelling of feet during pregnancy is common, try this home remedies to reduce feet swelling:
Moderate pain and swelling of ankles and feet and can be easily treated by some of the below mentioned home remedies.
Take one glass of Luke warm water, mix one teaspoon of fresh lime juice in it and drink this liquid everyday.
This is an effective home remedy in reducing swelling of feet during pregnancy.
Boil 1-2 glass of water containing half tablespoon molasses (gur) and one tablespoon saunf, and boil it down to half. Drink this natural homemade drink everyday for 2-3 times. This will reduce swelling of feet during pregnancy.
Boil 1-2 glass of water containing two teaspoon dhania seeds and boiled it down to half. Drink this one-two time for two-three days.

Do's
Avoid staying in hot atmospheric condition.
Try to sit in a resting position for long hours by keeping your feet up; this reduces swelling of feet during pregnancy.
Take a good amount of sleep at night; this also reduces swelling of feet during pregnancy. Take proper rest and stay in cool and normal temperature.
Wear soft and comfortable cotton cloth.
Sleeping or resting in one direction of your body (side turn) and keeping your legs raised using soft cushion reduces swelling of feet.
Do some breathing exercises everyday this helps in normal and safe delivery of the baby.
Drink lots of water as it keeps the skin hydrated and disease free.
Avoid tight elastic stockings and shocks.
Do not eat food items having excessive table salt content.
Massage your feet and hand for 5-10 minutes. This relaxes you and reduces swelling of feet during pregnancy.
Light walking and relaxing in the sofa that supports the leg of pregnant women is a good option for reducing the swelling of feet during pregnancy.
Wear comfortable footwear to avoid foot pain.
Relax your feet by keeping it in the luke warm water for 10-15 minutes. This also reduces swelling.

Don'ts
Avoid tea, coffee, and heavy physical activities during pregnancy as it reduces the swelling of feet and ankles.
Do not smoke or drink alcohol during pregnancy.

Treatment for Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy

Given below are some of the effective and useful home remedies for the treatment of Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy . However, it is not necessary that all these below mentioned remedies will be effective for every Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy patient.

Dahi (Curd)
Make fresh glass of buttermilk from curd and drink 2-3 times a day. Buttermilk is a healthy drink for Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy patient. It also cleans the toxic substance within the stomach and helps in digestion.

Vitamin E-rich food
It is also found that Vitamin E-rich food is good for patients suffering from Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy . Some of the Vitamin E-rich food is spinach, almond oil, sweet potato, sunflower seeds, and wheat germs.

Karela (Bitter gourd) Juice
Juice extracted from bitter gourd is an effective home remedy for the treatment of Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy . Patient suffering from Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy should take 1-2 cup of bitter gourd juice in empty stomach in the morning. Continue this for 5-6 months. Patient may add a tablespoon of lime juice, if found difficult to digest the bitter taste.

Lecithin seeds
Lecithin seeds are another effective home remedy for the treatment of Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy . Take 3-4 tablespoon of lecithin seeds every day for 2-3 month. This has a magical effect and shows great result within 2-3 months.

(Til) Sesame seeds
Sesame seeds are good for the treatment of various skin-related diseases. Take 15-20 sesame seeds and soak in a glass of water. Keep it overnight and drink in empty stomach early in the morning.
Other vegetable seeds important for the treatment of Swelling of Feet during Pregnancy are sunflower and pumpkin seeds.

Syphilis Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Syphilis is one of the most popular and also one of the most dreaded of the sexually transmitted diseases. In fact, the fear psychosis for syphilis is rivaled only by that of the other killer disease, AIDS. Since long, syphilis has been believed to be a foreign disease, especially originating from Europe. One of its slang names, the French Disease, is indicative of this. Even its Indian name phiranga roga literally means ‘foreign disease’. Another interesting name given to syphilis is Cupid’s Disease. Syphilis has totally entrenched itself all over the world today and its origin is of no consequence. Ayurveda has made drastic advancements in the study of causes and treatment of syphilis.

Definition of Syphilis (Phiranga Roga)

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused due to a bacterial infection. The bacterium responsible for syphilis is Treponema pallidum and it is transferred from one person to another mainly during sexual contact. Other modes of transmission are physical contact with an infected person and from an infected mother to baby. The disease is curable with penicillin, but the course must be followed until the end for it to be effective and to minimize the chances of recurrence. However, people tend to leave the course halfway when some improvements are observed and hence syphilis makes a comeback in most cases. Another method employed for treatment is to give injections in each buttock. The drug injected is benzathine penicillin. This is a very effective treatment method, but is not much followed because it is painful. In most cases, procaine is added to the drug in order to mitigate the pain to some extent. Syphilis is a disorder of the blood. The circulation of blood is controlled by the kapha dosha. Hence, according to Ayurvedic principles, syphilis is treated as a disorder caused due to vitiation in the kaphadosha.

Causes and Transmission of Syphilis (Phiranga Roga)

Syphilis is a bacterially transmitted sexual disease. The bacterium responsible for syphilis is the Treponema pallidum. This bacterium can enter the body during sexual contact, through breaks in the squamous and columnar epithelium of the skin. Hence, if one partner is affected by syphilis, then there is a full chance that the other partner will be affected too. Since Treponema pallidum enters the body through the skin (and not through sexual fluids), it can be transmitted by mere physical contact, especially of the genital area. Couples who believe that syphilis cannot be caused by mutual masturbation or simple foreplay are grossly mistaken. A mere contact of the skin of the affected area is enough for the bacterium to jump from one body to another. Another manner in which syphilis is caused is congenital. If a pregnant woman has syphilis, then she will pass it to her baby when it is delivered. Such syphilis is called congenital syphilis and it is often fatal to the baby.

Symptoms of Syphilis (Phiranga Roga)

The symptoms of syphilis do not arrive all at once, but make their appearance in distinct stages. The following table illustrates the different stages of syphilis. Stage of Syphilis Period of Appearance Symptoms Primary Syphilis Primary syphilis begins from 10 to 90 days of the infection; but most normally it begins after about three weeks of the infection. The first symptom of syphilis is the presence of a sore, called a chancre. The chancre is painless and it makes its appearance at the point where the infection has passed through, such as the vagina, penis, rectum or even the mouth (in case of oral sex). There might be an initial swelling at the chancre. Within about four to six weeks of the appearance of the chancre, it heals itself automatically and no further chancres are observed. Secondary Syphilis If the syphilis was not treated at the primary stage, then the secondary syphilis makes its appearance after one to six months; but commonly six to eight weeks. In the second stage of syphilis, a symmetrical rash appears on both sides of the body. The rash is reddish in color and is non-itchy. It occurs on the trunks and is most prominently seen on the palms of the hands and the feet. Whitish lesions occur in the mouth and on the genitals. Fever and sore throats are common during this condition. There may be several more complications if treatment is not obtained at this stage. The person is very contagious when he or she is in the secondary stage of syphilis.
Tertiary Syphilis Tertiary syphilis can occur any time after one year from the secondary syphilis. Its symptoms can be seen after ten years or more after the initial infection. In this stage, soft tumerous growths are seen on the skin anywhere on the body. These growths are called as gummas. Joints of the person become degenerated. The tertiary stage of syphilis is marked by neurobiological changes in which the personality undergoes a drastic change. In severe cases, there is a hazard that the person can go totally insane. The complications of the tertiary syphilis are often fatal. Latent Syphilis Latent syphilis is the stage when the tertiary symptoms are done with. This can be even a few decades after the initial infection. If the person passes over the tertiary syphilis stage, then latent syphilis sets in. This is the phase when the person’s blood still contains the infective bacteria, but the person no longer shows any external symptoms. In the early latent stage, the person is still contagious. But as the latent stage advances to the late latent stage, the person can no longer transmit the disease to other people.

People who are at Risk of Syphilis (Phiranga Roga)

Anybody who has an active sexual life is at risk of syphilis. The following trends are observed:-
Men are at a much higher risk of getting syphilis than women.
Men are also good transmitters of the disease.
Syphilis is rampant in commercial sex workers.
Prostitutes often get syphilis from the men they cater to, and then they spread it onto other men.
Recent studies have shown that syphilis is more predominant in the cities than in the villages.
Crowded urban areas have more cases of syphilis.
Syphilis is a disease more commonly found in the young age group, i.e. between fifteen to thirty-five years.
About-to-be born babies of women having syphilis have an extremely high risk of having congenital syphilis when they are born.

Complications of Syphilis (Phiranga Roga)

The list of complications of syphilis is very long. There are different complications that can occur at different stages of syphilis. The following is a list of the complications that syphilis can cause:-
* Stage of Syphilis Complications
* Primary Stage In the primary stage, the only complication is the presence of the chancres.
* The lymph nodes get enlarged.

Secondary Stage Simple complications of the secondary stage are:-
* Fever and malaise
* Weight loss
* Headache
* Enlarged lymph nodes

In rare cases, the following severe complications can occur:-
* Acute meningitis
* Hepatitis
* Renal failure
* Gastritis
* Ulcerative colitis
* Arthritis
* Periostitis
* Optic neuritis

Tertiary Stage In the tertiary stage, syphilis spreads to the brain, heart and other organs. At this stage, syphilis is also referred to as neurosyphilis (which spreads to the brain) and cardiosyphilis (which spreads to the heart). Complications of neurosyphilis are:-
* Changes in personality
* Unstable emotions
* Hyperactive reflexes
* Abnormal dilations of the pupils
* Locomotor ataxia which causes the shuffling gait
Complications of cardiosyphilis are:-
* Aortitis
* Aneurysm
* Aortic regurgitation

Prevention of Syphilis (Phiranga Roga)

Since syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease, it is fairly easy to prevent it. The following are some guidelines:-
Syphilis is spread through mere contact with an infected person. Hence simply using condoms during the sexual act is not enough. There is nothing such as ‘safe sex’ when it comes to syphilis. If there is a shred of a doubt, then complete abstinence from sex is the only way to remain free from syphilis. Avoid all kinds of crowded places. Avoid physical contact with other persons on the road and while using public transport. Be careful when visiting underdeveloped and developing countries. Do not indulge in sexual activities with the locals of such countries as there are several cases of syphilis among their sex workers. Remember that there are no effective vaccines against syphilis. Do not use clothes of other persons, especially innerwear. The bacterium may exist on the clothes even if it seems to be washed and dry cleaned thoroughly.

Diet for People with Syphilis (Phiranga Roga)

Realistically speaking, diet cannot treat syphilis as it is a complex disease that is spread through bacterial infection. However, there are a few foods that can relieve some of the symptoms of the disease, and some foods that can aggravate the conditions. Following is a list of them. Foods that can provide relief to certain symptoms of syphilis are:-
* Honey
* Rice, especially of the red-streaked variety
* Wheat and barley
* Bitter vegetables such as bitter gourd and radish
* Green gram
* Food cooked in sesame oil
Foods that can aggravate symptoms of syphilis are:-
* Heavy meals that take a long time to digest
* Soured buttermilk
* Jaggery

Ayurvedic Treatment of Syphilis (Phiranga Roga)

Ayurveda has a very rich repertoire of treatment methods for syphilis. Several Indian indigenous herbs are found to be very effective in the treatment of the problem. Their curative measures are being studied even to this day, and with astounding results. The following are some of the most potent herbs with their actions on the human body:-
Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
Akhroota Juglans regia Walnut The walnut provides relief in allaying some of the symptoms of syphilis.
Gokhulakanta Hygrophila spinosa Gokhulakanta A decoction prepared of the leaves of gokhulakanta is used as a traditional remedy in the treatment of syphilis.
Kanghi Abutilan indicum Indian Mallow Indian mallow is effective in the treatment of almost all kinds of skin infections and sores. It shows better effects in the primary stage of syphilis when the chancres are developed.
Khulakudi Centella asiaticum Indian Pennywort Indian pennywort is also an effective herb in the chancre stage of syphilis. A powder of the dried leaves of the Indian pennywort is dusted on the affected areas to remedy the sores. The juice of its leaves is beneficial in allaying the fevers that set in during the secondary stage of syphilis.
Khus-khus Papaver somniferum Poppy seeds Seeds of the poppy plant provide opium which is effective in the treatment of syphilis sores when applied locally.
The following Ayurvedic preparations are highly beneficial in treating Syphilis problems:-

Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
* Asava/Arishta Sarivasava
* Bhasma/Kashaya Mahatiktadhi kashaya,
* Sonithamrutham, Patoladi, Phirangahara dravaka,
* Madhusnuhi rasayana
* Choorna Chopachini
* Ghrita Mahatikata ghritam
* Lehya Manibhadra lahya, Sarivadi lehya
* Rasa Rasa karpura, Vangeshwara rasa, Svarna raja vangeshwara rasa, Rasa chandradi yoga, Ameer rasa
* Vati Sarivari
It must be borne in mind that while taking any Ayurvedic preparation, the doctor must be consulted first. Most of the herbs do not have any side-effects (and are indeed a regular part of the diet), but some people may be allergic to certain herbs and may show adverse reactions.

Teeth Whitening Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Introduction

Teeth whitening or bleaching the teeth has now become a beauty appeal. Getting the sparkling teeth and smile on your face is very easy now. Tooth bleaching or whitening is a treatment for getting stain-free teeth, and steps for teeth whitening aims at removing plaques, stain from teeth (caused due to improper care, wrong eating and drinking practices) using various treatments.

Causes for Teeth Whitening

* Excess coffee, beverages, tobacco, and tea make your teeth yellow.
* Poor brushing of teeth causes decay and yellowing of teeth.
* Infections, hereditary reason, climate condition, and high dosage of antibiotics lead to Emotional shock and any physical damage also cause teeth yellowing.
* Old age and improper metabolism of the body also contribute to discoloring of
All the above cause for teeth discoloring needs a proper teeth whitening treatment. Home remedies for teeth whitening provide a solution of all the above problems.

Symptoms for Teeth Whitening

* Teeth with gray, brown, black and yellow stains are generally observed which looks ugly.
* White strips present in the teeth caused because of the high fluorine content (common source is drinking water).
* All this symptoms indicates problem in the teeth and need a proper teeth whitening treatment to keep your teeth white, bacteria free and free from plaque.

Treatment for Teeth Whitening

There are various chemical-based teeth whitening product available today, but they are not effective for teeth whitening and result in the damage of teeth in the long run so try the natural home available product and see the difference. Their can be little irritation in the gums in some cases, but it will not harm your mouth and teeth. You will feel satisfied with its result and it will come in your budget . Mixture of baking soda (half tablespoon), vinegar (half teaspoon), and pinch of table salt is effective for removing teeth stains and to keep your teeth white and bacteria free. Homemade natural teeth whitening powder of basal (tulsi) leaves and the dried rind of orange---Take dry 15-20 tulsi leaves and dry rinds of one orange, mix them well and use this as tooth cleaner. Take a half tablespoon baking soda and mix one-two drops of hydrogen peroxide in it. You can use this homemade teeth whitener for couple of days in a week.
This teeth whitening paste will remove stain from your teeth. Their can be little irritation in the gums in some cases, but it will not harm your mouth and teeth. Mixture of baking soda and home used iodine rich salt is also used as a natural teeth cleanser. Take baking soda one teaspoon, mix a pinch of salt in it and use this natural homemade teeth whitener. This is an effective home treatment for teeth whitening. Crushed walnut act as a natural cleaner for teeth and prevents teeth yellowing, and keep your teeth white and bacteria free. Take two-three strawberries grind it and make it into small pieces. Use this as a teeth whitening paste. The Rind of orange fruit which has teeth whitening properties is also used for teeth whitening. Rub the inner portion of the rind of orange and see its effective result in one week. Brushing the stained teeth using sage (salvia) leaves makes the teeth sparkly white. Sage leaves (salvia) are also used in various medicines for relieving Teeth Whitening problem, sweating problem, and many others.

Dos and don'ts

Avoid staying in hot atmospheric condition. Try to sit in a resting position for long hours by keeping your feet up; this reduces Teeth Whitening. Take a good amount of sleep at night; this also reduces Teeth Whitening. Take proper rest and stay in cool and normal temperature. Wear soft and comfortable cotton cloth. Sleeping or resting in one direction of your body (side turn) and keeping your legs raised using soft cushion reduces swelling of feet. Do some breathing exercises everyday this helps in normal and safe delivery of the baby. Drink lots of water as it keeps the skin hydrated and disease free. Avoid tight elastic stockings and shocks. Do not eat food items having excessive table salt content.
Massage your feet and hand for 5-10 minutes. This relaxes you and reduces Teeth Whitening. Light walking and relaxing in the sofa that supports the leg of pregnant women is a good option for reducing the Teeth Whitening. Wear comfortable footwear to avoid foot pain. Relax your feet by keeping it in the luke warm water for 10-15 minutes. This also reduces swelling. Avoid tea, coffee, and heavy physical activities during pregnancy as it reduces the swelling of feet and ankles. Do not smoke or drink alcohol during pregnancy. Beautiful teeth bring confidence in your smile so take good care of it. You should be careful while going for any teeth whitening remedies. Your teeth are rich in calcium minerals any harm made to the teeth means a great loss.
Eat iron rich and calcium rich foods as they keep the teeth strong, white and prevent teeth discoloring or yellowing. Avoid excess sugar, tea, coffee, and deep colored soybean paste as they give stain in the teeth. Excess consumption of antibiotics is harmful for teeth and gives a stain. Eat guava, carrot, apple, sugarcane, sprouts, and cucumber fruits to prevent yellowing of teeth. Drink plenty of water as it makes your skin hydrated and removes plaques from your teeth. Eat green and fibrous vegetables to keep your teeth white and bacteria free. Eat strawberries and fruit salads as they keep the teeth white. Using citrus lemon for teeth whitening is not a good practice because it damages the teeth. Do not scratch the stain using nails of your fingers. Proper brushing with good brush in the morning and at bed time is a must for maintaining teeth and preventing it from discoloring or yellowing. Avoid alcohol and hard drinks to keep your teeth white and bacteria free.
Note: Inborn stain, artificial teeth stain are not removed by teeth whitening or bleaching.
Take care of your teeth and try the above mentioned home remedies as they will definitely bring your lost sparkle of the teeth back.

Toothache Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

It was said by some famous poet that no pain can be bigger than a dental pain. Toothache can be explained as a situation in which any one experiences severe pain in the nerves connecting the teeth, or there is a swelling on the gums. Toothache can be due to cavity or other mouth-related disease. This article will explain in detail about the cause, symptoms, and effective and simple ayurvedic treatments/ home remedies for the treatment of toothache. In ayurveda it is known as dant school.

Causes for Toothache

Toothache or any other tooth-related problem is really painful and disturbing. It affects our life and our daily activities completely. The main causes of tooth decay are germs in tooth, cavity in tooth, excess consumption of junk foods and sweets and chocolates. Improper brushing, poor quality of toothpaste and toothbrush is also responsible for toothache. Some study shows that stress and mental tension and anxiety worsen the toothache and other problems.

Diet for Toothache

No medicine is effective, if the diet we take is not balanced and rich in nutrition. Nutritional food will make your tooth and gums, and mouth bones healthy and strong for lifetime. Always include fresh green leafy vegetables, juicy fruits, cereals, grams, etc., in your diet. Strictly avoid junk foods, spicy foods. Even if you take them occasionally, always brush your teeth after that. Excess intake of sugar or sweet foods and healthy teeth can never go hand in hand. When we consume sweets or oily snacks, some harmful chemicals are produced in our mouth. These chemicals led to the growth of bacteria in the gums, and with the passage of time these bacteria start attacking gums and result in tooth decay and cavity. Hence, one should always keep a check on the daily sweet intake in his diet. Similarly, do not munch all the time. Eating oily snacks and junk foods will not only affect your teeth, but it has also bad impact on the proper functioning of entire body system. Apart from all the above mentioned useful home remedies, few things are very important which has always to be taken care of. Always brush your teeth with good quality of toothpaste and toothbrush. Never brush in hurry, do it properly. This not only will keep your teeth clean, but also your teeth and gums healthy.

Symptoms for Toothache

Common symptoms of toothache are severe pain in tooth, swelling on the gums, and bad breathe.

Treatment for Toothache

Toothache is quite painful, and it has to be treated carefully. If ignored may effect other teeth as well. It is always good to go for ayurvedic treatment/ home remedies than for chemical-based medicines. Given below are some of the effective home remedies used for the treatment of toothache.

Laung (Clove):
Clove is one of the most effective medicines for toothache. It is simply the best medicine. The clove seeds or clove oil helps in killing bacteria and other microorganisms that cause toothache or other tooth-related problems. Keep 1-2 clove seeds inside your mouth, the clove extract will sooth the affected tooth, and relieves from toothache. Apply clove oil directly to the cavity or keep a small ball of cotton soaked in clove oil, on the cavity. It is also said that clove oil with little black pepper powder when applied over the paining tooth, gives fast relief and the germs do not come again with its frequent use. People suffering from bad breath should keep clove seeds inside their mouth; it will keep the mouth fresh. However, do not keep chewing it frequently, one after another. Do not take any hot or cold fluid during this time.

Asafoetida (Heeng)
Asafoetida or heeng is a good home remedy. It gives fast relief from toothache. Take 3-4 tablespoon of lemon juice and a pinch of heeng to it. Heat it in a low flame and allow it to cool. Take small cotton ball and dip it in the mixture. Keep the soaked ball over the cavity or the paining tooth.

Lemon juice
Lemon juice, lemonade is another effective home remedy for the treatment of toothache. Fruits like lemon, orange are rich in Vitamin C and hence keep the teeth and gums healthy and strong. People suffering from heavy bleeding from gums, or bad breath should take freshly prepared lime or orange juice.

Pepper (Kaali mirch)
Black pepper or kaali mirch is also useful for the treatment of toothache. Make a paste of 2-3 tablespoon of black pepper and a pinch of salt in few drops of water. Apply this paste over the cavity or paining tooth. Black pepper helps in fighting against bad breath, toothache, bad gums, etc. If this paste is applied at least twice a day, it will keep gums and tooth healthy for life time.

Pyaz (Onion)
It may sound strange, but it is true that onion is also an effective home remedy for toothache. Onion helps in killing the bacteria and other microorganism causing toothache and other related disease. Patient with toothache should chew a small onion for 4-5 minutes daily. This will clear off all the germs hidden between teeth and keep the gums fresh. Place a small piece of onion on the decayed tooth for some time. Onion juice will rinse inside the cavity and helps in killing germs and will relieve from toothache. Do this regularly.

Sarson (Mustard) oil
Mustard oil also gives fast relief from toothache. It also keeps the gums strong and healthy. Take 3-4 drops of mustard oil and a pinch of salt. Massage your tooth jaws, tooth gently with this paste. This sooths toothache and makes gums and jaws strong. Apply this before going to bed.

Tuberculosis Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Tuberculosis has long maintained its reputation in the world as one of the most feared of all communicable diseases. Abbreviated as TB (Tubercle Bacillus), it has become one of the most serious of all world health concerns. Why is tuberculosis so dreaded today? The following key points might reveal why:-
* In the year 2004 itself, 14.6 million people of the world had TB, and 1.7 million of them died of it.
* At any given moment, half the people of the world have the TB bacterium in them. One in ten of these people will develop the active tuberculosis.
* One person in the world is getting infected by the TB bacterium per second.
* TB is the eighth leading cause of deaths in the US today.
* TB, which had been almost eradicated from the world, is making a widespread resurgence today in collaboration with the other big killer, AIDS.
* These above points are enough to send a chill down anyone’s spine. Hence it is necessary to be properly educated in order to combat the disease.

Definition of Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

Tuberculosis is an airborne bacterial disease that generally affects the lungs of the human body, though it can also affect the kidney, spine and the brain. The causative bacterium of tuberculosis is Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
a). The Mycobacterium tuberculosis is very common in the air. Hence the disease is transmitted via the air medium. But if the bacterium enters the body, it does not mean that the person will contract the tuberculosis disease. People in whose bodies the Mycobacterium tuberculosis exists, but they do not have active TB, are said to have latent tuberculosis.
b). In our body, the leukocytes, or the white blood corpuscles, are the soldiers who fight against all external toxins and antibodies. These leukocytes combat against the Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections. But in some people, the resistance of the body is broken down due to some other disease or due to lifestyle patterns. In such people, tuberculosis makes its active appearance.
c). Active tuberculosis can be treated if diagnosed and remedied in time. However, in several cases, tuberculosis is diagnosed too late to do anything.
d). This is the case where the deaths occur. It is advisable that people begin their medication when they have latent TB itself, so that the disease would not blow itself into the active stage at all.
e). The Sanskrit name of tuberculosis is Rajyakshma, which means ‘king’s evil’. The reason for this name is that it was believed in ancient times that tuberculosis can be cured by a king's physical touch.

Types of Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

The main type of tuberculosis is that which affects the lungs, known as pulmonary tuberculosis. But, tuberculosis can expand to other regions of the body as well. Thus, there are several different types of tuberculosis depending on which organs they affect. The following is a list of the different types of tuberculosis found in humans:-
1). Type of Tuberculosis Part Affected Features Tuberculous Osteomyletis Skeleton It affects mainly the thoracic and the lumbar regions of the skeleton. The disease is also commonly known as the Pott’s Disease. There is major bone wastage, which may extent into tissue wasting.
2). Tuberculous Salpingitis Genital tract There is tubercular infection in the fallopian tubes of the females, which can spread out into the endometrium of the uterus. In men, the genital tract tuberculosis can affect the prostate gland and the epididymis of the testicles. Genital tuberculosis in males can lead to infertility.
3). CNS Tuberculosis Brain Tuberculosis may spread to the base of the brain. It can infect the cerebrospinal fluid, causing lymphocytes in it.
4). This type of tuberculosis can give rise to seizures.
5). Gastrointestinal Tuberculosis Stomach, intestines This is the only type of tuberculosis that can be transmitted via the agency of an animal. The causative bacterium is different too, Mycobacterium bovis, which lives in the astrointestinal tract of cattle. Mostly children of poorer countries are affected when they try to consume milk directly from the animal without pasteurization.
6). Renal Tuberculosis Kidneys This type of tuberculosis causes pyuria, i.e. urinary tract infection. There is wide-scale destruction of the renal parenchyma and the ureters.
7). Adrenal Tuberculosis Adrenal glands Tuberculosis rarely spreads to the adrenal glands, but when it does to, it infects both the adrenal glands at once. A further complication of this is the onset of Addison’s Disease.
8). Scrofula or Tuberculous Lymphadenitis Mandible, i.e. the lower jaw. In this type of tuberculosis, lymph nodes are produced below the lower mandible, giving the appearance of a protruding neck.
9). Cardiac Tuberculosis Heart In cardiac tuberculosis, it is generally the pericardium that is affected, giving rise to pericarditis.
10). This complication of tuberculosis can be fatal as the condition leads to hemorrhage.


Causes of Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

The cause of tuberculosis is a bacterium, named the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As described above, this bacterium is transmitted from one person to the other through the air medium. For this reason, TB is said to be an airborne disease. The tuberculosis bacterium is generally present in the bodies of most of the people around the world, but only those people whose body resistance is lowered due to some reason get active tuberculosis.

People who are at Risk of Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

Several classes and types of people are at risk of contracting tuberculosis all over the world. The following are some high-risk groups:-
* People suffering from AIDS have a decreased body immunity which may cause active tuberculosis contraction in them.
* Other immunity disorders such as lung silicosis, diabetes, celiac disease, etc. are also responsible for tuberculosis.

People on corticosteroids and chemotherapy drugs are at high risk due to lowered body resistance. -
* Since TB is an airborne disease, people who are in contact with a TB patient can get TB themselves. TB bacterium can be released in air through the coughing and sneezing of the patient.
* Addicts of narcotic drugs and alcohol have more chances of contracting tuberculosis.
* People suffering from nutritional disorders such as subsisting on a low calorie diet are vulnerable to tuberculosis.
* People living in unhygienic conditions are also vulnerable to tuberculosis.
* Travelers to certain tropical regions of the world can contract tuberculosis. This is because the Mycobacterium tuberculosis thrives better in hotter climates.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

There are no symptoms immediately after the infection occurs. It takes a while for the infection to get converted into an active tubercular condition. When the tuberculosis becomes active, the following major symptoms are shown:-
* A persistent cough that does not get healed Bloody discharge in the sputum of cough Loss of appetite and weight Constant tired feeling
* Lack of sleep, i.e. insomnia
* Continual fevers with chills
* Sweating in the night

Complications due to Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

Tuberculosis is a disease that doesn't stop spreading inside the body once it becomes active. For this reason, it was once known as consumption, because the disease eats up the body from the inside. Tuberculosis first makes its appearance in the lungs. At this stage it is called as pulmonary tuberculosis. If left untreated at this stage, it can affect several other parts of the body. For a full list of the complications caused by tuberculosis, refer to the table in the 'Types' section.

Transmission of Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

Tuberculosis is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The good news is that this bacterium cannot be transmitted through any other animal except humans. Hence, the bacterium cannot be even spread through insects or any other animal vector. In other words, it can be said that humans are the sole transmitters of tuberculosis in the world. TB is spread through air. When a TB patient coughs, sneezes or even talks, he or she releases the bacterium into the air. The bacterium can persist in the air for some time. If within this interval, the air is breathed by a healthy person, he or she too would be infected with the disease. The only type of tuberculosis that can be spread through animals is the gastrointestinal tuberculosis. This tuberculosis is transmitted through the Mycobacterium bovis, which lives in the alimentary tract of the cattle. This type of tuberculosis affects mostly children.

Prevention of Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

Like all communicable diseases, tuberculosis too can be prevented by taking adequate precautions. Some of these guidelines are as follows:-
* If there is a patient of TB in the house or in the close vicinity, alert your healthcare officials.
* It is necessary to quarantine the patient as the bacterium passes through the air.

Diet for Preventing Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

In a groundbreaking research conducted in the US, it has been proved conclusively that a diet rich in cholesterol can help to combat pulmonary tuberculosis. There is a good enough scientific reason for this. Cholesterol is known to increase the level of macrophages and lymphocytes in the blood, which are vital in strengthening the immune system of the body and combating infections. High levels of cholesterol can be found in foods such as egg yolk, beef and liver. Pyridoxine or vitamin B6 is also beneficial in increasing the capacity of the liver in fighting against various kinds of tuberculosis. Vitamin B6 is derived in flesh food sources such as liver, chicken, fish; and in vegetarian food sources such as sea vegetables, wheat germ, green beans, nutritional yeast and bananas.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Tuberculosis (Rajyakshma)

Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body Adraka Zingiber officinalis Ginger Ginger can be used as an expectorant in the treatment of tuberculosis.
Ajmoda Apium graveolens Celery Celery is used in the treatment of tuberculosis due to its antispasmodic properties. Alsi Linum usitatissimum Linseed The seeds of linseed are powdered and soaked in water overnight. Then this is mixed with limejuice and consumed for beneficial effects in tuberculosis.
Ashwagandha Withania somnifera Winter Cherry A decoction of winter cherry root with long pepper and honey is used as a treatment for tuberculosis. The herb is found to be especially beneficial in treating scrofula in children. Garudphala Hydnocarpus laurifolia Chalmogra Chalmogra is potent as a local cure for tuberculosis. Petha Benincasa hispida Ash Gourd The pulp of the ash gourd fruit is boiled in waterand sweetened with sugar syrup. This decoction is known to have properties in curing tuberculosis. Apart from tuberculosis, it can also treat anemia and problems of the heart. Pyaaz Allium cepa Onion Onion has been known since ancient times to possess germicidal properties. People with the tuberculosis bacterium in them have been kept from contracting the active disease by a regular diet of onion. Research done by Cuboin and Moriandi have shown how animals become resistant to the tuberculosis bacterium just with a diet of onions.
Zergul Calendula officinalis Marigold Marigold leaves are a very potent remedy for the treatment of scrofula, especially in children. The leaves are consumed as a vegetable to prevent the onset of scrofula.

Typhoid Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Typhoid is one of the prime contagious diseases of the world today. It is a fast spreading disease, which can become an epidemic within a short while. Countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America are very much prone to typhoid contagions, where thousands of people die each year in epidemics. Even in developed countries like America, typhoid is a threat, as immigrants can bring the contagion with them. In a city like New York, there are about 35 cases of people dying per year of typhoid infections.

Causes of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

According to Ayurvedic principles, there are three doshas or humors which determine the general body constitution of every person. These three doshas are as follows:-
* Vata dosha – This dosha represents the air element.
* Pitta dosha – This dosha represents the fire element.
* Kapha dosha – This dosha represents coordination between the earth and the water elements.
* In every person, there is a proportion of these three doshas. When there is an imbalance (vitiation) in any of these three parameters, then it causes vyaadhi or disease in the body.
* Typhoid is a very serious disease. It is caused due to vitiation in any one of the three doshas.
* This means, typhoid causes a change in all the elements of the body – wind, water, fire and earth.
* From a medical point of view, typhoid is caused due to a bacterial infection. The bacterium belongs to the salmonella family, and is named as Salmonella typhi. This bacterium lives in the digestive tract of humans. Hence, typhoid is also classified as a food-borne disease.

The following are the ways in which Salmonella typhi can enter the body of a healthy person:-
* Eating raw and uncooked food
* Eating food that is contamination
* Drinking unfiltered water

Symptoms of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Typhoid conditions usually last for three to four weeks, with the highest fever on the eighth day. The general symptoms of the disease are the same and there are very little variations from one infected person to the other. The following are some of the very commonly observed symptoms of typhoid:-
* A persistent fever that appears suddenly is one of the preliminary indicators of typhoid. Fevers make their appearances in the morning and become more severe in the evening. Typhoid fevers are accompanied by headaches and stomach pains.
* There is nausea and a feeling of vomiting. Due to loss of appetite, the person's diet is very much restricted. Hence the person loses weight.
* The person loses sleep and feels feverish all through the night.
* Typhoid people are very weak and fatigued as long as they are affected by the disease.
* There may be occasional instances of nosebleeds and chills.
* The mental state of the person becomes quite unreliable. The person would be in a constant state of delirium and emotional unbalance.
* Irritability and hot-headedness is common and must be handled with care by the family members.

There are several abdominal disorders that accompany typhoid fevers. The following are some of them:-
* There are gurgling sounds in the abdomen when slight pressure is applied.
* A distention of the abdomen is observed.
* The person complains of abdominal pains.
* There are toilet problems; diarrhea is commonly seen.

People who are at Risk of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Typhoid is mostly as tropical disease. It is found in the developing countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Mexico and African and South American countries. Natives of these countries are the most exposed to typhoid risks. People who need to eat outside the home most of the time are also at high risk. If the person is not particular about the cleanliness of the foods and drinks, he or she consumes, then there could be a typhoid infection. Also, family members and neighbors of typhoid victims are at high risk. It is absolutely vital that these people be vaccinated and take due precautions like quarantining the patient of typhoid.
Some people carry the typhoid bacterium in them and can infect others even if they themselves do not show the symptoms of the disease. Such people must be identified and treated properly. One such example in history was of Mary Mollen, known as Typhoid Mary, a cook in New York about a hundred years back. She is known to have infected about fifty people causing five deaths before herself dying after more than two decades in quarantine.

Complications of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Typhoid can be fatal if ignored in the early stages. Ulcers can be formed in the bowels during typhoid. If these ulcers are not taken care of, they lead to perforations in the bowels. The perforations are formed in the third week of the typhoid fever, and it is known to develop in 5% of all the people infected with typhoid. Perforation of the intestines is a very dangerous situation and may lead to death (about 25% of all typhoid deaths are due to intestinal perforation). If a typhoid patient has developed intestinal perforations, then the following symptoms are observed:-
* Severe pain in the abdomen
* Nausea and vomiting
* Infection of the bloodstream, i.e. sepsis.
Apart from the very dangerous complication of intestinal perforation, there are some other less dangerous complications that can be seen:-
* Myocarditis – inflammation of the heart muscle
* Pancreatitis – inflammation of the pancreas
* Osteomyelitis – infection of the spinal cord
* Meningitis – infection of the brain and the spinal cord
* Urinary tract infections
* Infections of the kidneys
* Pneumonia
In most cases, typhoid itself is cured with medication, but the complications may persist. For this reason, a proper treatment of typhoid must be followed until the last course of the medication. The relapse rate in typhoid is very high.

Prevention of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Typhoid is a contagious disease; hence it can be prevented by taking a few precautions. The following are some guidelines to prevent typhoid:-
* Water must be properly filtered and boiled before drinking.
* Food must be properly washed and then cooked.
* One must not eat or drink in unhygienic or unreliable places.
* If you feel thirsty when outside, opt for teas and coffees, since they use boiled water. Fruit juices have cold water which may be unhygienic.
* At the same time, do not use ice in your drinks, as the water used for making ice may be contaminated.
* While eating fruits, they must be washed and then the outer peel must be discarded.
* Wash your hands repeatedly with soap and water.
* This will help prevent the spread of infection to others. Also instill good hygienic habits in your children if you have.
* Children should be given typhoid vaccinations.
If there is a typhoid patient in the vicinity, then all due precautions must be taken. People must be vaccinated. There must be proper provision for the disposal of the fecal matter of the patient.

Diet for People with Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Dietary modifications are essential in typhoid as it is a disease of the digestive tract. The role of the proximate principles of food – carbohydrates, fats and proteins – are briefly mentioned below. Carbohydrates should be an essential part of the diet because of the following reasons:-
1). They are the primary source of energy.
2). They are necessary for the proper metabolism of fats.
3). They provide roughage in the form of cellulose and thus facilitate the easy movement of bowels.
4). If they are taken in an adequate amount, then they allow the proteins to perform their main function of building up the worn-out tissues. Or else, proteins will be consumed in providing energy.
5). Also, patients of typhoid are unable to eat much. Hence, carbohydrates are ideal foods as they can provide the requisite amount of energy within a small volume. Foods such as wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, potatoes, etc. are rich in carbohydrates.
6). Fats can be consumed only if there is no diarrhea. Fats can also provide high amounts of energy, and they can regulate the metabolism of fatty acids in the diet. Vegetable oils can be used. Milk products such as butter, cheese, cream and emulsified fats can be consumed. Proteins are essential as they replace the worn out cells and help in the repair process of the body. Eggs and milk are the suitable proteins that can be consumed during typhoid fevers.

The following dietary guidelines must be followed when suffering from typhoid:-
a). The food must be simple and easy to digest.
b). Avoid all kinds of spices in the food.
c). The food should be cooked well, but not overcooked as that would make it difficult to digest.
d). If diarrheas develop in typhoid, then there will be loss of water and water soluble vitamins such as those of B complex and C. Water can be compensated for by drinking plenty of fluids such as soups, curries, gravies and fruit juices (all made with filtered and boiled water). Vitamins B and C foods must be consumed in order to compensate for the losses of those vitamins.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Typhoid (Manthara / Antrika Jwara)

Ayurveda has a host of herbs that are beneficial in conditions of typhoid. The following is a list of these herbs with their actions on the human body:-
1. Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Topical Action
2. Ambarbaris Berberis vulgaris Jaundice Berry Due to the presence of citric and malic acids in them, jaundice berries can be used as a treatment for inflammatory fevers such as typhoid. Also the citric acid in them ensures the compensation of its loss through diarrhea.
3. Neem Azadirachtha indica Margosa The root bark of the neem tree is used in a decoction to treat the fevers that develop in typhoid.

The following is a popularly used course of treatment for typhoid:-
a). Week of Typhoid Infection Ayurvedic Preparation to Use Quantity Manner of Using
b). First Muktashukti Bhasma, Mrigshringa Bhasma 125 mg each The prescribed quantity is to be taken thrice daily mixed with water.
c). First Khub Kalana 12 g Khub Kalana can be taken as a decoction with 10 g of dry grapes. The decoction is prepared in one liter of water, which is boiled down to one-third its original amount.
d). Second Muktashukti Bhasma, Kasturi Bhairavi Rasa 10 mg, 120 mg Both these preparations are to be taken with honey, thrice everyday.
e). Second Saubhagya Vati, Jwararyabhra 120 mg, 240 mg Both these mixtures can be taken in conjunction with the above with the juice of fresh ginger. The dosage is three times per day.
f). Third Pravala Bhasma, Vasanta Malati Rasa, Amrita Sattva 120 mg each These preparations are taken together with honey twice a day.
g). Third Pippali, Sarva Jwara Lauha 240 mg each These are taken in the after the above preparations. They should be taken at least three hours after the above.
h). Fourth Navayasa Choorna, Vasanta Malati Rasa, Sitopaladi Choorna 2.5 mg, 120 mg, 1.5 mg These are to be taken with honey twice a day.
i). Fourth Amritarishta, Vish Mushtayasava, Lauhasava 10 ml, 5 ml, 10 ml These liquid preparations are to be taken with equal quantities of water after lunch and dinner.
With the above treatment procedure, if the body is massaged with MahalakshadiTela, then there is immense relief.

Vertigo Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Vertigo is a very rampant disease condition, but unfortunately not much is known about the condition. When people talk about vertigo, most people think about dizziness. However, there is a thin symptomatic line of difference between normal dizziness and vertigo. Vertigo is a much serious and persistent condition. In Sanskrit, its symptoms can be equated with bhrama. In the US, vertigo is commonly known as head rush. Alfred Hitchcock made the word vertigo famous with his movie of the same title. But in fact, vertigo does not actually mean 'fear of heights'. This is a very general misconception. Fear of heights is medically termed as acrophobia. Hence, this discussion is about the real meaning of vertigo, i.e. bhrama, and not acrophobia.

Definition of Vertigo (Bhrama)

Vertigo or bhrama is a balance disorder, which is also commonly known as head rush or spinning sensation. A person suffering from vertigo will experience a sense of spinning of the entire surroundings and find that they are unable to stand in an upright position. The onset of vertigo is created in different ways. In some people, vertigo comes on very suddenly. In such cases, the bout of vertigo is accompanied by feelings of nausea or vomiting. However, most people have vertigo without even knowing it. For such cases, vertigo attacks come on very gradually, so that there is a just a mild feeling of loss of balance. Such people may just describe their vertigo attack as poor balance.

Causes of Vertigo (Bhrama)

Ayurveda has a very elaborate explanation for bhrama. It is explained as a disorder of the vata and the pitta doshas. When the vata and pitta doshas are excited – either one or both – then it causes an abnormal functioning of the balance mechanism within the inner part of the ear. The main cause of vertigo is a vestibular imbalance, which means an imbalance in the inner part of the ear. This interferes with the coordination of the stimuli and response, i.e. the person is not able to provide proper reflex actions. On a general perspective, any defect in the flow of oxygen to the ear can cause vertigo attacks. Such an imbalance can be brought on by any of the following factors:-
a. Viral illnesses such as common cold can cause vertigo.
b. Ear problems such as discharge, perforation of the eardrum or infection in the ear cavity can cause vertigo.
c. Cardiovascular disorders such as heart rhythms, valve diseases or low blood pressure can cause vertigo.
d. Anemia and migraine can trigger vertigo.
e. Serious neck ailments such as cervical spondylosis cause vertigo. Cervical spondylosis is the deficiency of the arteries in the neck to supply blood to the cerebellum.
f. Arthritic pains can precipitate vertigo.
g. Accidents on the head which create concussions can cause vertigo.
h. Brain tumors are also responsible for vertigo.
i. Ménière's disease is a special condition that causes vertigo. People having Ménière’s disease have recurrent problems with the inner ear which is characterized by pressure differences within the ear and tinnitus (ringing of the ears). People with Ménière’s disease develop conditions of vertigo in some time.

Types of Vertigo (Bhrama) with their Symptoms

There are two main types of vertigo depending on where the pitta or vata imbalance occurs. These types of vertigo are described below:-
(i) Peripheral Vertigo Peripheral vertigo is the more severe of the two types of vertigo. It is the basic vestibular imbalance of the inner ear. Common symptoms of this type of vertigo are:-
* There are intermittent bouts of dizziness and giddiness.
* Decrease in the cognitive ability, i.e. the rational capacity of the brain is observed.
* There is nausea and vomiting.
* There is muscle ache in the neck and back region.
* Tinnitus is common, i.e. ringing sensations in the internal ear.
* There may be hearing loss during the bout of dizziness.
* Nystagmus, or rapid eye movement is caused.

(ii) Central Vertigo: Central vertigo is caused due to lesions in the brainstem. This is milder than peripheral vertigo and is less recurrent in timing. The following symptoms are seen in this type of vertigo:-
* Multidirectional pain is felt.
* There are deficiencies in reflex actions.
* Speech is incoherent and slurred, i.e. dysarthria is developed.
* There is ataxia, i.e. problems in movement and coordination of the limbs.
* The brain is not able to concentrate on things, i.e. the concentration ability is impaired.

Symptoms of Vertigo (Bhrama)

In both the above types of vertigo, there are the following symptoms noticed:-
* There is acute dizziness, which is also called as lightheadedness.
* It seems as though the world is moving around the person; this is called as the spinning notion.
* Nausea and vomiting is felt in almost all attacks of vertigo. These feelings are acuter if the attack has come on suddenly.
* There is a palpitation of the heart.
* The person is prone to excessive sweating and panting during the attack of vertigo.
* There is a blurring of the vision and the person cannot focus on a single object.
* People suffering from vertigo are incapable of concentrating whole-heartedly in any one thing.
* Depression and feeling of malaise are common.

Complications due to Vertigo (Bhrama)

There are many complications that can arise due to prolonged bouts of vertigo. The following are some of the complications:-
Long standing vertigo is called as chronic vertigo. In chronic vertigo, the brain gradually gets permanently impaired. As a result the memory of the person becomes weak, the concentration becomes faulty and the rational capacity of the person is greatly reduced. Constant feelings of nausea and vomiting can cause anorexia nervosa, a condition in which the person begins to dislike food. As a result, the person can lose weight drastically and succumb to other diseases. Infections may turn out to be common. Chronic vertigo can also bring on severe eye problems. There may be persistent conditions of diplopia, i.e. double vision. The most common complication of vertigo is injury due to falls. During the bouts of vertigo, people lose their balance and fall. If this fall is steep, then the person may get critically injured and also lose his or her life.

Transmission of Vertigo (Bhrama)

Vertigo is a non communicable disease since it is a neurological disorder. There is no way that the condition of vertigo can be spread from one person to another by means of any physical or spatial communication. However, there is a strong indication that vertigo may be hereditary. Hereditary vertigo is observed to a greater extent in men than in women.

Prevention of Vertigo (Bhrama)

Simple cases of vertigo can be prevented just by adjusting the posture or taking care of changes in the body. The following are some tips:-
1. If you have a history of vertigo, do not stand all of a sudden. Come to the edge of your seat, recline a while, and then stand. This helps the blood to gradually fill into your legs which have to now support you better in standing position.
2. Even while getting up from a lying position, do not stand up directly. First sit on the bed for a while, and then gradually get up.
3. Have a hot water bath in the morning. This helps better circulation of blood in the body. Have a steam and sauna session done occasionally.
4. Do not wear tight clothing that can cramp up the blood vessels.
5. Smoking and alcoholism must be strictly avoided as they tamper with the blood circulation seriously. Drunkenness may lead to the death of a vertigo patient, as the person would have totally zero control over his or her own body in an inebriated state. People with vertigo must avoid going in places which have short supply of air. Also heights must be avoided as a giddy spell at a height could make the person plummet to death.

Diet during Vertigo (Bhrama)

Vertigo is caused when there is a poor oxygen supply to the brain, leading to giddiness. Hence, the diet that is to be taken by vertigo patients must be a vata pacifying diet. The following dietary guidelines can be followed:-
* Do not consume a dry diet. Let the diet be rich in water content, i.e. use gravies and curries.
* Begin your diet with a soup.
* Eat all your meals when they are a little warm.
* Avoid all kinds of snacks and fast foods. These just whet the appetite temporarily but do not provide any nourishment. Hence, burgers, French Fries, pizzas, colas, popcorn, etc. are out.
* Have fluids regularly. Fruit juices must be preferably had.
* Eat all your meals at fixed times every day so as not to confuse the body clock. Do not skip meals.
* Do not consume vegetables in raw condition. Salads are an exception.
* Fats must be present in the diet. Use a little ghee or other saturated fats while cooking. But do not deep fry any food.
* Nuts and warm milk make for an excellent food before going to bed if you are suffering from vata. Almonds and cashew nuts are preferable.
* However, remember not to go overboard with the nuts, or they could increase pitta and raise the agni. This could result in constipation.


Ayurvedic Treatment for Vertigo (Bhrama)

In Ayurveda, generally the treatment of vertigo is done by introducing herbs within the diet of the person. The following is a list of some of the best herbs that have been traditionally used since centuries for the treatment of vertigo:-
* Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Action on the Human Body
* Ashwagandha Withania somnifera Winter Cherry Ashwagandha helps in improving the flow of oxygen in the body. It is used for respiratory problems that may follow bhrama.
* Gingko Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo Ginkgo is the most effective herb to treat any kind of circulatory maladies in the human system. It facilitates the better flow of oxygen and blood to all parts of the body. In this manner, it helps in reducing and finally eliminating the giddiness that is vertigo. Ginkgo also takes care of ringing in the ears, i.e. tinnitus, which is a common symptom of vertigo patients.
* Vacha Acorus calamus Sweet Flag, Calamus The roots of the vacha tree provide relief for
* people suffering from vertigo.

The following preparations have special benefits in solving vertigo problems:-
* Triphala
* Sarpagandha – must be taken if there is headache along with the vertigo attack
* Muktabhasma
* Sutasekhara rasa – must be taken with juice of amlaki and honey
* Saraswatarishtha and Ashwagandharishtha­ – must be taken if the person has nervous breakdown with the attack
* Yogendra rasa – must be taken twice daily with milk for better benefits.

Vomiting Causes, Symptoms, Diet and Ayurvedic Treatment
Introduction

Vomiting is a very common human phenomenon and it is not always serious. All of us have certainly vomited at some time or the other, and are quite familiar with the act of vomiting. At the same time, it is widely known that there are several types of vomiting, which can be caused due to a host of factors. Vomiting from a biological point of view is serious if any of the following is observed:-
* The vomiting continues for more than one day, with appreciable vomitus.
* The vomitus has blood in it.
* The vomitus has brown solidified particles in it (coffee ground vomiting).
* The vomitus is black in color.
* There is lot of fluid loss, which may lead to dehydration.
This article attempts to classify the different types of vomiting and suggests remedies for the same.

Definition of Vomiting (Chardhi)

Vomiting is simply the forceful ejection of stomach and sometimes intestinal contents from the mouth. The matter that is propelled out of the mouth when a person vomits is known as vomitus. In medical terms, vomiting is known as emesis. Vomiting is not itself a disease; but it is the manifestation of some inner ailment. Hence, a person with vomiting problems must get him or herself diagnosed for the root cause of the problem. The Sanskrit term for vomiting is chardhi. As in English, this term is applied for simple vomiting as well as for chronic vomiting.

Types of Vomiting (Chardhi)

Depending on the cause of the vomiting, there can be different types. The different types of vomiting are seen in the nature of the ejected material, i.e. the vomitus. The simplest kind of vomiting is that which occurs when a person overeats. This vomitus contains fragments of undigested food that is expelled out of the digestive tract due to overloading in the stomach. Such a vomit is not harmful. In fact, it is beneficial because it frees up the overstuffed alimentary canal. In people with chronic problems such as gastritis, gastric ulcers, esophageal or gastric varices and digestive tract hemorrhages, the person may vomit fresh blood. Such a condition is known as hematemesis. It is a potentially dangerous condition and requires medical treatment.
Sometimes the vomitus may contain brown particles which resemble coffee beans. These are actually fragments of blood in which the iron has already oxidized. This is the coffee ground vomiting, which is a symptom of several airborne infectious diseases. Miserere or fecal vomiting occurs due to some kind of obstruction in the intestine. Due to this, food which is digested by the stomach cannot pass into the intestine and is regurgitated out. This is a very dangerous condition which may lead to emaciation of the person, and even death.

Causes of Vomiting (Chardhi)

Vomiting is mostly caused due to a heavy or faulty diet. When one has eaten a very heavy meal, then vomiting is the way in which the stomach clears out the congestion. Apart from this, vomiting can also be caused due to several diseases. Some of the diseases or conditions that can cause vomiting are:-
* Milk intolerance in infants
* Headaches due to migraine
* Bulimia
* Hyperthyroidism
* Tumors in the brain
* Gastroenteritis
* Gastric ulcers
* Gallstones
* Intestinal obstructions

Ayurveda recognizes five types of chardhi. They are as follows:-
* Vataja , i.e. due to vata dosha vitiation
* Pittaja , i.e. due to pitta dosha vitiation
* Kaphaja , i.e. due to kapha dosha vitiation
* Tridhoshaja , i.e. due to vitiation of all the three doshas
* Dvishthratha Samyogaja , i.e. due to food poisoning

Symptoms of Vomiting (Chardhi)

Whatever be the cause of the emesis, the act of vomiting follows the same routine.
(i) The first observed symptom is that of nausea. Nausea is the feeling of vomiting. This is felt by a churning feeling in the stomach and increased salivation in the mouth. During nausea, there is reverse peristalsis in the proximal end of the small intestine, which is instrumental in reversing the flow of food upwards into the stomach and the esophagus. Nausea is accompanied by decreased mobility within the stomach.
(ii) Nausea is almost always followed immediately by retching. While retching, the person can feel the vomitus build up in the esophagus and push the glottis in the reverse position. Retching can be punctuated with short barking noises which are due to the pressure the vomitus exerts on the larynx. Spasms are felt in the abdominal area when a person is retching.
(iii) The final stage is the actual phase of vomiting. The vomitus is expelled out of the gullet with a high degree of force. There may be more than one installments of the expulsion of vomitus, but the first installment is the most voluminous. After several bouts of the expulsion, only the saliva and/or bile are ejected out of the mouth. The aftertaste of vomiting is a sour taste in the mouth due to the passing of stomachic acids.
Since chardhi is caused due to so many different types of vitiations of the doshas, the symptoms are also markedly different from each other. The following table elucidates the different types of symptoms:-
Vataja type vomiting Dryness of the mouth with an astringent taste Pain in the chest Pittaja type vomiting Burning sensation Sour eructation in the mouth aphaja type vomiting
Presence of slime in the vomitus Tridoshaja type vomiting All the above symptoms are present
Dvishthratha Samyogaja Nausea
Bad odor in the mouth

Complications of Vomiting (Chardhi)

In general cases, there are no complications of vomiting. However, if a lot of water is lost during the vomiting act, then it may lead to dehydration. In such cases, the loss of water should be replenished quickly or there could even be death of the person. Prolonged vomiting can cause drastic changes in the acid-base balance of the person, which could also be fatal. In severe cases, vomiting can cause a serious type of pneumonia called as aspiration pneumonia. This can happen when the contents of the stomach repeatedly enter into the bronchial tract.

Prevention of Vomiting (Chardhi)

A person can be forewarned that he or she is about the vomit. When the feeling of nausea begins, the person can take some preventive measures that the vomiting may not occur. The following are some tips:-
1). First and foremost, all activity must be stopped when the nauseous feeling sets in. While moving, the person can aggravate the chances of vomiting.
2). One must sit down on a comfortable chair or sofa. The elbows must be propped on the knees and the head supported in the palms of the hand.
3). Eyes must be closed. This position must be held until the feeling of nausea passes away.
4). Water sweetened with a little sugar is somewhat effective in controlling vomiting.
5). Biting a piece of some fruit can also keep vomiting under check. Read the following heading for a list of foods that help in controlling emesis.
6). If a person is prone to getting nauseous while traveling, then it is advisable to sit on a middle seat. Looking out of the side windows with the landscape running behind is detrimental to nausea.
7). Do not exercise right after a heavy meal.
8). Similarly, one must not go swimming immediately after a heavy meal.
9). Vomiting is a very common issue in children. This is because children are still getting used to different foods, and some of them may not initially agree with their digestive systems.

In order to prevent children from vomiting, the following preventive measures can be undertaken:-
a). Children must not be fed too many snacks. Also, two snacks having different tastes must not be mixed together.
b). Care must be taken while giving soft drinks to children. Some drinks can cause vomiting when given along with solid foods.
c). Children must be taught proper table manners. Playing with food should be discouraged. Also, children must be taught to relax while eating and concentrate on the act of eating alone.
d). While traveling, children must be made to sit on the middle seat preferably, because the receding landscape may prove nauseous to them.
e). It must be noted that the above preventive measures are only for vomiting that is induced due to faulty eating habits. Chronic vomiting and vomiting that is caused due to diseases of the bodily system cannot be avoided. They can only be controlled by symptomatically treating the diseases.

Diet for People with Vomiting (Chardhi)

Diet is one of the most important factors causing vomiting in people. Hence, care must be taken while eating and drinking. The following is a list of foods that can be had and those which must be avoided as regards vomiting. Foods that help in controlling vomiting:-
1). A light diet is the best in controlling vomiting. If necessary, oil and spices can be put, but there must be a limit maintained. Oiliness in food can cause nausea. Sugarcane juice and coriander water are traditionally included in the diet to reduce vomiting.
2). Water of cumin seeds and fennel seeds also has properties in reducing vomiting.
3). Some people believe chocolates and coffee reduces their urge to vomit.
4). Buttermilk is an essential part of the North Indian diet. The reason is buttermilk aids in digestion and thus reduces the chances of vomiting. Dry grapes are effective in controlling vomiting.
5). If one is feeling nauseous, having a glass of pomegranate or tender coconut juice can reduce the feeling and hence curb the tendency to vomit.
6). Simple water sweetened with a little sugar is a quick remedy for stopping the nauseous feeling and the urge to vomit.

Foods that exacerbate nausea and vomiting:-
* Tasteless foods that are too bland and poorly cooked can cause vomiting.
* Meals that are too rich and oily can also cause vomiting.
* Garlic is a condiment that can cause vomiting in some people. Hence its use must be restricted in very heavy foods.

Ayurvedic Treatment of Vomiting (Chardhi)

Ayurveda has a treatment for dietary vomiting almost since the time it was first developed as a branch of alternative medicine. There is a host of herbs that are useful in curing nausea and vomiting. And the best part is, most of these are readily available in any kitchen and one doesn’t have to search specially for them. The following is a list of the herbs that are potent in reducing nausea and vomiting. Ayurvedic Name of the Herb Biological Name of the Herb Common English Name of the Herb Topical Action Adrak or Sunthi Zingiber officinalis Ginger Ginger is an anti-emetic for certain types of vomiting. It can reduce the vomiting caused due to chemotherapy, and is also believed to reduce the vomiting due to motion sickness and faulty diets.
Elaichi Elettaria cardamomum Cardamom Elaichi pods, especially of the large variety, are very effective in reducing vomiting. Its effects are much high in vomiting caused due to motion sickness. When the nausea sets in, just putting the seeds from one elaichi pod in the mouth totally stops the feeling of vomiting. Lavanga Syzygium aromaticum Clove Cloves have anti-emetic properties. Putting a few cloves in the mouth when the nausea sets in changes the taste of the mouth and reduces the feeling of vomiting. Saunf Foeniculum vulgare Fennel The seeds of the fennel plant are used traditionally after each Indian meal in preparations known as mukhwaas (mouth freshener). This preparation not only improves the taste of the mouth, but it makes heavy meals easy to digest.

The following Ayurvedic preparations are highly beneficial in treating vomiting problems:-
* Type of Preparation Name of Preparation
* Asava/Arishta Dashamula Arishta , to be taken after meals
* Bhasma/Kashaya Mayurapicha Bhasma, Shanka
* Bhasma, Swarna Makshik Bhasma, Vilavadi Kashaya
* Choorna Drakshadhik Vata Choorna, Talisadi
* Choorna
* Ghrita Pippayadi Ghrita, Padmakadhya Ghrita
* Lehya Biladi Lehya, Kasturyadi Lehya
* Rasa Kamadugha Rasa, Suthashekhara Rasa,
* Vantihirida Rasa
* Vati Bilwadi, Kasturyadi, Eladi Gutika,
* Talisapatradi Vatika, Garbharakshana,
* Vatasringadi Vatika

Wrinkle Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Introduction

Wrinkles are fine lines or crease in the skin surface because of which skin becomes loose and sagging. When the elasticity of the skin gets destroyed because of age and other factors like improper care, unbalanced diet, and stress it results in wrinkles or aging lines. Wrinkles are generally found around the eyes, necks, and cheeks. According to ayurveda it is caused by vata dominancy. There are various factors that contribute to wrinkles or fine lines in the skin surface. Early appearance of wrinkles are due to stress, smoking habit, and unbalanced diet like not taking Vitamin E-rich foods, which is good for skin; because of harmful affects of ultraviolet sun rays; various ecological factors; and wrong dieting practice to reduce body weight.

Causes for Wrinkles

Wrinkles or any other tooth-related problem is really painful and disturbing. It affects our life and our daily activities completely. The main causes of tooth decay are germs in tooth, cavity in tooth, excess consumption of junk foods and sweets and chocolates. Improper brushing, poor quality of toothpaste and toothbrush is also responsible for Wrinkles. Some study shows that stress and mental tension and anxiety worsen the Wrinkles and other problems.

Symptoms for Wrinkles

Symptoms that are most usually observed in case of wrinkles are: * Skin becomes loose and sagging near the eyes, cheeks, necks, and hands which get easily noticeable with age. * Fine lines or crease observed in the skin surface.

Treatment for Wrinkles

Make a natural homemade paste using (1-2 tablespoon) juices of sugar cane and (2-3 teaspoon) turmeric powder, which is the most effective herb used in every kitchen and keep it aside for five minutes. Gently apply on aging lines (wrinkles) and let it dry for 10-15 minutes, then wash your face using clean water. This is one of the most effective Rubbing down wrinkles around the eyes, neck, and other areas with coconut oil before sleep increases blood circulation and promote relaxation to the skin. A good facial massage improves blood circulation, reduces wrinkles, tones your skin, and gives a new life to the tired and dead skins. Massage the wrinkles prone area for ten minutes with the central part of the pineapple fruit, which is hard or with its fresh juice then wash your face using cold water. It slows down the aging lines. Make a mixture using natural honey (half teaspoon) and fresh chopped ginger (one teaspoon) and eat it daily at sun rise. You can also use the freshly prepared juices of kheera (cucumber) or apple everyday on wrinkles as it is natural and effective treatment for curing wrinkles and slows down skin ageing. Lemon juice also works for reducing fine lines under eyes, neck, and hands. This is also very effective in minimizing the wrinkles and cleaning the skin surface.
Pamper your under eyes skin area by using egg white or castor oil, as it keeps the skin soft and nourishes with required nutrients in your body and slows down the aging sign (wrinkles). Massage your skin using oils of flax seeds as it is very effective in getting rid of wrinkles.

Yoga can minimize face wrinkles.
Regularly practicing yoga makes your life beautiful. Yoga can minimize aging signs, wrinkles on your face, increase blood circulations, and controls your body weight, improves your vision and gives a new life to your tired skins. Yoga helps in bringing out toxic substances, gives mental and physical strength, increases life span, body’s disease fighting capability increases, various other benefits can be easily avail by doing yoga. Overturned or reversed yogic poses using hand as a stand and doing various other yogic postures for 10-15 minutes everyday can keep you youthful as ever, and rejuvenate your skins, improves the appearance from outside, makes the facial muscles strong, and removes wrinkles and various aging signs from your face, neck, hands naturally. Healthy living can control your wrinkles so live stress free and develop some healthy practice for minimizing wrinkles.

Dos and don'ts

Your skin is soft so be gentle in its treatment and go only by natural treatment, as they are effective and also gives fast results. Drink enough water as it keeps the skin glowing and removes unwanted materials from the body. Use a natural sun protecting cream everyday as ultraviolet rays of the sun takes away the natural beauty of the skin and develops wrinkles around your eyes, necks, and any exposed skin surface. Diet plays an important role for keeping you in good health and keeping the skin glowing and wrinkle free. Eat green vegetables, sprouts, eggs, fish, nuts, papaya, purple colored fruits, as it keeps you active and slows down the aging lines. Drink plenty of fresh fruit juices instead of soft drinks. If you want to look beautiful and reduce your wrinkles or fine line around eyes and necks stop smoking and avoid tea, beverages, and alcohols. Do a face scrub using various natural home available products like turmeric, rose water, honey once or twice a week to keep it soft and clean this also reduce wrinkles or aging sign. Live a stress free life and control your anger and always keep a beautiful smile on your face as it slow down wrinkle lines. Avoid laser treatments, chemical-based injection to the skin to reduce aging lines or wrinkles on your skin. They are harmful and do not treat your skin naturally and safely. Eat healthy food and avoid junk foods, oily foods, and do yoga regularly.

Yeast Infection Treatment, Causes, Symptoms
Introduction

There are small minute microorganisms that are present inside the human body. These microorganisms are in small numbers, however due to certain reasons the number of these microorganisms increases, and hence cause infection. The microorganism is called yeast and the infection is called yeast infection. Yeast infection can be due to many reasons like irregular menstrual cycle, weak immune system, stressful life style, etc. It is also due to diabetes.

Causes for Yeast Infection

It was assumed in early days that women only are infected from yeast infection. This, however, is not true studies have shown that yeast infection can attack both men as well as women. The main reasons behind this infectious disease are irregular menstrual cycle, weak immune system, stressful life style, etc. Yeast infection can also be due to other diseases like diabetes. Excess intake of medicine, antibiotics, and birth controlling pills are other causes of yeast infection.

Balance Diet for Yeast Infection

Balanced diet helps in keeping you healthy and disease free. A healthy diet is one which has everything from cereals to whole grain wheat, to green leafy vegetables and fruits. Person suffering from yeast infection should take nutritious food, lots of water, curd, etc. Patient should strictly avoid oily and fatty foods, sugar, sweets, and chocolates, etc. All these foods are really unhealthy as it nourishes the microorganism and hence hampers in the treatment.

Tea Tree Oil (Kayaputi)

Tea tree oil is also an effective medicine. Soak cotton ball in kayaputi oil and place it in the vagina. This will reduce the vaginal pain and inflammation. Apart from the above mentioned useful home remedies, given below are some of the other essential things which patient should follow:
Patient suffering from yeast infection should not use deodorants or strong perfumes, as this will worsen the infection and will become much painful.
Wear comfortable clothes, avoid acrylic undergarments. Cotton clothes and cotton undergarments are the best choice. Another important thing apart from wearing cotton clothes is wear properly washed, dry clothes. It is a very wrong practice of wearing a wet towel for long time. Dry your body properly, and wear clean and dry clothes. Also avoid too much of cosmetics and fragranced ointments, cream, etc., especially, near the genitals or other sensitive areas.

Symptoms for Yeast Infection

Yeast infection is painful, person suffering from yeast infection experiences severe pain in vagina and surrounded area. The skin around vagina swells and becomes stiff and itchy. Patient also experiences severe inflammation and finds difficulty in urination. Women also experience severe pain in the genitals while having sex. There is also a thick white gel-like discharge from vagina.

Treatment for Yeast Infection

Yeast infection is not a very serious disease, but it is painful and irritating. Strong inflammation in vagina, or a frequent itchy feeling in underarms, between fingers, is quite painful and unbearable. Given below are some of the effective and simple home remedies/ayurvedic treatments for the cure of yeast infection.

Olive oil
Olive oil is an effective home remedy for curing yeast infection. Take 3-4 drops of olive oil and grapefruit (Chakutra or malta) juice and mix in two cups of water. Drink this mixture, this is a healthy drink and gives quick relief from yeast infection.

Garlic
Garlic paste alone can also be applied to the infected area except vagina. Garlic has medicinal property and kills yeast and other germs. Apply garlic paste 2-3 times a day till the infection is completely cured.

Curd
Curd is good for patient suffering from yeast infection. It is said that the lactobacillus bacteria present in curd reduces the excess yeast present in the infected area. Regular intake of curd in diet is a very good remedy. Patient may also soak a cotton ball in curd and place it in the vaginal area. Keep it there for 2-3 hours. Do this till yeast infection is cured completely.

Buttermilk (chaach or matha)
Similarly, drink 2-3 glass of chaach daily. It will regulate the bowel movement, clears all the toxic substance in the body, and also regulates the body temperature, keeps the body cool. This will lower the inflammation in vagina.

Apple-extract vinegar:
It is another effective home remedy for the treatment of yeast infection. Mix apple-extract vinegar with little water and garlic extract. Soak a cotton ball in this mixture and put it in the vagina and other infected area. This will give fast relief from itchy feeling and hot sensation.